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Formation of National Identity in Hong Kong SAR: A Discourse Analysis of Grade 1-9 Social Studies Textbooks
Li-Hua Chen,Wen-Ting Wu
Journal of Textbook Research , 2011,
Abstract: The awareness of national identity in Hong Kong has been determined by policies of government authorities. Hong Kong authorities under British rule replaced national identity by promoting international identity and Hong Kong’s own local identity. During the transition of Hong Kong to Chinese control, national identity toward China gradually increased. It has been 14 years since the 1997 handover, now, with the call for Chinese nationalism and patriotism, the Hong Kong government is trying to construct Chinese national identity in school curriculum.This paper explores the formation of national identity in Hong Kong’s 1–9 grade social studies textbooks. Textbooks entitled “General Studies” (grade 1–6) and “Thriving Social Education” (grade 7–9) were reviewed using the discourse analysis method.Conclusions reached are as follows:1.The textbooks directly claim that the Chinese national identity of Hong Kong citizens is legally based on the policy of “one country, two systems” and “the Hong Kong Basic Law”.2.The textbooks bolster apolitical and cultural identity toward China by making connections to kinship metaphors, national achievements, historical hatreds, and Chinese culture. 3.The textbooks straighten further national identity using the slogan “Face the world with the motherland at your back” underscoring mutual ties of economic interests between Mainland China and Hong Kong. 4.Hong Kong’s national identity continues to feature local identity which extends to care for the world.
Research about the Influence of CEPA on the Service Trade in Mainland China and Hong Kong  [PDF]
Chen Yan
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2016.91005
Abstract: Development of service industry and service trade plays an important role in the transition of economic structure of our country. Based on the CEPA, this paper uses service trade data of Hong Kong and its five principal trade partners with 48 sub-industries between the year of 1998 and 2013 to carry out descriptive statistical research and difference-in-difference empirical analysis about the service trade export from Hong Kong to Mainland China after implementing CEPA. Research results show: firstly, CEPA greatly promotes the level of service trade between Mainland China and Hong Kong and the amount of service trade exports from Hong Kong to Mainland China averagely increases by 10.7 - 10.8 billion Hong Kong dollars; secondly, the service trade from Hong Kong to Mainland China presents structural imbalance, and traditional service industries like tourism and transportation have prominent promotion while modern service industries like finance and commerce have little promotion. Aiming at these conclusions mentioned above, this paper puts forward some suggestions in the aspect of magnifying the effect of CEPA, adjusting service trade structure and further putting the policies of CEPA into practice.
Mainland China and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement Effect Analysis  [PDF]
Juan Yang
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2016.53008
Abstract: Based on gravity model, this paper analyzes the impact of Mainland China and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement by using the data from 2004 to 2013. The result shows that, closer economic partnership arrangement has not promoted the goods export of Hong Kong; the effects on services trade and investment are limited. The main reasons may be the disappearance foundation of the cooperation between the two sides and the limited openness of Mainland China market.
Analysis of the Effect of CEPA on FDI to Mainland China from Hong Kong  [PDF]
Xiaoxiao Wang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.74053
Abstract: Regional economic integration has got great achievements both in practice and theory since 1980s, which promotes the progress of the world economic liberalization. Besides the trade creation and diversion effect which had been researched widely, regional economic integration agreement also would create investment among members, and this dynamic investment effect now has been the main factor which pushes the progress of integration. Based on DID model and Gravity Model, this paper examines the influence of CEPA on FDI to Mainland China from Hong Kong by setting matched group, using 1998-2013 FDI from Hong Kong as sample. The conclusion is that CEPA and its supplemental agreements play a positive role on attracting Hong Kong FDI to Mainland China. With the transformation of development model in Mainland China, Hong Kong will invest more capital in knowledge-intensive Service industries in the future.
Comparison of Legal System of Occupational Safety and Health between Hong Kong and Mainland China  [PDF]
Qiang Chen, Yin-Ge Cao, Wan-Ki Chow
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2012.23016
Abstract: The legal system of occupational safety and health (OSH) and the supervisory organization in Mainland China and Hong Kong are briefly reviewed in this article. It appears that there are several similar areas of OSH between Hong Kong and Mainland China, such as on the management of occupational health, safety production, fire safety, dangerous goods, the boilers and pressure vessels, etc. Characteristics of the legal system both in Hong Kong and Mainland China are summarized, and areas which are used for reference reciprocally to improve OSH are proposed. Finally, the challenges of OSH legal system facing jointly are identified.
Comparison of environmental studies programmes between universities in mainland China and Hong Kong  [cached]
Eric Po Keung TSANG,Xiao-yong CHEN
Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching , 2002,
Abstract: Professional education is the main approach to train specialists in environmental science, technology and engineering. We compared the curriculums concerning environmental science, technology and engineering of 8 universities from mainland China and Hong Kong, covering polytechnic university, comprehensive university, and normal university. We analyzed and discussed characteristics and differences in the major setting and curriculum development.
“Chinesenesses” Outside Mainland China: Macao and Taiwan through Post-1997 Hong Kong Cinema  [cached]
Hilary Hongjin He
Culture Unbound : Journal of Current Cultural Research , 2012,
Abstract: By examining the filmic representation of Macao and Taiwan in Hong Kong films, mostly released after the 1997 sovereignty transfer, this paper will address the notion of Chineseness in its plural form as associated with different Chinese societies. The purpose is to bring attention to the cosmopolitan side of Chineseness in Hong Kong cinema rather than the mere influence from the Mainland (PRC). I will argue that it is this pluralised, composite Chineseness reflected in Hong Kong cinema that has reinforced its very “Hong Kong-ness” against the impact from the “orthodox” Chineseness of the Mainland. Through a combination of textual and contextual analyses of selected Hong Kong diaspora films respectively set in Macao and Taiwan, this paper aims to provide a general understanding of the imbrications of various Chinese societies within Greater China and, most importantly, the changing role and position of Hong Kong (cinema) within this conceptual China as “one country” before and after it became a special part of the PRC.
Analyzing the Difficulties of National Identity Education in Hong Kong

Advances in Education (AE) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AE.2014.45018
Since the reunion on July 1, 1997 to the mainland China, Hong Kong has become a Special Admin-istrative Region of People’s Republic of China (PRC) under the principle of “One Country, Two Sys-tems”. The nationality of Hong Kong people was transformed from the UK (Overseas) into HKSAR (China) in one night. Nurturing students’ willingness to accept their Chinese Hong Kong national identity has become a new topic of the education sector in Hong Kong. In educational reform, the SAR Government in 2001 announced that “understand their national identity” is one of the seven learning goals of the school curriculum in Hong Kong, and made it clear that it is one of the five priority values and attitudes in the “Moral and Civic Education”. But according to recent findings and researches from scholars, Hong Kong youth remains low in the degree of accepting their na-tional identity. SAR Government in “Policy Address 2010” proposed the establishment of the sub-ject “Moral and National Education” which has caused anti-national education campaign in summer of 2012. The purpose of this article is to review and analyze the difficulties in the implementation of national identity education in Hong Kong and to make recommendations on the national identity education in the future.
Comparative Study on Travel Agency Management System in Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan  [PDF]
Ji Wen, Pingping Hou
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.51005
Abstract: Tourism is one of the pillar industries in Hong Kong and Taiwan; they have accumulated a set of more perfect and mature management system in travel agency and operation mechanism. The current development of China’s travel industry still has a lot of room for improvement. Referencing and learning travel agency industry management experience of Hong Kong and Taiwan will promote our tourism industry management process. The study focuses on the difference of the mainland, Hong Kong, Taiwan’s tourism management system and their respective advantages of management. Then it puts forward corresponding suggestions according to the present situation of the development of travel industry of the mainland, and provides reference for the travel industry management and the organization system innovation.
An Empirical Study on the Influence of the Economic Cooperation between the Mainland of China and Hong Kong on Economic Growth and Industrial Development of HK since the Return to China  [PDF]
Qi Zou
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.71011
Abstract: This paper presents the economic cooperation between Mainland China and Hong Kong in the past years since Hong Kong’s return in commodity trade, investment, and service trade, and then calculates the trade combined degree. Based on the data from 1994 to 2013, by the empirical methods of unit root tests, co-integration analyses, and Granger causality tests, this paper studied the influence of the commodity trade, investment, service trade on economic growth and the industrial structure of Hong Kong, and draw the conclusion: the goods imports from Hong Kong to the mainland of China don’t show effect on the second industry, so as the service imports on GDP and the tertiary industry. The commodity trade, investment and service exports from Hong Kong to the mainland of China have the positive effect on the GDP growth. The commodity imports of Hong Kong, and the investment from the mainland of China promote the development of the tertiary industry in Hong Kong; then the development of the third industry will promote the service exports from Hong Kong to the mainland of China.
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