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Spatial aspects of emigration out of Serbia: Three "Hot" emigration zones
Penev Goran,Predojevi?-Despi? Jelena
Stanovni?tvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/stnv1202035p
Abstract: The paper analyzed the dynamics of the emigration of the population of Serbia in the period of 1971 to 2011, primarily based on the results of the five latest population censuses. Special attention was paid to the spatial aspect of emigration, at the level of the lowest administrative units (municipalities). It was shown that the shares of persons working or living aboard were very uneven by municipality, and that the differences became increasingly pronounced over time. Very uneven shares of persons working or living abroad in the total population of Serbia by municipality, as well as the trend of increasing differences, also influenced the very heterogeneous spatial distribution of that emigration contingent. Based on the concentration of population abroad, as well as the percentage of persons abroad in the total population (in the country and abroad), the paper defines three "hot" zones of substantial emigration. Zone 1 (in the central-eastern Serbia) is traditionally a high emigration area, which, for all three observed points in time (1991, 2002 and 2011), had at least twice as high a share of population abroad as the average for Serbia. Zone 2 (in the south of Serbia) consists of the municipalities of Bujanovac and Pre evo, where the majority of the population consists of ethnic Albanians. The shares of population abroad was already in 1981 and 1991 noticeably higher than the average for Serbia, but also significantly lower than in Zone 1. Between 1991 and 2002, the number of emigrants from that zone was more than tripled, and their share in the total population of emigration Zone 2 increased from 6.1% to 23.1% in 2011. Zone 3 (five municipalities from the Serbian part of the region of Sand ak) did not join the group of notably emigration areas until the 1990s. Between 1991 and 2002, the number of persons abroad increased by up to six times, and their share in the total population of those five Sand ak municipalities increased from 2.3% to 12.6%. In this paper, all three zones were analyzed, as well as the structures of emigrants based on the length of their stay abroad, the country of destination and ethnic composition. For all three zones, it is notable that the countries of destination do not differ significantly in terms of length of stay abroad, based on which the authors conclude that new emigrants primarily go to places that already have formed migrant networks. In all three zones, the share of ethnic Serbs in the total population of the country is greater than their share in the total number of emigrants. Additionally, census data indicate
The effect of climate on populations of grape moths in the vineyard Stefanesti-Arges  [PDF]
Daniela B?RBUCEANU
Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie , 2005,
Abstract: In the period 1998-2003, in the vineyard Stefanesti-Arges, observing was carried out, with the help of pheromone traps, of the population of grape moths, Eupoecilia ambiguella Hb. and Lobesia botrana Den et Schiff. The different climatic preferences of both species, establish that, in accordance with the yearly conditions, one of the two species is dominated by the other. The year 1998 is the only year when the percentages of captures of the two species are nearly: 57% - L. botrana and 42,89% - E. ambiguella, while in 1999 is the only year when E. ambiguella dominated in number the species L. botrana - 66,28%. For meeting this situation it needed two years of consecutives optimum climate for the activity of species E. ambiguella (like the year 1998 and 1999). In the period 2000-2003, the species Lobesia botrana was dominated by E. ambiguella, but as a result of very raised temperatures of summers of years 2000, 2002 and 2003, the population of L. botrana diminished very much and there was no need for fighting back treatments.
Emigration Policy and State Governments in Mexico
Yrizar Barbosa, Guillermo;Alarcón, Rafael;
Migraciones internacionales , 2010,
Abstract: several mexican state governments have created institutions and developed public policies to benefit their emigrants abroad following the federal government's lead. the main objective of this article is two-fold: first, to analyze the three sociopolitical factors that influenced the emergence of emigration policy at the state level, and second, to examine two strategic activities undertaken by state governments in the central western region. public agencies for international migrants carry out various actions such as administering federal government programs, preserving regional identities, promoting human and civil rights for migrants, locating missing persons, and processing official documents. many of these activities are complementary to those undertaken by federal government. however, some of these agencies play a strategic role in the repatriation of the bodies of mexican migrants that die in the united states and the management of temporary employment abroad for their citizens.
Emigration, social capital and welfare access in vulnerable environments
Hernández,Diego; Ravecca,Paulo;
Cuadernos del CLAEH , 2006,
Abstract: the bulk of scholarship on emigration as a social and political process tends to focus on those who migrate and their situation in the host country. in contrast, only limited attention has been given to the study of those who remain in the home country. one of the distinctive features of this article is that it does not stress the classical migration issues or adopt the traditional focus on emigrants. on the contrary, and based on one of the most important emigratory waves in uruguayan history (the one that took place in the first years of this new century), it seeks to explore emigration's effect on poor non-migrants' welfare. it argues that as a consequence of the erosion of social capital produced by the emigration of a household member, vulnerable households from montevideo could be prone to welfare losses. this argument challenges the conventional wisdom about globalization's effects. in short, though non-migrants in developing countries receive emigrants' remittances, harmful effects are also possible.
VIDRARU RESERVOIR, ROMANIA. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF THE HYDROTEHNICAL CONSTRUCTIONS ON THE UPPER COURSE OF ARGES RIVER  [PDF]
Laura Ana MITITELU
Lakes reservoirs and ponds , 2010,
Abstract: Having an important hydrographic system, with a significant discharge potential and being located in a place that has all the forms of relief, the basin Arges is, at present, one of the most complex hydroelectric facilities from all the rivers with reservoirs in the country. Vidraru reservoir is the biggest of its 11 reservoirs. The information (data) about the management of the water in Walachia dates from the year 1576, and the oldest writing about protection against floods is known as the “Ipsilantis canal”, which stated that the big waters of Dambovita river were deviated at Lunguletu in the riverbed of Ciorogarla rivulet and dates from 1774.The effects caused by the hydrotehnical constructions on the environment are numerous and profound, both positive and negative. In this essay, the analysis of the environmental impact of the hydrotehnical facilities on Arges River is made from two perspectives. The first method of analysis is the Water Directive 2000/60 and the second method is basd on a SWOT analysis, a method taken from the economy, but very efficient in establishing the current state, and also the perpective of this environemental impact.
Four Contributions from Anthropology for Understanding Emigration  [cached]
Gregorio Hernández Pulgarín
Universitas Humanística , 2012,
Abstract: This paper aims to discuss the idea that certain phenomena, which relate to the notion of culture in anthropology, are paramount in understanding some of the causes of international emigration. In order to achieve this I will use three concepts: identity, local structures of desire and imaginary geographies. With these I intend to complement comprehensively other research approaches on migration based on the study of economic or macro-sociological causes. The fourth contribution I wish to outline regards the role of ethnography in its three types – experiential, thick description and multi-sided – as a suitable means for studying international migration. This reflection is based on the results of nearly five years of research on international migration in the city of Pereira –and its metropolitan area–, known in Colombia for its high rates of emigration.
Pakistani labour emigration: new destinations in Europe
Nasra M. Shah
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2005,
Abstract: In the first part of this paper a historical overview is made of Pakistani labour emigration to the countries of the Persian Gulf, and to Anglo-Saxon countries in general and to the United Kingdom in particular. In the second part of the paper the new European labourmarkets which Pakistani emigrants have been increasingly discovering is analyzed. In this sense, Spain has become one of the new destinations. The author goes on to point out the specific nature of this new situation and at the same time details some of the future implications for Spain.
Los Come-muertos: the Grotesque Tale of Emigration
Roberta Giordano
Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities , 2010,
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to evaluate the key aspects of the "grotesque" interpretationproposed by José Rafael Pocaterra in Los Come-muertos for the theme of emigration.Pocaterra has traced an alternative route, probably deeper than it was made until thatmoment, rooted in the conviction that literature, necessarily realist, could, with satire and thedistortion of human characteristics, not only lay bare human spirit, but above all, awake thedormant conscience of people.
Emigration preferences and plans among medical students in Poland
Krzysztof Krajewski-Siuda, Adam Szromek, Piotr Romaniuk, Christian A Gericke, Andrzej Szpak, Krzysztof Kaczmarek
Human Resources for Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1478-4491-10-8
Abstract: We conducted a survey among 1214 medical students in five out of eleven universities in Poland with medical schools in October 2008. A series of statistical tests was applied to analyse the characteristics of potential migrants. Projections were obtained using statistical analyses: descriptive, multifactorial logistic regression and other statistical methods .We can forecast that 26–36% of Polish medical students will emigrate over the next few years; 62% of respondents estimated the likelihood of emigration at 50%. Students in their penultimate year of study declared a stronger desire to migrate than those in the final year. At the same time, many students were optimistic about career opportunities in Poland. Also noted among students were: the decline in interest in leaving among final year students, their moderate elaboration of departure plans, and their generally optimistic views about the opportunities for professional development in Poland.The majority of Polish students see the emigration as a serious alternative to the continuation of their professional training. This trend can pose a serious threat to the Polish health care system, however the observed decline of the interest in leaving among final year students, the moderate involvement in concrete departure plans and the optimistic views about the opportunities for professional development in Poland suggest that the actual scale of brain drain of young Polish doctors due to emigration will be more limited than previously feared.
Evaluation of the need for development of social enterprises. Case study in the Arges County
Daniela Pirvu,Emilia Ungureanu,Alina Hagiu
Revista de Cercetare ?i Interven?ie Social? , 2009,
Abstract: Social economy enterprises are characterized by a strong involvement of their members in the company management and by the absence of the fundamental purpose of traditional economic organizations: the remuneration of shareholders capital. Due to their specific way of doing business that associates economic performance, democratic functioning and solidarity amongst their members, these organizations contribute to the application of important community objectives, especially in the employment, social cohesion, regional and rural development, environmental protection and social security areas.
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