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Factors Associated with Condom Use among Male College Students in Wuhan, China  [PDF]
Lu Long, Ting Yuan, Min Wang, Chuan Xu, Jieyun Yin, Chengliang Xiong, Sheng Wei, Shaofa Nie
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051782
Abstract: Background Using condoms consistently could prevent unintended pregnancy among young people. This study highlights multiple domains of in?uence on condom use among male college students in China, including knowledge, attitudes, health services utility on condom use and reproductive health information sources. Methodology/Principal Findings To identify factors associated with condom use in Chinese male college students, we examined a sample of 870 sexually experienced male students in seven colleges in Wuhan, China, 2009. 535 (61.5%) of 870 male students reported condom use during their most recent sexual encounter. Male students with steady partners were more likely to use condoms than students with casual partners (adjusted OR = 3.11, 95%CI 2.30–4.20). And positive attitudes toward contraceptive responsibility were associated with greater odds of condom use (adjusted OR = 1.40, 95%CI 1.02–1.92). Only 54(6.2%) and 83(9.5%) of respondents reported that free condoms and reproductive health counseling were available at the student health center. Providing free condoms and reproductive health counseling at the student health central were associated with increased condom use among college students (both P<0.05). In addition, students who gained reproductive health information mainly through websites, television and radio programs were more likely to use condoms than through school education (all P<0.05). Conclusions Improving attitudes of male students toward contraceptive responsibility, providing proper reproductive health information through mass media and making free condoms and reproductive health counseling available in school may help increase condom use among college students in China.
Experimental Study for Cultivating College Students’ Sports Motivation in Sport Education Model  [PDF]
Yuehong Liang, Jiling Zhang, Yingbo Cui, Ren Yuan
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2016.63019
Abstract: The paper analyzes the sport motivation change of students before and after sport education model by setting and implementing sport education model, which takes volleyball elective course in university for example. Sport education volleyball season model is adopted in this paper. Questionnaires were sent to respondents in experimental class before and after the experiment. Finally, statistical analysis was performed after qualified questionnaires were collected. After sport education model experiment, students’ self-determination index was significantly higher than before (p < 0.01). The self-determination index between freshman and sophomore, male and female students has no differences after sport education model experiment (p > 0.05). Test indicated that freshman’ external regulation motivation was more obviously than sophomore (p < 0.05); there is significant difference between male and female students’ identified regulation motivation (p < 0.05). Sport education volleyball season model enhances students’ intrinsic motivation of sports, and meets students’ psychological need to inspire their participation in physical education. Sport education model is applicable to all students. Thus, the result helps to popularize the sport education model.
Exploring Influences of Sport Experiences on Social Skills in Physical Education Classes in College Students  [PDF]
Jiandong Ding, Yoshio Sugiyama
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2017.73020
Abstract: This study investigated the influences of sport experiences on social skills among Chinese college students in physical education (PE) classes. First, we tested the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Experience Scale in University Physical Education Classes (ESUPEC) for examining Chinese college students’ sport experiences in PE classes. Students (n = 366, 194 males, 172 females, mean age = 18.6 years) from two universities in China completed a survey using the Chinese version of ESUPEC. Results of factor analyses and reliability analyses indicated that the structure of the scale was consistent with the original version of ESUPEC, and the reliability and validity of the scale were?reasonable well. Then, we administered the Chinese version of ESUPEC and the 11 item of Social Skills Inventory (11-SSI) to 302 freshmen (157 males, 145 females) to examine their sport experiences and social skills in PE classes. Results of correlation analysis and regression analysis revealed that male students’ sport experiences that involved challenge and female students’ sport experiences that involved self-disclosure had a positive influence on their nonverbal skills; female students’?sport experiences that involved enjoyment had a positive influence on their verbal skills. The study contributes to literature on exploring how college students’ social skills can be developed through learning in PE. The work of the study made a step to provide educators with methods for effective development and efficient implementation of models and programs in PE classes.
P?nar SUNGUR,Selami YüKSEK
Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: In this study, it is aimed to examine self concept and self actualization level of senior students in physical education and sport college, Kafkas University and to find out differences between sexes.Total 72 senior students, 43 of whom are male and 29 of whom are female, who studied in Kafkas University Physical Education and Sport College in 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 education year voluntary attended to this study.“Self Concept Enventer” which was developed by Baymur (1968), “On Behalf of Developing Inventory” and “Self Actualization Inventory” ” which are based upon the theories of Maslow and Rogers, developed by Shostrom in 1968 and adapted to Turkish by Kuzgun in 1973 are used to collect relevant data in this study. n the study, “On behalf of Developing Enventer” is examined by considering the facts of sub-dimensions of well-used time and take support.Collected data in the study is analysed by means of SPSS for Windows 16.00 packet program. Determining the average and standard deviation of the collected data, participants self concept and self actualization level, differences between sexes are determined by Kruskal Wallis, one of nonparametric tests. The relationship between self concept and self actualization levels of male and female is examined with Pearson Correlation on the level of 0,01 and 0,05.At the end of the study, no significant difference is found out between self concept and self actualization levels of male and female participants (p> 0,05). Though there is a positive relation between self concept and self actualization level of females (p≤0,05), there is no significant relation on men (p> 0,05).
The Comparison of Leadership Behaviors (Initiation of Structure Dimension) of College of Physical Education and Sport at Sel uk University Students According to Their Sexes
Erdil DURUKAN,Süleyman CAN,Zekeriya G?KTA?,A. Naci ARIKAN
Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty , 2005,
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to identify whether Physical Education display meaningful difference according to their sexes while performing Initiation of Structure Dimension in leadership behaviour that these students will have a great role information of our new generations, in our daily life and education system in the future.The data have been obtained through a thirty questions questionnaire. The questionnaire of determining leadership behaviour of “Initiation of Structure and Showing Consideration” however the first 15 questions which from the Initiation of Structure have been assesed.The study has been carried out on the data that have been obtained from 235 students, 69 of whom grils, 166 of whom boys at Sel uk University College of Physical Education and Sport in 2001-2002. The data has been evaluated by calculating frequency , percentage, and means.At the end of the analysises done, cocerning each matter that includes leadership behaviour in its own, it has been found that there is a meaningful difference in favour of the girls in the first question, in favour of the boys in the sixth question and that there is no meaningful difference in the 13th question.In the light of the data collected, it is possible to say that female and male students have (Initiation of Structure) leadership behaviour as a result of no meaningful difference in many questions. Without making any sexual discrimination (Students of Physical Education) can be said to accept and show the leadership behaviour in(Initiation of Structure Dimension) generally as the same behaviour code.In conclusion, (Students of Physical Education) who/which is a candidate for the job of teacher of the future must be a leader in society in which they live, their circles and can show leadership behaviour. These students must build a good harmony, team soul and communication network with their teachers, friends and circles. Theymust also create in the frame of love-respect-responsibility and self-esteem a modern, democratic education enviroment that meets the needs of the age and the mass of people.
Association between Non-Suicidal Self-Injuries and Suicide Attempts in Chinese Adolescents and College Students: A Cross-Section Study  [PDF]
Jie Tang,Yizhen Yu,Yu Wu,Yukai Du,Ying Ma,Huiping Zhu,Ping Zhang,Zhuoya Liu
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017977
Abstract: This study examined the association between non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts among Chinese adolescents and college students.
Sport injuries in adolescents  [cached]
Susanne Habelt,Carol Claudius Hasler,Klaus Steinbrück,Martin Majewski
Orthopedic Reviews , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/or.2011.e18
Abstract: In spite of the wide range of injuries in adolescents during sports activities, there are only a few studies investigating the type and frequency of sport injuries in puberty. However, this information may help to prevent, diagnose and treat sports injuries among teens. 4468 injuries in adolescent patients were treated over a ten year period of time: 66,97% were boys and 32.88% girls. The most frequent sports injuries were football (31.13%) followed by handball (8.89%) and sports during school (8.77%). The lower extremity was involved in 68.71% of the cases. Knee problems were seen in 29.79% of the patients; 2.57% spine and 1.99% head injuries. Injuries consisted primarily of distortions (35.34%) and ligament tears (18.76%); 9,00% of all injuries were fractures. We found more skin wounds (6:1) and fractures (7:2) in male patients compared to females. The risk of ligament tears was highest during skiing. Three of four ski injuries led to knee problems. Spine injuries were observed most often during horse riding (1:6). Head injuries were seen in bicycle accidents (1:3). Head injuries were seen in male patients much more often then in female patients (21:1). Fractures were noted during football (1:9), skiing (1:9), inline (2:3), and during school sports (1:11). Many adolescents participate in various sports. Notwithstanding the methodological problems with epidemiological data, there is no doubt about the large number of athletes sustain musculoskeletal injuries, sometimes serious. In most instances, the accident does not happened during professional sports and training. Therefore, school teachers and low league trainer play an important role preventing further accidence based on knowledge of individual risk patterns of different sports. It is imperative to provide preventive medical check-ups, to monitor the sport-specific needs for each individual sports, to observe the training skills as well as physical fitness needed and to evaluation coaches education.
Research on College Students’ Conformity in Sports  [PDF]
Pu Liu
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.73045
Abstract: As a social member, college student will inevitably be influenced by the other students and the society as a whole. Conformity is a psychological term that indicates the influence. It means that an individual tends to keep accordance with the majority under direction or pressure. Conformity is a common phenomenon among college students when they are having PE class or playing sports after class, which has a great effect on students’ physical activities, sport attitude and philosophy of life. This paper analyzes the effects of conformity on college students in sports and gives some practical suggestions to PE instructors about how to make use of conformity to help students change their attitude to sports and form lifelong sports habit.
Research on Skill Testing Standard of Marketing Major of Wuhan City Vocational College  [PDF]
Hui Li, Huijun Chen
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.82017
Higher vocational education scale expands rapidly in the recent years, followed by the contradiction between expansion scale and education quality, which has become increasingly prominent nowadays. In order to improve the teaching quality, the most important is to improve daily teaching activity of the harmonious combination of teaching quality monitoring and evaluation system, which focuses on the teaching quality in higher vocational colleges through monitoring and the objective requirement of the long-term quality assurance mechanism. Based on investigation and analysis of present situation, analysis of professional practice skill testing of students majoring in marketing of Wuhan City Vocational College, we develop skill-testing standard in the hope of improving students’ marketing professional skills in future.
Professional preferences of students in physical education and sport sciences  [PDF]
Jerónimo García Fernández,Francisco Pires Vega,Jesús Fernández Gavira
Retos : Nuevas Perspectivas de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación , 2013,
Abstract: The actual context has enhanced job opportunities in the field of sport in order to respond to the current market demand. Thus, Physical Education and Sport Science graduates who begin to do differents jobs to the traditional ones but relate to their study field. The aim of this study was to guess which are the job preferences of the students of Physical Education and Sport Science of Seville University by gender and age doing the second cycle of their college degree and determine if there are significant differences. A descriptive analysis was carried out, using a questionnaire based on several researches, it was related to professional opportunities in sport sciences. The sample was of 118 students which represented 40.7% of the overall registered students. Results shown that sport management is the most preferable professional opportunity for women and men of the total sample, following in second place by teaching in secondary school for people older than 25 years of both sexes and teaching in primary school for the younger than 25 years. These findings announce changes in occupational trends in sports, to be taken into account in the framework of the European higher education (Degree of Science in Sport and Physical Activity, own US Masters and Official, lifelong learning programs...).
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