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Regional Evaluations of the Meteorological Drought Characteristics across the Pearl River Basin, China  [PDF]
Qiang Zhang, Mingzhong Xiao, Xiaohong Chen
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2012.11005
Abstract: Regional evaluation of drought characteristics provides critical information for water resource management. In this case, this study attempts to analyze the probability behaviors of drought events of a given severity in the Pearl River Basin and to construct severity-area-frequency curves of drought events. Due to possible impacts of complicated topographical properties and diverse climate types within the Pearl River Basin, the entire Pearl River Basin is subdivided into different homogeneous regions. In general, the Pearl River Basin can be categorized into four homogeneous regions, and the severity-area-frequency analysis results for the short-, medium- and long-term drought episodes within each homogeneous regions indicate stressful challenge for the water resource management in the Pearl River Basin due to the fact that severe droughts usually occur over the entire Pearl River Basin. Meanwhile, the Pearl River Delta will face a higher risk of drought when compared to other regions of the Pearl River Basin in terms of the medium-term drought. The Pearl River Basin is highly economically development and is heavily populated, thus impacts of droughts and related resilience resolutions or policies should be taken into account in the formulation of regional sustainable development of water resources and socio-economy within the Pearl River Basin, China.
THE IMPACT OF THE EU REGIONAL POLICY IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Iuliana-Noemi Bomher
CES Working Papers , 2011,
Abstract: Europeanization is a valuable concept for explaining the impact of EU policies at domestic level and especially of regional policy development in Romania. The relative low discrepancies and the low levels of development that Romania faced after almost fifty years of centralized planning resulted apparently in no need for a regional policy. This policy was ‘built’ in order to meet the EU financial assistance and Romania had to re-think its centre-region relation and to acquire a new vision over the policy of regional development.The following paper will try to analyze whether the current regional policy managed to have the expected impact in Romania, with short emphasis on the concepts of regionalism, regional competitiveness and economic agglomerations.
Environmental assessment of pollution with detergents in the Prut River Basin, Romania
Claudia Cojocariu,Br?ndu?a Robu,George Barjoveanu,Carmen Teodosiu
Advances in Environmental Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: This study focuses onto the assessment of the impacts and associated risks posed onto naturalwater bodies by detergent-containing wastewaters in the Prut river basin in North-Eastern Romania. Thefocus of this assessment on detergents as a specific wastewater component is motivated by theenvironmental hazards that detergents cause when entering natural eco-systems, as well as by the rapiddevelopment of the living conditions in the studied area. The assessment of environmental impacts andassociated risks is performed using a methodology that considers risk as a function of risk magnitude(environmental impacts) and the probability of occurrence. The assessment focuses onto four types ofactivities (industry, wastewater treatment plants - WWTPs, municipalities and services) in four counties ofthe Prut River Basin and it is based on surface water quality data that was collected in 2007. The resultshave shown that the highest impacts and associated risks are present in Vaslui and Galati counties (thesouthest part of the Prut river basin) mostly because of the high probabilities that polluting agents wouldexceed the maximum allowed concentrations for detergents.
Contributions to the phytocoenological study of pure european beech forests in Ora tie river basin (central-western Romania)  [PDF]
Valeriu Ioan VIN?AN,Petru BURESCU
Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie , 2012,
Abstract: n the current paper we present a phytocoenologic study of the phytocoenoses of the association Festuco drymejaeFagetum Morariu et al. 1968 (Syn.: Fagetum sylvaticae transylvaticum facies with Festuca drymeja I. Pop et al. 1974), found in the pure European beech forests of the Or tie river basin, lying in the central-western part of Romania. The characterisation of the association under analysis as well as the presentation of the synthetic table have been done byselecting the most representative relevées of pure European beech forests belonging to the Or tie river basin. The phytocoenoses of these beech forests were analysed in terms of physiognomy and floristic composition, life forms spectrum, floristic elements, and ecological indices.
System of indicators to analyze regional development disparities in Romania
Marinic? DOBRIN,Antonio TACHE,Alexandru Ionu? PETRI?OR
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2010,
Abstract: The orientation of spatial development policies in Romania isgoverned by the directions established in the European Union by the Lisbon and Gothenburg Strategies and the ESPON Program, and nationally by the principles of the Regional Operational Program and the National Plan of Development. The monitoring of their implementation and the study of their territorial effects require the development of advanced techniques and instruments for the spatial planning of the national, urban and rural territory in order to strengthen the administrative capacity to absorb structural andcohesion funds, as well as the use of informational technology to monitor the development level of Romania with respect to regional development. A set of regional development indicators was proposed for each region, and embedded in a Geographical Information System. This paper synthesizes the results of analyses and proposes actions that should govern regional development in Romania.
MACRO-REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
MARIA O?IL,MIHAI P?REAN
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2010,
Abstract: Economic disparities are disparities between levels of economicdevelopment of the areas or regions within a national economy. If economic literature hasfailed to explain the causes of inequalities in economic development of different regions of theEU, this issue became a priority in EU economic policy, especially after the adhesion ofGreece, Spain and Portugal, countries characterized by a lower level of development fromother EU countries and also marked by significant regional imbalances. European Unionsupports reducing disparities between different regions of Member States so that all regionsand their people to benefit from economic and social advantages of the Union. This paper aimsto highlight disparities between the macro-regions in Romania. Regional demarcation criterionin the NUTS system is the population’s number within a territory. Most pertinent argument isthat the goal of all activities in a society lies in meeting the needs of the individual and of thecommunity. This possibility is ensured by a certain level of economic development in the region.Less developed areas of Romania are located in Northern Moldova and in the South EasternRomanian Plain and the more developed areas include, in addition to Bucharest andConstanta, Transylvania and Banat regions.
CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE OF EUGLENOPHYTA IN THE BAHLUI RIVER BASIN
M. COSTIC?
Scientific Annals of Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi. New Series, Section 2. Vegetal Biology , 2009,
Abstract: This paper gives information on the presence of Euglenophyta in various types of water bodies in Bahlui River Basin. Twenty species was identified, some of them being rare in algal flora of Romania.
Methodology to determine regional water demand for instream flow and its application in the Yellow River Basin
ZHANG Yuan,YANG Zhi-feng,Wang Xi-qin,
ZHANG Yuan
,YANG Zhi-feng,Wang Xi-qin

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2006,
Abstract: In order to realistically reflect the difference between regional water demand for instream flow and river ecological water demand as well as to resolve the problem that water demand may be counted repeatedly, a concept of regional water demand for minimum instream flow have been developed. The concept was used in the process of determining river functions and calculating ecological water demand for a river. The Yellow River watershed was used to validate the calculation methodology for regional water demand. Calculation results indicate that there are significant differences in water demands among the different regions. The regional water demand at the downstream of the Yellow River is the largest about 14.893 X 10(9) m(3)/a. The regional water demand of upstream, Lanzhou-Hekou section is the smallest about -5.012 x 10(9) m(3)/a. The total ecological water demand of the Yellow River Basin is 23.06 X 10(9) m(3)/a, about the 39% of surface water resources of the Yellow River Basin. That means the maximum available surface water resources should not exceed 61% in the Yellow River Basin. The regional river ecological water demands at the Lower Section of the Yellow River and Longyangxia-Lanzhou Section exceed the surface water resources produced in its region and need to be supplemented from other regions through the water rational planning of watershed water resources. These results provides technical basis for rational plan of water resources of the Yellow River Basin.
THE REGIONAL DIMENSION OF THE SME SECTOR IN ROMANIA
Victor PLATON,Andreea TURDEANU
Revista Romana de Economie , 2006,
Abstract: The study following to be presented was realised as result of documentation and processing statistic information required in view of realising the research work Priority Project III: “Build-up and development of the specific SME structure, economic incentivising and development factors” developed within the National Research Programme - Economic Re-launch by Research and Innovation (RELANSIN) in the period 2004 - 2005. The present paper presents some aspects related to the territorial distribution, regional structure, expenditures and turnover of SMEs from Romania and the evolution of these parameters in the last period, within the limits of existing and available statistical data. Finally, some conclusions are highlighted for outlining the situation in its entirety, the perception of SMEs with respect to developing their own business in the context of the Romanian business climate, but also in order to underpin the main requirements, opportunities and risks that are implied by the accession to the European Union.
The new economic geography and regional policy in Romania  [PDF]
Raluca Irina CLIPA,Ion POHOA??,Flavian CLIPA
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of our paper is to capture, using logical analysis and graphic modelling, the implications of the new economic geography (NEG) in terms of regional policy in Romania, aiming to answer the question whether NEG and agglomeration economies should concern the policy makers in our country. The analysis of the macroeconomic model based on the interdependencies between regional disparities, agglomeration and economic growth shows that in the case of coreperiphery dual regional structured economies, the cohesion policy effects can be avoided, in that the central agglomeration will generate a higher growth rate at national level, but with the price of amplifying the existent regional disparities. One way of dampening this negative effect over Romania is to launch an innovation and knowledge-promoting policy, by developing regional innovation systems.
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