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Dental caries' experience, prevalence and severity in Mexican adolescents and young adults
García-Cortés,José O; Medina-Solís,Carlo E; Loyola-Rodriguez,Juan P; Mejía-Cruz,Jorge A; Medina-Cerda,Eduardo; Pati?o-Marín,Nuria; Pontigo-Loyola,América P;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642009000100009
Abstract: objective determining dental caries' experience, prevalence and severity in students applying for degree courses at san luis potosi university (uaslp). material and methods a cross-sectional study was carried out involving adolescents and young adults (16 to 25 years old) applying for undergraduate courses at uaslp (~10 %, n=1 027). two standardized examiners undertook dental examinations; dmft index, prevalence (dmft>0), severity (dmft>3 and dmft>6) and significant caries index (sic) were calculated. stata 9.0 non-parametric tests were used for statistical analysis. results mean age was 18.20±1.65; 48.0% were female. the dmft index was 4.04±3.90 and caries prevalence was 74.4%. regarding caries' severity, 48.8% had mdft>3 and 24% dmft>6. the sic index was 8.64. females had higher caries experience than males (4.32±4.01 cf 3.78±3.78; p<0.05), but similar prevalence and severity (p>0.05). age was associated with both experience (p<0.001) and prevalence (p<0.01) and to differing degrees of caries' severity (p<0,001). the ?filled teeth? component had the highest dmft index percentage (63.6%) and ?missing teeth? the lowest (11.4%). conclusions high dental caries' experience, prevalence and severity were observed in this sample of adolescents and young adults. restorative experience was high (59.5%) compared to studies carried out in other parts of mexico and latin-america.
Caries Experience and Salivary Parameters among Overweight Children and Adolescents  [PDF]
Renata O. Guaré,Ana Lídia Ciamponi,Maria Teresa B.R. Santos,Renata Gorj?o,Michele B. Diniz
Dentistry Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/dj1040031
Abstract: Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by excess body fat, which can lead to other health problems, including insulin resistance, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, asthma, heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome. Currently, obesity and dental caries are major public health concerns and dietary habits are a very important common component of their etiological factors, showing some correlation with the sociodemographic characteristics of individuals presenting these diseases. In relation to caries experience, the literature suggests a correlation between obesity and dental caries in children and adolescents, in primary and/or permanent dentition, though divergent results exist regarding assessment based on the method recommended by the WHO (1997), i.e., restricted to carious lesions with cavitation. Some studies indicate greater prevalence of proximal carious lesions in obese adolescents compared with those with normal weight. Salivary changes, such as the concentrations of phosphate, sialic acid, proteins and immunoglobulins and in peroxidase activity could explain the increased probability of obese children presenting greater risk of dental caries. Thus, it is important to consider the contribution of salivary parameters in caries experience of overweight children and adolescents and the implementation of preventive measures in this population.
Relationship between Dental Caries, Edentulism and Self-Perception of Oral Health in Adolescents, Adults and Elderly of a Municipality in Northeastern Brazil
Arinilson Moreira Chaves Lima,Karla Giovana Bavaresco Ulinski,Regina Célia Poli-Frederico,Marina de Lourdes Calvo Fracasso
UNOPAR Científica : Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde , 2013,
Abstract: The diagnosis of conditions and self-perceived oral health status of individuals is fundamental in planning strategies and evaluation of health services. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of dental caries, edentulism and self-perception of oral health in adolescents, adults and elderly in a small city in northeastern Brazil. Additionally, we investigated the relationship between self-perception and the clinical variables studied. The study sample consisted of 139 subjects. In clinical examinations the DMFT index was used according to WHO criteria and information about self-perception was collected through interviews. The Chi-square, Mann Whitney and Fisher exact tests were used with 5% significance level . The DMFT index was 6.57 ± 4.17 for adolescents, 22.76 ± 7.63 for adults and 30.96 ± 2.82 for elderly. It was recorded predominance of negative self-perception of oral health among adults (58.6%) and positive self-perception among the elderly (57.7%). Negative self-perceptions of chewing (p <0.001) and speech (p = 0.001) were associated with increasing age. The DMFT index was higher among adolescents with a history of pain (p = 0.028). In adults, the negative self-perception of oral health (p = 0.007), appearance of teeth / gums (p = 0.003) and speech (p = 0.046) was associated with higher number of decayed teeth present. The discrepancy between positive self-perception of oral health and the presence of edentulism was highlighted. The results suggest the need to establish local policies for oral health aimed at promoting health and focused on preventing dental caries and edentulism
Changing patterns in the association between regional socio-economic context and dental caries experience according to gender and age: A multilevel study in Korean adults
Lee Hoo-Yeon,Choi Youn-Hee,Park Hyoung,Lee Sang
International Journal of Health Geographics , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1476-072x-11-30
Abstract: Background Little is known about the effects of socio-environmental factors on dental caries in different demographic situations in Asian populations. We investigated whether the nature of the association between regional socio-economic context and dental caries experience differed according to gender and age groups in Korean adults. Methods We obtained a linked data set containing individual information from the 2000 Korean National Oral Health Survey and regional information from the “Major statistical indices of Si-Gun-Gu” (city-county-ward), published by the Korean Statistical Office. We stratified participants into women and men and into four 10-year-interval age groups (19–34, 35–44, 45–54, and 55–64 years) and analysed the linked data using a multilevel analysis. In total, 5,259 individuals were included in the final study population. Results Regional socio-economic context was significantly associated with dental caries experience in men, but not in women. The patterns of the association between regional contextual variables and dental caries experience differed among age groups. People 35–44 years of age living in areas less dependent on the manufacturing industry and those 45–54 years of age living in areas where local government was relatively poor were more prone to have caries experience. Conclusions The results of this study indicated that socio-economic factors affecting residents’ dental health status may operate through different mechanisms or degrees according to geographic location, suggesting that some gender- and age-defined subgroups may be likely to benefit from different types of intervention, including the development of specific health policies.
Fermentable carbohydrate dietary consumption measured by a cariogenicity scoring system and caries experience in youth and adults Consumo de carbohidratos fermentables en la dieta medido mediante un sistema de puntaje para la cariogenicidad y experiencia de caries en jóvenes y adultos
Rodrigo A Giacaman,Constanza E Fernández,Nora Díaz S
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2012,
Abstract: Aim: To evaluate if dietary fermentable carbohydrate consumption associates with caries experience of youths and adults when assessed by a scoring system of putative cariogenicity of the foods. Methods: Two hundred and seventy five subjects (12 to 67 years-old) were examined to assess caries experience by the DMFT Index (decay missing and filled teeth) and radiographs. Subjects filled a weekly diet diary registering the type, frequency and time of consumption of foods. An arbitrary scoring system was used to determine cariogenic potential of the diet based on food consistency frequency and occasion of consumption. Results: DMFT index significantly increased with age (p<0.001). Females showed higher cariogenic potential than males (p=0.04). When subjects were divided into four DMFT categories, no differences were detected in cariogenic potential of the diet in any caries group. No correlation between caries experience and cariogenic potential of the diet could be found. Conclusions: Arbitrarily assigned cariogenicity of dietary fermentable carbohydrates does not seem to associate with caries experience, when information was obtained through a cariogenicity scoring system. Objetivo: Evaluar si el consumo de carbohidratos fermentables se asocia con la experiencia de caries en jóvenes y adultos, cuando es medido por un sistema de asignación de puntajes a los alimentos según su presunta cariogenicidad. Metodología: 275 sujetos (12 a 67 anos) fueron examinados para determinar su experiencia de caries mediante el índice COPD (dientes cariados, obturados y perdidos) y radiografías. Los sujetos llenaron un diario dietético semanal. Se utilizó un sistema arbitrario para asignar puntajes y determinar el potencial cariogénico de la dieta basado en la consistencia, frecuencia y ocasión de consumo. Resultados: Las mujeres mostraron mayor potencial cariogénico que los hombres (p=0,04). Cuando los sujetos fueron divididos en 4 categorías de COPD, no se detectaron diferencias en su potencial cario-génico en ningún grupo de caries. No se observó correlación entre la experiencia de caries y el potencial cariogénico de la dieta (p>0,05). Conclusiones: La cariogenicidad arbitrariamente asignada a los carbohidratos fermentables de la dieta no parece asociarse con la experiencia de caries en adultos.
Relationship between dental caries and socio-economic factors in adolescents
Gushi, Lívia Litsue;Soares, Maria da Candelária;Forni, Tania Izabel Bighetti;Vieira, Vladen;Wada, Ronaldo Seichi;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572005000300019
Abstract: dental caries has a multifactorial etiology, including socio-economic variables and access to dental care, which were discussed in the national survey conducted in 2002. the aim of this study was to investigate the socio-economic aspects and access to dental care, associated with caries prevalence and severity in adolescents from the state of s?o paulo. the study design was cross-sectional, on which data on 1,825 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years achieved from the data of an epidemiological survey conducted in the state of s?o paulo in 2002 were analyzed. epidemiological exams and interviews with previously formulated questions were used in the survey. the significant caries index (sic index) was utilized to determine the group with higher caries experience. frequency distribution and chi-square association tests were carried out in order to evaluate the relationship between independent variables and the dependent variable (dmft). confidence intervals and odds ratio (or) were estimated. the risk factors pointed as indicators of presence of dental caries were as follows: not being a student, studying at public schools, family income lower than 5 brazilian minimum wages. moreover, not having an own house or a car seemed to contribute to caries experience. with regard to the access to public dental care, the adolescents assisted at public centers and looking for emergency dental care had the higher caries experience. thus, the results showed that social deprivation is associated with caries experience in adolescents from the state of s?o paulo.
Reproductive health of adolescents and young adults  [cached]
Ahmet Re?it Ersay,Gülbu Tortumluo?lu
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: In Turkey, one out of five person belonging to 10-24 age group, is at risk concerning reproductive health. Topics related to the reproductive health, are neither discussed within the family or society, nor within the educational system. Adolescents, who have to experience sexual intercourse with insufficient and incorrect knowledge, have to face with sexually transmitted diseases (STD), teenage pregnancy, abortion and other problems as a consequence of this experience. Research on this area has showed that both adolescents and young adults, especially health personnel, requested training on reproductive health. In terms of planning health services effectively, these topics should be evaluated carefully in Turkey. In this research, reproductive health regarding adolescents and young adults is examined under the four headings of sexual experience, STD, use of protection and productivity. As a result, depending on all the cultural restrictions and health service limitations, it is observed that adolescents and young adults experience sexual relationship with an inadequate knowledge and consequently, they have to face with problems. Within this context, it is suggested to expand the reproductive health educational programmes involving family, school and society within long term.
Toothache and its relationship with caries experience in teenagers  [PDF]
Lílian Berta Rihs,Sílvia Cypriano,Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa,Rafaela Carvalho Silva
RGO : Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To verify the prevalence of toothache and its relationship with dental caries experience and treatment needs among schoolchildren aged 12 in the city of Paulínia, S o Paulo, Brazil.Methods: The 413 schoolchildren chosen to participate in this survey were selected by systematic random sampling from public schools and were examined in 2004. The subjects answered a questionnaire and underwent an oral exam. For the statistical analysis, the Mann-Whitney and Chi-squared tests were used. Results: Prevalence of toothache was 22.8% and the DFMT was 0.9 (IC=0.8-1.1). The students that presented toothache showed a higher DFMT index and percentage of decayed teeth than the group that did not report pain (p <0.05). Moreover, schoolchildren who reported toothache had a higher percentage of teeth with restorative treatment needs (p=0.033). The most prevalent treatment needs were restorations in 2 or more surfaces (p=0.017). Conclusion: Although this city presented very low caries experience, a considerable percentage of the adolescents reported having toothache (22.8%), The group with toothache had the worst oral health conditions. Furthermore, in this same group, there were more absences from school and a negative impact on satisfaction with the appearance of the teeth.
Parenting adolescents with cystic fibrosis: the adolescents’ and young adults’ perspectives
Bregnballe V, Schi tz PO, Lomborg K
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S25870
Abstract: renting adolescents with cystic fibrosis: the adolescents’ and young adults’ perspectives Original Research (2668) Total Article Views Authors: Bregnballe V, Schi tz PO, Lomborg K Published Date November 2011 Volume 2011:5 Pages 563 - 570 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S25870 Vibeke Bregnballe1, Peter Oluf Schi tz1, Kirsten Lomborg2 1Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital; 2Department of Nursing Science, Institute of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark Background: When suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF), a number of problems may arise during adolescence; for example, poor adherence. The problems may be attributed to the adolescent being insufficiently prepared for adult life. Research on different ways of parenting adolescents with CF and the influence of different parenting styles on the adolescents' adherence to treatment is still limited. Aim: The aim of this study was to identify the types of parental support that adolescents and young adults with CF want and find helpful in terms of preparing them for adult life. Methods: Sixteen Danish adolescents with CF, aged 14–25, participated in the study. Two focus group interviews were carried out, one for 14–18-year-olds and one for 19–25-year-olds. Individual interviews were conducted, with three subjects. Using interpretive description strategy, a secondary analysis of the interview data was conducted. Results: The adolescents and young adults wanted their parents educated about the adolescent experience. They wanted their parents to learn a pedagogical parenting style, to learn to trust them, and to learn to gradually transfer responsibility for their medical treatment. Additionally, the adolescents noted that meeting other parents may be beneficial for the parents. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that adolescents and young adults with CF want their parents to be educated about how to handle adolescents with CF and thereby sufficiently prepare them for adult life.
Dental caries and tooth loss in adults in a Brazilian southeastern state
Rihs, Lilian Berta;Silva, Débora Dias da;Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário de;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572009000500008
Abstract: objective: the purpose of this study was to analyze dental caries experience of adults living in the southeastern state of s?o paulo, brazil, according to some socio-demographic conditions of this population. material and methods: the sample consisted of 1,159 school teachers and workers (35 to 44 years old) from 29 cities of the state of s?o paulo, brazil. results: 92.3% were dentate and the dmft index (number of decayed, missing and filled teeth) was 21.0 and the mean number of decayed teeth was 1.1, with no significant difference among adults from regions with and without fluoridation. male subjects presented the highest mean values of "d" (decayed teeth) and "m" (missing teeth) components. the percentage of caries-free subjects was higher among white subjects, as well as the mean number of teeth present in the mouth. the mean values of the "f" component (filled teeth) [9.81] and present teeth [19.3] were higher for adults from fluoridated water regions. conclusions: in this study, the worse condition observed was the early tooth loss in all groups. in addition, people with worse socio-demographic conditions had worse oral health conditions. it is expected that oral health programs targeted to this population could be established with the goal of improving the oral health conditions of this population and hence the maintenance of the teeth for a longer period in function.
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