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Intellectual Capital: An Exploratory Study from Lebanon  [PDF]
Hussin J. Hejase, Ale J. Hejase, Hassana Tabsh, Hassan C. Chalak
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2016.44061
Abstract: Organizations are spending quality time to build their Intellectual Capital by attracting people with talent; a caliber that has become a valuable asset in the business world, especially since talented people are difficult to find. Intellectual Capital is the knowledge that individuals put into advantage in their respective companies; as such, it is an organizational competitive advantage and helps in value creation. The Human Resources Department creates value for these organizations by coming up with effective humanresource related solutions and creative ideas for dealing with and retaining people who have the right talent. To achieve the aforementioned, employees’ qualifications have to be evaluated in terms of knowledge, skills, education, in addition to future potentials and ability to cope with change. Consequently, organizations have become interested in developing their human capital by developing their employees’ knowledge, applied experience, enterprise process, customer relationships, and professional skills. This paper discusses “Intellectual Capital” as a modern HR concept that has influenced business processes and plans. It aims at exploring and assessing the extent of awareness of such concept, current challenges it faces, its future, and also the different views and thoughts regarding it. In addition, the research focuses on how to exploit and retain Intellectual Capital and identifies the financial and non-financial organizational benefits gained by employees. The research is exploratory and explanatory, quantitative in nature using a survey questionnaire responded by 258 Lebanese employees and managers working in different business sectors. Collected data are evaluated statistically through computer software SPSS-22. Findings are used to support existing managerial practices and policies for better retention practices and management of Lebanese human resources.
Ethnic Identity and Ethnicity-Related Stress in Accompanied and Unaccompanied Adolescent Immigrants: Does the Family Work as Social Capital for Adolescent Immigrants?  [PDF]
Lars-Eric Petersen, Ulrike Dünnbier, Olaf Morgenroth
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.34052
Abstract: This study assesses the ethnic identity and ethnicity-related stress for adolescent immigrants accompanied by their families, for unaccompanied adolescent immigrants and for native (German) adolescents. Seventy adolescents completed the Ethnic Group Membership Questionnaire and the Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire. Results show that unaccompanied adolescent immigrants (n = 20) report more negative private feelings about their own ethnic identity, lower beliefs about the public’s regard for their ethnic group and more ethnicity-related stress in the dimensions “perceived ethnic discrimination”, “stereotype confirmation concern” and “own-group conformity pressure” than accompanied adolescent immigrants (n = 25) and German adolescents (n = 25). Accompanied adolescent immigrants revealed higher scores than German adolescents only in the dimension “perceived ethnic discrimination”. Results support the hypothesis derived from the theory of social capital that for the accompanied adolescent immigrants, the family works as social capital, reduces ethnicity-related stress, and promotes the development of a positive ethnic identity.
Gambling and Impulsivity: An Exploratory Study in a French Adolescent Population  [PDF]
Lucia Romo, Gayatri Kotbagi, Sophie Platey, Adelaide Coeffec, Francesco Boz, Laurence Kern
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.34032
Abstract:

Pathological gambling can be a serious problem, more so to a vulnerable population such as adolescents and youth. This study aims to investigate the links between gambling behaviours and impulsivity through a multidimensional approach in a French adolescent population. A secondary aim of this study is to find out the prevalence of pathological gambling behaviour amongst adolescents who are not meant to have legal access to such games. We administered the UPPS Impulsive behaviour Scale (UPPS-P) and the Canadian Pathological Gambling Index CPGI to 1800 adolescents aged between 11 to 17 years. Our results indicate that 33% of subjects have gambled at least once during the last year and that girls gamble as much as boys (17% and 16% respectively). Scratch games are the most common games played by adolescents (81.4%). We also notice that 1.6% of our population has problematic gambling behaviour. Although we found that many dimensions of impulsivity (Urgency, Positive urgency and Sensation seeking) are correlated to gambling behaviour, only sensation seeking seems to be a good predictor of pathological gambling severity. These results can be taken into account in the development of prevention programs.

RESILIENCE AND DEPRESSION: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY FROM THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE ADOLESCENCE  [cached]
Claudia Restrepo-Restrepo,Stefano Vinaccia Alpi,Japcy Margarita Quiceno
Suma Psicológica , 2011,
Abstract: The present research had as aim to evaluate the relationships between resilience,depression and the health-related quality of life in 36 adolescents from schoolsin the city of Medellin, Colombia. The design of this study was exploratory-transversal-correlation. The instruments used were: the quality of life questionnairefor children Kid-Kindl, the adolescent resilience scale -ARS; children’s depressioninventory -CDI.The results to descriptive levels demonstrate a favorable quality of life, high resiliencescores and not clinically significant levels of childhood depression. Inmultiple linear regressions analysis showed that emotion regulation dimensionARS scale had a positive weight on the quality of life as childhood depressionhad a negative weight on this variable. In conclusion, the perception of quality oflife in adolescents can be modulated positive or negatively by the resilience anddepression.
The Effect of Premenstrual Syndrome on Quality of Life in Adolescent Girls
Ziba Taghizadeh,Maryam Shirmohammadi,Mohammad Arbabi,Abbas Mehran
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry , 2008,
Abstract: "n Objective: "n "nPremenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common psychosomatic disorder and about 30%-50% of women in the childbearing age suffer from mild to moderate form of this disorder and 3%-8% suffer from its sever form. The symptoms of this disorder are related to the specific biological characteristics of women's reproductive age that can start from teen years. The symptoms' devastating effect on these crucial years of life can result in a sense of dissatisfaction and inadequacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and quality of life (QOL) in adolescent girls. "nMethod: This research is a descriptive-analytic study. The participants were 360 adolescent girls (180 in each group), studying in the second year of high school in south of Tehran. The participants were selected in a multistage randomly- clustered design according to their schools. Respondents completed the demographic questionnaire, premenstrual syndrome symptom daily record scale, and the medical study short form-36 (SF-36). "nResults: Compared with healthy adolescents, those with PMS had a lower score of SF-36 in all the scales (P<0.001). Except for mental health and vitality, no significant difference was observed between other scales of quality of life according to SF-36 in various severities of PMS (P>0.05). However, a statistically meaningful difference was observed in mental health and vitality of SF-36 in severe form of PMS in compare to mild and moderate PMS P=0.002). "nConclusion: Premenstrual syndrome is associated with substantial burden on QOL in adolescents. In addition, increasing severity in PMS symptoms results in decreased quality of mental health and vitality.
Cultural/Community Mentoring with Maori and Pacific Electrical Apprentices  [cached]
Chris Holland
Literacy and Numeracy Studies , 2012,
Abstract: New Zealand government policy documents over the last decade have committed to supporting Maori and Pasifika learners, yet still today there is little real support in place for learners in apprenticeships. There is even less support in place that acknowledges the cultural dimension of learning in the workplace. This paper discusses the establishment and review of a development project which sets out to provide culturally supportive mentoring for Maori and Pasifika apprentices. The project sought to do this by engaging experienced Maori and Pasifika tradesmen who were located in the local communities of their learners.
Profile and life experience of informal caretakers of patients with chronic disease. An exploratory study  [cached]
Sonia S Marcon,Karina S Pedro
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2007,
Abstract: This is an exploratory descriptive study of quali-quantitative nature accomplished with families of chronic patients attended in a project of home assistance, developed with the objective of characterizing their caretakers, to know their opinion on the meaning of caretaking, their expectations, and knowledge on the disease. The results reveal that all of the caretakers are female who do not possess contract of employment, that they are skilled in the caretaking process, and that the types of care more frequently developed are of life maintenance and recovery of health. For them, care means love, assistance, patience, renouncement, retribution and obligation (filial and matrimonial). Taking over the caretaker's role makes people feel happy, satisfied, useful and privileged by God. However, some of them feel sad for the lack of recognition, and with some resentment due to the situation imposed by the disease. The greatest difficulties are regarding financial conditions, physical overload and obstinacy of the patient.
Fitness, motor competence and body composition as correlates of adolescent neck/shoulder pain: an exploratory cross-sectional study
Mark C Perry, Leon M Straker, Peter B O'Sullivan, Anne J Smith, Beth Hands
BMC Public Health , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-290
Abstract: 1608 males and females of mean age 14 years answered questions on their history of NSP (4 measures), and were tested for aerobic fitness, upper and lower limb power, trunk endurance, grip strength, shoulder flexibility, motor competence and anthropometric factors. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to test for associations between NSP and physical variables.There were significant gender differences for most physical and pain variables. After multivariate analysis, males had lower odds of NSP if they had reduced back endurance [OR: 0.66 (95% CI: 0.46–0.97)], reduced persistent control [0.42 (0.19–0.95], and increased muscle power [0.33 (0.12–0.94)], and higher odds of NSP if they had a higher basketball throw [2.47 (1.22–5.00)] and jump performance [3.47 (1.55–7.74)]. Females had lower odds for NSP if they had a reduced jump performance [0.61(0.41–0.92)], a better basketball throw [0.60(0.40–0.90)], lower shoulder flexibility [0.54 (0.30–0.98)] and a higher aerobic capacity [0.61 (0.40–0.93)], and higher odds for NSP if they had greater abdominal endurance [1.57(1.07–2.31)] and greater bimanual dexterity [1.77(1.18–2.65)]. Females showed a U shaped relationship between NSP and back endurance [low: 2.12 (1.20–3.74); high 2.12 (1.18–3.83)].Adolescent NSP was associated with fitness and motor competence, although the associations varied with gender, and their strength was limited.Neck/shoulder pain (NSP) may affect up to half of adolescents [1], leading to significant loss of function [2]. Up to 25% of adolescents with NSP experience some degree of disability [3] and 11% may require prescription drugs to manage pain [4]. Some risk factors for adolescent NSP have been identified, including high levels of computer use [5], employment [6], negative psychosocial factors [6-8], female gender [8], and sustained postures [1]. Very low and high levels of physical activity [7] are also associated with adolescent NSP. Activity levels may influence NSP dire
Evaluation the quality of life in elderly with stroke: a exploratory and transversal study.  [cached]
Keila Cristianne Trindade da Cruz,Maria José D′Elboux Diogo
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate quality of life in elderly with stroke and to investigate the relationship, as well as the influence of social-demographic variables and health in quality of life of those subjects. Method: Exploratory-descriptive study with elderly stroke survivors. Quality of life was evaluated by SF-36 - "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item shorts-form health survey". Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) were applied to investigate influence of age, caregivers' presence and stroke in the dimensions of SF-36. Results: Functional capacity and overall health presented, respectively, the smallest and the largest means among the domains of SF-36. Age showed negative correlation with functional capacity and positive with the domains of physical aspects and emotional aspects. The variables that influenced the functional capacity were closeness of caregiver, hemiparesis and no access to health services. Conclusions: Social-demographic variables and current sequels of stroke influenced quality of life of the elderly stroke survivors, and the functional capacity was the most committed dimension of SF-36. Recovery actions and rehabilitation addressed the elderly' peculiarities can benefit that population. Actions aming at recovery and rehabilitation addressing those elderly and their peculiarities can benefitit this population. Keywords: quality of life, gerontology and stroke.
Evaluation the quality of life in elderly with stroke: a exploratory and transversal study.
Keila Cristianne Trindade da Cruz,Maria José D′Elboux Diogo
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate quality of life in elderly with stroke and to investigate the relationship, as well as the influence of social-demographic variables and health in quality of life of those subjects. Method: Exploratory-descriptive study with elderly stroke survivors. Quality of life was evaluated by SF-36 - "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item shorts-form health survey". Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) were applied to investigate influence of age, caregivers' presence and stroke in the dimensions of SF-36. Results: Functional capacity and overall health presented, respectively, the smallest and the largest means among the domains of SF-36. Age showed negative correlation with functional capacity and positive with the domains of physical aspects and emotional aspects. The variables that influenced the functional capacity were closeness of caregiver, hemiparesis and no access to health services. Conclusions: Social-demographic variables and current sequels of stroke influenced quality of life of the elderly stroke survivors, and the functional capacity was the most committed dimension of SF-36. Recovery actions and rehabilitation addressed the elderly' peculiarities can benefit that population. Actions aming at recovery and rehabilitation addressing those elderly and their peculiarities can benefitit this population. Keywords: quality of life, gerontology and stroke.
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