We study the localisation inverse problem corresponding to Laplacian transport of absorbing cell. Our main goal is to find sufficient Dirichelet-to-Neumann conditions insuring that this inverse problem is uniquely soluble. In this paper, we show that the conformal mapping technique is adopted to this type of problem in the two dimensional case.

Abstract:
We study extrema of the first and the second mixed eigenvalues of the Laplacian on the disk among some families of Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions. We show that the minimizer of the second eigenvalue among all mixed boundary conditions lies in a compact 1-parameter family for which an explicit description is given. Moreover, we prove that among all partitions of the boundary with bounded number of parts on which Dirichlet and Neumann conditions are imposed alternately, the first eigenvalue is maximized by the uniformly distributed partition.

Abstract:
In the present article we will give a new proof of the ground state asymptotics of the Dirichlet Laplacian with a Neumann window acting on functions which are defined on a two-dimensional infinite strip or a three-dimensional infinite layer. The proof is based on the analysis of the corresponding Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator as a first order classical pseudo-differential operator. Using the explicit representation of its symbol we prove an asymptotic expansion as the window length decreases.

Abstract:
In this paper we establish new quantitative stability estimates with respect to domain perturbations for all the eigenvalues of both the Neumann and the Dirichlet Laplacian. Our main results follow from an abstract lemma stating that it is actually sufficient to provide an estimate on suitable projection operators. Whereas this lemma could be applied under different regularity assumptions on the domain, here we use it to estimate the spectrum in Lipschitz and in so-called Reifenberg-flat domains. Our argument also relies on suitable extension techniques and on an estimate on the decay of the eigenfunctions at the boundary which could be interpreted as a boundary regularity result.

Abstract:
The paper gives a short account of some basic properties of \textit{Dirichlet-to-Neumann} operators $\Lambda_{\gamma,\partial\Omega}$ including the corresponding semigroups motivated by the Laplacian transport in anisotropic media ($\gamma \neq I$) and by elliptic systems with dynamical boundary conditions. For illustration of these notions and the properties we use the explicitly constructed \textit{Lax semigroups}. We demonstrate that for a general smooth bounded convex domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ the corresponding {Dirichlet-to-Neumann} semigroup $\left\{U(t):= e^{-t \Lambda_{\gamma,\partial\Omega}}\right\}_{t\geq0}$ in the Hilbert space $L^2(\partial \Omega)$ belongs to the \textit{trace-norm} von Neumann-Schatten ideal for any $t>0$. This means that it is in fact an \textit{immediate Gibbs} semigroup. Recently Emamirad and Laadnani have constructed a \textit{Trotter-Kato-Chernoff} product-type approximating family $\left\{(V_{\gamma, \partial\Omega}(t/n))^n \right\}_{n \geq 1}$ \textit{strongly} converging to the semigroup $U(t)$ for $n\to\infty$. We conclude the paper by discussion of a conjecture about convergence of the \textit{Emamirad-Laadnani approximantes} in the the {\textit{trace-norm}} topology.

Abstract:
We consider the Laplacian in a domain squeezed between two parallel hypersurfaces in Euclidean spaces of any dimension, subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions on one of the hypersurfaces and Neumann boundary conditions on the other. We derive two-term asymptotics for eigenvalues in the limit when the distance between the hypersurfaces tends to zero. The asymptotics are uniform and local in the sense that the coefficients depend only on the extremal points where the ratio of the area of the Neumann boundary to the Dirichlet one is locally the biggest.

Abstract:
The Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps connect boundary values of harmonic functions. It is an amazing fact that the square of the non-local Dirichlet-to-Neumann map for the uniform conductivity 1 on the unit disc equals minus the local(!) Laplace operator on the boundary circle. To establish a new connection between discrete and continuous Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps and for the approximations I construct a finite and an infinite graphs which Dirichlet-to-Neumann map have the same property: \Lambda^2(1) = - d^2/d \theta^2. The construction gives a new continued fraction identity. It is interesting to consider the geometric and probabilistic (trajectories of the random walk) consequences of this localizing identity unifying discrete and continuous equations for potentials.

Abstract:
We consider the Laplacian in a domain squeezed between two parallel curves in the plane, subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions on one of the curves and Neumann boundary conditions on the other. We derive two-term asymptotics for eigenvalues in the limit when the distance between the curves tends to zero. The asymptotics are uniform and local in the sense that the coefficients depend only on the extremal points where the ratio of the curvature radii of the Neumann boundary to the Dirichlet one is the biggest. We also show that the asymptotics can be obtained from a form of norm-resolvent convergence which takes into account the width-dependence of the domain of definition of the operators involved.

Abstract:
The dynamics of ionization fronts that generate a conducting body, are in simplest approximation equivalent to viscous fingering without regularization. Going beyond this approximation, we suggest that ionization fronts can be modeled by a mixed Dirichlet-Neumann boundary condition. We derive exact uniformly propagating solutions of this problem in 2D and construct a single partial differential equation governing small perturbations of these solutions. For some parameter value, this equation can be solved analytically which shows that the uniformly propagating solution is linearly convectively stable.

Abstract:
We prove that for any domain in the Heisenberg group the (k+1)'th Neumann eigenvalue of the sub-Laplacian is strictly less than the k'th Dirichlet eigenvalue. As a byproduct we obtain similar inequalities for the Euclidean Laplacian with a homogeneous magnetic field.