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Effect of Dry Season Tomato Farming on Poverty Alleviation among Women Farmers in Niger State, Nigeria
R.S Olaleye, I.S Umar, M.A Ndanitsa
Journal of Agricultural Extension , 2009,
Abstract: Generally, the study examines the effect of dry season tomato farming on poverty alleviation among women farmers in Niger State, Nigeria. Specifically, it examines the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the women dry season tomato farmers, their major sources of resources for tomato farming, marketing and marketing channels for tomato produced as well as the monthly income generated from the sales of harvested tomatoes and the effect on poverty alleviation in terms of provision for food, clothing, housing, health care and children’s education. Three Local Government Areas (LGAs), from each of the three geo-political zones of the State were purposively selected .A total of 15 villages were randomly selected from these LGAs and based on the preponderance of women tomato farmers, respondents were purposively selected to give a total of 233 . Findings showed that over one-half of the respondents (52.4%), had formal education and married (53.2%), with majority (91.3%), of them having four and more people in their households.Morever,41.6% of the women practiced farming as their major occupation. Furthermore, over two-thirds of them cultivated 0.5ha of tomato farm, while only 2.1% of them cultivated above 1ha. Findings indicated that majority of them had more than four years tomato farming experience and access to farm land was never a problem but many of them (51.9%), relied mostly on family labour. Niger State Agricultural Development (NSADP) plays a leading role in the provision of relevant technical information to most of the women farmers especially, in the areas of improved seed varieties among others. Results showed that many of the women (61.7%),usually sold their produce at the village markets ,mostly every week either in retails or in bulks or both(47.6%) with an estimated monthly income of between N6,000 and N15,000 by many of them (63%).In view of this, their expenditure performances indicated that many of the women farmers were above average in meeting the following basic needs; food (52%), clothing (48.1%), housing (57%),health care (39.9%) and children’s education (19.4%).Generally the effect of dry season tomato farming on poverty reduction as indicated by majority of the women farmers was on the high side. Chi-square tests showed significant relationships between some independent variables and the effect of dry season tomato farming as strategy for poverty reduction; household size ((Χ2=246.29,P<0.05), children’s education (Χ 2= 353.3,P<0.05) and tomato farming experience (Χ 2 =121.7, P<0.05 ) as well as correlation between income generated and the effect of dry season tomato farming (r=0.85, P<0.05).Cobb-Douglas multiple regression analysis model showed a significant relationship between contributions to household expenditures and the effect of dry season tomato farming (F=6.54,P<0.05). Housing (t= -3.85,P<0.05), clothing (t=-3.56,P<0.05) and food(t=-2.31,P<0.05) were inverse but significant in explaining 62% variation i
Towards Sustainable Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria
OS Ogunleye
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: Poverty, a global issue that is complex and multi-dimensional is one of the most dangerous diseases ravaging mankind. The quality of life one lives is greatly tied to whether he is poor or not, as such, government at all levels in Nigeria have on various occasions attempted to roll out programmes that can alleviate poverty. Despite these attempts, the scourge seems unbolting as a result of the negative role of globalization in the economy of Nigeria, disparities in peoples income, gender imbalance as far as access to economic resources is concerned, disparities in access to health and education, macroeconomic mis-management on the part of successive government, corruption, neglect of agriculture among others. The study recommends investment in infrastructure, involvement of the people at the grassroot in the design, implementation, monitoring of poverty alleviation programmes, introduction of social grants like old age, child support, disability, unemployment etc, end to privatization of state functions, enhanced probity and accountability and reformation of the polity for sustainable poverty alleviation in Nigeria.
Poverty Alleviation through Optimizing the Marketing of Garcinia kola and Irvingia gabonensis in Ondo State, Nigeria  [PDF]
A. D. Agbelade,J. C. Onyekwelu
ISRN Forestry , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/376247
Abstract: The paper examines poverty alleviation through optimizing the marketing of Garcinia kola and Irvingia gabonensis in Ondo State, Nigeria. Data for this study were collected using structured questionnaire. Two categories of pretested structured questionnaires were used to obtain information from the respondents (farmers and the marketers of the species). Data analysis was done using descriptive analysis, and Student t-test was used to compare the income generated by the producers and the marketers of the fruits of the tree species. In addition, analysis of variance (ANOVA), arranged in randomized complete block design, was employed to test the significance of price variable across the three market structures (i.e., farm gate price, rural market price, and urban market price). Marketing of forest fruits species is a profitable enterprise with an average profit of ?19,123.37 per marketer per month. The analysis of variance for the two forest fruit species indicated that Irvingia gabonensis generated the highest annual income in rainforest ecosystem while Garcinia kola generated the highest annual income in derived savanna ecosystem. Major constraints militating against these forest fruit species are poor market access and infrastructure development. The paper recommended among other things that domestication and interventions of these forest fruit species should be encouraged for proper management and sustainability. 1. Introduction Nontimber forest products (NTFPs) as part of forestry sector in any economy have always been supportive for many rural dwellers that live within and around the forests estates. In many rural communities, the people depend solely on farming and marketing of NTFPs in order to generate income, boost their economic lives, improve their nutritional intakes and sustain their livelihood. However, the socioeconomic, nutritional, cultural factors, are importance values of NTFPs, especially to rural communities that depend on them [1–3], and were only brought to limelight in recent time. The awareness of the benefits of NTFPs has been on the increase due to the roles it play within the microlevel of the economy and high potential of the products to contribute to the livelihood of the people. In most part of developing countries employment opportunities from traditional industries are declining, people within forest reservation areas look for alternative sources of income and often turn to the collection of these products from the nearby forest [4]. Garcinia kola (Bitter kola) fruits are harvested annually between July and October, which
Study on the Sustainable Development of Targeted Poverty Alleviation through Financial Support  [PDF]
Lixia Huang, Shanshan Yang
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2018.61009
Abstract:
The 13th five-year plan proposed that rural poor people in China’s current standards will lift out of poverty by 2020, and all the poor counties were lifted out of poverty, addressing regional overall poverty. Since then, China’s poverty alleviation work has been fought in an all-round way. Targeted poverty alleviation is the mode of poverty alleviation that applies scientific and effective procedures to implement precise identification, accurate help, and precise management, aiming at different poverty-stricken farmers and different poverty- stricken areas. Firstly, this paper studies the problems that are prevalent in the process of promoting financial support for targeted poverty alleviation in China, takes Hebei province as an example to analyze the current situation of financial precision poverty alleviation, proposes to vigorously develop inclusive finance in poor areas, and advocates that financial institutions work closely with government departments to improve the effectiveness of anti- poverty work and establish and improve the risk diversification compensation mechanism to promote the sustainable development of financial poverty, as a result to effectively promote the process of targeted poverty alleviation and to achieve the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020.
Impact of Loan Facilities Provided by PRSP for Poverty Alleviation in Farming Communities of Faisalabad  [PDF]
Badar Naseem Siddiqui,Fawad Asif,Samra Iqbal,M.Z.Y. Hassan
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: The role of micro-credit in poverty alleviation can never be overemphasized. PRSP extended credit to the rural poor to change their standard of living through self help. The universe of the present study was those rural people of Faisalabad who got loan from Punjab Rural Support Programme. Filed unit Chak Jhumra and Satiana were selected with a sample of 150 respondents both male and female through random sampling. A fair majority 41.3 percent of the respondents were having the income below Rs. 50001, 34.7 percent of the respondents were fall under the income between Rs. 50001 to Rs.75000, 13.3 percent were having the income between Rs. 75001 to Rs.100000 and while 10.7 percent getting above Rs.100001 per annum. After receiving loans from PRSP. Majority of the respondents 86.7 percent were living in their homes, while 8 percent of the respondents lived in other nature of house and while about 5.3 percent of the respondents were living in rented houses after getting the credit. The loan size credited by PRSP was fine (55.31), normal (39.31%) and bad (5.3%) as reported by respondents.
Marketing Strategies for the Developing Tourism and Its Impact on the Poverty Alleviation in Sindh  [cached]
Muhammad Suhail Nazar,Abdul Latif,Najma Noor Phulpoto,Faiz Muhammad Shaikh
International Journal of Marketing Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijms.v3n2p134
Abstract: This research investigates the marketing opportunities by developing tourism in Pakistan. Data were collected from 2000 households from four districts i.e. Shikarpur, Larkana, Sukkur, and Jacobabad of upper Sindh by using the simple random technique; a structural questionnaire was design as an instrument tool for measuring the poverty. It was revealed that better tourism development strategies create employment opportunities for the local people and reduce poverty in the selected sample districts. It was further revealed that Government should initiated the some suitable strategies for developing tourism in Pakistan so helps in reducing poverty in selected areas.
Promoting urban agriculture for sustainable poverty alleviation in Nigeria: Issues for appropriate extension policy
ON Nwaogwugwu, JU Ulebor, AC Agumagu, CL Aboh
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2010,
Abstract: The increasing spate of rural-urban migration has remained a critical issue with far-reaching consequences on the agricultural and national development. Several policies guiding extension service delivery have focused primarily on the rural sector since agriculture has been recognized as a rural industry. This paper takes a look at promoting urban agriculture for sustainable poverty alleviation in Nigeria with special focus on appropriate policy to enhance extension service delivery for urban agriculture. It examined the roles agriculture is expected to play in poverty alleviation in Nigeria and further identified workable ways of promoting urban agriculture through effective extension service, tailored to attract the interest and patronage of Nigerian urban poor. It was therefore recommended among others that extension agencies should organize an effective urban extension services that guides and assists smallholder urban farmers with needed information on what types of food products in demand in urban areas so that they can respond appropriately.
Credit Constraints and Poverty among Nigerian Farming Households
Adekemi Adebisola Obisesan,Roseline Jumoke Akinlade
Agricultural Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/aj.2013.94.100
Abstract: This study examined credit constraint and poverty among the smallholder rural farming households in Southwest Nigeria. Primary data was randomly collected using structured questionnaire from 300 smallholder farmers in the study area. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Probit Regression Model, the Foster, Greer and Thorbecke in 1984 class of poverty measures (FGT) and the Logit Regression Model. The result shows that majority (69%) of the respondents are credit constrained and this has a positive influence on their poverty status as about 71% of the credit constrained households fall below the poverty line compared to about 45% of their unconstrained counterparts. Among the constrained 37.86% are core poor and 32.52% are moderately poor while 29.61% are non-poor compared to 17.02, 27.66 and 55.32% for core poor, moderately poor and non-poor, respectively among their unconstrained counterparts. Gender, age, level of education, off-farm income source and membership of farmers association are variables that significantly influenced both credit constraint condition and poverty of the farmers while age, farm size and credit constraint influenced only poverty status of rural households in Southwest Nigeria. This study concludes that improvement in credit access among the farming households, especially the credit constraint is imperative for poverty alleviation. Gender differences with respect to credit constraint should be critically checked. Extending credit to women will not only accelerate production but also improve rural livelihood and reduce poverty.
Analysis of Community-Based Poverty Reduction Agency and Civil Resources Development and Documentation Centre: Implications for Sustainable Poverty Alleviation in Central Zone of Ebonyi State Nigeria
S.O Eze, E.A Onwubuya
Journal of Agricultural Extension , 2009,
Abstract: This study analyzed community-Based Poverty Reduction Agency (CPRA) and Civil Resources Development and Documentation Centres (CIRDDC) and highlighted implications for sustainable poverty alleviation in central zone of Ebonyi state, Nigeria. Two hundred and forty randomly selected participants in poverty alleviation activities of both CPRA and CIRDDC constituted the sample size for the study, while an interview schedule for the participants as beneficiaries was employed for data collection. Both descriptive statistics namely; percentages and mean scores as well as a group t-test were adopted in data analysis. The findings revealed that majority (60.71%) of CPRA compared with 48.88 % of CIRDDC beneficiaries were males, while only 34.68 % of CIRDDC compared with majority (58.63%) of CPRA beneficiaries were married. Large (53.38%) numbers of CPRA compared with 47.54 % of CIRDDC were within the age range of 30-59 years, while majority (63.07%) of them under CIRDDC compared with 56.36 % of CPRA belonged to 6-15 member household. Furthermore, only 26.79% of CPRA compared with 26.56% of CIRDDC beneficiaries had WASC/SSCE/GCE 0/L, while 25% of CIRDDC compared with 28.57% of CPRA were either traders or artisans. Majority (69.64%) of CPRA compared with 65.63% of CIRDDC beneficiaries reported estimated annual saving income of N10, 000-N30, 000.00. Differences existed between CPRA and CIRDDC in all their poverty alleviation projects and dimensions of strategies employed by the agencies. Above all, the CIRDDC focused on group formation and orientation and had higher socio-economic impacts on their beneficiaries than the CPRA. The study recommends restructuring the CPRA and CIRDDC as well as streamlining their activities in line with workable public-private partnership to work with other rural-oriented organizations. The conclusion is that sustainable poverty alleviation in the central zone of Ebonyi state, Nigeria depends on the extent issues raised as implication in harmonizing the operations of CPRA and CIRDDC can be addressed and sustained.
Challenges of Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria
Ogunleye Olusesan Sola
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Poverty, a global phenomenon that is dynamic, complex and multi-dimensional is currently one of the most serious problems in the world. In view of the above, efforts are being made at the levels of government, the organized private sector, international donor agencies and NGOs to alleviate poverty so that man can live a meaningful life on the earth space. Despite various strategies employed by successive government and other agencies at alleviating poverty in Nigeria, the scourge seems unbolting as a result of lack of seriousness on the part of government, lack of reliable population figures as benchmark for planning, corruption and neglect among others. The study recommends conducting a reliable and acceptable census, back to the land policy, transparency and elimination of corruption among others for sustainable poverty alleviation in Nigeria.
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