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A study on the attitude towards regionalism of college students in relation to social intelligence
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The study was intended to find out the attitude towards regionalism of college students in relation to social intelligence of college students in Cuddalore, Villupuram, Nagapattinam, Thanjore, vellore and Thiruvannamalai Districts of Tamil Nadu, India. Random Sampling Technique was used to compose a sample of 1050 college students Mean, Standard Deviation, t value and r value were calculated for the analysis of data. The result revealed that there is no significant relationship between attitude towards regionalism and social intelligenceof the college students.
Measuring Decentralisation in Reforms Era: A Case of Kalyan-Dombivli, India  [PDF]
Vidya Sagar Pancholi
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.22012

Since last couple of decades, there is an emerging trend of decentralisation and India is no exception to such a trend. Studies that measure decentralisation in India, however, are mostly comparative and target a limited set of parameters. This paper, attempts at a comprehensive examination of a case of Kalyan-Dombivli (KD), a fringe subcity to Mumbai. The analysis brings out that over the past seven years (since the beginning of the centrally sponsored urban renewal program), even though the local body in KD had higher resources for local development, its functional authority, fiscal autonomy, and accountability has been significantly re-centralised towards higher level governments. The case analysis brings out key lessons in terms of need for focusing on the empowerment (functional and fiscal) of local bodies and creating accountability structures that are effective and responsive to the local citizenry.

Regionalism and geopolitics  [PDF]
Kne?evi? Milo?
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn0213207k
Abstract: Recognition of regional features, outlining of the contours of regions, tendency to regionalize ethnic, economic, cultural and state-administrative space, and strengthening the ideology of regionalism in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, that is Serbia and Montenegro, appear as a practical and political but also as a theoretical problem which includes and combines several scientific disciplines. The phenomenon of regionalism is not contradictory although it is primarily expressed through the numerous conflicts of interests rivalry and antagonisms of political subjects. The problematic side of the phenomenon of regionalism includes the result of an extremely negative and existentially tragic experience of the several years-long disintegration of the complex Yugoslav state. During the partition and disintegration of the second Yugoslavia, there also happened the disintegration of the Serbian ethnic area Growth, support and instigation of regional tendencies occurred in the historical circumstances of secession and did not stop in the post-secession period. Particularization and segmentation of political area, as well as the disintegration of the former state, did not occur in accordance with the norms of internal and international law. Legality was late and was achieved within the transformation of power reflected in the changed territorial policy of the dominant alliance of great powers. The entire past decade was characterized by an extraordinary metamorphosis of political space. Secession trend had the territorial features which included the change of borders and had been long in the focus of the global geopolitical attention. Territories were divided and made smaller. Intensive territorial dynamics within the external silhouette of the de-stated SFR of Yugoslavia resulted in the creation of several state and quasi-state political formations. Former republics became semi-sovereign states. Dispersed and displaced Serbian ethnos was configured in the three territories: in the Republic of Serbia - from which Kosovo and Metohia were amputated and placed under the UN protectorate - in the entire Republic of Montenegro and in the Republic Srpska, located in one part of the former Bosnia and Herzegovina. Demopolitical result of the geopolitical destruction of the Serbian ethnos was a great movement of the Serbian population from the west to the east, and its concentration in the territory of the Republic of Serbia this implied that the Serbs were expelled from their millennia-long abodes in Croatia, parts of Bosnia and from Kosmet. The geo-economic result of
Troubles with regionalism  [PDF]
Stefanovski Mirjana M.
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn0213195s
Abstract: Constitutional programme of Demokratska stranka Srbije (Democratic Party of Serbia) represents a project of federalization of Serbia under the mask of regionalism. The key constitutional solutions were defined appropriately to the federal organization: participation of regions in legislative authority at the state level, with their exclusive representation in the upper house, the equality of the houses and the exclusive domain of the house of regions; a wide range of activities in the original and exclusive authority of the regions with the complete financial autonomy; inexistence of supervision for purposefulness and only court evaluation of constitutionality and legality of work of regional organs. The realization of such a radical and far-reaching constitutional restructuring of the state, like changing a unitarian state into a federation, is proposed while a significant part of the state territory is under foreign occupation and whose destiny is quite uncertain. The idea to create larger territorial units in the remaining part which would acquire distinction by an octroyed constitution, by a decree from the top, is completely unfounded and arbitrary. As if Serbia today were not already too small to be further divided by the invented federal divisions, and too weak to be further weakened by artificial regional divisions. This wrong idea of constitutional restructuring, which would only plant the seed for new divisions and discords, represents an irresponsible playing with the state in a deadly experiment which would actually mean its disintegration.
The State of the Process of Decentralisation in Cameroon
C Cheka
Africa Development , 2007,
Abstract: The pace of the process of decentralisation in a given context unavoidably depends on the degree of favourableness of the legal environment and the dynamism of stakeholders (especially of local authorities, the state, development cooperation partners and civil society). This paper seeks to inform on the state of the process in Cameroon by exposing its current legal environment, its constraints and the level of organisation of its key actors in relation to the legal environment. Drawing from this assessment, the paper assesses the shortcomings of the decentralisation process in Cameroon while arguing that the objective for embarking on decentralisation in each context varies with its promoter. In the case of Cameroon, decentralisation constitutes the legal, institutional and financial means through which regional and local authorities operate to foster local development with the active involvement of the population. Through the devolution of powers to local entities, local development could be enhanced and a contribution made to the fight against poverty. The assessment of the legal framework and of its stakeholders shows that the decentralisation laws passed in 2004 in Cameroon have local development and governance as their main thrust. The new laws certainly create an environment that represents an irreversible step forward for the process of decentralisation but are in need of completion by the passing of legal instruments of application for them to effectively accelerate the pace of the decentralisation process and good governance. There is also need for better organisation and coordination of interventions of the stakeholders. The process is currently hampered by especially financial constraints on local authorities and limited capacities of the actors and beneficiaries of devolved powers. The paper concludes with a plea in favour of inter alia the strengthening of the capacities of all stakeholders through an approach that is sustainable if the objective of decentralisation is to be met.
Towards a Practical Architecture for India Centric Internet of Things  [PDF]
Prasant Misra,Yogesh Simmhan,Jay Warrior
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: An effective architecture for the Internet of Things (IoT), particularly for an emerging nation like India with limited technology penetration at the national scale, should be based on tangible technology advances in the present, practical application scenarios of social and entrepreneurial value, and ubiquitous capabilities that make the realization of IoT affordable and sustainable. Humans, data, communication and devices play key roles in the IoT ecosystem that we perceive. In a push towards this sustainable and practical IoT Architecture for India, we synthesize ten design paradigms to consider.
In Search of Lost Time: From Localism and Regionalism to Nationalism, in the Work of Estácio Da Veiga
Ana Cristina Martins
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 2007, DOI: 10.5334/bha.17204
Abstract: S. F. M. Estácio da Veiga (1828–1891) was born in the Algarve region of Portugal, into a wealthy and aristocratic family. While he dedicated his life to the multidisciplinary study of the Algarve, it is his particular interest in the region’s archaeology that is the subject of the following paper.
Decentralisation in Namibia: A Case Study of the Erongo Region
Anne Larsen
The Interdisciplinary Journal of International Studies , 2003,
Abstract: This article gives a general understanding of decentralisation focusing on the context in which decentralisation is planned and implemented. A conceptualisation of the ‘African state’ is developed and analysed in order to understand the difficulties in applying a European concept in an African context. A case study of regional planning in the Erongo region is used to illustrate how the decentralisation process in Namibia is influenced by the African state in terms of the pace and direction of decentralisation.
Decentralisation in Uganda: Prospects for Improved Service Delivery
RK Muriisa
Africa Development , 2008,
Abstract: Since the 1980s, many Sub-Saharan African countries have been undergoing structural reforms with a view to promoting efficient service delivery. Decentralisation, defined as the transfer of authority from central to local governments to perform certain duties, is seen as one of the public sector reform strategies to increase service delivery. Decentralisation in Uganda began in 1986 with the coming into power of the National Resistance Movement, which aimed at promoting democracy and enhancing local participation. In Uganda, political decentralisation developed along with financial decentralisation. The goal of political decentralisation was to promote people’s participation in the democratic process of Uganda. This took the form of Administrative Units – Resistance Councils (RC)1 running from the village to district levels. Financial decentralisation, on the other hand, attempted to assign responsibilities and taxes between the centre and local governments, to enable the transfer of grants and other resources to different parts of the country, and to improve service delivery. This paper will review different government, public and academic documents as well as findings of other researches such as UN reports about decentralisation and service delivery in Uganda. Based on these sources the paper will answer the following questions: to what extent does decentralisation increase service delivery? To what extent does decentralisation increase efficiency, participation, accountability and effectiveness? What are the challenges of implementing decentralisation in Uganda?
Silvia Amato,Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
Asian Academy of Management Journal , 2012,
Abstract: This article has been developed to provide an analytical framework about the process of health decentralisation that has emerged in BRIC-countries. For this purpose, this study offers a reflection about the process of decentralisation in emerging BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China) with theoretical argumentative issues about public health systems, and the reorganisation of the public health sector. The following review consequently focuses upon the managerial aspects of health systems, and SMEs' contribution to services delivery. In accordance, a semantic model organises current key determinants of involved actors in the public health sector for a contribution to understanding the affirmation of multiple forms of development in which the delivery of healthcare services has been critically implemented.
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