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THE SNOW CONDITION, THE AVALANCHES CAUSED AND THE DYNAMIC OF THE AVALANCHES CORRIDORS DURING THE WINTER 2007-2008. CASE STUDY, PADINILE FRUMOASE (PIATRA CRAIULUI MOUNTAINS, ROMANIA)
ANCA MUNTEANU,NARCISA MILIAN,LAURA COM?NESCU,AL. NEDELEA
Riscuri ?i Catastrofe , 2013,
Abstract: The snow condition, the avalanches caused and the dynamic of the avalanches corridors during the winter 2007-2008. Case study, Padinile Frumoase (Piatra Craiului Mountains, Romania). In this paper we aim to present in detail the situations generated by meteorological and morphological parameters, which determined the generation of avalanches of different intensities, on five avalanches corridors in the winter 2007-2008. These are situated in the area named Padinile Frumoase, in the north-eastern part of the Piatra Craiului Mountains, which are situated in the central part of Romania and which belong to the Meridional Carpathians. The relief is represented by a calcareous- conglomeratic ridge, in the high part, the peak reaches over 2000 m altitude. Local conditions determine the forming of avalanches, which are oriented on well defined corridors, along the temporary hydrographic network. By studying the evolution of meteorological parameters and their overlapping with local morphological parameters, the existence of some favourable conditions for the apparition of avalanches were detected. There were noticed both active corridors with traces of avalanches, and inactive corridors on which it was not noticed the manifestation of these phenomena. The material adds up to the data base about the avalanches from this massif, being the second situation of analysed avalanches for this mountainous space totally situated in the National Park Piatra Craiului.
Some data regarding the spreading of Mesoniscus graniger (Isopoda, Oniscidea, Microcheta) in the Piatra Craiului Massif
?ur?inka A.,Nae A.I.
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/abs0404093d
Abstract: Our paper presents new data on the presence of Mesoniscus graniger in the Piatra Craiului Massif and a comparison of the altitudinal distribution of this species in the Northern Carpathians, Romanian Carpathians, and in the South-Danube Carpathians.
First records and rare species of Collembola in the Roumanian fauna - the Piatra Craiului Massif (the Carpathians)
Ionu? Popa
Travaux de l'Institut de Speologie Emile Racovitza , 2010,
Abstract: The author presents new data about the collembolan species collected from the Piatra Craiului Massif. Sixty-five species were identified from the material sampled from soil and mesovoid shallow substratum (M.S.S.) Three species (Arrhopalites ornatus Stach, 1945, Microgastrura duodecimoculata Stach, 1922 and Xenylla mucronata Axelson, 1903) are for the first time recorded in the Romanian fauna.
Oniscidea (Isopoda, Malacostraca) from the Piatra Craiului National Park in Romania  [PDF]
Giurginca A.,Nae A.,Popa I.
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/abs0601025g
Abstract: This paper presents six species of Oniscidea recorded until now in the Piatra Craiului National Park in Romania: Ligidium hypnorum, Mesoniscus graniger, Hyloniscus dacicus, Trichoniscus carpaticus, Trachelipus nodulosus, and Trachelipus difficilis rotundatus.
HYDROLOGICAL RISKS CHARACTERISTIC FOR PRAPASTIILOR DRAINAGE BASIN, PIATRA CRAIULUI MOUNTAINS
ANCA MUNTEANU,VALENTINA ILINCA STOICA
Aerul ?i Apa : Componente ale Mediului , 2012,
Abstract: Hydrological Risks Characteristic for Pr p stiilor Drainage Basin, Piatra Craiului Mountains. The subject of this paper aims to present the characteristics of extreme hydrological phenomena form Pr p stiilor Drainage Basin. Pr p stiilor Drainage Basin is situated in the north-eastern part of Piatra CraiuluiMountains, eastern Carpathians. The structural conformation, given by the presence of Piatra Craiului syncline and by the limestone-conglomerate lithologic pattern, determines certain characteristics of the hydrographic network, which is mostly temporary, because of the water infiltration into the substrate. The springs, which provide permanent flow to the network, occur only on the syncline axis and at the base of slope deposits. When entering the gorge areas, they disappear in the same substrate, and reappear as springs, downstream of the gorges. Thus, because of these aspects, over which climate elements overlap, during periods of heavy rain, extreme events like floods frequently occur in different sectors. Effects on the environment components are complex. The floods accelerate the erosion, can affect the forest roads, construction or isolated houses along water bodies. Sometimes, the floods reach Z rne ti town, causing damages or casualties. This paper comes to complete studies conducted till present on the enigmatic Piatra Craiului Mountains and its surroundings, which were included in Piatra Craiului National Park.
Analysis of tourism potential in Piatra Craiului Mountains (Romania). Development strategies
M?D?LINA TEODOR
Cinq Continents , 2012,
Abstract: Analisi potenziale turistico nei Monti Piatra Craiului. Strategie di sviluppo. Le Montagne Piatra Craiului sono tra i posti di cui si parla molto, essendo un esempio di complessit{ e difficolt{ alpinistiche, ma di cui in realt{ si sa troppo poco perché non si mette l'accento sul loro grandissimo potenziale turistico. La lolo posizione quasi nel centro della Romania rappresenta un grande vantaggio dal punto di vista dell'accessibilit{. Lo sviluppo di questa cresta calcarea, la più lunga (25 km) e la più alta (oltre 2000 m) della Romania [1], offre numerose sfide ai turisti. Questo articolo ha come obbiettivo di identificare e di sottolineare il potenziele turistico della zona e di proporre alcune strategie di sviluppo. Il turismo nelle Montagne Piatra Craiului si rivolgerebbe a persone di varie et{ e con varie preferenze e gusti e potrebbe essere diversificato e migliorato, realizzando infrastrutture idonee e fissando strategie di sviluppo, in accordo con la protezione dell'ambiente.
CORTICOLOUS LICHENOLOGICAL VEGTATION FROM PIATRA CRAIULUI NATIONAL PARK (D MBOVICIOARA BASIN)  [PDF]
CORINA-NELI PRICOPE
Scientific Annals of Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi. New Series, Section 2. Vegetal Biology , 2004,
Abstract: This paper work present the results obtained after the lichenological researches in Piatra Craiului National Park, in 2003 from Dambovicioara basin. The lichenocoenosis from studied region were collected from wooden species like Fagus sylvatica and Picea abies. It was identified 2 corticolous associations, belonging to 2 alliances, one order and one class
Long-term monitoring of air pollution effects on selected forest ecosystems in the Bucegi-Piatra Craiului and Retezat Mountains, southern Carpathians (Romania)
Badea O,Neagu S,Bytnerowicz A,Silaghi D
iForest : Biogeosciences and Forestry , 2011, DOI: 10.3832/ifor0565-004
Abstract: The monitoring studies carried out in the southern Romanian Carpathians (Retezat and Bucegi - Piatra Craiului Mts) provide a scientific support for long term ecosystem research (LTER). Their general objective is to characterize the air pollution and its potential effects upon forest ecosystems’ status and biodiversity in close connection with climatic changes. Two monitoring networks were placed in selected forest ecosystems for each LTER site (11 plots in Retezat and 22 plots in Bucegi - Piatra Craiului, respectively). Both in Retezat and Bucegi - Piatra Craiului Mts, the distribution of mean ozone (O3) concentrations are significantly correlated with altitude. The location (plot) has a significant influence on ozone concentration and in some cases the exposure period along the growing season has an influence. Ambient ozone (O3) and ammonia (NH3) concentrations were below toxicity levels for forest trees, their health status (crown condition) and volume growth being insignificantly affected. More than 45% of the rain events were acidic with pH≤5.5, thus contributing to an increased N deposition on forest stands. In Retezat Mts crown condition was relatively better than in Bucegi - Piatra Craiului Mts. As a consequence, in 2009 European beech (Fagus sylvatica) was the least affected species, with a percentage of damaged trees (crown defoliation higher than 25%) between 8.0% (Retezat) and 9.8% (Bucegi - Piatra Craiului), followed by Norway spruce (Picea abies) with 12.9% (Retezat) and 27.7% (Bucegi - Piatra Craiului). The most affected species was Silver fir (Abies alba) with 31.6% of damaged trees (Bucegi-Piatra Craiului). In the last period, both European beech and conifers (Norway spruce and Silver fir) with high defoliation (damaged trees) had lower annual relative increment than trees with low defoliation (healthy trees). A definite trend regarding rapid environmental modifications is not evident and no significant reduction of biodiversity occurred. In addition, all the vegetation biodiversity components of the forest ecosystems are specific to the stand type’s structures and local climate conditions, and no quantifiable consequences of specific air pollutants on ecosystems’ diversity occurred.
THE LANDSCAPE DYNAMICS IN PIATRA NEAMT AREA  [PDF]
Liviu Apostol,Dan-Adrian Chelaru
Present Environment and Sustainable Development , 2011,
Abstract: The great diversity of natural conditions of Piatra Neamt have led to a great complexity of anthropogenic use, which gives a distinctive note to the landscape of the area. In the last century, the city has experienced remarkable changes in the configuration and use of its territory, mainly due to high anthropogenic pressure by different types of land uses, resulting in gradual artificiality of the landscape. The analysis showed the spatio-temporal dynamics of the various components of the geographical landscape mainly using GIS techniques.Also it highlights the defining elements of landscapes found in the study area, making a general typology of them
CALCOPHILOUS GRASSLANDS IN PADUREA CRAIULUI MOUNTAINS  [cached]
Gheorghe GROZA
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2004,
Abstract: This study presents the calcophilous vegetal associations developed on the limy rocky areas, very common in Padurea Craiului Mountains. These associations are affiliated with the coenotaxonomical system based on the dominant species and analyzed from an ecological, phytogeographical and of bioforms point of view, based on phytocaenological tables. Meadows installed on limestone rockeries make up 7 vegetal associations: Festucetum pallentis, Asplenio rutaemurariae-Melicetum, Seslerietum rigidae, Seslerietum heufflerianae, Sedo hispanici-Poaetum nemoralis, Asplenietum trichomano-rutae-murariae, and Pparietarietum officinalis. These associations belong to 4 vegetation classes. The most widespread are Festuca palentis meadows. They are important for protecting the soil against erosion, as they develop mostly on slopes with a high inclination, sometimes on scree, and rocky outposts. Generally these meadows have no economic importance.
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