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Employability Skills as Perceived by Employers and University Faculty in the Fields of Human Resource Development (HRD) for Entry Level Graduate Jobs  [PDF]
Bassou El Mansour, Jason C. Dean
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies (JHRSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jhrss.2016.41005
Abstract: The world of employment has changed dramatically, technology is impacting practices and experiences, and societies are becoming more global and multicultural. With the rise of globalization, employability is becoming one of the main goals for education systems. Today’s employers require employees to have soft or non-technical skills in addition to technical skills. The purpose of the study was to explore employability skills as perceived by employers and university faculty of human resource development (HRD) and management for entry level graduate jobs. As a result of this research, types of employability skills may be identified which are common among the faculty of HRD programs and employers of HRD graduates both in the U.S. and internationally. To evaluate the interrelationships between the variables of interest among employees and faculty members, both in the U.S. and internationally, one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was utilized. The overall results of this study indicate that with the exception of communication skills and the use of technology, there is a significant relationship between 16 of the 18 variables investigated and the type of respondents.
Psychological quality of life and employability skills among newly registered first-year students: Opportunities for further university development  [PDF]
Michèle Baumann, Senad Karavdic, Nearkasen Chau
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.53A082

In accord with new European university reforms initiated by the Bologna Process, our objective was to evaluate influences on the relationship between psychological quality of life (QoL) and the acquisition of academic employability skills (AES) among first-year students at the University in Luxembourg. At the beginning (2 months in) and the end (9 months) of the academic year, 973 newly registered students participated in this study involving two cross-university surveys. Students who redoubled or who had studied at other universities were excluded. Data were collected with an online questionnaire comprising the psychological Whoqol-bref subscale, AES scale, and questions about other related factors. The AES score decreased from 74.2 to 65.6. At both time points, the psychological Whoqol-bref was positively correlated with environmental and social relations QoL and perceived general health. Multiple regression models including interaction terms showed that a higher psychological QoL was associated with better general health (difference satisfied-dissatisfied 9.44), AES (slope 0.099), social relationships QoL (0.321), and environmental QoL (0.298). No interaction with time effects was significant, which indicates that the effects remain stable with time. If the university could maintain the QoL indicators at appropriate levels or manage decreases as they occur, it would have implications for health promotion and the creation of new student support systems. The SQA- LES project provides valuable information for universities aiming to develop a European Higher Educational Area.

Employability Skills Assessment Tool Development  [cached]
Mohamad Sattar Rasul,Rose Amnah Abd Rauf,Azlin Norhaini Mansor,A. P Puvanasvaran
International Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v5n5p43
Abstract: Research nationally and internationally found that technical graduates are lacking in employability skills. As employability skills are crucial in outcome-based education, the main goal of this research is to develop an Employability Skill Assessment Tool to help students and lecturers produce competent graduates in employability skills needed by the industry. The employability skill Assessment Tool were developed using the Kepner-Tregoe (K-T) method. Samples were 107 employers from five types of Malaysian manufacturing industries. The findings showed that employers agreed on the importance for all seven of the employability skills; interpersonal skills, thinking skills, personal qualities/values, resource skills, system & technology skills, basic skills and informational skills. These skills were ranked and chosen as items for the Employability skills assessment tool. The tool developed was tested and validated by manufacturing employers and lecturers in institutions. The agreement coefficient was found to be between substantial agreement and almost perfect agreement.
Generic Skills of Prospective Graduates from the Employers’ Perspectives  [cached]
Sivapalan Selvadurai,Er Ah Choy,Marlyna Maros
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n12p295
Abstract: Past studies on employability of graduates have placed great emphasis on the supply side efforts in generic skills development which includes the tertiary curriculum design and delivery mechanisms. However, the responsibility of employers in providing training to prospective graduates and collaborating with universities in enhancing generic skills has been raised. On the demand side, there are numerous studies that have examined employer’s perspective in the private sector but few studies have examined employer’s perspective in the public sector. The objectives in this study are twofold: (1) to identify employers’ perception of the ideal generic skills that graduate employees should possess, and (2) to elicit employers’ perception of the lack of generic skills that prospective graduates (i.e. industrial trainees) currently possess. A qualitative research design was utilized, involving primary interview data collected through 16 key informant interviews of employers in the public sector in Kuantan and Johor Bahru. These key informant employers were selected from the UKM’s social science industrial trainees who attended training at these two sites. These interview data were analyzed using content analysis. The findings indicate that there are specific generic skills in the area of information and social interaction skills that the public sector employers seek from the graduates. This study implies the need for a stakeholder-responsibility approach in prescribing a comprehensive normative solution to the employability of graduates. In addition, it also postulates that the culture of learning and gaining varied skills in different spheres of life need to be inculcated amongst students from early years.
Employability Skills Indicator as Perceived by Manufacturing Employers  [cached]
Mohamad Sattar Rasul,Mohamad Sattar Rasul,Azlin Norhaini Mansor
Asian Social Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v9n8p42
Abstract: Research on employability skills were conducted nationally and internationally, found that many technical graduates lacked employability skills. This article reports on the study of employability skills that technical students should acquire to be employed and sustained in manufacturing industries. The study investigates the importance of employability skills as perceived by 107 employers from manufacturing industries. The findings of the study revealed employers place great importance on interpersonal skills, thinking skills and personal qualities that students need to emphasize to be employed in manufacturing industries. Indicators such as work safety, integrity, customer service, creative/innovative thinking and problem solving, and exercise leadership showed the highest mean score. Overall employers from manufacturing industries placed employability skills as must be owned by all graduates to enable them to compete in the global market.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: As a result of the increased competition and rapid changing economy, entry and survival of graduates in industries is tougher than ever before. The employers' expectations are changing day by day and graduates have to obtain new skills for their sustainability. Mere academic skill alone will not help the graduates for better employment. Due to lack of employability skills graduates are not employable even though there are opportunities. In this study an attempt is made to find out the organizations needs and the skills the engineering students actually possess. From the results it is very clear that students are far behind in their needed skill set.
Relationship Between Employability and Graduates Skills
Kamsuriah Ahmad,Noor Faridatul Ainun Zainal,Masura Rahmat
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.440.445
Abstract: As a developing country, Malaysia s economic sector relies heavily on industries like agriculture, services, banking, transportation, hotels and others. These industries need qualified skilled labor that supposed to be produced by higher education institutions systems. Measuring the quality of the graduates produced is important. This measurement can be used as an indication on the effectiveness of the program offered at the university. Therefore, this study aims to examine whether graduates produced by higher education institutions systems are able to meet the market requirements. This study was conducted on graduates at the National University of Malaysia particularly at the Faculty of Information Science and Technology (FTSM) for the 2010/2011 session. FTSM has produced thousands of graduates since it was first established so there is a need to measure the employability of the FTSM graduates. Measurement carried out is based on the skills possessed by graduates, the effectiveness of the program offered by the faculty in meeting the needs of the industry and the ability of graduates in the job market. There are six programs offered at FTSM and the effectiveness of these programs are evaluated based on students perceptions towards the learning outcomes associated with the program and their ability to get employed based on the knowledge they gained. As an IT graduates, their skills are assessed based on their basic knowledge of programming, system development, soft and entrepreneur skill. The data used in this study were obtained in September, 2011 which means 5 months after the graduates completed their studies. The methodology used in the study is by circulating the questionnaire online and manual distribution. A total of 152 questionnaires (87.86%) were collected. Descriptive inference and statistical analysis technique were used to analyze the data. This analysis seeks to find a relationship between the achievement of programs objective, graduates' perception of their own skills and the employability of graduates. The findings are important to ensure that the programs offered at FTSM are compatible with market requirements.
University-Employer Cooperation  [PDF]
Erol ?ehu, Dana Dobri?
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.54026
Abstract: University-employer cooperation is one of the most important forms of cooperation in the economy, needed for economic development and sustainable growth and has become a key emphasis in higher education policy in recent years. The main goal is to achieve an equal partnership between universities and employers aimed at strengthening of economic development at the national, regional and local level. This goal can be achieved through active support (in information and knowledge) of local businesses and entrepreneurship in developing and realization of their ideas, and by linking students with their future employers, through various employer-seeking students associations and employers associations. Authors will analyze the university-employer cooperation in Poland, United Kingdom and Croatia and try to give an answer if the current cooperation is satisfying, and if is not, how it can be enhanced.
Employability Skills Performance Score for Fresh Engineering Graduates in Malaysian Industry  [cached]
Yuzainee Md Yusoff,Mohd. Zaidi Omar,Azami Zaharim,Azah Mohamed
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n16p140
Abstract: This paper presents a method to evaluate the performance score based on employability skills for new engineers using NSW - Normalised Skill Weight. NSW is calculated from data collected from 337 employers of engineering industries in Kelang Valley, Malaysia. A questionnaire constructed to collect employers’ perspectives regarding the level of requirement for each employability skills based on their needs. Twelve types of businesses related to engineering field engaged in the survey. In an earlier publication, in EDUCON2011, the authors have presented the employability skills for an entry-level engineer as seen by Malaysian employers. The finding shows the rank of skills according to the level of requirement and there are weight differences among the skills required by the industries. The result of analysis offers a suggestion for employers and undergraduates to calculate employability skills score based on the Normalised Skill Weight performed by engineering graduates. Furthermore, employers, who need to evaluate the quality of engineering graduates during interviews, might find this approach as key performance score for the assessment process to select new engineers.
Perception Differential between Employers and Undergraduates on the Importance of Employability Skills  [cached]
Chung-Khain Wye,Yet-Mee Lim
International Education Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v2n1p95
Abstract: This paper attempts to investigate if the undergraduates’ core competencies are able to meet with the requirements set by the employers and to analyse the effectiveness of personal qualities and employability skills development in private university in Malaysia. Questionnaires survey, mean score comparison, and independent sample t-test are used to capture the perception differential between 30 employers and 600 undergraduates from a local private university on the importance of employability skills. Our results show that the undergraduates are all highly competent in possessing the said personal qualities and skills. However, such skills as critical analysis, planning, problem solving, oral communication, decision making, and negotiating report a slightly higher level of mismatch between employers’ and undergraduates’ perception on their importance and development in the University.

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