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Growth and Development of Individualism and Universalism in Selected Poems of Walt Whitman
J Devardhi
African Research Review , 2008,
Abstract: Whitman's poetry is a rich subject for psychoanalytic interpretation and this has always had a unique appeal to literary critics as well as research scholars. This study is a critical and psychoanalytical study on a few selected poems of Whitman. The poems have been selected from the 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass that featured Whitman's most famous poem Song of Myself which is the main poem used throughout. Other poems were selected as a support to identify Whitman's belief that every individual is born with a unique identity and the individual strives continuously to realize this individuality that is hidden in the various challenges of life, both the darker and the lighter aspects of life. A critical analysis together with the psychoanalytical approach has been used to establish Whitman's profound interest in the exploration of the growth and development of the ‘child or individual's' journey through chaotic conditions in the natural world. This study has thus, helped the author to comprehend the fact that this unquenchable desire for an individual's growth and development is not epiphanic, but is the final act of the emergence of the ‘child or individual' into a full-fledged ‘poet' after facing the various challenges of life.
Review: Walt Whitman and the Civil War: America’s Poet During the Lost Years of 1860-1862, by Ted Genoways
Littman, Helene
Journal of Historical Biography , 2011,
Isabelle Alfandary. E.E. Cummings. Eric Athenot. Walt Whitman.
Alain Suberchicot
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2006,
Abstract: On doit louer Marc Chénetier pour avoir suscité l’écriture de ces deux volumes consacrés à Cummings et à Whitman, et encouragé ainsi les chercheurs à consacrer leurs travaux à la poésie américaine. Isabelle Alfandary et Eric Athenot s’acquittent avec passion et finesse de la tache qui leur a été confiée de présenter une synthèse dans un espace relativement restreint. Dans les deux cas, nous sommes devant des ensembles littéraires ambitieux, quoique très différents, et nés d’époques qui ne se ...
Application of Freudian Concepts to the Explication of Literary Texts: A Case Study of Walt Whitman’s “The Sleepers”.
J Devardhi
African Research Review , 2009,
Abstract: This article established and proved the age old relationship between Psychology and Literature together with the application of Freudian concepts to the explication of literary texts. The interest of literary critics from Sigmund Freud to Jacques Lacan has been noticeable and remarkable in the field of psychoanalytic criticism. It is known that the closest connection between literature and psychoanalysis has always been deployed by the academic field of literary criticism or literary theory. Thus, this discussion, once again, endeavored to emphasize the importance of using the method of psychoanalysis to interpret literature and how literature has also used psychoanalysis for creative purposes. Moreover, this has assisted the artists, novelists, dramatists, and poets etc., to make use of this creative approach to enrich their own work. In order to re-emphasize this point, the researcher has selected Walt Whitman’s poem “The Sleepers” as a case study, since his approach or method is characteristic of psychoanalytic research. The discussion reviewed the prevailing fascination between the two disciplines of Psychology and Literature and has succeeded in bringing them together with the powerful tool of literary criticism. Key Words: Freudian concepts, literary criticism, psychoanalytic, conscious mind, unconscious mind, experience.
Le monument naturel dans le mythe de l’Ouest chez Washington Irving, Mark Twain et Walt Whitman
Delphine Louis-Dimitrov
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2012,
Abstract: Cet article s’intéresse à la fonction de l’image du monument naturel dans les représentations de l’Ouest au xixe siècle, et plus particulièrement dans trois récits de voyages, A Tour on the Prairies de Washington Irving, Roughing It de Mark Twain et Specimen Days de Walt Whitman. Ic ne des vieilles nations européennes, le monument est paradoxalement omniprésent dans les représentations de l’espace sauvage et y fait figure de paradigme structurant. Il s’agit d’analyser conjointement les enjeux esthétiques et politiques de sa transposition sur le sol américain. On montrera ainsi comment ce motif autour duquel se construit le paysage de l’Ouest se fait aussi incarnation de la démocratie américaine et, simultanément, principe d’écriture. This article deals with the image of the natural monument and considers its function in 19th-century representations of the West, especially in three travel narratives—A Tour on the Prairies by Washington Irving, Roughing It by Mark Twain and Specimen Days by Walt Whitman. An emblem of the old European nations, the monument is paradoxically omnipresent in the representations of the Western wilderness and appears as a structuring paradigm. The purpose of this reflexion is to analyse jointly the aesthetic and political implications of its transposition onto the American soil. Indeed, this motive on which the construction of the Western landscape is based also appears as the embodiment of American democracy while defining a writing principle.
Renewing thought from exile: Gibran on the New Era  [PDF]
Daniela Rodica Firanescu
Synergies Monde Arabe , 2011,
Abstract: Parmi les hommes de lettres en exil (‘udabā’al-mah ar) qu’ont eus les Arabes, Gibran Khalil Gibran ( ubrān alīl ubrān) fut l’un des plus renommés durant sa vie et exceptionnellement fameux post-mortem; il fut, au début du vingtième siècle, un promoteur du changement et du renouveau des situations politiques dans le monde arabe. Alors que son engagement politique effectif a été un sujet de débat, le caractère militant de son uvre littéraire est incontestable. Cet article porte sur de telles idées novatrices exprimées dans la correspondance de Gibran, dans ses écrits littéraires, ainsi que dans certains essais comme L’ère Nouvelle (Al-‘Ahd al- adīd, inclu dans le dernier recueil de Gibran écrit en arabe, Merveilles et curiosités - Al-Badā’i‘ wal- arā’if – publié en égypte, en 1923). Ayant la perspective d’environ un siècle écoulé depuis la publication de ces réflexions, nous sommes surpris par le fait que les pensées de Gibran peuvent être lues comme si elles avaient été écrites...aujourd’hui, dans le contexte de la vague de renouveau qui inonde à présent les contrées arabes, avec la contribution cruciale de la jeunesse.
Walt Whitman twee keer vertaald  [cached]
Schoor, Rob van de
Neerlandistiek.nl , 2007,
From Whitman’s Nationalism to Stoddard’s Expatriatism:
Mark John Isola
E-Sharp , 2005,
Abstract: American writers Walt Whitman and Charles Warren Stoddard exchanged a series of letters between 1867 and 1870. These five letters have not been critically evaluated for the insight they offer into the emergence of a gay subjectivity. Once established, this insight holds the potential to contribute to a productive analysis of an under analyzed aspect of American letters - a modern gay male American aesthetic. The specificity of this subjectivity has long been elided, for between these two correspondents there are significant differences, and this variance reveals a generational difference in the expression of an American male-to-male desire, and as this difference appears, a nascent modern gay male American subjectivity can be detected.
Marjorie Smith Ferrer
Revista Chilena de Literatura , 2005,
The 'Blue Flame': An 'Elliptical' Interaction between Kahlil Gibran and Rabindranath Tagore
Indrani Datta (Chaudhuri)
Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities , 2010,
Abstract: This paper focuses on certain aporias in the life and works of a Lebanese American writer, Kahlil Gibran, that reveal his idiosyncratic interest in and preoccupation with India, neither his native nor his adopted country. It also charts out the 'elliptical' connection that this Lebanese immigrant forged with the Indian Nobel laureate, Rabindranath Tagore. A "belated" (Behdad 1) reading of these aspects opens up the possibility of critiquing Gibran's life and writings through the theoretical framework of Nico Israel's "outlandish"-ness (ix), a state that exists between, as Israel has stated, "exilic emplacement" and "diasporic self-fashioning" (16-17). This kind of "reading behind" (Behdad 4) rewrites "a kind of philosophical décalage" (2) that ruptures existing West-centric discourses by destabilizing and displacing them through "other locations…other trajectories of subjectivity, and...forms of knowledge" (Behdad 1). My critiquing of Gibran's life and texts, in this manner, show how his sense of identity, generated out of trans-cultural and transnational spaces, not only engenders a counter discursive practice to the West-centric politics of exclusion but also tries to rescue non-Western writers, and their literatures, from the "anamnesiac order" (Behdad 3) of such politics.
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