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THE FORTIFIED CHURCHES FROM TRANSYLVANIA - HOW WELL ARE THEY KNOWN BY THE ROMANIAN CITIZENS?  [PDF]
Serb Silvana Valentina
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The Fortified Churches from Transylvania represent an important category of historical and religious sights of the anthropic touristic potential - historic cultural potential of this region. However, they are not exploited from a touristic point of view at their fair value, one reason being the weak promoting activity, especially the lack of information among citizens about the existence of these churches. In this paper, I intend to highlight on the information level awareness among the Romanian citizens regarding the existence of these churches, to identify which are the most well known and visited churches and to establish the profile of those who visit the churches. In the end, the results of this research impose a set of measures to improve the level of information among the Romanian citizens concerning the existence of this historic and religious heritage. The paper is relevant for the doctoral research project called Marketing Places - religious and historical sights of touristic interest from Transylvania under the guidance of Professor Doctor Marius Pop, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, during 1st of October 2009 - 1st of October 2012.
LES SAXONS DE TRANSYLVANIE ET LEURS éGLISES FORTIFIéES: UN RICHE PATRIMOINE CULTUREL DE LA ROUMANIE
DANIEL IOSIF
Revue Roumaine de Géographie , 2011,
Abstract: A great German civilization is living for about 800 years in Transylvania. They improved the indigenous life and technology. They built the largest area in the world with fortified churches, more than 200 in a relatively small area (Hartibaciu’s hills). With a huge cultural potential, the villages which are inhabited by Saxons are in a visible economic decline. Almost every village being here dispose of a fortified church, witness to Transylvanian history and culture. Most of them are now abandoned, which is directly linked to the exodus of Transylvanian Saxons. Seven of them are now UNESCO heritage sites and can be visited, a true museum of German art.
ЕКОТУРИЗМ НА ТЕРИТОР ЯХ ТА ОБ’ КТАХ ПРИРОДНО-ЗАПОВ ДНОГО ФОНДУ Ecotourism in the territories and objects protected areas Экотуризм на территориях и объектах природно-заповедного фонда  [cached]
Г.?. Арх?пова,С.М. Ярова
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2009,
Abstract: Розглянуто проблему екотуризму на територ ях та об’ ктах природно-запов дного фонду. Considered is the problem of ecotourism on the territories and objects of the naturally reserved fund. Рассмотрена проблема экотуризма на территориях и объектах природно-заповедного фонда.
On the age of the Dej Tuff, Transylvanian Basin (Romania)
Alexandru Szakács, , Zoltán Pécskay, Lóránd Silye, Kadosa Balogh, Daniela Vlad, Alexandrina Fül p
Geologica Carpathica , 2012, DOI: 10.2478/v10096-012-0011-9
Abstract: The Dej Tuff is an important stratigraphic marker in the Transylvanian Basin. However, its Early Badenian age is known only on biostratigraphical grounds so far. A number of radiometric dating techniques including K-Ar, Ar-Ar and fission-track have been used in order to constrain more precisely its age, allowing the calibration of the Transylvanian Basin's evolutionary models. Although individual dating methods could not provide a unique, reliable and accurate radiometric age, comparison and evaluation of multiple methods gives 14.8-15.1 Ma as the most likely formation age of the Dej Tuff.
THE LAKES OF THE TRANSYLVANIAN PLAIN: GENESIS, EVOLUTION AND TERRITORIAL REPARTITION  [PDF]
Victor SOROCOVSCHI
Lakes reservoirs and ponds , 2008,
Abstract: This article is concerned with the genesis of the Transylvanian Plain lakes’ basins and their evolution in time and space. Natural lakes in this area are reduced in point of their types of geneses (pseudokarst and lanslide lakes) and number. Their evolution in time is quite fast, especially of the pseudokarst lakes. Among the anthropic lakes, the ponds represent the most frequent genetic type, which gives a particular aspect to the landscape of the Transylvanian Plain. They used to be much more numerous in the past than at present. Those whose dimensions are not significant, situated on the tributaries of the main rivers, have a rapid evolution. The anthropic salt lakes formed following the exploitation of salt in the western area of the country had a fast evolution and they are not numerous today.
Cultural Landscape and Tourism Potential in the Transylvanian Plain
NICOLAE BACIU,OCTAVIAN-LIVIU MUNTEAN,SIMONA CRE?A,WILFRIED SCHREIBER
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2007,
Abstract: Contradicting the general belief that the Transylvanian Plain has a poor tourism potential, we bring proof that even in a non-tourist region there are many elements that can provide a generous support for a variety of tourism activities, such as: rural tourism, agro-tourism, recreational tourism, cultural and religious tourism, eco-tourism, and even the critical tourism may occur if the resources are not properly managed. Definitions, examples, two tables, and a map are offering additional information and data, in order to reveal a less known side of the Transylvanian Plain.
Critical Precipitation Spells in the Transylvanian Depression
ADINA-ELIZA CROITORU,FLORIN MOLDOVAN,CARMEN-SOFIA DRAGOT?
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2008,
Abstract: The increased frequency of the climatic hazards requires more and more detailed studies on this issue. Thus, the present paper aims at identifying the critical precipitation spells for the Transylvanian Depression area. In this respect, statistical data from 1971-2000, recorded in 10 weather stations (Cluj-Napoca, Blaj, Sebe , Tg. Mure , Dumbr veni, Sibiu, F g ra , Dej, Bistri a, Odorheiu Secuiesc) were used. The main conclusions are the following: in the analyzed region, most of the days within the year (110...131 days) have a frequency of precipitation occurrence between 30...40 %; at the weather stations protected by the Apuseni Mountains and by the Southern Carpathians (Blaj, Sebe , Sibiu), the “precipitation shadow” is felt and so, the number of rainy days with an occurrence frequency higher than 40% decreases if compared to the other analyzed weather stations within the studied area; the length of critical precipitations spells, common to most of the analyzed weather stations, ranges between one and 21 running days (for an occurrence frequency higher than 40%) and between one and 6 running days (with an occurrence frequency higher than 50%), respectively; critical precipitation spells, common for the entire region, are missing in March, while in August and October have a very low frequency (1-2 days).
Proposal of standard for the judgement of the exhibition Transylvanian Giant Rabbit
I. Valentin Petrescu-Mag,Ruxandra M. Petrescu-Mag,Benone P?s?rin,Dan Pop
Animal Biology & Animal Husbandry , 2011,
Abstract: In 2009 we published for the first time our intention to create a first Romanian rabbit breed(Oryctolagus cuniculus) based on Transylvanian rustic genes. However, that paper was not the first official report on the creation of our breed as long as we were still working to finnish it. This note is not either the first official report on creation of Transylvanian Giant Rabbit, but we estimate this year we finnish the breed improvement and research and publish our work as a first report. This event will mark a special day in the history of Romanian rabbitry. Our current short note was edited as a standard proposal for judgement of the exhibition Transylvanian Giant Rabbit (before its homologation). We respected the general rules presented by European Association of Poultry Pigeon and Rabbit Breeders (2003) and fit them to the specific characteristics of our breed in formation. Points distribution were presented as follows: 1)Type and the body shape 20 pts., 2)Weight 10 pts., 3)Fur 20 pts., 4)Head and ears 15pts., 5)Color 15 pts., 6)Markings 15 pts., 7)Condition 5 pts.
The Practice of Sustainable Tourism in Ecotourism Sites among Ecotourism Providers  [cached]
Norajlin Jaini,Ahmad Nazrin Aris Anuar,Mohd Salleh Daim
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n4p175
Abstract: Ecotourism and sustainable tourism have similar objectives to link conservation goals, economic and rural development. Ecotourism also offers educational and new experience to tourists, and it has to be developed and managed in an environmentally sensitive manner while protecting the environment. With the influx of eco-tourist into Malaysia, the numbers of tourism agencies interested to be ecotourism providers increased tremendously. Since there are no specific guidelines in practicing ecotourism, many tourism agencies normally proclaim themselves as eco-tour providers and served in the ecotourism industry without any restriction. This situation will definitely affect the environment due to lack of proper ecotourism practice. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the standard of the current ecotourism practice among ecotourism providers in Malaysia. The main objective of this research is to determine whether ecotourism providers follow sustainable tourism practices. An ecotourism provider in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur has been selected as the respondent. This study attempts to help in identifying the best practices for ecotourism in Malaysia towards sustainable tourism.
Sustainable Ecotourism Management in Kenya
RN Okech, U Bob
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2009,
Abstract: The study of ecotourism impacts and their management offers many opportunities to reflect on the importance of sustainability and the possibilities of implementing approaches which move us in a new direction. Sustainability, then, is about the struggle for diversity in all its dimensions. The concern for biodiversity, in its broadest sense, encompasses not only threatened flora and fauna, but also the survivability of these human communities, as stewards of the natural environment and as producers. The research which adopts both quantitative and qualitative approaches, reports on the few attempts to identify ecotourism impacts and their management from the perspectives of all the stakeholders concerned which includes the visitors, tour operators, accommodation outlets, local community and Park and Reserve Management. The findings of this research therefore have implications for conservation management from the ecotourism point of view as well as an enhanced sustainable community development in Amboseli National Park and Masai Mara National Reserve. Key Words: Amboseli, Ecotourism, Management, Masai Mara, Sustainable
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