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Building of Peace and Reconciliation
Vera Vohlídalová
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2000,
Abstract: Two projects were opened on October 30, 1995 in Dresden under the patronage of both presidents Václav Havel, President of the Czech Republic, and Roman Herzog, President of the Federal Republic of Germany, with the aim to be a step towards furthering peace and good relations between neighbours and as a demonstration of human understanding. These projects were the establishment of regular meetings between Czech and German youth (the first one took place in Polika in September 1996) and the construction of a new building for The Research Library of Liberec on the site where one of the largest synagogues of Central Europe once stood. This synagogue was burnt and completely destroyed by the Nazis during Kristallnacht“ (Crystal Night) November 9 - 10, 1938.
Somaliland: The Journey of Resistance, Reconciliation and Peace
I Jhazbhay
African Safety Promotion: A Journal of Injury and Violence Prevention , 2009,
Abstract: This article analyses the rise of the Somali National Movement (SNM), the trauma of resistance between northern, formerly British Somaliland, and the incumbent southern regime of General Mohammed Siad Barre, between 1984 and the collapse of that regime in 1991, and also revisits the Hargeisa, Somaliland, genocide of 1988. The year 1991 marked the move toward nation-statehood formation and the unilateral declaration of independence, interacting with the following interrelated socio-political dynamics: the reconciliation of Somaliland clans involving indigenous reconciliation initiatives of integrating tradition and modernity; interactions between the majority Isaaq clan and the minority clans; followed by the 1991–93 politics of transition; post-conflict stabilisation involving national reconciliation conferences and elections. “Hadduu oday jiro, uu u ood rogo, abaaroodkana way orgootaa”. If there is an elder who looks after the herd, then animals will produce offspring even in the dry season (Somali proverb)
Assoc. Prof. Dr. M. Ali K?RMAN
Journal of International Social Research , 2008,
Abstract: This paper consists of two parts. Firstly, after the describing the religious fundamentalism, the relationship between the secularization and religious fundamentalism will be examined. In fact there is a relationship between them. This relationship concerned with the status of religion in modern society. In this context, it is very important to understand that there are ‘religious’ fundamentalists as well as ‘secularist’ or ‘laisist’ ones. Although the ‘secularists’ tend to be diminishing the role of religion in the society, the religious fundamentalists claim that the religion completely surrounds all spheres of daily life. Secondly, the relationship between the religious fundamentalism or religious reactionism and Islam will be examined. Recently we often encounter the tendency that religious fundamentalism and religious reactionism have been identified with Islam. It is important to discuss this approach in social scientific viewpoint.
Hidden Stories, Toxic Stories, Healing Stories: The Power of Narrative in Peace and Reconciliation  [cached]
Stephan Marks
Narrative Works , 2011,
Abstract: Research on narrative is more than simply listening to (more or less) nice stories. There are stories that are hidden between the lines; these need to be noticed and retrieved. There are stories that can be toxic to be exposed to; these need to be coped with and conceived. But there may be stories that have a healing quality, too—stories that can contribute to peace and reconciliation. These three possible qualities of narratives are the focus of the following paper, which was delivered in October 2008, at the launch of the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on Narrative at St. Thomas University in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. The lecture was based on his interdisciplinary research project "Geschichte und Erinnerung" [History and Memory, www.geschichte-erinnerung.de] in which interviews with Nazi followers, bystanders, and perpetrators were conducted and analysed. Marks presented one of the key findings of this research—shame—and its effect on what the interviewees recounted, as well as its relevance for National Socialism and present-day German society.
“Secularization” or Plurality of Meaning Structures? A. Schutz’s Concept of a Finite Province of Meaning and the Question of Religious Rationality  [PDF]
Marek Chojnacki
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22014
Abstract: Referring to basic Weberian notions of rationalization and secularization, I try to find a more accurate sense of the term “secularization”, intending to describe adequately the position of religion in modernity. The result of this query is—or at least should be—a new, original conceptualization of religion as one of finite provinces of meaning within one paramount reality of the life-world, as defined by Alfred Schutz. I proceed by exposing a well known, major oversimplification of the Weberian concept of secularization, very well outlined in Peter Berger’s The sacred canopy, in order to point to the genuine, much more differentiated position of Max Weber in this matter (especially from the period of Foundations of social economic and Economy and society), and, consequently, to return to the roots of Berger’s thought: phenomenological sociology of Alfred Schutz, an attempt to assure the philosophical foundations of Weber’s sociological theory. At a closer glimpse, transformation of religion in the modern process of rationalization does not consist—according to Weber—in eliminating religion and thus depriving society of the religious source of meaning, but in parallel emancipation of many different domains of rationality, including religion itself. Using Schutz’s analysis of the social world as a complex structure of many different final provinces of meaning, I describe religion as such a province and show what does the process of rationalization of this province consist and what it should consist in: a complex, ongoing exchange of cognitive relevances and contents, combined with growing autonomy of many different sub-worlds. Schutz’s theory of symbol, rooted in Edmund Husserl’s description of constitution of complex objects in mono- and polythetic acts of consciousness, moves the analysis to the epistemological level, pointing to a chance of intensifying our cognitive relation to reality through increasing interpenetration of various sub-universes of meaning.
Seculariza o e sua rela o com o ensino religioso =Secularization and its relation to religious education  [cached]
Junqueira, Sérgio Rogério Azevedo,Teófilo, Debora Nascimento
Teocomunica??o , 2011,
Abstract: Este artigo pretende uma compreens o do conceito de Seculariza o no sentido discutido pela Sociologia da Religi o, especificamente na sociologia compreensiva de Max Weber. Daí ent o fazer uma revis o do peculiar e ambíguo processo de seculariza o brasileiro, dando ênfase ao projeto laico de educa o, para ent o perceber o espa o que o Ensino Religioso foi ocupando nesse processo histórico, estando em primeiro momento configurado como doutrina ou ensino para a prática religiosa, em segundo como forma o ética e de valores morais e em terceiro momento como conhecimento cultural das diferentes práticas religiosas, considerando a realidade plural brasileira. This article aims at an understanding of the concept Secularization in the sense discussed by the Sociology of Religion, specifically in comprehensive sociology of Max Weber. So then do a review of the peculiar and ambiguous process of secularization Brazil, emphasizing the project of secular education, to then realize that the space was occupied Religious Education in this historic process. Beingin the first instance configured as a doctrine or teaching to practice their religion in the second as the ethical and moral values and the third moment as cultural knowledge of different religious practices considering the plural reality of Brazil.
The season for peace: reconciliation in a despotic species (Lemur catta)  [PDF]
Elisabetta Palagi,Ivan Norscia
PeerJ , 2015, DOI: 10.7287/peerj.preprints.568v1
Abstract: However despotic a social group may be, managing conflicts of interest is crucial to preserve group living benefits, mainly based on cooperation. In fact, in despotic groups post-conflict management via reconciliation (the first post-conflict reunion between former opponents) can occur, even if at variable levels. In the despotic Lemur catta reconciliation was reported in one out of four captive groups. We used this species as a model to understand what variables influence the occurrence of the reconciliation in despotic groups. We analyzed 2339 PC-MC collected on eight groups (five in the Berenty forest, Madagascar; three hosted at the Pistoia Zoo, Italy). Since Lemur catta is characterized by rigid female dominance but show female-female coalitionary support, we expected to find reconciliation in the wild, other than in captivity. Consistently, we found the phenomenon to be present in one captive group and two wild groups, thus providing the first evidence of the presence of reconciliation in wild Lemur catta. Being this species a seasonal breeder (with mating occurring once a year), we expected that the season more than other variables (wild/captivity setting, rank, or individual features) would influence reconciliation levels. Via GLMM we found that the season was indeed the only variable significantly explaining reconciliation rates, lowest during mating and highest during the pregnancy period. We posit that reconciliation can be present in despotic species but not when the advantages of intra-group cooperation are annihilated by competition, as it occurs in seasonal breeders when reproduction is at stake. By comparing our results with literature, we conclude that in despotic social groups in which coalitions are observed, the right question is not if but when reconciliation can be present.
Secularizare/ desecularizare. Un rezumat de etapa/ Secularization/ De-Secularization  [cached]
Marius Jucan
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2004,
Abstract: The author attempts to sketch a general survey on the issue of secularization and de-secularization, as it appears in various present-day interpretations of the meaning of cultures, as well as in the comprehension of modernity. Taking as guiding point the process of secularization in Western Europe, but also considering the rebirth of religious life in Eastern Europe, the author looks at the flexible ways in which the relations between secularization and de-secularization should be dealt with in a permanent global transition.
Pentecostalismo e seculariza o: Da rigidez doutrinária ao pluralismo religioso (Pentecostalism and secularization: From the doctrinal rigidity to religious pluralism)  [cached]
Ismael de Vasconcelos Ferreira
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religi?o , 2012, DOI: 10.5752/3995
Abstract: O pentecostalismo é a religi o que mais cresce, em número de fiéis, no Brasil de acordo com a última contagem populacional do IBGE. Este crescimento n o se deu somente através dos métodos de evangelismo pessoal e de massa já empregados há anos pelas igrejas pentecostais, mas também teve um importante acréscimo se forem analisados os efeitos secularizantes da modernidade e que inevitavelmente afetaram essas igrejas. Com o incremento do número de pentecostais, houve também altera es significativas de suas tradi es doutrinárias. Sendo a seculariza o promovedora de pluralismo religioso, as denomina es pentecostais passam por um processo de seculariza o, notadamente com um pluralismo doutrinário a fim de manterem-se plausíveis em meio à sociedade secularizada. Este trabalho cita o caso da igreja Assembleia de Deus, principal denomina o pentecostal do País por seu número de fiéis, por sua trajetória histórica e sua consequente seculariza o. Palavras chave: Assembleia de Deus. Pentecostalismo. Pluralismo religioso. Seculariza o. Abstract The author points out that according to the latest data from the IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística), Pentecostalism is the fastest growing religion in Brazil. One reason for this growth binds to different methods of evangelism, used for many years by the Pentecostal churches. Another possible reason for the fast growth of Pentecostalism is related to the effects produced by the process of secularization of modernity that inevitably have affected the churches. Along with the increase in the number of Pentecostals, there were also significant changes in their doctrinal traditions. Because secularism promotes religious pluralism, the Pentecostal denominations undergo a process of secularization, especially with a doctrinal pluralism in order to maintain themselves plausible amid a secularized society. This paper cites the case of the Assembly of God church, a leading Pentecostal denomination in Brazil in terms of number of followers, and because of its historical trajectory and its consequent secularization. Keywords: Assembly of God. Pentecostalism. Religious pluralism. Secularization
Secularizare si religie/ Secularization and Religion  [cached]
C?lin S?pl?can
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2003,
Abstract: Secularization is a polysemantic word quite difficult to explain. If it is viewed as being characterized by two processes related to the religious changes of society and the social changes of religion, then there can be little pertinent utilization of this term in theology. This is what I’ll try to explain in this articleKey words: secularization, state and church, theology, evanghelization.
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