oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Threats from emerging and re-emerging neglected tropical diseases (NTDs)  [cached]
Tim K. Mackey,Bryan A. Liang
Infection Ecology & Epidemiology , 2012, DOI: 10.3402/iee.v2i0.18667
Abstract: Background: Neglected tropical diseases impact over 1 billion of the world's poorest populations and require special attention. However, within the NTDs recognized by the World Health Organization, some are also dually categorized as emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases requiring more detailed examination on potential global health risks. Methods: We reviewed the 17 NTDs classified by the WHO to determine if those NTDs were also categorized by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (‘‘EReNTDs’’). We then identified common characteristics and risks associated with EReNTDs. Results: Identified EReNTDs of dengue, rabies, Chagas Disease, and cysticercosis disproportionately impact resource-poor settings with poor social determinants of health, spread through globalization, are impacted by vector control, lack available treatments, and threaten global health security. This traditionally neglected subset of diseases requires urgent attention and unique incentive structures to encourage investment in innovation and coordination. Discussion: Multi-sectorial efforts and targeted public–private partnerships would spur needed R&D for effective and accessible EReNTD treatments, improvement of social determinants of health, crucial low-income country development, and health system strengthening efforts. Utilization of One Health principles is essential for enhancing knowledge to efficaciously address public health aspects of these EReNTDs globally.
Public health challenges and emerging diseases: the case of S?o Paulo
Silva, Luiz Jacintho da;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2001000700023
Abstract: the author discusses the challenges posed by emerging infectious diseases in 100 years of public health in the state of s?o paulo, brazil. with an advanced and organized public health system, s?o paulo responded to the emergence of infectious diseases by creating research institutions and control programs. the late 19th century witnessed the first modern research institution in microbiology, in response to the bubonic plague. a changing economy led to constant changes in ecosystems. the late 20th century presents a wide array of both emerging and rapidly changing infectious diseases. the present situation calls for creative solutions. ecosystem analysis and more agile epidemiological surveillance are seen as the best alternatives.
Public health challenges and emerging diseases: the case of S o Paulo  [cached]
Silva Luiz Jacintho da
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract: The author discusses the challenges posed by emerging infectious diseases in 100 years of public health in the state of S o Paulo, Brazil. With an advanced and organized public health system, S o Paulo responded to the emergence of infectious diseases by creating research institutions and control programs. The late 19th century witnessed the first modern research institution in microbiology, in response to the bubonic plague. A changing economy led to constant changes in ecosystems. The late 20th century presents a wide array of both emerging and rapidly changing infectious diseases. The present situation calls for creative solutions. Ecosystem analysis and more agile epidemiological surveillance are seen as the best alternatives.
Neglected Tropical Diseases outside the Tropics  [PDF]
Francesca F. Norman ,Ana Pérez de Ayala,José-Antonio Pérez-Molina,Bego?a Monge-Maillo,Pilar Zamarrón,Rogelio López-Vélez
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2010, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000762
Abstract: Background The neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Due to the growth in international travel and immigration, NTDs may be diagnosed in countries of the western world, but there has been no specific focus in the literature on imported NTDs. Methods Retrospective study of a cohort of immigrants and travelers diagnosed with one of the 13 core NTDs at a Tropical Medicine Referral Unit in Spain during the period April 1989-December 2007. Area of origin or travel was recorded and analyzed. Results There were 6168 patients (2634 immigrants, 3277 travelers and 257 VFR travelers) in the cohort. NTDs occurred more frequently in immigrants, followed by VFR travelers and then by other travelers (p<0.001 for trend). The main NTDs diagnosed in immigrants were onchocerciasis (n = 240, 9.1%) acquired mainly in sub-Saharan Africa, Chagas disease (n = 95, 3.6%) in immigrants from South America, and ascariasis (n = 86, 3.3%) found mainly in immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa. Most frequent NTDs in travelers were: schistosomiasis (n = 43, 1.3%), onchocerciasis (n = 17, 0.5%) and ascariasis (n = 16, 0.5%), and all were mainly acquired in sub-Saharan Africa. The main NTDs diagnosed in VFR travelers were onchocerciasis (n = 14, 5.4%), and schistosomiasis (n = 2, 0.8%). Conclusions The concept of imported NTDs is emerging as these infections acquire a more public profile. Specific issues such as the possibility of non-vectorial transmission outside endemic areas and how some eradication programmes in endemic countries may have an impact even in non-tropical western countries are addressed. Recognising NTDs even outside tropical settings would allow specific prevention and control measures to be implemented and may create unique opportunities for research in future.
Hunter's Tropical Medicine and emerging infectious diseases  [cached]
STRICKLAND G. Thomas
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2001,
Abstract:
Tropical Parasitic Diseases andWomen
OO Okwa
Annals of African Medicine , 2007,
Abstract: Tropical parasitic diseases constitute the greatest threat to the health and socio – economic status of women as a gender and social group. There are some gender specific ways in which parasitic diseases affect women in contrast to men due to differences in exposure, occupational risk, sociocultural behavior, gender roles and practices. These parasitic diseases confer some social stigma, which affects the health seeking behavior of women. Women are therefore important in the control of these parasitic diseases and they are key agents of change, if they are included in community control programs. Women need more attention in endemic areas as a group that had been neglected. This deprived and excluded group have got vital role to play, as discussed in this review
Tropical parasitic diseases and women  [cached]
Okwa O
Annals of African Medicine , 2007,
Abstract: Tropical parasitic diseases constitute the greatest threat to the health and socio– economic status of women as a gender and social group. There are some gender specific ways in which parasitic diseases affect women in contrast to men due to differences in exposure, occupational risk, sociocultural behavior, gender roles and practices. These parasitic diseases confer some social stigma, which affects the health seeking behavior of women. Women are therefore important in the control of these parasitic diseases and they are key agents of change, if they are included in community control programs. Women need more attention in endemic areas as a group that had been neglected. This deprived and excluded group have got vital role to play, as discussed in this review.
Chemoprophylaxis of Tropical Infectious Diseases  [PDF]
William J. H. McBride
Pharmaceuticals , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ph3051561
Abstract: Travelers to tropical countries are at risk for a variety of infectious diseases. In some cases effective vaccinations are available, but for other infections chemoprophylaxis can be offered. Malaria prevention has become increasingly complex as Plasmodium species become resistant to available drugs. In certain high risk settings, antibiotics can be used to prevent leptospirosis, scrub typhus and other infections. Post-exposure prophylaxis is appropriate for selected virulent infections. In this article the evidence for chemoprophylaxis will be reviewed.
Neglected tropical diseases in Brazil
Lindoso, José Angelo L.;Lindoso, Ana Angélica B.P.;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652009000500003
Abstract: poverty is intrinsically related to the incidence of neglected tropical diseases (ntds). the main countries that have the lowest human development indices (hdi) and the highest burdens of ntds are located in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. among these countries is brazil, which is ranked 70th in hdi. nine out of the ten ntds established by the world health organization (who) are present in brazil. leishmaniasis, tuberculosis, dengue fever and leprosy are present over almost the entire brazilian territory. more than 90% of malaria cases occur in the northern region of the country, and lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis occur in outbreaks in a particular region. the north and northeast regions of brazil have the lowest hdis and the highest rates of ntds. these diseases are considered neglected because there is not important investment in projects for the development of new drugs and vaccines and existing programs to control these diseases are not sufficient. another problem related to ntds is co-infection with hiv, which favors the occurrence of severe clinical manifestations and therapeutic failure. in this article, we describe the status of the main ntds currently occurring in brazil and relate them to the hdi and poverty.
Tropical Geometry and its applications  [PDF]
Grigory Mikhalkin
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: These notes outline some basic notions of Tropical Geometry and survey some of its applications for problems in classical (real and complex) geometry. To appear in the Proceedings of the Madrid ICM.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.