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Czech art history and Marxism
Milena Bartlová
Journal of Art Historiography , 2012,
Abstract: Czech art history in the 20th century has been strongly informed by the tradition of the Vienna School. After the Communist takeover of power in 1948, Marxism – or more precisely Marxism-Leninism – became a compulsory philosophical approach. After a brief Stalinist phase, an ‘iconologic turn’ was construed by Jaromír Neumann before 1960: iconology was reframed in terms of Dvo ák′s ‘spiritual history’ and the result was labelled Marxist, as it enabled to provide a direct access to the ideology of the past without having to pay attention to class and social relations. Frederick Antal′s or Arnold Hauser′s social history of art was rejected, the main focus was on the noetic qualities of artworks and the main topic the debate of realism. As a result, Czech art history was pursued as an elitist discipline in the humanist tradition, but it did not need to participate in the search for ‘humanist Marxism’ or revisionism which was typical for the East-Central Europe in the 1960. Dvo ák-type iconology combined with formalist approach and belief in a validity of the laws of develompent remained attractive for Czech art history up to the 1990s.
Marxism after Marxism  [cached]
Imre Szeman
Mediations , 2008,
Abstract: Imre Szeman reviews G ran Therborn’s From Marxism to Post-Marxism? The title is posed as a question, but the book leaves little doubt about the necessity of such a move. But would “post-Marxism” involve the abandonment of the insights of Marx and of the dialectic, or would it be better thought of as the refocusing of these very traditions on our own “bad new days”?
分析的马克思主义与当代自由主义——罗默的自由主义批判
Analytical Marxism and Contemporary Liberalism——On John Roemer’s Critique of Liberalism
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姚大志
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要 在当代西方政治哲学中,自由主义一直处于支配的地位;而在当代西方马克思主义中,最有影响的是分析的马克思主义。虽然分析的马克思主义者同自由主义者有密切的个人交往,但是他们也对自由主义进行了批判。在关于分配正义的问题上,当代自由主义可以分为三派,分别是以罗尔斯为代表的平等主义的自由主义、以诺奇克为代表的极端自由主义和以德沃金为代表的运气平等主义。罗默作为分析的马克思主义的著名代表,对自由主义的三个派别都进行了严厉批判。在对自由主义各派的批判中,分析的马克思主义持有两个基本观点:第一,作为平等主义者,分析的马克思主义者反对福利平等、基本善平等和资源平等,主张利益平等;第二,在分配正义的问题上,分析的马克思主义者受运气平等主义的影响,强调个人责任的重要性。但像其他平等主义理论一样,分析的马克思主义的平等主义理论也存在一些难以解决的深层问题。
Abstract:Liberalism is dominating over contemporary western political philosophy, while analytical Marxism is most powerful in the schools of western Marxism. Analytical Marxists may have close relationship individually with liberalists, but they all take a critical position to liberalism. Contemporary liberalists may divide into three schools on the distributive justice, and John Roemer, a wellknown analytical Marxist, makes severe critique of all three schools. They are equalitarian liberalists (such as John Rawls), liberatarians (such as Robert Nozick) and luck equalitarians (such as Ronald Dworkin).
Critique on Critique  [cached]
Nicholas Holm
Cultural Studies Review , 2012,
Abstract: A review of Luc Boltanski, On Critique: A Sociology of Emancipation (Polity Press, Cambridge, 2011).
百年中国19世纪英法文学与马克思主义文艺思想学术史研究
A Study on a Hundred Years Academic History of English and French Literature in the 19th Century and Marxism Literary Thoughts in China
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赵炎秋,王欢欢
- , 2018,
Abstract: 19世纪英法文学与马克思主义文艺思想有着千丝万缕的联系。自从马克思主义于20世纪初期传入中国以来,其文艺思想也受到国内学者的注意,相关研究持续了百年之久,研究的侧重点主要是对马克思主义文艺思想的阐释。其中也有学者涉及19世纪英法文学与马克思主义文艺思想这一话题,具体可以分为以下三个方面:马克思主义经典作家作品中所涉及的19世纪英法文学;19世纪英法文学在马克思主义文艺思想的产生、形成与发展中所起作用;马克思主义文艺思想对于19世纪英法文学的影响。
The English and French literature in the 19th century was inextricably linked with Marxism literary thoughts. Since Marxism being introduced to China in the early 20th century, Marxism literary thoughts were attended by domestic scholars, the research concerned continues one hundred years, the emphasis is mainly on the explanation of Marxism literary thoughts. And some scholars also involved the theme of the English and French literature in the 19th century and Marxism literary thoughts. It can be specifically divided into the following three aspects: The 19th century English and French literature, which is involved in the Marx and Engels corpus; The role of English and French literature in the formation of Marxist Literary Thought; The influence of Marxist literary thought on English and French literature in the 19th century. But in general, the study in this aspect is not enough.
A. Balasopoulos on Vincent Geoghegan’s Utopianism and Marxism.  [cached]
European Journal of American Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/ejas.7565
Abstract: Vincent Geoghegan, Utopianism and Marxism. Oxford et al: Peter Lang, 2008. pp. 189. ISBN: 3039101374In his contribution to Lenin Reloaded: Toward a Politics of Truth, Alain Badiou forcefully argues that the century, “between 1917 and the end of the 1970s, is not at all a century of ideologies, or the imaginary or of utopias, as the liberals would have it today. Its subjective determination is Leninist. It is the passion of the real, of what is immediately practicable, here and now.” These wo...
A New Direction for Marxism  [cached]
Jen Hedler Hammond
Mediations , 2009,
Abstract: Jen Hedler Hammond reviews Kevin Floyd’s The Reification of Desire: Toward a Queer Marxism. Floyd’s book succeeds in producing a dialogue between Judith Butler and Fredric Jameson that will no doubt have far-reaching consequences for both queer and Marxist theory. But what insight does this dialogue provide into the undertheorized position of women in Marxism and Queer Studies alike?
Literature, Immanent Critique, and the Problem of Standpoint  [cached]
Neil Larsen
Mediations , 2009,
Abstract: What might a method for critical theory that advances beyond the tenets of “ideology-critique” look like? For Neil Larsen, the answer lies in Marxism’s own recourse to immanent critique. Yet, with the notable exceptions of Adorno and Lukács, immanent critique has bothered little with the problem of standpoint in relation to cultural, and, in particular, literary objects. Larsen, then, attempts to specify an immanent critical standpoint of literature that allows for the articulation of a dialectical critique that dispenses with what he identifies as the “fallacy of application.” Demonstrating how any literary theory — Marxist and otherwise — is, of necessity, immanent to the text, this essay turns to the question of method as a means of grasping the relationship between the literary text as “subject/object” and the social totality.
存在主义马克思主义的活水源头———法国黑格尔主义与青年马克思的“再发现”
French Hegelianism and the 'Rediscovery' of Young Marx: The Source of Running Water for Existential Marxism
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刘怀玉
- , 2018, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2018.02.001
Abstract: 法国人在黑格尔逝世一个世纪之后接受黑格尔, 这成了20世纪法国思想史上一个“决定性事件”; 而法国知识界几乎同时接受和发现黑格尔、青年马克思与存在主义, 这是法国存在主义马克思主义得以产生与兴盛一时的“活水源头”。其中科耶夫的“主奴辩证法”、伊波利特的“苦恼意识”以及国内学界罕有人知的阿希洛斯的“关于马克思的提纲”三个经典片断, 展示了他们对黑格尔与马克思的存在主义化解读是如何开启了从存在主义马克思主义到后现代主义的思想探险之旅的。
'A decisive event' in French history of thought in the 20th century is that the French accepted Hegel a century after his death. As a result, French intelligentsia almost simultaneously accepted and discovered Hegel, young Marx and Existentialism, which jointly became the source of the running water for the emergence and a moment's flourish of French Existential Marxism. This article selects three classic fragments, namely Alexandre Kojeve's Dialect of the Master and Slave, Jean Hyppolite's Consciousness of Misery and Kostas Axelos's Theses on Marx which is rarely known to the domestic academic circles, to show how these three scholars' Existentialized interpretations to Hegel and Marx started an adventure of thoughts from Existential Marxism toward postmodernism
'Grey in Grey': Crisis, Critique, Change  [PDF]
Benjamin Noys
Journal of Critical Globalisation Studies (JCGS) , 2011,
Abstract: This essay reflects on the global financial crisis of 2008 as a site from which to assess anumber of theorisations of critique and change, based within a broadly-defined Marxism.While the recent crisis has given traction to Marxism as a form of critique, the articulationof that critique to actual change, and especially to the prospective agents of change, hasbeen left hanging. Charting the work of Fredric Jameson, Hardt and Negri, and others, wefind an emphasis on the powers of production and life as a point of excess to fuel anticapitalist politics. However, these images of dynamism are now forced to confrontcapitalism in a state of inertia and deceleration, and in so doing, they reveal theirdependence on replicating or displacing the supposed ‘productive forces’ of capitalism totheir own projects. Models of ‘anti-production’, such as those derived from GeorgesBataille, also tend to converge on models of vital powers, although cast in forms ofconsumption and excess. Criticising this convergence on a mythical vitalism, this essaysuggests a deflationary critique of capitalism’s ‘productivism’, and explores the potentialfor an anti-vitalist analysis that might better grasp the ‘mythological displacement’ ofexperience that operates within the frame of capitalist social relations.
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