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Detección de glicosaminoglicanos de la matriz del cartílago articular en el líquido sinovial de carpo equino con fractura en esquirla Detection of glycosaminoglycans of the articular cartilage matrix in the synovial fluid of equine carpal joint with chip fracture
H Adarmes,F Vásquez,M Galleguillos,E González
Archivos de medicina veterinaria , 2008,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si la duración de la fractura en esquirla de carpo en equinos Fina Sangre de Carrera afecta la concentración sinovial de glicosaminoglicanos totales (GAGsT) y de una fracción de éstos, que corresponde a los GAGs diferentes del ácido hialurónico o GAGs sulfatados (GAGsS). Se analizaron dos grupos de equinos con fractura en esquirla de distinta duración: uno con un período menor a los 30 días desde el diagnóstico hasta la artrocéntesis (grupo I) (n = 14) y otro, con un período igual o mayor a los 60 días (grupo II) (n = 14), y como grupo control se obtuvo líquido sinovial de articulaciones de carpo sanas al examen visual post mortem, de equinos de matadero luego del sacrificio (n = 14). La concentración de proteínas, GAGsT y GAGsS en el líquido sinovial se realizó espectrofotométricamente. La concentración de proteínas fue significativamente mayor (P < 0,05) en ambos grupos con fractura (18,19 ± 4,2 g/L (I) y 18,28 ± 3,5 g/L (II)) con respecto al grupo control (9,05 ± 5,1 g/L). La concentración de GAGsT fue significativamente mayor (P < 0,05) en el grupo control (1,50 ± 0,52 g/L) con respecto a las muestras con fractura (1,07 ± 0,29 g/L (I) y 1,07 ± 0,35 g/L (II)). La concentración de GAGsS que representa los procesos catabólicos de la matriz extracelular del cartílago articular (MEC) no mostró diferencias significativas, con valores de 0,19 ± 0,12 g/L en el grupo control y de 0,15 ± 0,09 g/L y 0,17 ± 0,17 g/L para los grupos I y II, respectivamente. La concentración de ácido hialurónico, obtenida por diferencia entre GAGsT y GAGsS, mostró un incremento significativo en el grupo de referencia (1,31 ± 0,51 g/L) con respecto a los grupos con fractura (0,92 ± 0,30 g/L (I) y 0,90 ± 0,40 g/L (II)). La ausencia de diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos con fractura para GAGsT, GAGsS y ácido hialurónico podría deberse a mecanismos compensatorios o a la dilución provocada por la inflamación, o bien, a las limitaciones propias de este modelo in vivo The purpose of this study was to establish if the duration of chip fracture in equine carpal joint of purebred horses, affects the synovial concentration of total glycosaminoglycans (GAGsT) and glycosaminoglycans that are different from hyaluronic acid or sulfated GAGs (GAGsS). Two groups of horses with different duration of fracture period were analyzed: one group (group I) with a period of less than 30 days from carpal fracture diagnosis to arthrocentesis (n=14), and another group (group II) with a period similar or longer than 60 days (n=14). Normal synovial fluid was
Instabilidade do carpo Carpal instability  [cached]
Leonardo Massamaro Sugawara,Matiko Yanaguizawa,Marcos Hiroyuki Ikawa,Rogério Diniz Takahashi
Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/s0482-50042008000100008
Abstract:
Uso de la medicina regenerativa en el tratamiento del síndrome del túnel del carpo Use of regenerative medicine for the treatment of the carpal tunnel syndrome
Rafael Mena Pérez,Norma D Fernández Delgado,Fermín Garmendía García
Revista Cubana de Hematolog?-a, Inmunolog?-a y Hemoterapia , 2011,
Abstract: Se realiza una breve rese a sobre el uso de la medicina regenerativa y se enfatizó sobre su empleo en la especialidad de ortopedia y traumatología, específicamente en el tratamiento del síndrome del túnel del carpo. Se comentó sobre esta afección y los reportes cubanos sobre las dolencias tratadas con medicina regenerativa en este campo de la medicina. Se hace referencia a 2 pacientes con síndrome del túnel del carpo tratados con células madre adultas autólogas, con resultados favorables. Hasta donde se conoce, estos son los primeros casos con síndrome del túnel del carpo comunicados en la literatura tratados con células madre adultas. A brief review was made on the use of regenerative medicine in the field of orthopedics and traumatology, making emphasis on the treatment of the carpal tunnel syndrome. Some comments about this illness and the Cuban reports on ailments treated with regenerative medicine in this medical field were presented. Reference was made on 2 patients suffering this type of syndrome, who were treated with autologous adult stem cells and the achieved results were good. As far as it is known, these are the first two cases with the carpal tunnel syndrome reported on the literature as having been treated with the adult stem cell method.
Corrección quirúrgica de una luxo-fractura congénita de carpo con un fijador biplanar-bilateral con banda de tensión ligamentaria- Surgical correction of congenital luxo-fracture of carpal-biplane with fixing band tension with bilateral ligament  [PDF]
Mejía Durango, María Adelaida,Parra Cardozo, Yeison Alberto,Polania Avila, Sindy Julieth
REDVET , 2012,
Abstract: RESUMENLa luxofractura carpiana es una lesión traumática, la cual involucra, la cápsula articular, segmento del hueso y demás estructuras relacionadas como ligamentos, elementos neurovasculares, líquido sinovial y musculo.SUMARYThe carpal luxofracture is a traumatic injury, which involves the joint capsule, a segment of bone and other related structures such as ligaments, neurovascular elements, synovial fluid and muscle.
Sarcoma sinovial anorretal: relato de caso
Sobral, Hernán Augusto Centurión;Taglietti, Enzo Martins;Monteiro, Elisangela Plazaz;Gama, Marília Resende Von Sonnleithner;Horta, Sérgio Henrique Couto;Formiga, Galdino José Sitonio;
Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-98802006000100009
Abstract: originated from mesenchymal cells, the sarcoma is rare in the anorectal area. the authors report a case of anorectal sinovial sarcoma, extremely rare in this location with no previous reports on literature. it's described a case of a 77 years old patient presenting an anal tumor, associated to pain, bleeding, tenesmus and weight loss. a synovial sarcoma was diagnosed after biopsy and imunohistochemical study. the pacient was submitted to a miles procedure being assymptomatic and without any signs of disease in the last seven months.
Anatomofisiologia da bainha tendínea sinovial digital dos eqüinos  [cached]
Barnabé Patrícia de Athayde,Cattelan José Wanderley,Cadioli Fabiano Antonio
Ciência Rural , 2004,
Abstract: Os autores abordam a descri o morfológica da bainha tendínea sinovial digital dos eqüinos e sua fun o, bem como o processo de forma o de seu líquido sinovial, indicando a importancia do estudo de tal estrutura.
Osteólise carpo-tarsal: relato de caso  [cached]
Freire Marlene,Rocha Murilo Ant?nio,Batista Andreia Pedutti,Bianco José Ant?nio Paula
Radiologia Brasileira , 2004,
Abstract: Os autores relatam um caso de paciente do sexo masculino, com 42 anos de idade, com queixa de poliartralgia de caráter progressivo, iniciada na infancia. O quadro evoluiu com deformidades de m os e pés, impedindo-o de deambular. N o havia altera es associadas em outros sistemas. As radiografias das m os e pés mostraram lise dos ossos do carpo, do tarso, metacarpais e metatarsais. A osteólise carpo-tarsal é uma síndrome rara, que necessita de uma melhor abordagem clínica, diagnóstica e terapêutica diante de novos casos.
Artrodese do carpo em gatos associada à hidroxiapatita  [cached]
Dórea Neto Francisco de Assis,Padilha Filho Jo?o Guilherme,Oriá Arianne Pontes,Furlani Juliana Maziero
Ciência Rural , 2004,
Abstract: Realizaram-se artrodeses carpais em dois gatos como forma de tratamento para altera es severas na articula o carpiana. A hidroxiapatita foi empregada para preenchimento do espa o articular do carpo. Os animais foram encaminhados ao Servi o de Ortopedia do Hospital Veterinário, UNESP, Campus de Jaboticabal, S o Paulo - Brasil. O animal 1, Siamês, 10 anos de idade, apresentava apoio inadequado do membro torácico esquerdo, dor, hiperextens o, instabilidade, luxa o, degenera o articular e osteartrite da articula o radiocárpica. O animal 2, sem ra a definida, 8 meses de idade, apresentava apoio inadequado do membro torácico direito, hiperflex o da articula o cárpica, contra o dos tend es da regi o carpiana, rota o externa do olécrano e o membro voltado para dentro. Foram aplicados fixadores esqueléticos externos (tipo IIb) com barras de polimetilmetacrilato, em ambos os casos. As avalia es clínicas e radiográficas após os procedimentos, demonstraram que a hidroxiapatita é uma alternativa promissora como substituto para os enxertos ósseos.
Líquido sinovial da articula??o femuropatelar após desmotomia patelar medial experimental em eqüinos
Martins, Edivaldo Aparecido Nunes;Silva, Luís Cláudio Lopes Correia da;Baccarin, Raquel Yvonne Arantes;
Ciência Rural , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782007000300028
Abstract: medial patellar desmotomy (mpd) is a common treatment for upward fixation of the patella (ufp). it is easy to perform, and in most cases results are immediate. however, joint changes after mpd have been described. the purpose of this study is to use synovial fluid evaluate the effects of mpd in horses subjected to restricted exercis in the first 120 days postoperatively. eight sounds adult horses, weighing from 350 to 480kg, were used in the study. the selected animals had no history of lesions in the femuropatellar joint and did not demonstrate lameness on physical examination or after hind limb flexion tests. right medial patellar desmotomy was performed on each horse. the synovial fluid was obtained by arthrocentesis during the selection phase and after surgery on days 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120. synovial fluid color, viscosity, total protein, and nucleated cell count and diferential leukocyte count was analysed. the poor viscosity on day 30 was the highest significative change from synovial fluid on the horses subject to medial patelar desmotomy and maintened in rest for 120 days.
EVALUATION OF PHYSIOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LEAVES  [PDF]
Choudhury Antara
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2012,
Abstract: The present study was carried out to provide physiochemical and phytochemical details about the plant Amaranthus spinosus. The physiochemical result obtained can be used for the identification of powdered drugs. In the phytochemical screening, different types of extracts were prepared to find the presence of secondary metabolites. Phytoconstituents like fixed oils, fats, carbohydrates, glycosides, gum and mucilage, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, tannins, proteins, amino acids and saponins showed positive tests in the extracts. Amaranthus spinosus belongs to the family Amaranthaceae. It is commonly known as Spiny amaranth or Pig weed and found throughout the world. In India it is found at roadsides, waste places and fields. The whole plant is used as a laxative. Traditionally it has been used as diuretic, antidiabetic, antipyretic, anti-snake venom, antileprotic, anti-gonorrheal, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic and immunomodulatory. The root paste of the plant is used to cure skin disease. A red pigment obtained from the plant is used for colouring foods and medicines.
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