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Accessibility to health services in the prison population in Colombia: a public health challenge
Jeniffer Hernández P,Luz Mery Mejía O
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2010,
Abstract: This article is the result of a product of a study elaborated with the aim of systematizing the available information related to the accessibility to the health services of the prison population in the penitentiary centers. To this end, we reviewed the literature and systematic collection of the academic available material in the principal university libraries in the city of Medellin, scientific databases and the web pages of national and international organizations that have dealt with this topic. The information was systematized considering some historical references to prisons and health, the record of experiences in some countries and the current regulations for health care in the prison population in the Colombian case. We conclude that although significant progress has been made to ensure health care for the prison population, in the prison there are still obstacles and limitations that infringe the right to health of this population. Likewise, it is evidenced that it has not been considered a public health problem in the country, which it is considered a challenge to incorporate it as such.
INVESTIGACIóN Y MUSEO: MUSEO DE HISTORIA NATURAL DE COLOMBIA 1822-1830  [cached]
Rodríguez Prada, María Paola
Cuadernos de Música, Artes Visuales y Artes Escénicas , 2010,
Abstract: The Colombian Politic Constitution, reformed in 1991, stipulates the notion of patrimony as a “constitutive asset of the national identity”. The articulation of a cultural policy within the Law397 from 1997, concerns thus and among others the ‘museum-institution’. It provides a new momentum to the configuration of this public establishment in Colombia. To comprehend the contemporaryColombian museum question would begin with a study of its historical ethos. Hence, the object of the research accomplished turns towards the origins of the first museum-institution in the country: the Bogota Natural History Museum. This museum, founded in 1823, precedesin its creation the actual Colombian National Museum. It is argued that this establishment is a post-revolutionary ‘museum-institution’, embodied by the will of a national government, forged by the experience of French scientific personnel and with a purpose of pursuing the progress of the new Nation. The elements of the methodology that comprise this historical research in a firstacademical phase are hereby presented.
La fundación del museo nacional de Colombia. Ambivalencias en la narración de la nación colombiana moderna  [PDF]
Víctor Manuel Rodríguez
Nómadas , 1998,
Abstract: El artículo explora los orígenes y las ambivalencias en la narración de la nación colombiana moderna implícita en algunos textos y hechos que conciernen a la fundación del Museo Nacional de Colombia. Teniendo en cuenta las reflexiones de Mauricio Nieto en torno a la dimensión política de la Historia Natural y de Olga Restrepo acerca de la Expedición Botánica, se sostiene que debido a la situación ambivalente de los criollos respecto a los grupos sociales internos y pese a su rechazo general hacia Espa a, la narración de la nación implícita en el Museo hace uso de la narrativa expedicionaria del Imperio Espa ol y combina formas distintas de comprender el rol de los museos, las formas de conocimiento y, en consecuencia, distintas representaciones de lo nacional. El Museo presenta la nueva nación como un lugar natural, fuera del tiempo histórico y expresa el interés de los criollos en la inserción del nuevo estado en el orden mundial, más que en la convocatoria de la población hacia la conformación de una comunidad imaginada.
Hacer visible, hacerse visibles: la nación representada en las colecciones del museo. Colombia, 1880-1912  [PDF]
Amada Carolina Pérez Benavides
Memoria y Sociedad , 2010,
Abstract: This study is a historical approach to the National Museum of Colombia, in order to analyze the representations of the Nation and its inhabitants exhibited between 1880 and 1912. First, it refers to some of the features of the Museum, taking into account its development during the nineteenth century and the social and cultural function it fulfilled; it then studies how collections were established by examining their origin and type of object gathered at the time, discussing how objects were classified in relation to the segment population and the variation of this classification during this period. Finally, it exemplifies how specific segments of the population were represented.//En el presente artículo se elabora una aproximación histórica al Museo Nacional de Colombia, con el fin de analizar las representaciones sobre la nación y sus habitantes que allí se exhibieron entre 1880 y 1912. En primera instancia se hace referenciaa algunas de las características propias del Museo teniendo en cuenta su desarrollo en el transcurso del siglo xix y la función social y cultural que cumplió; en segundo lugar, se estudia cómo se constituyeron sus colecciones examinando la procedencia y el tipo de piezas que ingresaron en esta etapa; a continuación se analiza la manera como se catalogaron los objetos relacionados con los pobladores y la variación de dicha clasificación durante el período, para terminar visualizando cómo se representaron segmentos específicos de población.
Women in prison: Deprivations of prison life  [PDF]
?padijer-D?ini? Jelena,Pavi?evi? Olivera,Simeunovi?-Pati? Biljana
Sociologija , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/soc0903225s
Abstract: The paper presents the results of an empirical study of prison deprivations suffered by women, conducted at the Female Department of Correctional Facility in Po arevac within the scope of a wider study of women's prison system. It was supposed that female prisoners in this penal institution face similar prison experience and suffer the same or similar deprivations as women in other penal institutions do. The research sample included female prisoners sentenced to more than one year, staying in prison for more than a year (54 female prisoners, i.e. more than 50% prisoners sentenced to long prison terms). Prisoners were interviewed employing a questionnaire measuring different types of deprivations using 26 indicators. Using the method of factor analysis - which was here used for the first time to study prison deprivations - six factors of women's prison deprivations were extracted: deprivation of maternity; deprivation of autonomy; deprivation of individuality; deprivation of human kindness and empathy; deprivation of a key role - a woman's role, and deprivation of friendship relations. The outcomes of this research, together with the findings of other researchers, affirm the assumption that these types of deprivations are realistic and dominant types of women's prison deprivations.
Re-Meaning The Indigenous Muisca Cemetery 0f Usme, Colombia: Ethnography of Collaborative Project and Patrimonial Debate  [cached]
Pablo F. Gómez-Monta?ez
Journal of Arts and Humanities , 2013,
Abstract: The paper exposes an ethnographic view of a collaborative field work, made in Hacienda El Carmen in Usme, Colombia, a terrain where an indigenous muisca cemetery was found. The analysis focuses on the struggles between the named “authorized patrimonial discourse” and the “cultural process of patrimony”. In the first part, I want to expose the processes that led us to purpose a current collaborative research project implemented by the Universidad Santo Tomás’ Group of Memory and the Indigenous Muisca Community of Bosa. Based on a situational analysis methodology, this part is the result of an ethnographic field work of some spaces of dialogue and encounter among different logics to understand the patrimony and the heritage. In middle of struggles with the public institutions, the academy and other social groups, the muisca people build and negotiate their ethnic identity as part of their cultural and political project. In the second part, the situational analysis will be applied in scenarios where the muisca people began to interpret the archaeological territory of Hacienda El Carmen. In this part, I will try to expose some epistemological reflections about alternative and inclusive ways of knowledge and remembering. The new senses and narratives, produced as a result of this exercise, let us thinking about the symbolic strategies used by the muisca people to occupy an important place in the present and the possibility of understanding and purposing current citizen visions from creative and original ways of incorporate ancestral memories.
El Museo Arqueológico y Etnográfico de Colombia (1939-1948)  [cached]
Marcela Echeverri Mu?oz
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 1999,
Abstract: El presente artículo explora la arqueología en el país en los a os en que se institucionalizó como práctica, y se le dio un carácter científico como conocimiento. He decidido utilizar la imagen del Museo Arqueológico y Etnográfico como representación de la labor arqueológica, con el fin de dar cuenta del objetivo central de tal arqueología: la construcción y difusión de una ideología nacionalista basada en la descripción, representación, revalorización y el rescate de los legados prehispánicos.
Ethnography in the Marketplace  [cached]
Billy Ehn,Orvar L?fgren
Culture Unbound : Journal of Current Cultural Research , 2009,
Abstract: What happens when cultural analysis enters the world of applied research and academics become consultants working with corporations and public institutions? The divide between academic research and commercial ethnography has often hampered communication and critical exchanges between these two worlds.In this paper we look at the experiences of consultants, drawing on Danish and Swedish examples. What can we learn from them when it comes to organizing research under time pressure, communicating results and making people understand the potentials of cultural analysis? And how could consultants “out there” benefit from a continuing dialogue with their colleagues in Academia?
Archaeology and Prison  [PDF]
Sophia Giovanoglou,Olga Sakali
Intellectum , 2008,
Abstract: This study presents an educational activity concerning archaeology with young prisoners of Diavata Prison and law students-volunteers. The application and evaluation of this action demonstrates that the provision of opportunities for alternative pedagogical approaches teams of particular interest, such as the young prisoners, may fruitfully utilize their capacities assisting to the disappearance of social stereotypes and promoting the right of all people to culture.
Rights in prison  [cached]
Gilles Chantraine,Dan Kaminski
Champ Pénal , 2008, DOI: 10.4000/champpenal.7033
Abstract: Contemporary prison sociology remains largely skeptical regarding the true impact of the development of prisoners’ rights on the management of carceral institutions. On the one hand, the relative consolidation of prisoners’ rights is unable to undermine the security imperative of the institution: privileges are transformed into formal rights, but exceptions justified by the security imperative retransform those rights into privileges. On the other hand, this consolidation does not put an end to the disciplinary mission of the institution but is, on the contrary, a source of its revitalization. This dual critique, whose general framework will be further detailed, allows one to understand the strong inertia of the institution. However, it does not offer a relevant framework to observe the actual uses of the law during detention. Pioneering a sociology of cause lawyering inside the prison, the present contribution explores the ways in which different juridical resources are mobilized to hone the political struggle against arbitrary actions in prison while simultaneously reinforcing its social legitimacy. Within this framework, “penal innovation”, that is to say, a prison that would respect all human rights, constitutes less the result of a specific transformation than a becoming, an aspiration against the intolerable by which concrete struggles can be organized. The empirical observation of the ratchet effect between various types of action (political subjectivization, administrative appeal, media denunciation) sustains an appropriate theoretical discussion. This discussion demonstrates that the mutual exclusiveness of the concepts of “police” and “politique”, (“the politics”) as Jacques Rancière philosophically puts it, does not permit one to fully grasp the complex dynamics of contemporary democratic struggles.
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