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Rural Housing Land Consolidation and Transformation of Rural Villages under the “Coordinating Urban and Rural Construction Land” Policy: A Case of Chengdu City, China  [PDF]
Chun Huang, Liangji Deng, Xuesong Gao, Yi Luo, Shirong Zhang, Li Liu
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2013.43010

The rapid urbanization and industrialization of China have led to a substantial reduction in farmland and the rapid expansion of urban-rural construction land, with the introduction of economic liberalization reforms in 1978. At present, scarcity of construction land for development has become the lead limiting factor in constraining economic growth. Rural housing land consolidation under the “coordinating urban and rural construction land” policy (CURCL) is an effective means of providing urban construction land for economic development, as well as controlling the amount of rural construction land. To better understand rural housing land consolidation in China, this paper, which takes Chengdu as a case study, has examined the implementation status. From this we conclude that although the rural housing land consolidation of Chengdu ostensibly changes only farmers’ place of residence, it actually involves changes in rural society, economy and organizational function. Through extensive interviews, this study indicates that although local governments are still the main body responsible for implementing rural housing land consolidation, external investment also plays an important role by improving the resettled farmers’ economic condition and promoting the transformation of their production modes and lifestyles to some extent.

New model of land consolidation and rural development in Serbia  [PDF]
?oki? Vladan,Maro?an Stevan
Spatium , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/spat0818061d
Abstract: Land consolidation is a set of spatial-planning, legal, organizational, economic and technical measures undertaken for the purpose of improving natural, economic and ecological living and labour conditions in a land territory. Land consolidation, also, encompasses planning and renewal of rural settlements and accordingly, is a strong driving force for overall development of settlements (rural development) and environmental protection. This paper is primarily based on the observation of conditions and effects of the new model for land consolidation and rural development in Serbia, according to the proposed Land Consolidation Strategy and Pilot Project for Land Consolidation for the municipality of Velika Mo tanica. .
The Arable Land Potential Calculation in the Land Consolidation Project of Rural Habitat under Natural and Economic Limits in Tianjin

SONG Wei,ZHANG Feng-rong,KONG Xiang-bin,JIANG Guang-hui,CHEN Xi-wei,

自然资源学报 , 2006,
Abstract: Because of the cultivated land loss due to rapid urbanization process and arable land deficiency,the Chinese government has paid much more attention to the recultivation of rural habitat.According to the calculating results from the Ministry of Land and Resources,there would be 2.87 million ha of cultivated land that can be increased through land consolidation of rural habitat in 2010.But it is not necessary to transform all the rural habitat into cultivated land in land consolidation process,because there are many natural factors that limit the cultivation properties of rural habitat.And also the re-cultivation of rural habitat must consider the economic benefit,i.e.,consolidation of rural habitat must be economically viable.This paper develops a specific mathematical model to calculate the arable land potential in the land consolidation of rural habitat in China.Tianjin was taken as a case for the study of the arable land potential calculation in the land consolidation of rural habitat.The data came from the land use map,soil map and water resources map of Tianjin in 2004.Firstly the naturally suitable evaluation indexes were selected as the calculation basis of arable land potentiality in the land consolidation of rural habitat.The natural limiting correction coefficient of potential arable land in the rural habitat consolidation in Tianjin was 0.393-0.954.Then the naturally arable land potentialities in the rural habitat consolidation in Tianjin are 143.198-9117.865 ha in 2010 and 188.125-9397.091 ha in 2020 by multiplying the naturally limiting correction coefficient of potential arable land and total area of the rural habitat.The naturally arable land in the rural habitat consolidation is mainly distributed in Jixian,Wuqing and Baodi counties.Secondly the economically viable evaluation indexes were selected as the calculation basis of arable land potentiality in the land consolidation of rural habitat.The economically limiting correction coefficient of arable land potentiality in the rural habitat consolidation in Tianjin was 0.242-0.813.Then the economically arable land potentialities for the rural habitat consolidation in Tianjin are 64.893-2206.523 ha in 2010 and 68.289-2274.096 ha in 2020 by multiplying the economically limiting correction coefficient of potential arable land and the natural arable area of the rural habitat.The economically arable land in the rural habitat consolidation is mainly distributed in Ninghe,Xiqing and Dongli counties.Not only the natural suitability but also the economic viability should be considered when calculating the potential arable land for the rural habitat consolidation.
综合土地整治和乡村振兴:平台、工具以及关键因素——以四川省 D 镇综合土地整治项目为例
Analysis of Key Factors Affecting Comprehensive Land Consolidation as a Platform and Tool for Rural Revitalization ——Take the Comprehensive Land Consolidation Project in D Town, Sichuan Province as an Example

- , 2018,
Abstract: 文章回顾和总结了不同城乡关系阶段下土地整治的内涵和成效,构建了土地整治作为平台和工具助力乡村振兴的传导机制,并在此传导机制的框架下,采用案例研究方法,分析了综合土地整治助力乡村振兴的关键因素。 对四川省口镇的综合土地整治项目的案例研究表明,综合土地整治作为乡村振兴战略实施的平台和工具,应贯彻执行“以人民为中心冶的发展理念,应顺应当地经济发展水平,应能够防范社会风险,应有助于实现城乡融合。 只有这样,综合土地整治才能在产业兴旺、生态宜居、乡风文明、治理有效和生活富裕五个方面助推乡村发展,实现乡村振兴。
In response to that how China copes with the global problem of rural decline, this article reviewed the characteristics of land consolidation under different stages of urban-rural relations in China. The land consolidation in China before 2000 focused on mainly agricultural land. From 2000 to 2013, the land consolidation in China were changed to consolidation of overall land to promotion of rural development. Since 2013 land consolidation in China changed to comprehensive one to promote the integration of urban and rural areas. The transmission mechanism of land consolidation to rural vitalization is embodied in the overall requirements for prosperity of industry, ecological livability, rural civilization, effective governance and affluent life. The case study of Sichuan Province showed integrated land consolidation produced huge social impacts in five aspects of transmission mechanism. We argued that key factors of rural vitalization through land consolidation are whether the development concept of “people-centered” can be implemented, whether the planning and practice of land consolidation can conform to the level of local economic development, whether the social risk can be avoided and whether integration of rural and urban areas can be promoted. If these principles are carried out, integrated land consolidation projects can be an important tool and platform to rural vitalization.
On the land use characteristics and the land consolidation models of rural residential area of the hilly and mountainous regions in Southwest China:a case of Chongqing

YANG Qing yuan,TIAN Yong zhong,WANG Chao ke,ZHOU Tao,LIU Xiao fei,

地理研究 , 2004,
Abstract: Land consolidation (LC) in rural residential areas is one of the important measurements or techniques of readjusting rural land use structure and of keeping the balance of arable land The characters of land use for rural residential areas in hilly and mountainous regions of Southwest China are greatly different from that in other regions of China. A survey of hilly and mountainous regions in Chongqing shows the following features of the land use system of rural residential spots: (1) the scale of residential plots is very small, mostly, only one to three families reside in one residential plot; (2) the average density is 30 plots per square kilometers in the Three Gorges region, such as Fengdu county of Chongqing ; (3) the residential plots are greatly scattered and the mean distance of plots is from tens to hundreds meters, and usually no more than 500 meters; (4) land use is so extensive that near 12% of the residential areas is unused This paper presents two feasible models of land consolidation for villages in hilly and mountainous regions of Southwest China, which could be used in various regions according to local characters One is the constructing of new hamlet and the other is the multiple development of agriculture and forestry The former is suitable for the mountainous regions and the latter is feasible in hilly regions where the economy is relatively developed Case study of Xinchun village in Chongqing shows, that the intensive target of land use can be realized through the planning and constructing of new hamlets After the land consolidation, the density of residential plots becomes lower and the area is decreased, and the net area of arable land increases 7 06 hm 2 which is 6 31% of the total area of Xinchun village Conclusions have been drawn as follows: (1) it is necessary that the effects of environment, economy and society are concerned synthetically when the model of LC in rural residential area; (2) it is very important to choose the model of LC of rural residential areas according to local physical conditions and social economic development level in the hilly and mountainous region of Southwest China; and (3) the policy guidelines of local governments and the investment of collective economic organizations play the key roles in the operating of land consolidation project (LCP) for rural residential areas
Potential for Rural Housing Land Consolidation in Wendeng County, Shandong

CHEN Rong-qing,ZHANG Feng-rong,ZHANG Jun-lian,XUE Yong-sen,DOU Jing-li,

资源科学 , 2008,
Abstract: Cultivated land in China was reduced by 115×104 hm2 from 1984 to 2006 due to continued population growth and rapid urbanization. In this context, the Chinese government has taken measures to limit the conversion of farmland and increase the quantity of cultivated land to ensure national food security and sustainable socio-economic development. One aspect of this is that the government promotes and encourages land consolidation in rural and urban areas. Rural housing land consolidation (RHLC) is an effective measure to protect arable land and increase the quantity of land available for construction and economic development. This study is based on investigations and field surveys in Wendeng County in the eastern Shandong peninsula in Shandong province, which has a total area of 1779.84km2 and 39.3×104 rural residents. Idle housing land in each village ranges from 3.37% to 17.34%, with an average of 8.95%. The density of housing land in rural villages is low, constituting 31.1% to 52.7% of village land, with an average of 36.6%. Also, there are an average 1.2 houses per household. We analyzed the causes of idle housing land, and divided the potential for RHLC into 4 types: population reduction, extensive use, decrease in residential area, and shrinking of RHL. We then chose 10 factors which might cause idle RHL and using factor analysis, we classified the potential for RHLC of 18 towns in Wendeng County into one or two of the 4 types. The distribution for RHLC potential of the 18 towns was: 1-population reduction; 2-extensive use; 3-decrease in residential area; 2-shrinking of RHL pattern; and 9 which had two types of consolidation potential. The area of idle housing land in single-factor towns totaled 61.15% of all idle housing land. These research results will help to facilitate the reorganization of rural residential land, and may advance appropriate policies for utilization and consolidation of different land types.
Exploration on Land Exchange and Integration in Qingyuan and Rethinking of Rural Land Consolidation

- , 2018,
Abstract: 基于对一些地方农民自发交换合并土地探索的总结和提升,广东省清远市近年在全市以村民自治方式引导农民自主推进土地整合,不仅便利了农村土地确权登记颁证、治理了承包土地细碎化问题,而且改善了农村生产生活条件、激发了农村发展内生动力,提高了农业生产综合效益。与之形成对照的是,近年来,各级政府大力推进农村土地整治,虽然在增加农村公共品供给方面发挥了重要作用,但也存在主体地位缺失、权属调整不力等重大缺憾,影响了农村土地整治功效的正常发挥。当前,持续推进农村土地整治,需要借鉴清远市推进土地整合采取的一些经验和做法,如赋予农民真正的主体地位,扎实开展土地权属调整,统筹使用财政涉农资金和相关社会资本,以及专业部门做好业务指导等。
After summarizing and upgrading some peasants’ initiative exploration on exchanging and integrating land, Qingyuan City of Guangdong Province guided peasants autonomously to carry forward land exchange and integration through villager self-government in recent years, which not only made things convenient for the rural land ownership registration certification and conquered the problem of contract land fragmentation, but also added the supply of rural public goods, inspired endogenous stimulus of rural development, and improved the comprehensive benefits of agricultural production. Since China’s Rural Tax and Fee Reform, governments at all levels have vigorously promoted rural land consolidation, which have played an important role in adding the supply of rural public goods. However, some shortcomings exist in rural land consolidation such as the deficiency of dominant role, failing in land tenure readjustment, and etc, which affected the normal functioning of rural land consolidation. Currently, to continue to promote rural land consolidation needs referring to some effective practice of land exchange and integration in Qingyuan City, such as endowing peasants with real dominant role, solidly carrying on land tenure readjustment, overall using fiscal agricultural funds and related social capital, and related department providing operation guidance.
Razvoj pode elja s pomo jo komasacij kmetijskih zemlji : Rural Development with Land Consolidation
Joc Triglav
Geodetski Vestnik , 2006,
Abstract: An overview and new developments in the field of land consolidation are described in the paper and its implementation in practice, with the focus on the European countries, where rural development by land consolidation is broadly used. Land consolidation is implemented in all countries from a similar reason: the need for readjusting unfavourable land division and promoting the appropriate use of the real property without changing the status of ownership. In the late 20th century land consolidation has transformed into a comprehensive rural development instrument with multi-purpose objectives, which can additionally be used for improving the infrastructure, enhancing landscape and nature protection, and implementing various recreation area projects. The objectives and procedures of land consolidation are different in dependence of each country due to the influence of the historical trends, culture, tradition and legislation in each of the countries. However, some well-proven solutions and features of the land consolidation process have developed similarly in all of Europe. Some of the similarities and differences in the land consolidation procedures in various European countries are described in the paper especially regarding the organisation,objectives, legal procedure, costs and financing, and the development prospects of land consolidation.
Sustainable Land Consolidation in Lithuania - The Second Wave of Land Reform  [cached]
Rimvydas Gaud??ius
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.57.3.392
Abstract: In Lithuania land reform is essentially changing the land-use system of this country. Today many deficiencies of this system are evident. Former collective farms and large plots of land have been gradually changed into smaller ones. A result of this process has revealed various drawbacks: such as lack of roads leading to the land use, land-owner's land formed of several plots, small land areas, irregular land plots configuration. With the growing up competition in the market, it is difficult for small farms with small plots of land to compete not only with the European Union countries but in the local Lithuanian market as well [ aplikas J., 2002]. A number of sites aggregated for one land use, convenient access to the land use and other important economic, agricultural problems can be solved by consolidation projects. For many years land consolidation projects have been prepared not only in European but also in Asian countries, while Lithuania is just starting to develop them. Our designers draw the ideas from foreign experts. In China land consolidation projects are being developed both in rural and urban areas, thus their designers and engineers can more effectively control their sustainable development [Manchuan Li, 2010]. In January 2011, the National Land Service under the Ministry of Agriculture informed Lithuanian society that requests for new land consolidation projects were being collected. However two questions remain open, namely, how designers will eliminate all barriers which have hindered the first projects, and whether new projects will economically be as effective as those developed in Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands. This study involves analysis and evaluation of the consolidation project implemented in Plung s district, ateikiai cadastral area. The respondents are participants and an organizer who has analyzed the views on the progress and results of the project. Results show that our country experts should set more ambitious objectives for the project which should become a tool for correcting land reform mistakes.
Zoning and evaluation of rural residential land consolidation: A case of Hebei Province

LIU Yu,LIU Yan-sui,WANG Jie-yong,

地理研究 , 2010,
Abstract: Rural residential land consolidation is one of the most important parts in new countryside construction.In rural residential land consolidation,it is of great practical significance to develop a deep regionalization research into rural residential land arrangement.Taking the 136 counties of Hebei as research units,this thesis zones the rural residential land based on level screening method.First,according to the differences of natural conditions,regional economy strength and the desire to land consolidation...
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