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`Iconoclastic', Categorical Quantum Gravity  [PDF]
Ioannis Raptis
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1007/s10773-006-9137-9
Abstract: This is a two-part, `2-in-1' paper. In Part I, the introductory talk at `Glafka--2004: Iconoclastic Approaches to Quantum Gravity' international theoretical physics conference is presented in paper form (without references). In Part II, the more technical talk, originally titled ``Abstract Differential Geometric Excursion to Classical and Quantum Gravity'', is presented in paper form (with citations). The two parts are closely entwined, as Part I makes general motivating remarks for Part II.
Octoechos: A model and inspiration for Serbian medieval hymnographer  [PDF]
Subotin-Golubovi? Tatjana
Muzikologija , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/muz1111053s
Abstract: Octoechos is not merely a musical manual in everyday use during the service in Orthodox Church, but also a comprehensive anthology of church poetry. It contains poetical works of great Byzantine poets, such as John of Damascus, Joseph the Hymnographer, Andrew of Crete. The use of Octoechos during the service is strictly regulated by Typicon. After accepting the Orthodox rite, the Slavs were acquainted with Octoechos which has undoubtedly made a great impression on the attentive audiences present at the service. Octoechos has also influenced the work of medieval Serbian hymnographers all of whom were, as it is well known, pious men. The influence of the poetics typical of hymns of the Octoechos has already been present in the Akoluthia to St. Simeon written by St. Sava. In the hymnographical work of Theodosius this influence is even more present, especially in his Canons on the eight modes (echoi) that follow the pattern of the supplicatory canons of the Octoechos. Ephraim, who was the Serbian patriarch in two turns (1375-1379, 1389-1392), wrote his church hymns and prayers following those of the Octoechos. Ephraim composed his stichera dedicated to Christ and Theotokos following the regular change of tones of the Octoechos. The spirit of Octoechos has also marked the work of the last Serbian anonymous hymnographers who wrote Akoluthia to the Translation of the holy relics of Saint Apostle Luke to Serbia and the Paraklisis to St. Luke (mid 15th century).
ON THE PROBLEM OF THE SYMBOLIC CONTENT INTERPRETATION IN THE LITERARY TEXT
Ladygin Jurij Alekseevich
Magister Dixit , 2011,
Abstract: The article shows symbol functioning in the literary text. Thanks to the symbol the system of senses in which any significant word corresponds in its features with the central symbol is formed in the text. The interpretation of symbolic senses makes it possible to reconstruct “the author’s opinion”.
Antimicrobial activity of Cassia alata
AA Makinde, JO Igoli, L TA’Ama, SJ Shaibu, A Garba
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2007,
Abstract: The antibacterial and antifungal activity of the aqueous and methanol extracts of Cassia alata leaves has been evaluated. The extracts exhibited more antifungal than antibacterial properties.
Use of Human Senses as Sensors  [PDF]
Yoshiaki Sugawara,Chie Sugimoto,Sachiko Minabe,Yoshie Iura,Mai Okazaki,Natuki Nakagawa,Miwa Seto,Saki Maruyama,Miki Hirano,Ichiro Kitayama
Sensors , 2009, DOI: 10.3390/s90503184
Abstract: This paper is an overview of our recent findings obtained by the use of human senses as sensors, suggesting that human senses might be indispensable sensors, not only for practical uses but also for gaining a deeper understanding of humans. From this point of view, two kinds of studies, both based on semantic responses of participants, deserve emphasis. One study assessed the efficacy of the photocatalytic elimination of stains or bio-aerosols from an air environment using TiO2 as well as the photocatalytic deodorizing efficacy of a TiO2-type deodorizer; the other study evaluated the changes in perception of a given aroma while inhaling the fragrance of essential oils. In the latter study, we employed a sensory test for evaluating changes in perception of a given aroma. Sensory tests were conducted twice, when participants were undergoing the Kraepelin mental performance test (mental arithmetic) or an auditory task (listening to environmental natural sounds), once before the task (pre-task) and once after the task (post-task). The perception of fragrance was assessed by 13 contrasting pairs of adjectives as a function of the task assigned to participants. The obtained findings illustrate subtle nuances regarding how essential oils manifest their potency and how olfactory discrimination and responses occur in humans.
Different Senses of Entropy—Implications for Education  [PDF]
Jesper Haglund,Fredrik Jeppsson,Helge Str?mdahl
Entropy , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/e12030490
Abstract: A challenge in the teaching of entropy is that the word has several different senses, which may provide an obstacle for communication. This study identifies five distinct senses of the word ‘entropy’, using the Principled Polysemy approach from the field of linguistics. A semantic network is developed of how the senses are related, using text excerpts from dictionaries, text books and text corpora. Educational challenges such as the existence of several formal senses of entropy and the intermediary position of entropy as disorder along the formal/non-formal scale are presented using a two-Dimensional Semiotic/semantic Analysing Schema (2-D SAS).
Clinical review: Thinking outside the box - an iconoclastic view of current practice
Mervyn Singer, Michael A Matthay
Critical Care , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/cc10245
Abstract: "In all affairs, it's a healthy thing now and then tohang a question mark on the things youhave long taken for granted."Bertrand RussellThe roundtable meeting held in Brussels in March 2010 was designed specifically to challenge established dogma and evaluate new ideas for advancing critical care practice. Participants submitted provocative and iconoclastic ideas, offering a broad sweep of ideas involving changes in specific practices, new concepts in the process of care delivery, and paradigm shifts with regard to understanding of critical illness and current management approaches. The rules were simple; a scientific basis had to be offered to underpin assertions with subsequent debate impelling defence or modification of the stance.Some of these hypotheses may turn out to be misguided and others will require more refinement and evaluation. We are nevertheless grateful to the participants listed at the end of this article for raising their heads above the parapet and making us 'think outside the box'. This article summarizes the potpourri of novel thinking offered at the meeting. For more depth, we refer you to the individual articles provided in a supplement of Critical Care Medicine.A disease is a process of deranged physiological or bio-chemical function, often with an identifiable cause and a pathological signature. However, critical illness with its syndromic manifestations (for example, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis) are often deliberate consequences of the aggressive interventions inflicted upon patients to save their lives, rather than simply the natural progression of the precipitating condition. For instance, fluid resuscitation restores organ perfusion in severe haemorrhage but, due to increased capillary permeability, may be at the cost of pulmonary oedema with compromised lung function. Subsequent sedation, intubation and mechanical ventilation may, in turn, produce haemodynamic, immune and other perturbations with increased risks
Music as Mathematics of Senses  [PDF]
Hailong Li, Kalyan Chakraborty, Shigeru Kanemitsu
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2018.812052
Abstract:
It is often said that music has reached its supreme and highest level in the 18th and 19th centuries. One of the main reasons for this achievement seems to be the robust structure of compositions of music, somewhat remindful of robust structure of mathematics. One is reminded of the words of Goethe: Geometry is frozen music. Here, we may extend geometry to mathematics. For the Middle Age in Europe, there were seven main subjects in the universities or in higher education. They were grammar, logic and rhetoric—these three (tri) were regarded as more standard and called trivia (trivium), the origin of the word trivial. And the remaining four were arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music—these four (quadrus) were regarded as more advanced subjects and were called quadrivia (quadrivium). Thus for Goethe, geometry and mathematics seem to be equivocal. G. Leibniz expresses more in detail in his letter to C. Goldbach in 1712 (April 17): Musica est exercitium arithmeticae occultum nescientis se numerari animi (Music is a hidden arithmetic exercise of the soul, which doesn’t know that it is counting). Or in other respects, J. Sylvester expresses more in detail: Music is mathematics of senses. Mathematics is music of reasons. Thus, the title arises. This paper is a sequel to [1] and examines mathematical structure of musical scales entailing their harmony on expanding and elaborating material in [2] [3] [4]
Pharmacological Potentials of Cassia auriculata and Cassia fistula Plants: A Review
Sushma Kainsa,Praveen Kumar,Poonam Rani
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: People are using herbal medicines from centuries for safety, efficacy, cultural acceptability and lesser side effects. Plant and plant products have utilized with varying success to cure and prevent diseases throughout history. Therapeutically interesting and important drugs can be developed from plant sources which are used in traditional systems of medicines. Indian traditional system of medicine is based on empirical knowledge of observations and the experience over millennia and more than 5000 plants are used by different ethnic communities in India. Cassia is an indigenous medicinal plant genus, in which Cassia auriculata have large biodiversity in south India and Cassia fistula in north India. The present communication constitutes a review on the medicinal properties and pharmacological actions of Cassia auriculata and Cassia fistula used in Indian traditional medicine. These plants are known to contain various active principles of therapeutic value and to posses’ biological activity against a number of diseases.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF CASSIA AURICULATA AND CASSIA SIAMEA FLOWERS  [PDF]
Subramanian Deepika Priyadharshini,Venugopal Sujatha
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Medicinal plants are source of important therapeutic aids for alleviating human ailments. The history of drug is intricately interowen with natural products for centuties. In tune with this effort, the objective set for the present investigation is to estimate the phenolic and flavonoid contents in flower extracts of Cassia auriculata and Cassia siamea. The preliminary qualitative screening revealed the presence of important secondary metabolites in both the species responsible for the antioxidant potential. Invitro assays to assess the antioxidant activities: DPPH- radical scavenging activity, reducing power, inhibition of lipid peroxidation gave fruitful results. Methanol extract of Cassia auriculata showed its superfluous scale comparatively higher with extracts of Cassia siamea. SC50/ EC50/ IC50 values calculated were also found to be significant for methanolic extract of Cassia auriculata, thus being in agreement with contents. Thus, the results of this study would certainly help to ascertain the potency of those extracts as potential source of natural antioxidants.
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