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Sharing a conceptual model of grid resources and services  [PDF]
Sergio Andreozzi,Massimo Sgaravatto,Cristina Vistoli
Computer Science , 2003,
Abstract: Grid technologies aim at enabling a coordinated resource-sharing and problem-solving capabilities over local and wide area networks and span locations, organizations, machine architectures and software boundaries. The heterogeneity of involved resources and the need for interoperability among different grid middlewares require the sharing of a common information model. Abstractions of different flavors of resources and services and conceptual schemas of domain specific entities require a collaboration effort in order to enable a coherent information services cooperation. With this paper, we present the result of our experience in grid resources and services modelling carried out within the Grid Laboratory Uniform Environment (GLUE) effort, a joint US and EU High Energy Physics projects collaboration towards grid interoperability. The first implementation-neutral agreement on services such as batch computing and storage manager, resources such as the hierarchy cluster, sub-cluster, host and the storage library are presented. Design guidelines and operational results are depicted together with open issues and future evolutions.
The Latest Progress of the Conceptual Framework  [PDF]
Ting Shang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.66065
Abstract: During the past 30 years, the world’s economy developed rapidly, but the formulation of accounting standards often could not keep up with the pace of economic development as the continuous innovation of financial instruments or derivatives financial instruments, the increasingly frequency of unconventional activities such as merger, acquisition and restructuring, the rapid flowing of global capital, and the development of networking, information science and technology. Thus the lagging and patching method of accounting standards made the conceptual framework which was ever explored in the past back to the IASB agenda again. This paper mainly described the latest progress of the conceptual framework after IASB released Discussion Paper, analyzed the characteristics of the restatement of CF, and proposed several thoughts for the China CF and accounting standards.
A conceptual framework of integrity
Antoni Barnard,Willem Schurink,Mariè de Beer
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2008, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v34i2.427
Abstract: This article reports on the fndings of a qualitative study in which the construction of integrity of some business leaders was explored. Data were gathered through ten in-depth interviews with six South African business leaders commended to be champions of integrity. A grounded-theory approach to the data analysis elicited fve themes. These themes and their interrelatedness are discussed in this article and a conceptual framework of integrity is proposed. Integrity is conceptualised as a multifaceted and dynamic construct based on a moral foundation and inner drive that is managed by cognitive and affective processes manifesting various integrity-related behaviours.
A conceptual framework for implementation fidelity
Christopher Carroll, Malcolm Patterson, Stephen Wood, Andrew Booth, Jo Rick, Shashi Balain
Implementation Science , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-2-40
Abstract: The authors undertook a critical review of existing conceptualisations of implementation fidelity and developed a new conceptual framework for understanding and measuring the process. The resulting theoretical framework requires testing by empirical research.Implementation fidelity is an important source of variation affecting the credibility and utility of research. The conceptual framework presented here offers a means for measuring this variable and understanding its place in the process of intervention implementation.Implementation fidelity is "the degree to which . . . programs are implemented . . . as intended by the program developers" [1]. This idea is sometimes also termed "integrity" [1,2]. Implementation fidelity acts as a potential moderator of the relationship between interventions and their intended outcomes. That is to say, it is a factor that may impact on the relationship between these two variables (i.e., how far an intervention actually affects outcomes. This is one of the principal reasons why implementation fidelity needs to be measured. It has been demonstrated that the fidelity with which an intervention is implemented affects how well it succeeds [1-5]. For instance, two studies examining programmes to help people with mental health issues obtain employment found that employment outcomes among their study groups were weakest for those in poorly implemented programmes [6,7]. In the same way, a study of a parent training programme found that when the programme was implemented with high fidelity, the parenting practices improved significantly, but the effect was much less when implementation fidelity was low [8]. Other recent studies have found similar associations [9,10].It is only by making an appropriate evaluation of the fidelity with which an intervention has been implemented that a viable assessment can be made of its contribution to outcomes, i.e., its effect on performance. Unless such an evaluation is made, it cannot be determined wheth
Conceptual framework and rationale
Robinson Alan S,Knols Bart GJ,Voigt Gabriella,Hendrichs Jorge
Malaria Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-s2-s1
Abstract: The sterile insect technique (SIT) has been shown to be an effective and sustainable genetic approach to control populations of selected major pest insects, when part of area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programmes. The technique introduces genetic sterility in females of the target population in the field following their mating with released sterile males. This process results in population reduction or elimination via embryo lethality caused by dominant lethal mutations induced in sperm of the released males. In the past, several field trials have been carried out for mosquitoes with varying degrees of success. New technology and experience gained with other species of insect pests has encouraged a reassessment of the use of the sterility principle as part of integrated control of malaria vectors. Significant technical and logistic hurdles will need to be overcome to develop the technology and make it effective to suppress selected vector populations, and its application will probably be limited to specific ecological situations. Using sterile males to control mosquito vector populations can only be effective as part of an AW-IPM programme. The area-wide concept entails the targeting of the total mosquito population within a defined area. It requires, therefore, a thorough understanding of the target pest population biology especially as regards mating behaviour, population dynamics, dispersal and level of reproductive isolation. The key challenges for success are: 1) devising methods to monitor vector populations and measuring competitiveness of sterile males in the field, 2) designing mass rearing, sterilization and release strategies that maintain competitiveness of the sterile male mosquitoes, 3) developing methods to separate sexes in order to release only male mosquitoes and 4) adapting suppression measures and release rates to take into account the high reproductive rate of mosquitoes. Finally, success in area-wide implementation in the field can only be achieved if close attention is paid to political, socio-economic and environmental sensitivities and an efficient management organization is established taking into account the interests of all potential stakeholders of an AW-IPM programme.
An Access Control Framework for Grid Environment
Seema,Sarbjeet Singh,Dolly Sharma
Indian Journal of Computer Science and Engineering , 2011,
Abstract: Grid infrastructures provide an environment for high performance computing by combining heterogeneous,widely distributed computational resources into a single cohesive computing infrastructure. One of the key goals of grid computing infrastructure is to provide an environment where users can share resources across heterogeneous domains. In such an infrastructure security is the major concern. Security itself is composed of various sub-issues like authentication, authorization, single sign-on, data integrity, confidentiality etc. Authorization deals with the issue like who is authorized to access which resource and under what condition i.e. controlling access to resources based on conditions. An authorization system must address different concerns like scalability, fine-grain access control, context based authorization, continuous decisionenforcement. This paper proposes an authorization framework which addresses above issues in making access decision on the resource. This paper also discusses a prototype implementation of the framework and results show that framework is workable and addresses all issues related to authorization and access control.
Conceptual Framework for Corporate Sustainability Planning
Vladimir Modrak,Ioan Constantin Dima
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2010.139.144
Abstract: The study explores methodological approach to corporate sustainability planning based on system approach to sustainability. It implies issues as a position and critical aspects of corporate sustainability planning and proposed framework on how to effectively develop a corporate sustainability plan. The key challenge of this conceptual framework is to effectively guide and support holistic decision making in institution towards achieving a sustainable development. Finally, assessment criteria for corporate sustainability planning effort are outlined.
Romeo Asiminei
Revista de Economie Sociala , 2012,
Abstract: The article offers a brief overview of the history of definitions of social economy at European level, the ideological background of the concept and highlights some key dimensions for sociological analysis of social economy. Although the social economy is a reality present in different forms in most human communities, the term has no universally accepted definition nor in international area or in Europe. Attempts of defining and theorizing of the concept is relatively new in relation to practice. This article is a development of conceptual framework chapter from the report “Profit to the people”, POSDRU project Social Economy Model in Romania.
Psychopharmacological enhancement: a conceptual framework
Dan J Stein
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1747-5341-7-5
Abstract: Although psychotropics have been used for medicinal, recreational, and spiritual purposes since the dawn of humanity, the science of psychopharmacology is a relatively new one. In recent decades, however, there have been significant advances in understanding brain-mind structures and mechanisms, and a range of novel psychotropics have come to market. The availability of these agents raises the possibility that they will be used for enhancement purposes; that "smart pills" will be used to promote learning and clarify thinking, "happy pills" to increase mood and improve temperament, and "pep pills" to increase energy and maximize motivation.The debate on so-called cosmetic psychopharmacology pits pharmacological Calvinism (which emphasizes the negative aspects of having a pill for every ill) against psychotropic utopianism (which underscore the positive aspects of enhancements). This debate immediately raises key questions in philosophy of medicine and psychiatry - in particular, what is a medical disorder, and what is a psychiatric disorder? These questions in turn raise fundament issues in philosophy of language, science, and ethics. In this paper, a naturalistic conceptual framework is proposed for addressing these issues and cosmetic psychopharmacology. This framework begins by contrasting classical and critical concepts of categories, and then puts forward an integrative position that is based on cognitive-affective research.Before outlining this approach, however, let us consider 3 patient vignettes:? Adam (aged 20) has severe social anxiety disorder with comorbid depression. As a child he had selective mutism, and had to repeat a year of schooling. Major depression began in adolescence. Social anxiety has meant that he was unable to go to college, or seek work. He has been in several psychotherapies, without clear effect. Treatment with an antidepressant has not yet been attempted.? Beth (aged 24) has felt uncomfortable in social situations since adolescence. S
A Conceptual Framework for ERP Evaluation in Universities of Pakistan  [PDF]
Sehrish Nizamani,Khalil Khoumbati,Imdad Ali Ismaili,Saad Nizamani
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: The higher education has been greatly impacted by worldwide trends. In a result, the universities throughout the world are focusing to enhance performance and efficiency in their workings. Therefore, the higher education has moved their systems to Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems to cope with the needs of changing environment. However, the literature review indicates that there is void on the evaluation of success or failure of ERP systems in higher education Institutes in Pakistan. In overall, ERP systems implementation in higher education of Pakistan has not been given appropriate research focus. Thus, in this paper the authors have attempted to develop a conceptual framework for ERP evaluation in Universities of Pakistan. This seeks to expand the knowledge on ERP in higher educational institutes of Pakistan and focuses on understanding the ERP related critical success factors.
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