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Changes of infrastructure of rural areas in Poland in terms of the European Union
Franciszek Kapusta
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: The paper presents a comparative analysis of a separation of rural areas and subsequently basing on the definition of rural areas by TERYT the analysis of changes of infrastructure (mainly technical and social) in the country, urban areas and rural areas in the years 2003-2009 has been presented. As a result of external circumstances, including financial support of the European Union the pace of changes in rural areas accelerates, especially with regard to the level of infrastructure. Moreover, the present evolution of function of rural areas has been characterised in terms of Poland’s accession to the European Union.
Rural Areas in Poland in The Context of Changes in Population Age Structure in 1996, 2001 and 2006
Daniela Szymańska, Jadwiga Biegańska, Anna Gil
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10089-009-0006-1
Abstract: The article presents changes in the rural age structures in Poland as observed in the years 1996, 2001 and 2006. The changes in population numbers are analysed with respect to age groups, the aging index and the old-age rate. Regarding its spatial scope, the article covers rural areas in Poland and the basic territorial units it uses are rural communes and the rural parts of mixed rural-urban communes that altogether amount to 2,171 units (as of 2006). The obtained results are discussed in a broader context of urban as well as countrywide age structures.
Multifunctional character of rural areas in Poland
Jan Sikora
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: Multifunctional development of rural areas involves implementation of new non-agricultural functions, such as production, commerce or services. This strategy results from social and economic difficulties in these areas, economic underdevelopment, ineffective agricultural farms and unemployment. The research material used in the paper included analysis of the related literature, analysis of the results of a questionnaire survey carried out in the area of Poland and the author’s own observations. As results from the study, rural areas should perform the functions of food production, environmental protection, culture, tourism and providing services for municipal areas. These functions should provide the basis for development of additional non-agricultural activity. This involves the plans made by people who live in the country for starting businesses in the area of services, commerce, transport, tourism and craftsmanship and handicraft. The non- -agricultural activities which have already been performed suggest, on the one hand, opti-mistic opportunities of growth in rural areas but, on the other hand, are not conducive to the development of agricultural functions, which are inherent in rural areas.
Spatial Diversification of the Balance on the Labour Market in Rural areas in Poland
Monika Stanny
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series , 2012, DOI: 10.2478/v10089-010-0018-x
Abstract: The purpose of the study is to present the spatial diversification of the level of the balance on the local labour market in the rural areas. The spatial unit of the analysis is constituted by rural communes (gminas) and the rural areas of the urban-rural communes in Poland according to the administrative division into town and village. This means that the research concerns the spatial diversification observed according to 2,171 units. It was accepted in the research that a balanced labour market occurs where favourable demographic structures are located around the largest regional centres in Poland. This is connected with the development of the communes' non-agricultural economic functions and a strong dependence on urban markets.
Standard and quality of life of rural areas population in the view of new paradigm of development
Adamska Hanna
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: One of the main tasks of modern civilization is development according to a New Paradigm, so-called sustainable development.It involves economic and social de-velopment with respect to the state of environment. Demands of sustainable development involve the notion of intergenerational justice, which provides the possibilities of meeting the requirements of humanity in the future. A man constitutes the centre of interest and is the main subject of sustainable development. Its superior aim is to fulfill the needs and aspirations of people, especially the improvement of their standard and quality of life. The work presents analysis of theoretical and empirical issues connected with the development, as well as the standard and quality of life of rural areas population in the region of Lower Silesia, taking into account its functional regions. The analysis made use of sustainable development indexes, basing on normalization method. The mentioned indexes involved housing conditions, as well as expenses connected with housing, health, culture and sport. Areas situated in the surrounding of larger urban agglomerations with higher potential of development, proved to acquire higher standards and quality of life. From the regional point of view the lowest values featured region I of rural character. Research results clearly defined the standard and quality of life of rural areas population in Lower Silesian voivodeship, as well as the changes in these two examined parameters, which confirmed the results of the research conducted in the territory of the whole country.
Selected problems of socioeconomic changes in rural areas
Irena Kociszewska
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: The paper contains the approach of description of premises related to labour resources use improvement. It is based on characteristics of changes in the number of people living in the countryside on the background of the tendencies of employment in agriculture, as well as of rural areas unemployment specificity. The author tended to verify the thesis that multifunctional development of rural areas is one of directions towards unemployment diminishing. On the other hand, it was concluded that important barriers for such a solution are both infrastructure underdevelopment and low level of professional skills of rural society. It was pointed out that a great chance for positive socioeconomic changes of the countryside is rational use of financial sources available after Poland’s EU accession.
The Influence of Tourism on Rural Life in Minority Areas  [PDF]
Cuiping Zhang, Guangming Deng, Xiaoling Yu
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.48162
Abstract:

In this paper, taking three ethnic minority areas as an example, through a questionnaire to obtain relevant data, according to the characteristics of the ethnic minority areas, using the factor analysis method, we analyse the tourism in ethnic areas of country life with various effects. We summarize the pros and cons, avoid or minimize the adverse impacts within the maximum limits, mitigate the conflicts between the value of resource and the development, find a balance between tourism development and rural construction, realize win-win tourism development and rural construction.

DIVERSITY OF RURAL LESS-FAVOURED AREAS IN PODLASIE PROVINCE, POLAND
Barbara ROSZKOWSKA-M?DRA,Dariusz GOZDOWSKI,Wies?aw M?DRY
Journal of Central European Agriculture , 2007,
Abstract: In this study we present multivariable characterization of 105 communes in Podlasie province; almost all of these communes have status of LFA (less-favoured areas). The eleven variables which are indicators of enironmental and socio-economic conditions were used for evaluation of regional differentiation. Statistical methods i.e. principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (Ward’s method) afford us to identify most important variables and to clasify communes into 5 distinct clusters. Among the studied variables these showing farmer skills, land use, farm production intensity, activities of rural local populations were the major descriptors for adequate quantitative characterizing and discriminating the communes in Podlasie province. Quality of agro-ecological environment was not an important factor discriminating the rural LFAs.
Structural changes in the rural planting areas of Belgrade region  [PDF]
Sibinovi? Mikica
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd1202111s
Abstract: Socio-economic development of the Belgrade region significantly affects the direction of the change of planting areas use. The increase in urban areas has adversely affected the direction of agricultural land use. Dynamics of change is significantly due to high production costs (high land prices and expensive labor force) gives rise to the high price of the product on the market, there is a constant "pressure" of urban areas to arable land, increasing the risk of "loss" of agricultural holdings; increased environmental pollution due to the concentration of industrial plants or road construction. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of structural changes in sowing area in the period from 1991 to 2011. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176017]
Changes in the CAP 2014-2020 vs. modernisation of the Polish agriculture and rural areas
Barbara Wieliczko
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: In recent years transformation in the Polish agriculture and rural areas has been strongly associated with the CAP. Despite intensive changes, the modernisation still requires huge investments. This paper presents a preliminary assessment of the EC’s proposals for CAP in the period 2014-2020. Based on the comparison with the current CAP the key changes proposed are presented. They are then assessed in the perspective of the modernisation and developmental needs of the Polish agriculture and rural areas. The preliminary assessment of the EC’s proposals shows that they are not optimal for Poland. Although the changes in the CAP are not revolutionary, they can lead to significant shift of the support among different groups of beneficiaries creating losers and winners. The already gained experience with the implementation of the CAP in Poland, shows that the support must precisely fit to the individual needs of specific groups of beneficiaries if it is to be effective and efficient.
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