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Analysis on the Changes of Household Electricity Consumption over the Past Three Decades  [PDF]
Wen-Hsiu Huang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.105099
Abstract: This study uses the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition to investigate what are the main reasons that contribute to the changes of household electricity consumption. The household data in Taiwan over the period 1985-2015 are used. The empirical results indicate that the changes of household electricity consumption are driven by different factors across these three decades. The increase in household electricity consumption is mainly attributed to the changes in the coefficients effect of the determinants. In particular, the coefficients effect of household size plays the most important role. The declining of household size leads to electricity consumption per capita increases due to the loss of economies of scale. As for the contribution of the endowments effect, the number of air condition and household income are the most important factors. Moreover, the coefficients effect of household size is crucial both for high-income and low-income households. Therefore, the policy implication means that the electricity pricing policy should take household size into consideration so as to offer electricity-saving incentives for households with smaller family size. Besides, some strategies, such as improving energy efficiency of appliances and providing the subsidy for the investment in energy-efficient appliances, should have a higher priority.
Does fertility decrease household consumption?: An analysis of poverty dynamics and fertility in Indonesia  [cached]
Jungho Kim,Henriette Engelhardt,Alexia Prskawetz,Arnstein Aassve
Demographic Research , 2009,
Abstract: This paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between fertility and a direct measure of poverty for Indonesia, a country, which has experienced unprecedented economic growth and sharp fertility declines over recent decades. It focuses on illustrating the sensitivity of the effect of fertility on household consumption with respect to the equivalence scale by applying the propensity score matching method. The analysis suggests that a newborn child decreases household consumption per person by 20 percent within four years. When the estimates of equivalence scales implied by the Indonesian sample are applied, the effect of a child on household consumption is still negative, but the magnitudes are in the range from 20 to 65 percent of that found with the per-capita expenditure as a measure of consumption. Therefore, it is suggested that the analysis based on the conventional measure of poverty is likely to exaggerate the effect of fertility on poverty at least because of the neglect of the proper equivalence scale.
Determining Household Preferences for Fish Consumption with Conjoint Analysis in Turkey
M. Goksel Akpinar,Erdal Dagistan,Yavuz Mazlum,Mevlut Gul,Besir Koc,Yalcin Yilmaz
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: It is intended in this study to analyze household fish consumption preferences. Accordingly, the fish quality set and sales conditions that maximize consumer utility were determined. The study was conveyed in Hatay province urban area sample as a section of Turkey. The data retrieved from face to face survey implemented on household level in 2008 was used for the study. The conjoint analysis method, as a multivariate analysis was implemented for assessment of household data. Consequently, it was found that variety, supply channel, price and production method were effective and significant in purchasing preference of the consumer at rates of 29.7, 28.0, 27.2 and 15.1%, respectively. In addition, the utility maximizing fish quality set was determined as variety: gilt-head bream; production method: organic; supply chain: fish market; price: moderate.
Possibilities of the analysis of demographic characteristics of consumers on the basis of the facts from the survey about household consumption  [PDF]
Vasi? Petar
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn1031507v
Abstract: Household Consumption Survey has been done according to current methodology following EUROSTAT suggestions since 2003. The structure of the data obtained with the household consumption diary gives us significant opportunities to investigate demographic features of consumers, i.e. households as observation units for researching preferences of consumers of different social-demographic population categories. Although the data published in HCS regard only the structure of households' consumption and households' income related both to territorial and urban-rural division of Serbia, there are possibilities for this data to be cross-analysed with different demographic, social and economic characteristic of subjects observed. Therefore, consumers' characteristics according to education, marital status, economic activity, profession, and above all according to sex and age can also be observed. As consumption structure is discussed, important notice is that the consumption has been looked at as the aggregation of each household member's consumption, where values of demographic characteristics refer to the head of that household. HCS provides a number of other possibilities for analysing demographic characteristics of population that are not in regard to consumption, such as continuous analysis of changes in marital or educational structure. .
Sample Selection Analysis of Household Food Consumption in Southwestern Nigeria
Sola Olorunfemi,Igbekele A. Ajibefun
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of the study is to analyze food consumption pattern in Southwestern Nigeria. Data collected from 300 heads of household through a multi-stage random sampling technique were analyzed. Sample selection models that allow to take into account and correct the possible bias due to zero consumption were used. Also various single equation models were applied. Demand function was estimated by Ordinary Least Squares (OLS); Heckman two-steps sample selection estimator and the maximum likelihood estimator. Result shows that the t statistics test on the sample selection coefficient indicates absence of sample selection bias. It is found out that the mean percentage expenditure share for carbohydrate (rice, yam and gari) foodstuffs in the three states was 51.7% while 28.6% was spent on proteinous foodstuff. The expenditure elasticities results indicate that gari and rice are normal goods in the region. Result shows that rice and gari are strong substitute. Also that beans is a substitute for rice and plantain.
Study on Carbon Footprint of the Household Consumption in Beijing Based on Input-Output Analysis

DONG Huijuan,GENG Yong,

资源科学 , 2012,
Abstract: Industry is generally recognized as the main source of greenhouse gases. However, with rapid urbanization of China and significantly improved household living standard, the carbon footprint of household consumption should not be ignored any more. A general overview of carbon footprint of household consumption shows that domestic study on this field is less intensive than abroad and needs to be further developed. In this paper, a comprehensive study on direct and embodied carbon footprint of Beijing household consumption was made based on input-output analysis. The results reveal that: 1) Total carbon footprint of Beijing urban residents in 2007 was 79.93 Mt, about seven times of that of rural residents. And embodied carbon footprint is predominant in urban resident consumption while direct carbon footprint is predominant in rural resident consumption; 2) As for the composition of household consumption's embodied carbon footprint, Food, Transport & communications and Education, culture & recreation services are the top three categories for urban residents with ratios of 35.2% , 14.1% and 13.8% respectively. However for rural residents, Food, Residence and Transport & communications are the top three categories with ratios of 32.4%, 21.9% and 12.3% respectively; 3) Embodied carbon footprint increases with the residents'income level and the increase of carbon footprint from Transport and communications consumption is especially obvious. Carbon footprint composition of urban household consumption will also change with the increase of income level but that of rural household consumption is relatively stable. At the end of the paper, corresponding policy proposals for rural and urban household consumption were given separately according to carbon footprint analysis. For rural residents, advanced heat supply technology for heating system is the best solving method for now. For urban residents, carbon footprint can be reduced from the following two aspects: first, adjust industrial structure and energy structure and improve the utilization ratio of energy; second, try to guide residents to a healthy consumption pattern.
Rural resident household food consumption patterns in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city: an analysis based on ELES Model
Fang Su,ZhongMin Xu,HaiYang Shang,
Fang Su
,ZhongMin Xu,HaiYang Shang

寒旱区科学 , 2009,
Abstract: Demand for food plays an important role in the adjustment of prices for agricultural products and for adjusting agricultural structure. By?using the extended linear expenditure system (ELES), we analyzed the food consumption structure of rural residents in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city, and determined the basic food-consumption demand, the marginal propensity of consumption, the income elasticities of demand, and the own-price and cross-price elasticities of local rural residents, all of which illustrate the influencing factors on food consumption of rural residents and for forecasting the food-consumption structure. Those analyses show the following: the rural residents’ expenditure on household basic food consumption reaches about 7,050.35 Yuan; the marginal propensities of consumption of fruits and vegetables are relatively high (0.062 and 0.106, respectively), followed by meat (0.044); the demands for various foods are increasing as income increases, with the largest income elasticity of demand corresponding to fruits (1.354) and the lowest to cereal (0.310); fruits and vegetables have relatively high own-price elasticities (respectively –0.879 and –0.442), with the cereal having the lowest one (–0.184). An increase in cereal prices would greatly affect demand for other products; with the rising size of rural households, the consumption for meat is decreasing whereas it is increasing for cereal. The improvement of household education levels will lead to the increase of fruit consumption (E = 0.297), which indicates that people will pay more attention to diet and nutrition structure with the improvement of education. Further, although the amount of cereal expenditure is continually growing, the share will be declining with the increase of household income in 2006–2012. For all these reasons, therefore, the government should encourage the cultivation of economic crops and guide the development of stockbreeding to ensure the stability of cereal output. In order to attain the balance between supply and demand, it is important to rationally adjust the prices of fruits and vegetables on the basis of the stable price of cereal.
Panel Data Analysis of Per Capita Household Energy Consumption, Income and Carbon Emissions

HE Renfei,NIU Shuwen,JIA Yanqin,ZHANG Xin,DING Yongxia,

资源科学 , 2012,
Abstract: Per capita energy consumption is an important indicator that reflects the economic development level and people’s quality of life of a nation.As a form of end-use energy,household energy consumption has great impacts on energy consumption structure,energy supply-demand relationship,as well as energy saving and emission reduction.Taking 30 provinces,municipalities and autonomous regions of China,which are divided into urban and rural consumer groups,as the research unit,this paper has analyzed the internal connection and change trend of per capita household energy consumption(EN),per capita income(IN)and per capita carbon emissions(CE)by using panel granger causality tests and parameter estimations of panel data models.The results indicate that there are long-term equilibrium relationships among these three variables,which show regular change trends in the spatial process.Among the three zones of eastern,central and western regions,and urban and rural areas of the same region,the fixed effect differences between EN and CE,which are estimated by variable intercept models are mainly affected by IN.Low-income western region has smaller cardinal number of household energy consumption and carbon emissions but is senstive to the changes of income as compared with the Eastern and Central regions.The fixed effects of the north-south direction mainly reflect the impacts of geographical factors.The cold climate in northern region incurs more energy consumption and carbon emission,while the South is just the opposite.Changes of intercept in urban areas are mostly influenced by energy consumption structures.The intercepts of provinces that consume more electricity,heat(exclusive of the direct carbon emissions)are less than 0,while those of provinces that consume more coal,oil(higher carbon emission factor)are more than 0.To cope with the climate change,we should make great efforts to adjust the energy consumption structures and implement environmental impact assessments of the whole process as well as energy saving and emission reduction measures while developing renewable clean energy.
Household age structure and consumption in Serbia
Radivojevi? Biljana,Vasi? Petar
Economic Annals , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/eka1295079r
Abstract: The influence of demographic variables on household consumption level and structure is understood but insufficiently studied in Serbia. This paper analyzes the connection between age as a demographic variable, and the size and structure of household consumption as economic phenomena. We discuss the research results, trying to explain the intensity and direction of the shown connection. The economic variables are usually set as determinants of demographic processes, but we set age as an independent demographic variable shaping household consumption without ignoring the household income level. It seems that the age structure of a household, particularly the age of the household head, has a significant influence on consumption structure.
Contribution of Selected Indigenous Fruits on Household Income and Food Security in Mwingi, Kenya  [cached]
C.M. Mwema,B.K. Mutai,J.K. Lagat,L.K. Kibet
Current Research Journal of Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors that influence consumption of indigenous fruits during periods of food shortage among the Arid and Semi Arid Lands (ASAL) and then assess the contribution of the indigenous fruits to household income and food security. The study was carried out in Nuu division, Mwingi District where a sample size of 120 households were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Multi stage sampling method was used. The logit, Gross Margin Analysis, Pearson’s correlations and t-tests were used for analysis. The results of the logit model indicated household size, education and income to be significant variables in influencing household decision to consume indigenous fruits in order to cope with food shortage with income and education having a negative influence and household size a positive influence. Utilization of indigenous fruits for consumption and sale was found to be higher among the low income earners and contributed to total household food insecurity coping strategies.
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