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CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS - AN ANALYSIS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE DEVELOPING REGIONS IN THE EUROPEAN CONTEXT  [PDF]
Gabriela Carmen Pascariu,Ramona Frunz?
CES Working Papers , 2012,
Abstract: Tourism is one of the most important industries in the European Union economy, with a great contribution to the general dynamic of the integration process and to the fulfillment of the Union strategic objectives. As a result, the last two decades have increasingly associated more tourism with the European policies, in a doctrinaire context defined by the option for sustainable development whichcorrelates sustainable regions, sustainable tourists and sustainable enterprises in an integrated concept in the field of tourism. This paper deeply analyses the way in which the tourism enterprise can be associated with the sustainable development pattern, by valorizing the corporate social responsibility (CSR) principles. The analysis is qualitative, on the specific of the developing tourist destinations. The work is divided into three parts: explanation of the European context, insisting on the main tourism – regional developmentcorrelations, from the point of view of the sustainable development pattern; argumentation of the tourism enterprises necessity to take on economic, social and environment responsible practices in the sustainable development of the tourist destinations; the analysis of the advantages of being placed on the alternative markets from the perspective of ensuring the complementarity of the tourist actors and the receiving areas interests in an integrated system of sustainable and responsible management of the tourist region. The analysis leads to the better understanding of the potential contribution which the sustainable practices from the tourist industry can have to the sustainable growth of the developing regions.
The potentials for creating sustainable rural tourism in Ba ka  [PDF]
Stankov Uglje?a
Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/ijgi0757251s
Abstract: Average rural household in Ba ka mostly depend on agricultural activities. Modern society changes, especially changes in agriculture production imply need for diversification of business activities. Rural tourism can be important part of rural economy for some villages in Ba ka. Fertile plain, Danube, Tisa and other smaller rivers, animals and games represent base of natural tourist attractions of rural tourism. However, main competitive advantages of Ba ka are anthropogenic values. Traditional pannonian houses, baroques churches, numerous rural festivities, and "melting point" of different nationalities make good base for rural tourism development. Different combinations of rural attractions create several tourist experiences of this region: authentic tourist experience at "szalashes", particular tourist experience in villages, intensive tourist experience of rural events and manifestations, not authentic tourist experiences of pseudo rural attractions and complex tourist experience in rural areas. Regarding to emitive centers of rural tourist demand can be specified tree regions for development of rural tourism - region of Novi Sad, Subotica, and Sombor. Rural tourism can make a valuable contribution to rural economies, job creation, landscape conservation, retention of rural population, support to rural culture and tradition, nature conservation and other. At the same time, rural tourism is facing various limitations. With in this context, rural tourism planning has to include principles of sustainable development.
Charting the Course for Sustainable Small Island Tourist Development  [PDF]
Teresa L. McKee
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.43030
Abstract:

This article, Charting the Course for Sustainable Small Island Tourist Development, addresses sustainability criteria for small island tourist development drawing on the history of development in the last decade in the Bocas del Toro archipelago of the Republic of Panama in the Caribbean Sea near the border of Costa Rica. Tax deferments for the development of vacation and resort properties spurred a boom in this island locale since the late 1980’s. Tourist Law 8 of the Panamanian constitution is referenced. Sustainability criteria of water supply and availability are suggested and outer island projects are discussed. Lessons are outlined and recommendations are made for permit qualifications that promote sustainable small island tourist development.

SUSTAINABLE BENCHMARKS FOR TOURIST ACCOMMODATIONS IN BALI  [cached]
Ni Made Utami Dwipayanti
Bumi Lestari , 2012,
Abstract: As part of our efforts to move towards sustainable development, it is very important to encourage the tourism industry to be more environmentally conscious because it consumes large amounts of resources. One way of achieving greater sensitivity is to identify benchmarks for energy and water use and for other aspects of hotel operations like the amount of solid waste generated. Benchmarks can be defined using data from existing hotels. The research project focused on tourist accommodation on Southern Part of Bali Island. It conducted a survey by mailed questionnaire of about 50% of the hotels on the island. The questionnaire obtained annual data on several sustainability criteria that are energy and water consumption, biodiversity conservation, resource conservation, cleaning chemical use, solid waste management and wastewater management. The data were used to derive baseline and best practice thresholds to improve the performance of tourist accommodation on Bali Island. The benchmarks, both baseline and best practice standards were developed mainly using the study results which established the average and the average of the top 25% of performers. The average of the top 10% of performers was also considered in selecting the best practice standard for indicators that required stricter standards. Within the benchmarking process, Green Globe 21 standards and some other studies were also being used for comparison purpose. In this survey, the difficulties were found in obtaining complete set of data from each respondents as well as gaining sufficient responses. Few hotels provided complete set of data. Data on energy and water consumption is the easiest to obtain, while data for other indicators only provided by less than 75% of respondents. Most of the survey results showed reasonable value compared to Green Globe 21 standards. Good performance of tourist accommodation in the survey was found in energy consumption indicator that the average and the average of the top 25% of performers were far stricter than the Green Globe 21 standards. The study concluded with benchmarks recommendation for each indicator that can be applied to tourist accommodations in Southern Part of Bali Island.
Tourist Behavior Pattern Mining Model Based on Context  [PDF]
Dong-sheng Liu,Shu-jiang Fan
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/108062
Abstract: Personalized travel experience and service of tourist has been a hot topic research in the tourism service supply chain. In this paper, we take the context into consideration and propose an analyzed method to the tourist based on the context: firstly, we analyze the context which influences the tourist behavior patterns, select the main context factors, and construct the tourist behavior pattern model based on it; then, we calculate the interest degree of the tourist behavior pattern and mine out the rules with high interest degree with the association rule algorithm; we can make some recommendations to the tourist with better personalized travelling experience and services. At last, we make an experiment to show the feasibility and effectiveness of our method. 1. Introduction With the development of economy and the improvement of people’s living standard, more and more people pay more attention to the quality of personalized travelling experience and service. In recent years, there has emerged more and more personalized ways to travel in tourism, such as FIT travel and independent travel. The traditional mode of travel service limits the diversity of service options, and it cannot fully meet the personalized needs of tourists. How to find the laws and the features of the tourist behavior through mining tourist behavior patterns and offer them better services has been a problem in the tourism service supply chain. There are many researches concentrating on the tourist behavior pattern. Qing analyzed the characteristics of tourism services and the structural properties, constituent elements, and operation mechanism of tourism service supply chain in the context of modern information technology, and he put forward a new tourism service supply chain conceptual model based on tourist personalized demand [1]. Farmaki took the Troodos (Cyprus) as a case to research on the tourist motivation [2]; Martin and Witt proposed tourism demand forecasting model to represent tourists’ cost of living [3]; Smallman and Moore studied on the tourists’ decision making [4]; Kim et al. has worked on the Japanese tourists’ shopping preference with the decision tree analysis method [5]. These studies only analyzed the tourist from the view point of the psychology and behavioral science of the tourist and have not considered the context set which will influence the tourist behavior patterns. So, in this paper, we take the context into consideration and propose an analyzed method to the tourist based on context to find out the relationship between services in the travel and the
MODELS OF TOURIST DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT  [PDF]
Borma Afrodita
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: Third year PhD candidate at the University of Oradea, under the guidance of Professor Mrs. Alina B ’dulescu in the doctoral research project entitled: "Doctoral studies and Ph.D. candidates for competitive research on a knowledge based society", a co-financed project by the European Social Fund through the Sectoral Operational Program for Human Resources Development 2007 - 2013, Priority Axis 1. "Education and training in support for growth and development of a knowledge based society" I chose to present this subject in order to demonstrate the connection that exists between tourism and regional development. Having as research topic "Tourism and development in the Euro regional context ¢a I felt it would be appropriate to devote a subchapter in presenting the impact of tourism in regional development. Thus I have analysed a number of specialised papers found at national and international level in order to achieve a synthesis on the approached topic. Authors such as Williams and Shaw (1991), Sharma (2004), Keskin and Cansiz (2010) were concerned with presenting the positive aspects of tourism in regional development. Condes (2004) presents on one hand the secrets regarding success in matter of tourist development, and on the other side he presents the possible risks that follow the development of tourism in a country / region (Condes 2004). Following the gathered information we found that indeed tourism plays an important role in regional development. The used research methodology consisted in using specialised literature in order to identify some models that illustrate the potential success of tourism in regional development. The space-temporal development model of tourism proposed by Opperman (1993), although it was developed at national level represents a useful tool in illustrating the potential success of tourism in regional development. Miossec's model (Sharma 2004:300) describes the structural evolution of touristic regions in time and space. Butler (1980) develops a more complex model than the one of Miossec regarding the hypothetical development of a tourist area. There are a number of studies on the role of regional clusters in increasing regional competitiveness of an industry (Porter, 2000; Rocha, 2004) paying a special attention to clusters in tourism.
ACTUAL TREATS AND THE OPPORTUNITIES OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS DEVELOPMENT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION Современные угрозы и возможности развития туристских дестинаций в краснодарском крае
Kizim A. A.,Saidasheva O. V.
Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University , 2012,
Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the main regularities and the modern trends of tourist destinations foundation and development. Actual treats of tourist destinations development in the Krasnodar region are detected. Opportunities and instruments of regional tourist destinations advancement are considered
Improving Environmental Quality of Margoon Waterfall Protected Area through Sustainable Tourism Development in the Region  [cached]
Ferial Ahmadi,Mohammadreza Bemanian,Alireza Sadeghi,Afsaneh Baharlou
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v3n3p243
Abstract: The protected area of Margoon Waterfall is the obvious manifestation of special ecological, environmental, economical, social, cultural and historical features and tourist attractions. Now the lack of compatibility between the capacity of the region and the number of tourists has endangered the area. So, this research has been formed to develop sustainable tourism of this region. In the current research, survey method in descriptive – analytic ways have been applied. In order to access treats, opportunities, weak and strong points of Margoon waterfall, first, reasonable documents such as maps and photos of the region have been studied and analyzed. Then tourist’s priorities for the presence in the area have been scrutinized by preparation questionnaire. Finally, compatibility between tourist’s priorities and natural attractive of the region has been measured in order to delete incompatible activities from vicinity of natural attraction of the bed and present suggestion for sustainable tourism development patterns of protected landscape of Margoon waterfall.
The Geographical Region and Sustainable Development
CRISTIAN NICOLAE BO?AN,OANA-RAMONA ILOVAN,ANA-MARIA POP
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2005,
Abstract: Our paper analyses regional sustainable development. The understanding and the conceptualisation of the region (the natural region, the humanized region, the functional region, and the territorial-system region) have been synchronically adapted to certain development attributes, from the purely economic one to the present-day sustainable development.The main idea of our paper is that the components of sustainable development (efficient economic development, fair social development, sustainable ecological development – all these against a democratic institutional and political framework) should be implemented in regional geographical entities (the geographical regions) in order to have maximum efficiency. Our conclusion is that the sustainable development region should be perceived as an entity where we can find all the characteristics of sustainable development (economic, social, environmental development). Our approach is an incipient one without the pretension that it is definitive and exhaustive.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHLY TOURISTIC REGION OF ISTRIA  [PDF]
Jasmina GRZINIC
Management & Marketing , 2010,
Abstract: As the scale of tourism grows, the resource use threatens to become unsustainable. Withought environmental responsibility the levels of cheaper mass tourism will increase, forcing more “nature-based” tourism to move on to new destinations. This scenario is opposite to the “Croatian Tourism Development by 2010” strategy. With a favourable geographic position, almost at the heart of Europe, Istria has always represented a bridge connecting the Middle European continental area with the Mediterranean. This area is the most visited Croatian tourist region with 27% of all visitors and 35% of time spent in all of Croatia. The Croatian National Bank’s preliminary figures for 2007 show that international tourism generated 18.4% of Croatian GDP. For these reasons the Istrian tourism industry can not ignore environmental issues in its management and requires the informed participation of all relevant stakeholders (according to the Agenda 21 for tourism industry). Properly planned tourism development, combined with environmental protection, produces the concept of sustainable tourism. Environmentally sustainable form of tourism represents a step forward from "sea and sun" mass tourism developed at the coastal part of Istria. There are a myriad of definitions for Sustainable Tourism, including eco-tourism, green travel, environmentally and culturally responsible tourism, fair trade and ethical travel. Mentioned selective tourism forms are adopted as the concept of the present and future Istrian destination development.
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