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Danish Perceptions of Interwar Romania  [PDF]
Oana L?culiceanu-Popescu
Revista Romana de Studii Baltice si Nordice , 2009,
Abstract: In the interwar period, Romania and Denmark were two distant countries, which were separated by great cultural, social, political and economic differences and which had just begun to discover each other. Their diplomatic relations were established in 1917, when a Romanian envoy was appointed to Copenhagen whereas the first Danish minister was appointed to Bucharest in 1924. The establishment of the diplomatic offices in the two capitals led to a strengthening of bilateral Danish-Romanian relations. The two people started to know each other`s cultural, social and political patterns. In this article I look at the representations generated by Romanians in the Danish conscience, which I assume is interesting for the study of Romania's bilateral relations with the peoples from this part of Europe. The Danish image of the Romanian space during the first half of the 20th century is characterized by a series of prejudices and stereotypes formed along time because of a scanty knowledge about the realities in this space.
The USSR during the interwar period: political-diplomatic aspects  [PDF]
Cristian Sandache
Codrul Cosminului , 2012,
Abstract: The foreign policy of the USSR in the interwar period was characterized by a realism that used the forces of the international Communism in accordance with the primordial interests of Stalinism. During this period, the USSR was the third industrial power in the world after USA and Germany. The installation of the National-Socialism in Germany caused a profound political change on the part of Stalin and also the Western democracies. These sought to defend themselves against a new German expansion and were suddenly much more forthcoming towards Moscow. The USSR was admitted to the League of Nations and signed mutual assistance pacts with France and Czechoslovakia. U.S. finally decided to recognize the Soviet government. On August 23rd, 1939, to the amazement of the whole world, the German-Soviet non-aggression pact was signed in the (Moscow) Kremlin, pact which had a secret protocol attached, that provided for the division of Poland between Germany and the USSR.
Henryk Noga
Technológia vzdelávania , 2012,
Abstract: The first part of the article discusses technical education in Poland in the end of the 19th century. Next, it focuses on the model of Scandinavian slojd whose role in the process of education in Galician schools was significant, though not all the models of Swedish wood slojd were suitable for Polish needs. What was very important in a slojd handwork education were the development of dexterity and the ability to use tools. In the further part of the article the discussion focuses on the division of handwork education in the interwar period onto four stages. The article also shows how the National Institute of Manual Work, which is inseparably connected with engineer W adys aw Przanowski, came into being.
"Audacity or Precision": The Paradoxes of Henri Villat's Fluid Mechanics in Interwar France  [PDF]
Aubin David
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In Interwar France, Henri Villat became the true leader of theoretical researches on fluid mechanics. Most of his original work was done before the First World War; it was highly theoretical and its applicability was questioned. After having organized the first post-WWI International Congress of Mathematicians in 1920, Villat became the editor of the famous Journal de math\'ematiques pure et appliqu\'es and the director of the influential book series "M\'emorial des sciences math\'ematiques." From 1929 on, he held the fluid mechanics chair established by the Air Ministry at the Sorbonne in Paris and was heading the government's critical effort invested in fluid mechanics. However, while both his wake theory and his turbulence theory seemingly had little success outside France or in the aeronautical industry (except in the eyes of his students), applied mathematics was despised by the loud generation of Bourbaki mathematicians coming of age in the mid 1930s. How are we to understand the contrasted assessments one can make of Villat's place in the history of fluid mechanics?
Obituary: Abolhassan Farhoudi (1924-2006)
Nima Rezaei
Iranian Journal Of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology , 2006,
Abstract: Obituary: Abolhassan Farhoudi (1924-2006)
James H. Soltow 1924-2001 (OBITUARY)  [cached]
David Whitten,Bess Whitten
Essays in Economic & Business History , 2001,
Abstract: Obituary of James H. Soltow (1924-2001).
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2012,
Abstract: During the interwar period, feminine literature2 was no longer perceived as a bizarre cultural phenomenon in Romania, at least not by mature and balanced critics, such as E. Lovinescu, G. Ibr ileanu and Tudor Vianu. At the time, Romanian drama and theatre life3 developed considerably and feminine playwriting benefited from the creative spirit of the epoch and from a more flexible political, social and cultural context. Although it did not fundamentally innovate Romanian dramatic discourse, feminine interwar playwriting furthered the literary tradition initiated by their 19th century predecessors and managed to come up with new topics and typologies. The re-interpretation of past and often forgotten texts is a necessary task for literary history whereby critics complete the information upon which we rely to depict an epoch.
A revision of distribution and the ecological description of Orobanche picridis (Orobanchaceae) at the NE limit of its geographical range from Poland and Ukraine
Renata Piwowarczyk
Acta Agrobotanica , 2012, DOI: 10.5586/aa.2012.047
Abstract: The paper presents the current distribution of Orobanche picridis in Poland and Ukraine, within the Polish borders in the interwar period, based on a critical revision of herbarium and literature data as well as the results of my field studies. The largest number of its localities is in S and SE Poland in the Wy yna l sko-Krakowska, Wy yna Ma opolska, Wy yna Lubelska uplands, Middle Roztocze, Small Polesie, the Pogórze Przemyskie foreland and in the former Tarnopol province (W Ukraine). These are the north-easternmost sites known for the species and extend its limit range. A map of its distribution in Poland and Ukraine is included. The taxonomy, biology, and ecology of O. picridis are also discussed.
Public health in interwar England and Wales: did it fail?
Dynamis , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S0211-95362008000100008
Abstract: british historians initially saw the interwar period as a "golden age" for public health in local government, with unprecedented preventive and curative powers wielded by medical officers of health (mosh). in the 1980s lewis and webster challenged this reading, arguing that mosh were overstretched, neglectful of their "watchdog" role and incapable of formulating a new philosophy of preventive medicine. the article first details this critique, then reappraises it in the light of recent demographic work. it then provides a case study of public health administration in south-west england. its conclusion is that some elements of the lewis/webster case now deserve to be revised.
International Influences on the Australian Economy in the Interwar Years
Tom Valentine
Economic Analysis and Policy , 2012,
Abstract: This paper examines the role of global factors in the Australian economy in the interwar years. In particular, it evaluates the impact of export prices on the Australian rate of inflation, the rate of growth of the economy and the unemployment rate.In the first analysis inflation is decomposed into two sources-one due to the growth of wages and the other due to the growth of non-wage income. The latter depends strongly on the growth in export prices. A macroeonometric model shows that export prices affected economic growth and the unemployment rate which was also negatively related to wages and the tariff rate. The increase in the latter was a poor policy option. It also appears that the Depression was imported into Australia via the fall in export prices rather than the drop in share prices.
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