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Mito, magia, mimesis  [cached]
Eduardo Subirats
Antipoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología , 2012,
Abstract: The topics developed in this essay are: Mythological memory and the subsistence of traditional cultures; colonialism and the destruction of mythological memories; Christian conversion, and the collapse of the American cosmos. The opposition of mythos and logos thorough Western history. Western longing for mythical roots and the mythological founding of political power. A "mythological" critique of Western civilization: Marx, Nietzsche, Freud. It also focuses on the aesthetic, anthropological and philosophical definitions of mimesis. Its thesis is that mimesis cannot be equated to imitation. The analysis offers a sharp critique of the avant-garde definition of mimesis. This essay analyses the relation of mimesis and possession in the history of religions as well as the relationship between mimesis and catharsis and between mimesis and magic. I also focus on the presence of American myths in modern classical Latin-American literature, in particular the work of Mário de Andrade, Juan Rulfo, and Jo o Guimar es Rosa.
Michezo: Dance, Sports and Politics in Tanzania  [PDF]
Anne Leseth
Anthropological Notebooks , 2010,
Abstract: This paper serves to demonstrate the manner in which body practices both reflect and, in turn, subtly shape the political contexts and purposes within which they occur. While governments may pay particular attention to how different body practices, such as sports and dance, could be means to advance their political objectives, they can never readily control the ambiguity, com- plexity and irony that is generated by the performing bodies of social actors. The ethnographic context for this discussion is the performing practices and political discourses on sports and dance in Dar es Salaam in Tanzania in the 1990s. The colonial way of doing sports in Tanzania and Eastern Africa required another structuring of time and space different than many of the traditional games. By means of the moralistic ideology of athleticism, schoolboys should have learned the basic tools of imperial command: courage, endurance, assertion, control and self- control. However, the emergence of different dance societies indicates that the colonisation of body practices was not a straightforward process in which people responded without resisting. While the tribal modes of dance continued to attract most women during the British colony, there emerged several dance societies stressing modernity and multi-tribalism. The dance is a crucial demonstration of what Michael Taussig has termed ‘mimesis’. Mimesis is explicitly tied to the body, and through mimesis people can dramatise and negotiate understandings of themselves and of others. This paper draws on historical material as well as extensive fieldwork in Dar es Salaam in Tanzania between 1992 and 1997.
Reflexivity and connectedness  [PDF]
Sean Sather-Wagstaff
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Given a finitely generated module over a commutative noetherian ring that satisfies certain reflexivity conditions, we show how failure of the semidualizing property for the module manifests in a disconnection of the prime spectrum of the ring.
Rationalizing Inconsistent Definitions of Commodification: A Social Exchange Perspective  [PDF]
Jeffrey R. Oliver, Lindon J. Robison
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.811088
Abstract: Commodification is a widely used and inconsistently defined concept. Inconsistent definitions of commodification, this paper observes, exist because alternative outcomes and consequences of converting relational goods into commodities are confused with the definition of commodification-social exchanges that convert relational goods into commodities. Distinguishing between alternative outcomes and consequences of commodification and the definition of commodification allows us to rationalize inconsistent definitions of commodification. In rationalizing inconsistent definitions of commodification, it is important to distinguish between commodities (goods valued for their ability to satisfy physical needs) and relational goods (goods valued at least in part for their connections to people which enables them to satisfy socio-emotional needs). The process of commodification is described as relocating relational goods from the humanistic sphere and relocating them in the commodity sphere.
“Resemblance Argument” and Controversies over Mimesis
Nives Delija
Prolegomena , 2004,
Abstract: Contrary to the common interpretation of Platonic art that supports the view that it is ontologically and gnoseologically irrelevant because it is mainly defined by mimetic concept as a mere imitation of the material world, and is therefore banished from the Republic, we will offer some different interpretations. Namely, it is possible to show that mimetic principle is not the reason why Plato condemns art, and that the notion of artistic mimesis in fact stems from the metaphysical notion of mimesis as approximation or gradual resemblance to the paradigm. In this case artistic mimesis achieves higher ontological authenticity and imitates the ideal by means of the sensory. Parmenides’ “resemblance argument” may constitute a serious obstacle for the acceptance of, on the one hand, the idea of the relation of resemblance (homoiotes) between Forms and particulars, that is between the paradigm and its image, and on the other hand it may question the idea of approximation in which mimetic principle has metaphysical foundation. However, when Form is seen as a synthetic unity of many things (hen epi pollon), it then represents the right standpoint for the explanation of the phenomena, and it becomes questionable when it is placed on the same level with its exemplars. If the relation of resemblance between the paradigm and its image is determined by the “dynamic”, and not by “symmetric resemblance” in which both parts are on the same level of ontological authenticity, then the view of philosophical mimesis as approximation on which relies artistic mimetic concept is legitimate.
Mimesis in Don Quixote
Giselle von der Walde
Ideas y Valores , 2006,
Abstract: Resumen:Frente a argumentos tomados de las poéticas neoaristotélicas que esgrime el canónigo para condenar los libros de caballerías, don Quijote pretende mostrar con su propio ejemplo, que ese tipo de lecturas no llevan a la locura ni al abandono de sí mismo, sino que, por el contrario, sacan lo mejor de la naturaleza de un individuo y lo hacen mejor persona. Este es el único tipo de imitación que Platón acepta en la República, pues más que un remedo o una suplantación, implica emulación. Este escrito se propone mirar, a partir del diálogo con el canónigo de Toledo (I, 49-50), cómo en sus conductas miméticas desde el comienzo de la obra, don Quijote entiende la imitación como emulación; en consecuencia se intenta demostrar que el efecto de la literatura en el caballero manchego parece ser el tipo de mimesis que Platón acepta en el libro III de la República.Abstract:Don Quijote demonstrates with the example of his own life the error made by the Canon of Toledo when the latter uses the arguments of the neo-Aristotelian poets to condemn the novels of chivalric romance. Quijote tries to show that reading the chivalric romances leads to neither madness nor the abandonment of the self, but, on the contrary, brings out the best in a person’s nature, and makes one a better person. This is the only type of imitation that Plato accepts in the Republic, because, unlike the mere copying of a person, or the substitution of one person for another, it implies a type of emulation. Starting with the dialogue of the Canon of Toledo (I, 49-50), this paper shows how, in his mimetic behavior, Don Quijote understands imitation as emulation. As a result, the paper shows that the effect of literature on the gentleman from La Mancha is the type of mimesis of which Plato approves in book III of the Republic.
The Impact of Listening Strategy on Listening Comprehension
Yan Zhang
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.2.3.625-629
Abstract: Successful FL learners are characterized by knowing how to use language learning strategies effectively. This article reports a study of the effect of strategy training on listening comprehension. In the study, 56 intermediate foreign language learners at Shandong Economic College were either participants in a strategies-based instructional treatment or were comparison students receiving the regular listening course. Data were obtained and analyzed through the performance of a set of three listening tasks on a pre-post basis by both groups. The subsample of twelve students also provided verbal report data to show their cognitive insights into strategy use and the instruction itself. It was found that the increased use of listening strategy contributed positively to listening comprehension, which led to the implication that formal strategy training should have a role in the foreign language listening classroom.
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: The knowledge society is best defined as the society where production, distribution and use of knowledge play the central role in the social matrix. The possession of technological means of production has been replaced be the possession of useful knowledge, and most theorists embrace this change thinking it could offer us hope for a better future. But does it really contribute to the development of a better society? The main objective of my article is to offer a realistic answer to this question. The perpetuation of the capitalistic way of production in the academic world leads us to the situation where ideas and scientific articles are being commodified. In theory, the knowledge society is build on the idea of producing, disseminating and using information for the well being of the people. I claim that this is a very na ve perspective on how our current knowledge society is actually functioning. Since information is so easy to transfer one could expect that all the members of the society could benefit form it. As my article will show, this is not in fact the case. Not everybody is able to produce and use knowledge. Since what we are experiencing is the commodification of academic articles only few people are able to produce and use knowledge. This way the knowledge society becomes a closed society where only a privileged financial elite has access to the latest academic research.
Mimesis, fiction, paradoxes  [cached]
Fran?oise Lavocat
Methodos : Savoirs et Textes , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/methodos.2428
Abstract: Les théories contemporaines de la fiction, comme les poétiques de la Renaissance, privilégient une conception de la mimesis fondée sur la vraisemblance : la démonstration du profit cognitif et moral de la fiction passe toujours par une définition de l’imitation (de quelque fa on qu’on la définisse) fondée sur la rationalité. L’auteur de cet article examine tout d’abord le statut des contradictions et de l’impossible chez quelques théoriciens actuels (principalement J.-M. Schaeffer, M.-L. Ryan, L. Dole el) et poéticiens du 16e siècle (L. Castelvetro et F. Patrizi). Sont ensuite étudiées la forme et la fonction que prend l’impossible dans trois fictions narratives de la Renaissance. L’hypothèse majeure qui est défendue est que ces paradoxes permettent de penser le non-existant, dans la continuité de la scolastique médiévale et en relation avec une problématique religieuse, sérieuse ou parodique. Par là même, et en raison de leur auto-référentialité constitutive, les paradoxes inscrivent dans la fiction une réflexion sur elle-même qui n’a rien d’une apologie. La pensée de la fiction s’articule en définitive de fa on bien différente dans les théories et dans les fictions elles-mêmes. Like Renaissance poetics, contemporary theories of fiction do favour a conception of mimesis based on likelihood. In order to underscore the benefits of fiction, in terms of cognition or ethics, both ancient and present-day authors usually identify imitation (however this is understood) as a kind of rationality. The aim of this article is to question the status of contradictions and impossibilities, first in current theories of fiction (J-M Schaeffer, M.-L. Ryan, L. Dole el), then in two sixteenth century comments of Aristotle (by L. Castelvetro and F. Patrizi). In the following steps, forms and functions of the impossible are studied in three narratives of the Renaissance. The main hypothesis here is the following: in Renaissance fiction, paradoxes allow to conceive non-existing objects in the line of scholastic philosophy and in relationship with religious issues, seriously or mockingly envisioned. Consequently, paradoxes, being inherently reflexive, provide Renaissance fiction with auto-reference. Then as nowadays, the conception of fiction is displayed in very different ways in theories and narratives.
Hierarchy of the Real in Contemporary Performative Mimesis  [cached]
Luiz Fernando Ramos
Revista Brasileira de Estudos da Presen?a , 2011,
Abstract: It departs from the hypothesis of a hierarchy of real(s), with less and more legitimacy, operating in the evaluation of the contemporary spectacular production. The hyper valuation of a given reality, took as a ready-made an instantly, as a source of liveness in the narrative contemporary processes, documentary or artificial, is discussed and seen as metaphysic, against the imaginary works of performative mimesis, which get to strange and amplify the idea of the real.
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