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THE PROCESS OF ACCESSION TO THE EU - THE CASE OF ROMANIA
Enrico Grillo Pasquarelli
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2002,
Abstract: This paper is the edited version of the speech given by Mr Enrico Grillo Pasquarelli at the European Institute of Romania on April 12, 2002. In his speech, Mr. Pasquarelli analyzes Romania’s situation in the larger context of the EU enlargement. The main argument throughout the speech is that accession is not about negotiations and transposition of the legislation, but it is about preparations at home. The lack of proper implementation and enforcement of EU conform legislation may result in a paper-only exercise which will further weaken the administrative capacity, resulting in the end in the inability of the Romanian economy to withstand competition in the Single Market. Romania still has to make progress in a number of areas such as civil service reform, independence of judiciary, corruption, environment, and economic reform, including agriculture. Positive developments can be noticed as well, such as a greater civic and democratic maturity of the Romanian society, and progress towards macroeconomic stability.
ROMANIA'S EU ACCESSION. GAINS AND LOSSES (II)  [PDF]
Caba Stefan
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: This paper is a continuation of "Romania's EU accession. Gains and losses (I)" where we have been presented statistics on Romania's trade with major trading partners to whom, before, or after EU accession, the legal status has changed. In this paper we try to identify the benefits and costs of accession to the EU in terms of trade. In the first part we analyze the dynamics of trade with new partners, resulting from the accession. The last part is devoted to conclusions. The main idea that emerges from this work is that, unfortunately, Romania governors, did not know to take advantage of the opening to the biggest economic market although the financial and institutional support offered by the EU.
ROMANIA'S EU ACCESSION. GAINS AND LOSSES (I)  [PDF]
Caba Stefan
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: EU accession has brought, as expected, many changes in economic, social and cultural domains. An important chapter is the trade dynamics and how this dynamic has been modified over time by changes in the legal status of Romania's relations with certain trading partners. In this paper we present data on trade with countries with which Romania has concluded trade agreements before accession. Data presentation and analysis continues in "Romania's EU accession. Gains and losses (II)".
ROMANIA'S EU ACCESSION IMPACT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANIAN ECONOMY  [PDF]
Cristian ?ncal??r?u,Sorin-?tefan Maha
CES Working Papers , 2010,
Abstract: Romania joined the EU on January 1, 2007. Becoming a full member had effects on both Romania and the European Union. Once the Association Treaty had been signed, a complex process of integration began. The integration process didn’t end after Romania’s EU accession but will continue to integrate the economies of all Member States. The questions that we answer are: Which were the effects felt by Romania in the pre-accession period? What happened after the accession to the European Union?
ROMANIA’S EU ACCESSION NEGOTIATIONS: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE EU BUDGET (Part 2)
Robert Ackrill
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2005,
Abstract: Romania completed its negotiations for accession to the European Union, as scheduled, by the end of 2004. The experience of the negotiations over the 2004 enlargement confirmed that the EU budget is an absolutely key issue in such talks. The purpose of this paper is to consider the context of Romania's negotiations over the EU Budget. First, we look at the relationship the EU15 member states have with the EU budget.We show how rules governing the operation of the EU Budget have affected budgetary flows to the EU15 and highlight the stability over time of the shares of total budget flows to and from each member state. Second, we look at the experience of the new Member States in their accession negotiations and review the outcomes. This will allow us to see how the political economy of the EU Budget affected the talks and the deal the new member states were able to secure. We then apply the lessons learned to the case of Romania. Our analysis reveals inflexibilities in the negotiations that left Romania more or less facing a 'take-it-or leave- it' offer.
ROMANIA’S EU ACCESSION NEGOTIATIONS: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE EU BUDGET (Part 1)
Robert Ackrill
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2005,
Abstract: Romania completed its negotiations for accession to the European Union, as scheduled, by the end of 2004. The experience of the negotiations over the 2004 enlargement confirmed that the EU budget is an absolutely key issue in such talks. The purpose of this paper is to consider the context of Romania's negotiations over the EU Budget. First, we look at the relationship the EU15 member states have with the EU budget.We show how rules governing the operation of the EU Budget have affected budgetary flows to the EU15 and highlight the stability over time of the shares of total budget flows to and from each member state. Second, we look at the experience of the new Member States in their accession negotiations and review the outcomes. This will allow us to see how the political economy of the EU Budget affected the talks and the deal the new member states were able to secure. We then apply the lessons learned to the case of Romania. Our analysis reveals inflexibilities in the negotiations that left Romania more or less facing a 'take-it-or leave- it' offer.
COSTS AND BENEFITS AS A RESULT OF ROMANIA’S ACCESSION TO THE EU
ANCA MONICA BRATA
Lucr?ri ?tiin?ifice : Management Agricol , 2009,
Abstract: The issue of Romania joining the EU has been and will continue to be very much debated. The pros and cons do not only refer to integration itself, wanted by all the Romanian political forces, but also the costs and benefits (of any kind) that might appear after being EU member. Also, the criteria set by the EU for accession are a source of great controversy, due to the difference of vision regarding attainment of these criteria, adoption and the way for implementing the necessary measures to bring Romanian legislation, including the economical one, with the EU.
NATIONAL MINORITIES IN ROMANIA: GOVERNMENTAL APPROACH
Alina Alexandra BOT
Lex et Scientia , 2009,
Abstract: It is widely acknowledged that the conditionality of European Union membership had a decisive contribution at the standard setting on and institutional development of minority protection at national level in candidate countries. At the beginning of the 1990s, scholars identified several dangerous contextual problems that could have halted Romania's progress in becoming a consolidated democracy, one of them being the ethnic unrests. However, Romania succeeded in becoming member in main international and European organisations dealing, among others, with the protection of minorities. The paper critically assesses the viability of the state apparatus created in Romania in order to safeguard and improve the rights of minorities inhabiting its territory in the context of the European Union integration. The question of whether the institutional framework for minority protection in Romania succeeded in achieving its stated goal: satisfy the Copenhagen criterion of “stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and, protection of minorities” is to be discussed within the paper. Furthermore, the paper assesses the extent to which the accession process has generated a substantial change in the institutional framework in Romania. The paper concludes that in order to produce qualitative results, attention must be paid not only on the formal compliance with legal standards but also on the apparatus created to promote and apply those standards.
MIGRATION EFFECTS OF ROMANIA’S ACCESSION TO THE EU: THE CASE OF MOLDOVA
Adrian Pop
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2009,
Abstract: The paper aims to assess the main migration effects upon Romania following its accession to the EU, with a special focus on Moldova as Romania’s immediate neighbour and ENP partner state at the EU Eastern border. It relies on key findings drawn from current literature in the field, statistics provided by the Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform of Romania, and personal interviews of the author with relevant authorities and experts both in Romania and Moldova. The paper surveys the major source areas and countries for irregular migration affecting Romania, the methods and routes used in irregular migration, various aspects of Romania’s visa policy towards Moldova, the main features of the process of regaining Romanian citizenship by Moldovan nationals and the most important characteristics of migration from Moldova to Romania. The paper also introduces a number of recommendations on regulating labour migration, combating irregular migration and organized crime, control procedures at border checkpoints, visa policy, and dissemination of information, whose aim is to help improve the migration policies of Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine as well as their cooperation from a cross-border perspective.
”THE ACCESSION OF EU TO THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS” - TECHNICAL ASPECTS
OANA-MARIUCA PETRESCU
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2011,
Abstract: “The continues changing of the European Communities [presently European Union, as resulted from the amendments brought in the last 16 years, and especially via the Treaty of Lisbon] has determinate the changing of the judicial system. The accession of the EU to the Convention will complete the EU system of protecting fundamental rights. The Declaration of Berlin on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the signature of the Treaties of Rome, as it was signed on 25th of March 2007 by all 27 members of European Union, is providing among others the principles and values based on respect of fundamental rights, common traditions of the member states, as well as promoting the variety of languages, cultures and regions within the EU. European Union stresses out again its intention to protect the freedoms of citizens and their civil rights by all possible means, including in front of the courts. The reassessment, via the Treaty of Lisbon, of the role of European Charter of Fundamental Rights and the accession to European Convention of Human Rights highlight the importance that each of them have separately, but as a whole in a complex legal system of the protection of human rights”.
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