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ORO‐DENTAL STATUS OF SCHOOL CHILDREN AGED BETWEEN 7‐12 YEARS, IN THE RURAL AREAS OF DOLJ COUNTY
Marilena B?T?IOSU,Iren MORARU,C. D?GUCI,Mihaela ?UCULINA
International Journal of Medical Dentistry , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: The World Health Organization has a long tradition on the methodology and monitorization of oral health epidemiological investigations, even in the field of dental caries. According to the targets to be attained in 2020, at the age of 6 years, 80% of children should be cavity‐free and, at the age of 12, DMFT should be no more than 1.5. Based on WHO targets for 2020, an epidemio‐ logical study was performed on school children affected by dental caries, aged between 7‐12 years, from the rural areas of the Dolj County. Methodology: The study protocol included conventional and meticulous visual clinical examination of students, according to WHO methodology, in the Pedodontic Clinics of Craiova ‐ Faculty of Medical Dentistry. Also calculated was the DMFT index, by analy‐ sis of the DT, MT, FT components, as well as the dmft index, by analysis of the dt, mt, ft components. Results: The mean indices of carious experience in temporary den‐ tition decrease with age, due to the progressive disappear‐ ance of milk teeth. The DMFT index values are given, in particular, by components that indicate the number of teeth affected by caries and not of the blocked ones. Con‐ clusions: The results obtained emphasize the need for den‐ tal health education programs at national and community level, the kindergartens and schools having a great poten‐ tial to influence dental health care habits in children. Also emphasized was the need for regional prevention pro‐ grams, as part of an overall national program, which has to consider the socio‐economic and cultural factors.
Contributions to the knowledge of the Romanian from the western Dacian Basin: The molluscs’ fauna from R carii de Jos (Dolj County)
Tudor C. R. P?tru?oiu,,Ion P?tru?oiu
Animal Biology & Animal Husbandry , 2010,
Abstract: In the western Dacian Basin, the Romanian age starts with a fauna comprised of carvedunionidae and robust viviparidae, which appear in numerous crops in Mehedin i, Dolj and GorjCounties. The lamellibranchiate species from R carii de Jos are replenishing the Romanianpalaeontology inventory and are offering new data about the evolution of the retreating Pliocene lake tothe east due to the Vlach orogenesis that carried forward with the ascend of the Carpathian Mountains.
RISK WEATHER PHENOMENA IN CLUJ COUNTY IN JUNE 2010  [PDF]
IRINA BLAGA
Aerul ?i Apa : Componente ale Mediului , 2011,
Abstract: Risk weather phenomena in Cluj county in June 2010. June, in the Cluj county area, has been a month of extremes, in both heat and precipitation. The beginning of the month debuted with daily maximum temperatures close to the normal heat period product and then gradually heating the air occurred, the maximum temperatures increasing from day to day, reaching very high values, up 34 °C, by the middle of the month, when the temperature-humidity index (ITU) reached and exceeded, in relatively large areas, the critical level of 80. In the second part of June, the target area was characterized by atmospheric instability that fostered the development of strong convective structures, which led to the recording of large amounts of rain from showers and heavy rain, that were associated with floods and strong winds, which turned into storms with hail and lightning. For the second half of the month, a particular case dated 06/21/2010 was analyzed, the day in which the most destructive effects of the floods, seen as phenomenon hazardous weather reported by the Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (ISU) in Cluj County: the death of a person in the Morlaca area, 250 homes flooded in the cities of Huedin, Morlaca, Sancraiu, S cuieu, C lata, Poeni. There have also been floods in the cities of Turda, Copaceni and Martinesti. Landslides were recorded in Domosu and Horlacea.
CONSIDERATIONS ON THE DROUGHT PHENOMENON IN CLUJ COUNTY  [PDF]
CORNEL BLAGA
Aerul ?i Apa : Componente ale Mediului , 2011,
Abstract: Considerations on the drought phenomenon in Cluj County. Cluj county area is 6674 km2, and is located in the northwestern part of Romania. The climate is temperate continental with oceanic influences, relatively humid, but there are also periods of drought and even years with deficient rainfall, as there are periods of excess rainfall. Dryness and drought phenomena are caused by cosmic, climatic, hydrological (groundwater depth, the existence of surface water sources) factors, features of the underlying surface, vegetation coverage, soil texture and structure. The relief determines a climate elevation with differences in terms of precipitation and temperatures quantities. To calculate the dryness degree of the climate at weather stations in the Cluj county, the Emmanuel de Martonne aridity index was used. Drought do not induce into the substrate the geomorphologic processes per se, however, they pave the way for starting the deflation process, surface erosion and ravine, by reducing the cohesion between the particles and the formation of deep cracks in the soil and even rock. In these climatic conditions, droughts are less frequent in the county of Cluj, in relation to the extra-Carpathian regions and are distributed unevenly across the county. The number of periods of drought decreases with the increase of the altitude, from an average of 2.6 drought periods a year at Dej (altitude of 232 m) to an annual average of 0.3 draught periods at Vl deasa Peak (altitude of 1836 m).
THE WIND – CLIMATIC RISK FACTOR FOR THE SUCEAVA COUNTY’S FORESTRY STOCK  [PDF]
Corina Macovei
Present Environment and Sustainable Development , 2009,
Abstract: Forests contribute to the formation and protection of our environment; they also need permanent protection from humans, due to the multiple functionalities of the forestry ecosystems, as forest is not only a component of the environment, but also a source of multiple and valuable goods and services essential to human communities. This paper presents aspects concerning the impact of wind on the forests of Susana County. Local conditions are presented and debated upon, as well as an analysis of the risk factors which determine wind throws, emphasizing the major economic, ecologic and negative impact of this disturbing factor. The last big wind throw of 6th- 8th March 2002 is analyzed, the conditions in which it occurred, the damage resulted and the measures that were taken. Further action is necessary, though, in order to diminish the negative impact of the wind on the forests of Suceava County
Analysis on Variation Characteristics of Agro-Climatic Resources in Weixian County, China in Recent 54 Years  [PDF]
Liandong Xiang, Zhitao Liu, Xujun Li
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.412010
Abstract: Based on the daily temperature, precipitation and sunshine data of the National Weather Station of Weixian County, Hebei, China from 1961 to 2014, the average temperature, accumulated temperature, precipitation and sunshine trends of the year and four seasons were analyzed. The results showed an upward trend of the average annual temperature, average annual maximum temperature and average annual minimum temperature and the minimum temperature increase is the largest. The average temperature in summer is decreasing, while the average temperature, maximum temperature and minimum temperature in spring, autumn and winter showed an upward trend. ≥0°C accumulated temperature increased by 193.82°C for 54 years, and ≥10°C accumulated temperature increased 54.59°C for 54 years. Weixian County sunshine hours were 119.121 h/10 years to reduce the rate of adverse effects on crop growth; annual precipitation decreased by 116.4 mm for 54 years, the maximum precipitation decreased by 8.2 mm, and the number of annual precipitation decreased 18.6 d, which caused great pressure on groundwater recharge
Snow and weather climatic control on snow avalanche occurrence fluctuations over 50 yr in the French Alps
H. Castebrunet, N. Eckert,G. Giraud
Climate of the Past (CP) & Discussions (CPD) , 2012,
Abstract: Snow avalanche activity is controlled to a large extent by snow and weather patterns. However, its response to climate fluctuations remains poorly documented. Previous studies have focused on direct extraction of trends in avalanche and winter climate data, and this study employs a time-implicit method to model annual avalanche activity in the French Alps during the 1958–2009 period from its most representative climatic drivers. Modelled snow and weather data for different elevations and aspects are considered as covariates that explain actual observed avalanche counts, modelled instability indexes, and a combination of both avalanche activity indicators. These three series present relatively similar fluctuations over the period and good consistency with historically harsh winters. A stepwise procedure is used to obtain regression models that accurately represent trends as well as high and low peaks with a small number of physically meaningful covariates, showing their climatic relevance. The activity indicators and their regression models seen as time series show, within a high interannual variability, a predominant bell-shaped pattern presumably related to a short period of colder and snowier winters around 1980, as well as a very slight but continuous increase between 1975 and 2000 concomitant with warming. Furthermore, the regression models quantify the respective weight of the different covariates, mostly temperature anomalies and south-facing snowpack characteristics to explain the trends and most of the exceptional winters. Regional differences are discussed as well as seasonal variations between winter and spring activity and confirm rather different snow and weather regimes influencing avalanche activity over the Northern and Southern Alps, depending on the season.
Snow and weather climatic control on snow avalanche occurrence fluctuations over 50 yr in the French Alps  [PDF]
H. Castebrunet,N. Eckert,G. Giraud
Climate of the Past (CP) & Discussions (CPD) , 2012, DOI: 10.5194/cp-8-855-2012
Abstract: Snow avalanche activity is controlled to a large extent by snow and weather patterns. However, its response to climate fluctuations remains poorly documented. Previous studies have focused on direct extraction of trends in avalanche and winter climate data, and this study employs a time-implicit method to model annual avalanche activity in the French Alps during the 1958–2009 period from its most representative climatic drivers. Modelled snow and weather data for different elevations and aspects are considered as covariates that explain actual observed avalanche counts, modelled instability indexes, and a combination of both avalanche activity indicators. These three series present relatively similar fluctuations over the period and good consistency with historically harsh winters. A stepwise procedure is used to obtain regression models that accurately represent trends as well as high and low peaks with a small number of physically meaningful covariates, showing their climatic relevance. The activity indicators and their regression models seen as time series show, within a high interannual variability, a predominant bell-shaped pattern presumably related to a short period of colder and snowier winters around 1980, as well as a very slight but continuous increase between 1975 and 2000 concomitant with warming. Furthermore, the regression models quantify the respective weight of the different covariates, mostly temperature anomalies and south-facing snowpack characteristics to explain the trends and most of the exceptional winters. Regional differences are discussed as well as seasonal variations between winter and spring activity and confirm rather different snow and weather regimes influencing avalanche activity over the Northern and Southern Alps, depending on the season.
Snow and weather climatic control on snow avalanche occurrence fluctuations over 50 yr in the French Alps  [PDF]
H. Castebrunet,N. Eckert,G. Giraud
Climate of the Past Discussions , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/cpd-7-4173-2011
Abstract: Snow avalanche activity is controlled to a large extent by snow and weather patterns. However, its response to climate fluctuations remains poorly documented. Previous studies have focused on direct extraction of trends in avalanche and winter climate data, and this study employs a time-implicit method to model annual avalanche activity in the French Alps during the 1958–2009 period from its most representative climatic drivers. Modeled snow and weather data for different elevations and aspects are considered as covariates that explain actual observed avalanche counts, modeled instability indexes, and a combination of both avalanche activity indicators. These three series present relatively similar fluctuations over the period and good consistency with historically harsh winters. A stepwise procedure is used to obtain regression models that accurately represent trends as well as high and low peaks with a small number of physically meaningful covariates, showing their climatic relevance. The activity indicators and their regression models seen as time series show, within a high interannual variability, a predominant bell-shaped pattern presumably related to a short period of colder and snowier winters around 1980, as well as a very slight but continuous increase between 1975 and 2000 concomitant with warming. Furthermore, the regression models quantify the respective weight of the different covariates, mostly temperature anomalies and south-facing snowpack characteristics to explain the trends and most of the exceptional winters. Regional differences are discussed as well as seasonal variations between winter and spring activity and confirm rather different snow and weather regimes influencing avalanche activity over the Northern and Southern Alps, depending on the season.
Colibi a Climatic Resort (Bistri a-N s ud County) between Project and Purpose
Ion B?CA,Mircea MURE?IANU,Andras BARTA,Eduard SCHUSTER
Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning , 2011,
Abstract: Colibi a Depression is located at the contact between the Barg u and C limani rock formations, overlapping the upper basin of the Bistri a Ardelean River. The area posses a significant tourist potential, exploited in the past by the existing climacteric resort. The hydroelectric development activities that took place between 1976 and 1996 deactivated the spa, but once they were finished, tourism experienced a powerful come-back. As a result, county institutions (namely the Bistri a-N s ud County Council) and local authorities (the mayoralty of Bistri a Barg ului commune) are interested in the revival of the Colibi a climatic resort. This is already happening, through several specific activities and projects. Under these circumstances, our study tries to realise an evaluation of the region’s attractive potential, as well as an analysis of the criteria needed to be fulfilled in order to reestablish Colibi a climatic resort.
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