Abstract:
We review recent efforts to re-formulate the Einstein equations for fully relativistic numerical simulations. The so-called numerical relativity (computational simulations in general relativity) is a promising research field matching with ongoing astrophysical observations such as gravitational wave astronomy. Many trials for longterm stable and accurate simulations of binary compact objects have revealed that mathematically equivalent sets of evolution equations show different numerical stability in free evolution schemes. In this article, we first review the efforts of the community, categorizing them into the following three directions: (1) modifications of the standard Arnowitt-Deser-Misner equations initiated by the Kyoto group, (2) rewriting of the evolution equations in hyperbolic form, and (3) construction of an "asymptotically constrained" system. We next introduce our idea for explaining these evolution behaviors in a unified way using eigenvalue analysis of the constraint propagation equations. The modifications of (or adjustments to) the evolution equations change the character of constraint propagation, and several particular adjustments using constraints are expected to diminish the constraint-violating modes. We propose several new adjusted evolution equations, and include some numerical demonstrations. We conclude by discussing some directions for future research.

Abstract:
A Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of the Lyapunov spectrum and KS entropy is developed. It is numerically efficient and reveals a close relation between the KS invariant and the classical action. This formulation is extended to the quantum domain using the Madelung-Bohm orbits associated with the Schroedinger equation. The resulting quantum KS invariant for a given orbit equals the mean decay rate of the probability density along the orbit, while its ensemble average measures the mean growth rate of configuration-space information for the quantum system.

Abstract:
We extend the problem of obtaining an estimator for the finite population mean parameter incorporating complete auxiliary information through calibration estimation in survey sampling but considering a functional data framework. The functional calibration sampling weights of the estimator are obtained by matching the calibration estimation problem with the maximum entropy on the mean principle. In particular, the calibration estimation is viewed as an infinite dimensional linear inverse problem following the structure of the maximum entropy on the mean approach. We give a precise theoretical setting and estimate the functional calibration weights assuming, as prior measures, the centered Gaussian and compound Poisson random measures. Additionally, through a simple simulation study, we show that our functional calibration estimator improves its accuracy compared with the Horvitz-Thompson estimator.

Abstract:
Dynamics of a periodically time dependent quantum system is reflected in the features of the eigenstates of the Floquet operator. Of the special importance are their localization properties quantitatively characterized by the eigenvector entropy, the inverse participation ratio or the eigenvector statistics. Since these quantities depend on the choice of the eigenbasis, we suggest to use the overcomplete basis of coherent states, uniquely determined by the classical phase space. In this way we define the mean Wehrl entropy of eigenvectors of the Floquet operator and demonstrate that this quantity is useful to describe quantum chaotic systems.

Abstract:
Making statistical predictions requires tackling two problems: one must assign appropriate probability distributions and then one must calculate a variety of expected values. The method of maximum entropy is commonly used to address the first problem. Here we explore its use to tackle the second problem. We show how this use of maximum entropy leads to the Bogoliuvob variational principle which we generalize, apply to density functional theory, and use it to develop a mean field theory for classical fluids. Numerical calculations for Argon gas are compared with experimental data.

Abstract:
In this paper we present a Hamiltonian formulation of multisymplectic type of an invariant variational problem on smooth submanifold of dimension $p$ in a smooth manifold of dimension $n$ with $p

Abstract:
We study a mean value of the shifted convolution problem over the Hecke eigenvalues of a fixed non-holomorphic cusp form. We attain a result also for a weighted case. Furthermore, we point out that the proof yields analogous upper bounds for the shifted convolution problem over the Fourier coefficients of a fixed holomorphic cusp form in mean.

Abstract:
The entropy of a hypersurface is given by the supremum over all F-functionals with varying centers and scales, and is invariant under rigid motions and dilations. As a consequence of Huisken's monotonicity formula, entropy is non-increasing under mean curvature flow. We show here that a compact mean convex hypersurface with some low entropy is diffeomorphic to a round sphere. We will also prove that a smooth self-shrinker with low entropy is exact a hyperplane.

Abstract:
To handle with inverse problems, two probabilistic approaches have been proposed: the maximum entropy on the mean (MEM) and the Bayesian estimation (BAYES). The main object of this presentation is to compare these two approaches which are in fact two different inference procedures to define the solution of an inverse problem as the optimizer of a compound criterion. Keywords: Inverse problems, Maximum Entropy on the Mean, Bayesian inference, Convex analysis.

Abstract:
We present an intrinsic formulation of the kinematic problem of two $n-$dimensional manifolds rolling one on another without twisting or slipping. We determine the configuration space of the system, which is an $\frac{n(n+3)}2-$dimensional manifold. The conditions of no-twisting and no-slipping are decoded by means of a distribution of rank $n$. We compare the intrinsic point of view versus the extrinsic one. We also show that the kinematic system of rolling the $n$-dimensional sphere over $\mathbb R^n$ is controllable. In contrast with this, we show that in the case of $SE(3)$ rolling over $\mathfrak{se}(3)$ the system is not controllable, since the configuration space of dimension 27 is foliated by submanifolds of dimension 12.