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The Course of Democratization under Globalization  [cached]
Yue Yang
Journal of Politics and Law , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jpl.v4n2p170
Abstract: Democracy is a sensitive hot topic in international relations and also a lasting focus of international politics. This article discusses the general principles of democracy, and on this basis, respectively further probe into the democratic democracy, international democracy, and the impacts of former on the later under the background of globalization.
Impacts of Globalization on Green Logistics Centers in Lithuania  [cached]
Jonas ?epinskis,Ignas Masteika
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.55.1.116
Abstract: This paper is a theoretical analysis, opening with the introduction where the problem of the research, the object of the research, the purpose of the research and the research methods are described. The analysis has revealed that the market situation, logistics service providers face today, differs a lot from the situation years ago. Globalization as a process is lightening supply lines, thereby increasing the freight transport intensity of the world economy. Lithuania is geographically good situated, therefore there are great possibilities to integrate into the European trade community, the efficient system of logistics centers is necessary. Climate change is likely to become a major business driver over the next few decades as companies come under intense pressure to decrease the pollution to nature. The main object of this article is the impacts of globalization on green logistics centers in Lithuania. The principal purpose of the article is systemization and thorough description of the knowledge and information (found in a large number of sources) about the economic globalization concept, green logistics, logistics centers and to present a coherent overview on such aspects of logistics as: the importance of green logistics, supply chain management and collaborative logistics.
Impacts of Urbanization on the Indigenous Enclaves of Port Harcourt and Concomitant Policy Measures
Victor C. Obinna,Opuene B. Owei,Ikechi O. Okwakpam
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2010.172.186
Abstract: Port Harcourt, one of Nigeria s major cities has been experiencing rapid urbanization (of the order of 5% per annum on the average) since its founding by the British in 1913. The process of urbanisation is engulfing and transforming the way of life of the indigenous enclaves, which predate the founding of the city. This study has examined the impact of urbanization and its correlates on the socio-economic and socio-cultural aspects of life of the indigenes both subjectively (by questioning a probability sample of the indigenes) and objectively (from the judgment of experts using a state-of-the-art impact assessment methodology). The study found that while about one half of the respondents were pleased with urbanization, a little over one third were displeased with it. Reasons for pleasure included: development of the area, infrastructure development and improvement in aesthetics, while displeasure stemmed from increase in crime rate, destruction of traditional livelihoods, erosion of cultural values, among others. The study concluded that urbanization has indeed had both positive and negative impacts on the indigenous population and that there was reasonable agreement between subjective and objective impacts of urbanization. Finally, recommendations have been proffered to mitigate serious negative impacts including positive discrimination/affirmative action to help indigenes compete favourably with the usually more aggressive and better-equipped in-migrants.
GWAM—An Institutional Model to Address Watershed Impacts from Urbanization: Conceptual Framework  [PDF]
Thambirajah Saravanapavan, Eiji Yamaji
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.109052
Abstract: The urbanization process exerts negative multidisciplinary impacts on the integrity of natural watershed conditions. These impacts are best analyzed and addressed with local inputs, as many of these are site specific and require consistent local monitoring along with appropriate policies and regulations from conventional governance in an interdisciplinary platform. With the realization of the limitations to top-down and bottom-up watershed management approaches in addressing issues associated with urbanization, a conceptual framework for a hybrid approach that tries to effectively integrate the advantages of the two approaches while overcoming their respective limitations, the Grass root Watershed Management model (GWAM), is presented in this paper. The model is to establish a self-sustaining and effective institutional forum that can be used in watersheds across geographical and political boundaries while accommodating the urbanization process. GWAM consists of three crucial components: a common platform, a partnership among major groups of stakeholders, and a facilitation mechanism to conduct the watershed management at local lever or grass-root level. With effective integration of the governmental agencies and institutes at the top with the local residents and non-governmental organizations at the bottom, the concept is that the hybrid approach can serve as a self-sustaining model in achieving effective management of urbanization impacts.
Heterogeneous Economic Impacts of Transportation Features on Prefecture-Level Chinese Cities  [PDF]
Bismark R. D. K. Agbelie, Yang Chen, Nimesh Salike
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.73026
Abstract: The present paper examines the heterogeneous economic impacts of transportation characteristics, with a consideration of spatial heterogeneity, across Chinese prefecture-level cities. Using data from 237 Chinese cities from 2000 to 2012, a random-parameters model is applied to account for the heterogeneity across these cities. The estimation results reveal significant variability across cities, with the computed impacts (elasticity values) of transportation-related features (highway and railway freight volumes, highway passenger volume, urbanization rate, public transit, paved roads, and highway congestion rate) varying significantly across cities. The impacts are mostly positive, except for highway congestion rate. A 1% increase in a city’s highway and railway freight volumes would increase the city’s gross product per capita from 0.0001% to 0.0972% and 0.0001% to 0.0254% across cities in China, respectively. While a 1% increase in highway congestion rate would decrease the city’s gross product per capita by an average of 0.031%.
IMPACTS OF URBANIZATION ON CARNIVORE MAMMALS IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR, INDIA  [PDF]
Rahul Kait,D. N. Sahi
Ecoprint: An International Journal of Ecology , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/eco.v17i0.4104
Abstract: During present study, from 2004 to 2006 in Jammu district and 2006 to 2009 in Trikuta hills, the impact of urbanization on carnivores was studied. Order Carnivora is represented by 5 species. Their local and national/global status was also determined. It was also found that urbanization is taking place by leaps and bounds which has affected wildlife of the area most by habitat destruction, habitat fragmentation and noise. It has been found that the most effected order in the mammals is carnivora, because of the requirement of the larger habitat for fulfilling their needs. Key words: Trikuta hills; Carnivore; Urbanization; Shivaliks; Habitat fragmentation DOI: 10.3126/eco.v17i0.4104 Ecoprint An International Journal of Ecology Vol. 17, 2010 Page: 43-46 Uploaded date: 29 December, 2010 ?
Necessary conditions for the globalization of traditional Chinese medicine  [cached]
Bei-bei Yu,Xiu-lin Gong
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2011,
Abstract: : With the current trend of globalization, unprecedented opportunities and enormous changes have emerged for the global development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, many old and new challenges and problems still remain, including partial or limited comprehension of acupuncture, oriental medicine and TCM, the existence of non-standardized institutes of TCM and acupuncture training schools, unqualified TCM practitioners, and problems concerning Chinese herbal medicine and inexperience in conducting TCM business. These problems will doubtlessly impede the further development of TCM worldwide in the foreseeable future. It is also clear that the globalization of TCM will require a large scale systematic project and constitute an arduous historical task. This paper aims to consolidate 6 strategic development modes to reinforce and facilitate the process of TCM globalization through a detailed analysis of both the present status and existing problems concerning the development of TCM in the United States.
Is globalization healthy: a statistical indicator analysis of the impacts of globalization on health
Pim Martens, Su-Mia Akin, Huynen Maud, Raza Mohsin
Globalization and Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1744-8603-6-16
Abstract: In the past, globalization has often been seen as a more or less economic process characterized by increased deregulated trade, electronic communication, and capital mobility. However, globalization is becoming increasingly perceived as a more comprehensive phenomenon that is shaped by a multitude of factors and events, and that is reshaping our society rapidly; it encompasses not only economic, political, and technological forces, but also social-cultural and environmental aspects. This increased global economic integration, global forms of governance, and globally inter-linked social and environmental developments are often referred to as globalization. However, depending on the researcher or commentator, globalization is interpreted as growing integration of markets and nation-states and the spread of technological advancements [1]; receding geographical constraints on social and cultural arrangements [2]; the increased dissemination of ideas and technologies [3]; the threat to national sovereignty by trans-national actors [4]; or the transformation of the economic, political and cultural foundations of societies [5]. In our view, globalization is an overarching process encompassing many different processes that take place simultaneously in a variety of domains (e.g., governance structures, markets, communication, mobility, cultural interactions, and environmental change). The pluralistic definition of globalization by Rennen and Martens [6] offers a conceptualization capturing the complexity of different dimensions;, processes; scale-levels; and linkages and pathways; characterizing the relationship between globalization and health. Hence, contemporary globalization is defined as the intensification of cross-national interactions that promote the establishment of trans-national structures and the global integration of cultural, economic, ecological, political, technological and social processes on global, supra-national, national, regional and local levels [6].L
Analysis of Improvement on Human Resource Management within Chinese Enterprises in Economic Globalization  [cached]
Lihui Xie,Dasong Deng,Xifa Liu
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: In this study, we analysis of improvement on human resource management within Chinese enterprises in economic globalization. China’s entry into WTO has accelerated the economic globalization pace of Chinese enterprises and Chinese economy is further integrated with the global economy in a global scope. Human resource is what economic globalization of Chinese enterprises relies on, the first resource for China to participate in the international competition and is also the key to make effective use of other resources. Nevertheless, under the background of economic globalization, human resource management in Chinese enterprises is still faced up with quite a lot of challenges and problems. In order to establish a human resource management concept of globalization and set up a human resource management mechanism to respond to the economic globalization, this study makes a discussion and proposes management method and improvement measures for reference.
Analysis of Lenovo Globalization Strategy and Enlightenment to Chinese Enterprises  [cached]
Jing SUN
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120802.1744
Abstract: In the “global economy” background, corporate globalization is the trend. Focus of Enterprise globalization is that enterprises to choose a good globalization strategy. This thesis to associative Lenovo enterprises as example, highlights from Chinese companies to global enterprises experience and strategic choice of Lenovo, careful study on Lenovo’s globalization strategy--investment strategy, brand strategy, marketing strategy, intellectual property strategies, and analysis of the enlightenment from Lenovo’s globalization strategies for Chinese companies. Key words: Lenovo; Globalization strategies; Economic globalization Résumé A dos de ‘‘l’économie mondiale’’, la mondialisation des entreprises, c’est la tendance. Objet de la mondialisation des entreprises, c’est que les entreprises de choisir une stratégie de globalisation bonne. Cette thèse d’entreprises associatives Lenovo comme par exemple, les points saillants des entreprises chinoises à l’expérience mondiale et les entreprises le choix stratégique de Lenovo, une étude attentive sur la stratégie de mondialisation de Lenovo - Stratégie d’investissement, stratégie de marque, stratégie marketing, les stratégies de propriété intellectuelle, et l’analyse de l’illumination de stratégies de globalisation de Lenovo pour les entreprises chinoises. Mots clés: Lenovo; les stratégies de la mondialisation; la mondialisation économique
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