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Continuity and Change: Inquiry into Teacher Education Practices  [cached]
Julian Kitchen,Darlene Ciuffetelli Parker
Brock Education : a Journal of Educational Research and Practice , 2010,
Abstract: As new co-editors of Brock Education, we welcome you. We believe that this issue on teacher education practices, and our tenure as editors, represents both continuity and change.
Explication of Emergency Dwellings in Turkey in the Context of Cultural Continuity: Fieldwork in Alagoz Village  [PDF]
Ferah Akinci, Kader Da?istanli
Open Journal of Earthquake Research (OJER) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojer.2012.12003
Abstract: The study is a fieldwork in Alag?z Village in Bing?l which is situated in the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. Ma- jority of the traditional houses in Alag?z Village were destroyed by earthquakes. Standard type houses were built within the scope of “Earthquake houses” project by the state under the initiative for closing the gap of housing. State adopted the resolution of demolishing the traditional houses and implemented such resolution as a consequence of standard type earthquake houses which do not fit with the cultural life of the region are not preferred by their users. Population who compulsorily started to live in “Earthquake Houses” began to utter their complaints. Even, they attempted to reconstruct and complete their partially demolished houses and returned to live in their traditional old houses. Forwhy, these houses fit with their social lives. Within this context the houses in the village compose of Traditional Houses, Earthquake Houses, houses they developed by being adversely affected from the Earthquake Houses. Each type of housing will be taken up within the scope of the study and their physical, social tissues will be analyzed and scrutinized, and as a result of this detailed study, conception of the region that is transmitted from past to today will be defined. In the study, it is emphasized that traditions which reached from past to today can not be ignored and should be taken into consideration by all means. Within this context, houses located in the region were analyzed as per their periods, opinions of the users were obtained and requests were highlighted in accordance with these findings and the houses which were developed in consequence of the requirements were scrutinized. Outputs were assessed on behalf of protecting the continuity in set- tlement and finalized with the clues of what are the obvious things to be done. For permanence of the settlement it is required to analyze the culture which preserved and protected its existence. Especially, in the countries such as Turkey, it is required to resolve the dynamics of the migration in consequence of various facts from rural areas to urban centers. It is required to provide approaches which may satisfy their needs and close their gaps by supporting the segment who is pleased with living in its village rather than creating new formations.
Cross-Cultural Research and Qualitative Inquiry  [PDF]
Pranee Liamputtong
Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry , 2010,
Abstract: Cross-cultural research has become important in this postmodern world where many people have been made, and are still, marginalised and vulnerable by others in more powerful positions like colonial researchers. In this paper, I contend that qualitative research is particularly appropriate for cross-cultural research because it allows us to find answers which are more relevant to the research participants. Cross-cultural qualitative research must be situated within some theoretical frameworks. In this paper, I also provide different theoretical frameworks that cross-cultural researchers may adopt in their research. Performing qualitative cross-cultural research is exciting, but it is also full of ethical and methodological challenges. This paper will encourage readers to start thinking about methodological issues in performing cross-cultural research.
The Compatibility of Cultural Value in Iranian EFL Textbooks  [cached]
Azadeh Asgari
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.2.4.887-894
Abstract: One of the major issues in critical linguistics and language education is analyzing the ideological content of textbooks. The dialectical connection between language and culture has always been a concern of L2 teachers and educators. Therefore, in this paper, the researcher has looked for the cultural values depicted in EFL books and tried to find their influence on Iranian learners as well as, the differences between cultural and language among learners and assesses the relative importance of language. In this study, one set of textbooks -interchange series- that are taught in English language institute in Iran are analyzed. The cultural values portrayed in these books were extracted, defined and exemplified in this paper. This study depicts that new interchange series do contain cultural values. However, shows that cultural impact does not occur through one book only. On the other word, the results found by the researcher indicated that these cultural values did not influence learners studying these books differently from those who study English through another set of books.
Effects of Organizational Motives on Relationship Continuity: The Moderating Role of Corporate Cultural Similarity  [cached]
Apicha Boonpattarakan
International Business Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v5n5p94
Abstract: This study was aimed to disaggregate the relationship commitment construct into organizational motives component and relationship continuity component and investigate the effects of the motives on relationship continuity. These motives were based on the three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment, which included affective, structural, and normative motives. Constructs associated with affective motives were relationship value and trustworthiness, whereas constructs related to structural motives were switching costs and comparison level of the alternatives. Corporate cultural similarity was proposed to be the key construct associated with normative motives. The results showed that all five constructs associated with the three groups of motives had significant effects on relationship continuity. Trustworthiness was found to have the strongest effect on relationship continuity, followed by relationship value, switching costs, comparison level of the alternatives, and corporate cultural similarity. In addition, corporate cultural similarity was found to moderate the effect of switching costs on relationship continuity.
Cultural interaction of Iranian and Western Popular Music ---
Hassan Bashir, bashir@isu.ac.ir - ??? ????,Mohammad Sarvi Zargar - ???? ???? ????
Global Media Journal : Persian Edition , 2008,
Abstract: This paper attempts to examine the impact of Western Popular Culture on Iranian Music. With its millions of supporters, Iranian Popular Music tries not only to be a local but a universal music as well How much success this music will achieve on its time would affect the whole Iranian art in the future. The paper follows a semiological analysis of couple of Iranian pop music singers to discover how this Iranian genre of pop music can reach the standards a more global pop music. We will provide a thorough analysis of signs and symbols imbedded into pop music in Iran to see how it is possible to provided a rather comprehensive understanding of the direction of Iranian pop music. The paper also explores the possibility of using music as a tools to improve intercultural communication locally, as well as globally. --- . - ; . . (popular) . . . . . . . . . .
Iranian and Saudi Cultural and Religious Identities: Constructivist Perspective  [PDF]
Shokrollah Kamari Majin
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.71006
Abstract: National identity in a society is something that society tries to define, develop, and preserve. If we don’t believe that human nature is based on war, violence and hostility, we could argue that no nation could be enemies with another nation. Mahatma Gandhi once said if children “grow up in their natural innocence, we won’t have to struggle, we won’t have to pass fruitless idle resolutions” (Gandhi, 1931: p. 361). However, events in the Middle East region in the last three decades, and especially in recent years, show us that Iran and Saudi Arabia have stood face to face, as two archenemies. The relationship between the two countries has reached the point where both countries view “themselves as serious rivals” (Terril, 2011: p. 1). But are these two countries really two hostile national identities, or are they two rival states who have expanded their rivalry to include cultural and religious areas? It could be said that both Iran’s and Saudi Arabia’s political identities are currently under severe pressure. Neither of these states can easily continue their attitudes and behaviors in regards to international relations. However, “both sides are not interested in compromising and resolving them in a peaceful way” (Bar-Tal in Mabon, 2013: p. 109). The Shi’a-Sunni religious conflict is the main dispute between these two states, and is intertwined with many stories, narratives, exaggerations and distortion of the realities. Focusing on the relationship between the Iranian and Saudi states, with particular attention being paid to their perceptions of each other, is an appropriate way to understand both states’ behaviors. The question is whether these two states have grasped that they cannot continue with this kind of political adventurism. They may finally choose between the two opportunities and either give up fueling tensions in the region before the conflict reaches a no-return point, or continue to provoke cultural and religious conflicts in the region in order to overcome their internal legitimacy challenges.
The relationship between cultural intelligence and achievement: a case study in an Iranian company
Ahmad Vedadi,Bahram Kheiri,Mansoureh Abbasalizadeh
Iranian Journal of Management Studies , 2010,
Abstract: Cultural diversities can be considered as a treat as well as an opportunity which increasinglyhas effects on success of those organizations that are working in world scale.Previous studies in thisrelation have been focused on intercultural or cultural values that do not provide for managersrecognition of the needed competencies to success. In this research, through studying a newmultidimensional construct of cultural intelligence, which contains both cognitive and behavioraldimensions, we have considered its relation with the achievement need of the managers. 78 middleand high managers of an Iranian company working energy are chosen and the results show a highcorrelation between cultural intelligence and its different dimensions including CQ of knowledge,strategy, motivation and behavior with the achievement need motif of the managers who have beenstudied".
Cultural and Religious Tolerance and Acceptance in Urban Housing: A Study of Multi-Ethnic Malaysia  [cached]
Azrina Husin,Nor Malina Malek,Salfarina Abdul Gapor
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n2p112
Abstract: This paper attempts to describe some housing issues pertaining to religious and cultural practices in Malaysia. As a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society, residential arrangements are used as a tool to achieve greater social and ethnic mix as envisioned by the government under the New Economic Policy and its Housing Policy. While the aim is for social integration among its population, living with people who do not share similar cultural and religious practices may cause problems too, especially that related to the use of space. This is especially true in urban housing areas where space is scarce and thus does not always cater to the residents’ needs. Using a sample of 400 respondents from four urbanized areas of Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Selangor and Johor Bahru, we try to understand the respondents’ views about their neighbours’ religious and cultural practices that differ from theirs. Our findings will be discussed within the framework of cultural acceptance and tolerance as well as to gauge whether the government’s policy is translated well by the population.
Cultural Orientation and Reading Comprehension Models: The Case of Iranian Rural and Urban Students  [PDF]
Payman RAJABI
Novitas-ROYAL , 2009,
Abstract: The present study attempted to investigate the effect of rural and urban orientations on top-down and bottom-up reading models of the Iranian EFL students. To do this, the researcher selected two groups of EFL learners, one rural and the other, urban. To determine the socio-cultural status of the subjects, a demographic questionnaire was given to both groups. Then, the subjects were made homogeneous by administering a language proficiency test, Nelson. It is noteworthy that Nelson test had already been standardized. After that previously validated ten reading passages including top-down and bottom-up items were administered to both groups. The experiment lasted for ten sessions and the statistical analyses used in this study comprised a t-test to determine the homogeneity of the groups, a two-way ANOVA and Scheffe test. The results showed that in addition to bottom-up model, the urban students made use of top-down strategy including inferences, skimming for the main ideas, guessing the meaning of words from context, activating background knowledge, and focusing on the author's message, whereas rural subjects showed great reliance on texts and the application of bottom-up processing i.e. they heavily relied on the main content of the text, they never incorporated the knowledge of the world as well as their prior knowledge to answer reading comprehension questions.
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