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Marriage and Psychological Wellbeing: The Role of Social Support  [PDF]
Laura K. Soulsby, Kate M. Bennett
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.611132
Abstract: The married consistently report better levels of psychological health compared to the unmarried. Using a cross-sectional questionnaire design, this research examines to what extent this relationship between marital status and psychological wellbeing can be explained by perceived social support. The data reveal that, after controlling for demographic variables, number of daily hassles and coping strategies, widowed and divorced adults report significantly poorer psychological health compared to those who remain married. Moreover, while there was limited evidence that perceived social support moderates the association between marital status and psychological wellbeing, perceived social support did emerge as a significant mediator of this relationship. Perceived social support explained the influence of being widowed, divorced and never married on psychological wellbeing, such that lower levels of support in these groups resulted in poorer psychological health. Thus, social support may be an important variable for interventions to minimize the negative consequences of a transition out of marriage.
Psychological Wellbeing of Elderly Caregivers  [cached]
Yong Tang
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v1n2p120
Abstract: In this article, the author reviews the concept “psychological wellbeing” from western and eastern perspective, and the concept of adult child caregiver, finally analysize several cases from psychological wellbeing perspective.
Psychological wellbeing, physical impairments and rural aging in a developing country setting
Melanie A Abas, Sureeporn Punpuing, Tawanchai Jirapramupitak, Kanchana Tangchonlatip, Morven Leese
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-7-66
Abstract: A community survey of 1147 older parents, one per household, aged sixty and over in rural Thailand. We used the Burvill scale of physical impairment, the Thai Psychological Wellbeing Scale and the brief WHO Disability Assessment Schedule. We rated received and perceived social support separately from children and from others and rated support to children. We used weighted analyses to take account of the sampling design.Impairments due to arthritis, pain, paralysis, vision, stomach problems or breathing were all associated with lower wellbeing. After adjusting for disability, only impairment due to paralysis was independently associated with lowered wellbeing. The effect of having two or more impairments compared to none was associated with lowered wellbeing after adjusting for demographic factors and social support (adjusted difference -2.37 on the well-being scale with SD = 7.9, p < 0.001) but after adjusting for disability the coefficient fell and was non-significant. The parsimonious model for wellbeing included age, wealth, social support, disability and impairment due to paralysis (the effect of paralysis was -2.97, p = 0.001). In this Thai setting, received support from children and from others and perceived good support from and to children were all independently associated with greater wellbeing whereas actual support to children was associated with lower wellbeing. Low received support from children interacted with paralysis in being especially associated with low wellbeing.In this Thai setting, as found in western settings, most of the association between physical impairments and lower wellbeing is explained by disability. Disability is potentially mediating the association between impairment and low wellbeing. Received support may buffer the impact of some impairments on wellbeing in this setting. Giving actual support to children is associated with less wellbeing unless the support being given to children is perceived as good, perhaps reflecting parental
Perceived Family and School Rejection and Adolescents’ Psychological States  [PDF]
Marwan Dwairy
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.26083
Abstract: This study deals with the perceived acceptance-rejection of male and female adolescents at home and at school and their association with the psychological states experienced by them. A sample of 350 female and 220 male 10th grade students filled out two questionnaires: Dwairy’s Rejection Scale, measuring acceptance-rejection by fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, male teachers, female teachers, male classmates and female classmates, and the Psychological State Scale, measuring anxiety, depression, psychosomatic symptoms and conduct disorders. The results show that all perceived acceptance-rejection circuits are associated with and merged in three major factors of rejection: family, teachers, and classmates. All the factors were associated with psychological states experienced by the adolescents with a cross-gender effect. Experienced psychological states of male adolescents were associated with perceived acceptance-rejection circuits at home and at school, in particular when related to female figures, while psychological states of female adolescents were associated with male and female figures at home. The results highlight the need for a systemic approach in research.
Psychological Wellbeing of Saudi Patients Diagnosed with Chronic Illnesses  [PDF]
Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour, Ahmad E. Aboshaiqah, Imad N. Thultheen, Wisam M. Salim
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.61006
Abstract: Patients’ psychosocial status interferes with their ability to manage their physical needs independently affecting health care outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological wellbeing of patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses in Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional survey using 412 patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses has been used to collected data in regards to depressive symptoms, psychological distress and life satisfaction. 17.5% of the patients reported that they had moderate to severe depressive symptoms, and about 50% of them had high level of life satisfaction, moderate level of psychological distress. There were significant association between patients’ age and depression (r = .17, p = .003), while no significant correlation with life satisfaction and psychological distress (p > .05). Positive and significant correlation found between period of diagnosis and life satisfaction (r = .16, p = .010), and negative and significant correlations with psychological distress (r = -.13, p = .029). Also patients were different in the level of life satisfaction relation to medical diagnoses (F5412 = 2.74, p = .019). Patients with chronic illness are in need for psychological care, and periodic psychological screening is one step toward maintaining their psychological wellbeing.
A cross sectional, observational survey to assess levels and predictors of psychological wellbeing in adults with epidermolysis bullosa  [cached]
Emma Dures,Nichola Rumsey,Marianne Morris,Kate Gleeson
Health Psychology Research , 2013, DOI: 10.4081/hpr.2013.e4
Abstract: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) describes a cluster of genetically determined skin disorders. Symptoms can be painful, disabling and disfiguring, yet there is little research on the psychological impact of the disease. The study aim was to measure psychological wellbeing in adults with EB; and to examine the association between psychological wellbeing and self efficacy, health locus of control and adjustment to appearance in an observational, cross sectional survey. Questionnaire packs comprising the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), the General Self Efficacy Scale (GSE), the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLOC), and the Derriford Appearance Scale (DAS-24), were sent to approximately 385 adults with EB. The data were analysed using SPSS. Eighty-seven participants responded. Scores on the GHQ-12 showed non-problematic psychological health in 36% of the sample; levels bordering on clinical disorder in 32.1% and severe psychological distress in 31.9%. No correlations were found between demographic factors (age and sex) or clinical factors (EB type and perceived severity) and psychological well-being. Scores on the GSE, the internal locus of control sub-scale of the MHLOC and the DAS-24 showed them to be statistically significant correlates of psychological wellbeing (P<0.001; P<0.018; and P<0.001 respectively). In a regression analysis, adjustment to appearance and self efficacy accounted for 24% of the variation in psychological wellbeing. Adults with EB might be at risk of experiencing poor psychological health. Interventions designed to enhance disease self management, self efficacy and improve body image are likely to be beneficial in this clinical group.
Friends or Foes? Relational Dissonance and Adolescent Psychological Wellbeing  [PDF]
Lyndal Bond, Dean Lusher, Ian Williams, Helen Butler
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083388
Abstract: The interaction of positive and negative relationships (i.e. I like you, but you dislike me – referred to as relational dissonance) is an underexplored phenomenon. Further, it is often only poor (or negative) mental health that is examined in relation to social networks, with little regard for positive psychological wellbeing. Finally, these issues are compounded by methodological constraints. This study explores a new concept of relational dissonance alongside mutual antipathies and friendships and their association with mental health using multivariate exponential random graph models with an Australian sample of secondary school students. Results show male students with relationally dissonant ties have lower positive mental health measures. Girls with relationally dissonant ties have lower depressed mood, but those girls being targeted by negative ties are more likely to have depressed mood. These findings have implications for the development of interventions focused on promoting adolescent wellbeing and consideration of the appropriate measurement of wellbeing and mental illness.
Physical sports activity, physical self-concept and psychological wellbeing in adolescente
Reigal Garrido, Rafael,Videra García, Antonio,Parra Flores, José Luis,Juárez Ruiz de Mier, Rocío
Retos : Nuevas Perspectivas de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the relationships between experience in physical sports activity in adolescence and various self-evaluations such as physical self-concept, perceptions of health and life satisfaction. Participants are 1504 adolescents from the city of Malaga (Spain), aged between 14 and 16 years. The instruments used to assess the constructs are the Physical Self-Concept Questionnaire (CAF), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). The study has a cross-sectional, correlational design, in which surveys are used to collect data. The statistical analyses show that physical activity is associated with significant differences in the study variables, favouring those who do physical activity. The frequency of the activity, however, has a significant difference between the groups only in the case of physical self-concept. On the other hand, years of experience in physical activity affects the outcomes, with better results for those who have been doing exercise for a longer period of time. This study contributes to the literature that emphasises the importance of creating an active lifestyle to boost psychological wellbeing
Feeling Healthy? A Survey of Physical and Psychological Wellbeing of Students from Seven Universities in the UK  [PDF]
Walid El Ansari,Christiane Stock,The UK Student Health Group: Sherrill Snelgrove,Xiaoling Hu,Sian Parke,Shan Davies,Jill John,Hamed Adetunji,Mary Stoate,Pat Deeny,Ceri Phillips,Andi Mabhala
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph8051308
Abstract: University students’ physical and psychological health and wellbeing are important and comprise many variables. This study assessed perceived health status in addition to a range of physical and psychological wellbeing indicators of 3,706 undergraduate students from seven universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. We compared differences in these variables across males and females, and across the participating universities. The data was collected in 2007–2008. A self-administered questionnaire assessed socio-demographic information (e.g., gender, age), self-reported physical and psychological health data, as well as questions on health awareness, health service use, social support, burdens and stressors and university study related questions. While females generally reported more health problems and psychological burdens, male students felt that they received/had fewer persons to depend on for social support. The comparisons of health and wellbeing variables across the different universities suggested some evidence of ‘clustering’ of the variables under study, whereby favourable situations would be exhibited by a cluster of the variables that is encountered at some universities; and conversely, the clustering of less favourable variables as exhibited at other universities. We conclude that the level of health complaints and psychological problems/burdens is relatively high and calls for increased awareness of university administrators, leaders and policy makers to the health and well-being needs of their students. The observed clustering effects also indicated the need for local (university-specific) health and wellbeing profiles as basis and guidance for relevant health promotion programmes at universities.
Universitas Psychologica , 2003,
Abstract: The purpose of this current study is to evaluate if there exist relation between Emotional Intelligence,Psychological Wellbeing and Emotional Stability in a sample of university students. The sample iscomposed of 65 people, men and women with ages between 18 and 33 years old. The instrumentsapplied in the evaluation were the Constructive Thinking Inventory (an evaluation of the EmotionalIntelligence, b) (CTI), the Psychological Wellbeing Scale (b) (PWS), and the Emotional Stability Scale ofthe Big Five Questionaire (b) (BFQ).The results of the Pearson correlations indicate that there are significant positive correlations betweenEmotional Intelligence, Psychological Wellbeing and Emotional Stability.
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