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Sustainable heritage utilization in rural tourism development in Serbia  [PDF]
Maksin Marija
Spatium , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/spat1228037m
Abstract: Research on natural and cultural heritage as one of the key levers of sustainable tourism development in Serbia has been conducted 2010, for the elaboration of the Master plan for Sustainable Rural Tourism Development in Serbia. To evaluate achieved and potential attractiveness of natural and cultural heritage at rural Serbia the FAS methodology was implemented, and the results of this evaluation are discussed. Based on achieved and potential attractiveness and accessibility of natural and cultural heritage, and other criteria, the rural tourism clusters have been established. Methodology for rural tourism clusters identification and prioritization is presented, and the results of prioritization discussed. Elaboration of the Master plan for Sustainable Rural Tourism Development in Serbia has been based on the holistic approach. Therefore the aim of rural tourism development is to protect, revitalize and use the natural and cultural assets in sustainable way to benefit the rural communities. Challenges and possibilities for sustainable heritage utilization, sustainable rural tourism development, and management arrangements are discussed for two cases - Viminacium archaeological park and Mountain Stara planina Nature Park. Based on analyzed cases the evaluation criteria for management of sustainable heritage utilization and rural tourism development are proposed.
HERITAGE AND TOURISM: THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL ISSUES
Tiziana Cuccia,Ilde Rizzo
Tourismos : an International Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism , 2011,
Abstract: It is a common opinion that culture and tourism are strictly complementary activities because of the positive externalities that culture generates on tourism. In this paper, we aim at evaluating this common opinion. Firstly, we explore the concept of cultural tourism and the different definitions provided in the literature; secondly, we show the role that cultural tourism can play in Italy and particularly in Sicily, reporting the main results of some empirical studies, and finally we analyse the related policy implications. From this point of view, it is worth exploring how different institutional arrangements are able to deal with the vertical and horizontal fragmentation of competencies and to offer solutions for the governance of the interaction of the different actors (public, private, no profit) in order to enhance the above mentioned positive externalities.
Anthropology, tourism and transition: Concepts of tourism development in Knja evac  [PDF]
Ba?evi? Jana
Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/gei0654377b
Abstract: Anthropological research of tourism in Serbia has usually followed a somewhat simplified concept according to which theory translates into application or practice; that is, anthropology offers conclusions to be later applied in tourism development. The domain of anthropological expertise in this matter was traditionally considered to be "popular" or folk culture, or rather its use in tourism. However, I claim that anthropology of tourism offers a greater number of research opportunities, especially in view of development of tourism as part of transitional processes. In this paper, I present the preliminary results of research on concepts of tourism development in Knja evac, conducted in 2003 and 2005, and point to how attitudes that people have towards tourism reflect their perception and conceptualization of wider social and economical processes such as transition and globalization. Finally, I discuss some of the implications of these concepts for the future application of anthropology in tourism research.
Challenges, responses and partnership for achieving sustainable tourism and heritage preservation  [PDF]
Maksin Marija
Spatium , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/spat1022011m
Abstract: The process of globalization has created the situation where the expectations of tourists are the same both with respect to the quality of services in all destinations and with respect to the authencity based on local attractions and experiences, which should be unique and different for each destination. The key element in maintaining destination attractiveness is the protection and presentation of natural and cultural heritage and its sustainable utilization for tourism development. The sustainability concept is of equal importance for long-term tourism development, destination competitiveness and heritage protection. The paper deals with the main challenges to achieving sustainable tourism and points to some key responses to them. Participation, cooperation and partnership should be a vital prerequisite for the implementation and performance of sustainable tourism and heritage protection. This attitude has been tested on several examples of good practice in heritage protection and the sustainable development of tourism destinations in Serbia. .
Applying economic guidelines for responsible tourism in a World Heritage Site  [cached]
Willem J.L. Coetzee,Mathilda van Niekerk,Melville Saayman
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 2008, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v50i1.139
Abstract: This article proposes an integrated sustainable tourism development strategy for the Vredefort Dome as a World Heritage Site. In particular, it analyses the integration of the South African guidelines for responsible tourism applied to a local community. All tourism product owners in the Dome area formed part of this research that was conducted by means of a survey. The strategy that was formulated for the area aims to ensure that future generations will be able to utilise the resources in the same manner as the present generation. It is indicated that this intra-generational equity will only be possible through an integrated approach. The value of this research is its contribution to responsible tourism and, concurrently, its emphasis on the fact that tourism destinations in South Africa need to be developed in an integrated and sustainable manner. In order for the Vredefort Dome to be a World Heritage Site, and to exist as a protected area, it is imperative that the tourism product owners in the area realise their roles as custodians of this precious site. This proposition leads to the main aim of this study, namely to develop an integrated tourism development strategy for the Vredefort Dome as a World Heritage site. The results of the empirical study indicated that tourism stakeholders are prepared to improve the present situation in the Vredefort Dome and are willing to adjust their business practices in the future. Such changes in practice involve some strategic issues, and the economic, social and environmental strategies will give direction to this World Heritage Site to become more sustainable.
Study on Interpretation System of Heritage Tourism:a Case Study of Luoyang  [PDF]
LIAN Xiao-li,YUAN Shu-qi
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2011,
Abstract: In recent years, heritage hourism has been attracting more and more attentions. As an important part in tourism, the interpretation system in heritage tourism, which is gradually concerned by tourism administrations, is quite different from normal system. This paper gets a conclusion that compared with normal interpretation system, the resources in the heritage tourism have a higher culture grade , and the tourism market segmentation is more striking. At the third part, this paper takes Luoyang as a case to analyse the resources, tourists and market of heritage tourism, including the resource distribution features, source markets, tourist behavior, travel motivations and so on . It also raises some problems present in the interpretation system in Luoyang, such as lack of humanization, unstandardization in design, and weak in media. The analysis is based on fieldwork and travel survey made by Luoyang tourism administration during the 23rd Peony. Based on above analysis, the paper makes some relative recommendations on the development of interpretation system, and hopes that it can provide decision-makers with necessary theoretical knowledge and some relevant suggestions for their references.
Strategies for Developing ‘Red Tourism’ : A Unique Tourism Activity in China  [cached]
Bin Wang,Chunyou Wu,Haiyao Peng
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v1n4p14
Abstract: ‘Red Tourism’, a newly developed tourism activity unique in China, has gained great popularity among tourists and keen attention from both tourism practitioners and researchers. However, its connotation has been narrowly defined and the policies to develop it in-depth at the regional level are insufficiently discussed. The paper firstly explains and redefines red tourism in a broader context. And then, taking Dalian, a Chinese famous tourist city, as a example, the paper analyzes the current situation and basis of red tourism resources, proposes marketing policies to promote red tourism, and finally expounds strategies to develop it in Dalian.
Transfers between Spaces of Communication, Tourism and Staging of Heritage  [PDF]
Christian Dennys Monteiro de Oliveira
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.73047
Abstract: The present study represented an interpretation resulting from a survey on the property representations of religious festival held in Almonte (Huelva, Spain), during the transfer of the image of the Virgin of Rocio seat of the municipality, between August 2012 and May 2013. The investigation collected opinions of teachers and students from two secondary schools in the city, in order to characterize the educational meanings of such an extraordinary event and organizer of cultural expressions. Reading the geographical links between heritage and forms of dissemination (media and tourism), led us to develop the concept of “geo-education”. Structured from the phenomenological and cultural perspectives that underpin geographic readings in culture studies, the geo- education emerges as a non-formal teaching of the meaning of the festive reordered places rituality (or religious representations). Sense that answers to the recognition of the vectorial forces (communicative, tourist and scenography) are intermediated by the contemporary patrimonial question. The result of the work lies in the composition of basic theoretical syntheses of treatment and use of modern religious devotion as geo-education’s heritage.
CLUSTER PRACTICES IN HERITAGE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT – CASE STUDY IN SOUTHERN ALBANIA
Mirdaim AXHAM
Revista de Turism : Studii si Cercetari in Turism , 2010,
Abstract: As competitiveness is growing in the Balkans, a new approach in the development of heritage tourism, which can adapt to these circumstances, is required. Cluster practices can be the new approach that can improve competitiveness of Albanian tourism. Considering the nature of Albania and its rich heritage, it is a very attractive “magnet” for foreign tourists. The article starts with a presentation of tourism experience in Albania and discusses why heritage tourism is possibly the only way to develop tourism now and for the future, in the country. Some brief explanation concerning cluster practices follow: a presentation of the main issues about cluster practices, their benefits and drawbacks, their implementation and the ways they can be monitored and evaluated. It is important to direct attention to the fact that cluster practices are becoming an important means to development and to the enforcement of social capital in the geographical areas where they are implemented. In the end of the article is shown why cluster practices can be worth of being implemented in area of Butrint-Saranda-Gjirokastra-Korca. The paper concludes with the main findings and conclusions of the analysis.
The contribution of heritage product toward Malaysian Tourism Industry: A case of eastern coastal of Malaysia
Azman Bin Che Mat,Muhammad Abi Sofian bin Abdul Halim
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to develop the relationship model between creative industry and tourism industry toward the heritage product development. As the tourism industry has become more competitive in Terengganu, creative industry moves forward to improve the marketability in a heritage product. Terengganu has a variety of heritage products that can be promoted to the tourists such as craft, batek, silk, wood carving, mengkuang weaving, music performances and copper products. Creative industry also known as cultural industry becomes important to tourism industry and highly contributes to the GDP in south-east Asian countries. The expansion of market segment in tourism industry in Terengganu also has a relationship with the demand of local heritage product. State government plans to give extra convergent to tourism industry in context of marketing culture, heritage, and environment. A good market in tourism will enable more application of creativity and innovation in the context of heritage product development.
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