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The Hungarian Identity Discourse in Post-Communist Romania  [cached]
Monica Andriescu,Sergiu Gherghina
Sfera Politicii , 2012,
Abstract: This article explores the political aspects of national minority identity by analyzing the discourse of the political representative of the Hungarian minority in post-communist Romania (the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania). Political discourse (party programs, parliamentary debates) and document analysis are used to illustrate two levels of discourse: symbolic and substantive. The article shows that elite discourse has shaped the political role and claims of the Hungarian minority, which influenced the minority nation-building process, as well as the content of the diversity accommodation framework in post-communist Romania.
George Voicu, The Evil Gods. The Culture of Conspiracy in post-communist Romania  [cached]
Codruta Cuceu
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2002,
Abstract: George Voicu, The Evil Gods. The Culture of Conspiracy in post-communist Romania Polirom Publishing House, 2000, 245p
The State-Church Relationship in Post-Communist Romania
ANCA GORGAN
Revista Roman? de Sociologie , 2012,
Abstract: Starting from the Romanian edition of Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu’swork Religion and Politics in Post-Communist Romania, we argue in favour of thenecessity to study the relationship between the State and the Romanian OrthodoxChurch using an approach which takes into account the details and the possibleexistent perspectives, bringing a plus of objectivity, which is so needed in a fieldperceived as a sensible one. The arguments put forward will be justified by thehistorical tradition of the State-Church relationship in the Byzantine Empire, but alsoin Romania, as well as by the predominantly Orthodox structure of our country.
Church and State in Post-Communist Romania: Priorities on the Research Agenda  [cached]
Gabriel Andreescu,Liviu Andreescu
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2009,
Abstract: This paper looks at the state of research on churchstate relations in post-communist Romania in order to provide an outline of the most important questions which need to be addressed in the coming years. The article consists of two parts. First, a survey of academic studies published over the past two decades on the relationship between the country’s churches and state after 1990. Secondly, a breakdown of pressing churchstate issues today, accompanied by short discussions of existing studies and suggestions as to what future research should probe into.
The Obstacles to Social-Economic Change in Post-Communist Romania  [PDF]
NAGY EGON
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2005,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the macroeconomic phase which characterizes present-day Romania, 15 years after the regime- change, embedded into that regional context which Romania is part of. The regional importance of this paper is that Romania is the biggest state of the southeastern region as far as territory and population are concerned. For this reason the country’s economic development cannot be indifferent to the neighbouring states, as it can have positive or negative social effects on them. The Romanian society was passing through a slowly and difficult process of democratization and economic liberalization during the nineties and the turn of the millenium, which was a similar way to the other post-socialist East European countries. The NATO membership of Romania and the imminent EU membership in 2007 are important stimuli to make further progresses on the way to functional capitalism and welfare. As an express of the efficient economy policy at the end of the social-democratic administration the economical growth of Romania rose to the incredible rate of 8.1%, while the budget deficit was only 1.3%. In the autumn of 2004 was elected a right, liberal coalition-government, which began his activity with a radical fiscal reform introducing a unique rate of taxes (16%). In this circumstances the possibility of the avalanche of the FDIs is a real expectance, but Romania still have to fulfill some other requirements, such as the reducing of the almost generalized corruption and to maintain the balance of the budget according to the agreement with the IMF, in order to became a major economic competitor of the Central-Eastern European region.
Between Assimilation and Accommodation: Migration and Translation Policies in Post-Communist Romania  [cached]
Oana Surugiu
Sfera Politicii , 2011,
Abstract: The changing transnational relations following the European integration and the process of globalization urge us to look at translations from a broader sociological perspective. Both the European integration and globalization seem to have greatly affected the inequalities between languages and the translation ratios in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss the situation of the Romanian writers’ “export” abroad, i.e. the translation policies operating in post-accession Romania as an instance of migration on the literary book market.
The Land of Beiu (Romania) between Resilience and Regeneration. Post-Communist Challenges in Spatial Planning
LUMINI?A FILIMON,VALENTIN NEME?,PAUL OL?U,CLAUDIU FILIMON
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2012,
Abstract: The territorial development of post-communist Romania claims the integration into the territorial planning process of some principles that regard a balanced and rightful evolution of the total components of this area. Territorially, the communist heritage is seen as a particular pattern of land use, in which gigantic economic structures, oriented towards heavy industry, dependent on one another and the collective habitat dominated the urban environment while intensively mechanized agriculture, opposing the traditional customs, was imposed in the rural areas. Mentally, this heritage is responsible for the development of resilience to some concepts such as free association, heritage nationalization and resource rationalization that raise suspicions due to their forced and wrong implementation into the recent past. If we add the limited experience of the administration, the incomplete legislative framework and the lack of specialists, one has an overall view of the issues of the East-European territories. All these issues raise a series of challenges whose answers seem to be linked to the integration of the sustainable development principle into the process that coordinates the territorial development. The “land” type areas are specific geographic regions of Romania with deep roots in the historical past of Romania and with features of regional mental areas. The identity marks of these areas are given by the high degree of ruralism, conservatism and the tradition, customs and traditional activities preservation. Once more, from post-communist transition to the rigours of joining the European Union, the course of these areas towards sustainable development must pass through the planning process. The Land of Beiu is one of the 18 “land” type areas of Romania, located in Western Romania (at the foot of the Apuseni Mountains), identifying itself with the mental area polarized by the town of Beiu . The total population is approximately 80,000 inhabitants. The aspects related to the resilience of this area are given by the rural component, extensive traditional agriculture and crafts, preservation of ethnic-folkloric traditions and the existence of some traditional areas, etc. Opposed to this, there are areas that underwent complex transformations due to the decline of the communist economic structures, which adapted themselves to the market economy and thus became global. In this regard, the Land of Beiu integrates in the same territorial system both dynamic areas, with mutations of the traditional features, and resilient conservative areas.Thus, although the
Church, Religion and Belief: Paradigms for Understanding the Political Phenomenon in Post-Communist Romania  [cached]
Stefan Bratosin,Mihaela Alexandra Ionescu
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2009,
Abstract: Starting from the hypothesis that the predominant church, religion and belief in Romania (i.e. the Romanian Orthodox Church, the Orthodox religion and the Orthodox belief) are paradigms that help understand politics, we will highlight in the present article three major aspects of the political phenomenon in post-communist Romania: de-symbolizing the democratic function, institutionalizing “democratism” and manifesting integralism in the public space. Our analysis is based on a communicational approach which postulates the conceptual oppositions as a fundament of understanding. The interpretation of these oppositions has lead us to discovering a series of coherent actions, behaviors, facts, etc., but also a series of incoherent, at some point irrational situations in the relation between the religious and the political spheres. The importance of this article lies in the fact that, once highlighted, these structures allow us to take into consideration the possibility of analyzing the meaning of the relation between the religious and the political spheres.
THE FAILURE OF INDUSTRIALISM IN COMMUNIST ROMANIA  [PDF]
P?£rean Mihai - Olimpiu
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: This work aims to present the exact thinking and action of the Romanian Communist leaders that had as declared purpose the Romanian societya€ s propseprity company. This falls into the line drawn by the Communists, but in the case of Romania the ambitions were far above the country's potential. In order to understand the situation of the national economy in the past two decades we must take into account the manner in which they have carried out economic policies in the Communist leadership. This marched on exacerbated development of manufacturing industry by capital goods to the detriment of the goods consumer industry, which generated a series of social tensions. The economic objectives of Communist Romania were limited for the exacerbated development of the industrial sector. Its presence of economic policy measures implemented in our country shows that the authorities had in mind a self-sufficient industrialization by providing greater care than conventional industries, with high energy consumption. This unprecedented enhancement for national economy was made possible by the contracting of foreign credits And this began to give increasing and more frequent misfires when the world was hit by the resouces of the crisis. The falling of the national economy has been Romania unable to repay loans on time. The obsessive decision of the authorities was to fully pay off foreign debt in oder to allow new investment in construction of some megalomaniac industrial sights, that could hardly be effective. Thus, there was no link between the overall targets of national economic policies and the needs of the company. In this work are chronologically and factually shown all the decisions adopted in the industrial policy in Romania.Certainly that at the beginning of massive industrialization results seemed to be at least some optimistic, but after the population had passed through various serious situations (floods, earthquake) to what degree very hard decisions devoid of rationality regarding the impulse energofag industry. Inevitably the complaints gathered, the economic system implemented by the Romanian communist authorities collapsed. Eventually, the economic system imposed by Ceau oescu colapsed because of his desire to increase in the country's industrialization. Basically he showen the limits. This paper seeks to show how faithfully the faulty module was designed during the development of the country's Communist leadership.
ENERGY CRISIS IN COMMUNIST ROMANIA  [PDF]
P?£rean Mihai - Olimpiu
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: If during the interwar period Romania has managed to move from an agrarian economy to an industrial-agrarian one, after the 2nd world war in Romania, as in other communist countries, has monitored the further development of the industry. It wanted to be a true industrial revolution.Over time one can identify several types of industrial revolutions, each giving impetus to a given development cycle, which had its beneficiaries and the losers. At first it was steam power, and then use the internal combustion engine, which used oil instead of steam. While other countries developed would increase of production capacity of nuclear power, a higher stage of economic development, in Romania continued the industrial development on the same grounds as in the inter-war period. This has had very serious tracks for the Romanian economy and society, since before and during World War II, the German war machine operated within the national resources of energy. The time and manner in which each country is part of this race are defining the social welfare. Unfortunately, Romania has failed to take advantage, each time losing the start. Creation of some production capacity and the development of industries (metallurgy, chemical industry, iron and steel industry), which consumed significant energy amounts was the wrong decision for the future well-being of the country. Oil impacts which have affected the world economy, hit also Romania. The first oil shock (impact) was more easily broken because of the continued use of internal resources (oil, coal, natural gas), but the second shock was catastrophic. It was too much for Romania after being forced to use those resources in the last decades (including the interwar period). Romanian leaders probably had in mind that Western countries were developed by enhancing industry of this type, but they did it in a different historical period when also the prices of such resources were much smaller and the lack of them was not a possibility. The outphasing of economic policies have resulted in a major negative impact on the population. In order to cope with the shortage of energy has been passed to the rationalization of energy products for the population consumption (from public lighting and restaurants program to heat and hot water rationalisation). Perhaps the crisisof energy resources necessary to support an antiquated economic system was one of the major causes that resulted in social complaint from the Communist Romania.
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