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The Internet-EDI Systems Adoption by Enterprises in Jordan: Descriptive analysis of Adoption, Strategies and Benefits  [PDF]
Anas Al Bakri
International Journal of Internet and Distributed Systems (IJIDS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijids.2013.13004
Abstract: This paper reviewed and explored the current extent of the Internet Electronic Data Interchange systems adoption in Jordan particularly in the SME sector. Also the paper presented the benefits of IEDI adoption and showed the main obstacles facing the SME in Jordan to adopt. This paper used the descriptive and theoretical analysis approaches for collecting and analysis the historical and archived data. The literature showed that Jordan, as a developing country, has achieved forward steps in introducing the Internet to the different sectors of life. The adoption of the electronic tools in business became a governmental target in recent years to make it possible for SMEs to be able to continue to achieve success in their business [1]. Most of Jordanian SMEs have little or no competitive pressure to use I-EDI systems, since most suppliers, customers and other competitors do not seem to promote I-EDI systems. The study concluded that SMEs in Jordan could grow and become larger companies, and supporting national economy. Thus it is very important to develop and grow Jordanian SMEs by doing more research.
Rachmad Hidayat,Sabarudin Akhmad
Makara Seri Teknologi , 2012, DOI: 10.7454/mst.v16i2.1519
Abstract: This paper presents the effects of Indonesian government’s developmental efforts of assistance and training performed on the growth of LED-SME business units and business performance. Both parameters of the government’s assistance and training were used to analyze the impact to the growth and performance of business unit. To achieve a comprehensive result, samples acquired in this research were about 190 entrepreneurs and managers of LED-SME from East Java. Based on the parameters above, there are five hypotheses made to prove the relationship of the assistance and training to the growth and performance of business units. The structural equation modeling (SEM) was carried out to test the hypotheses. The results have shown that the government’s developmental efforts through both assistance and training for the LED-SME were capable on increasing growth and performance of business units. On the other hand, government’s developmental efforts through only trainings were incapable of directly affecting growth of LED-SME business units and performance. To improve the business unit and performance, the government needs to implement developmental principles of LED-SME with the basis of utilizing local natural resources and also the communities ofLED-SME as main suppliers for their local markets. In addition, preservation and development of local cultural and traditional arts also need to be the government’s main concern.
ICT Adoption in Small and Medium Enterprises: an Empirical Evidence of Service Sectors in Malaysia  [cached]
Syed Shah Alam,Mohd. Kamal Mohammad Noor
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v4n2p112
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to gain a deep understanding of the factors which influence the adoption and usage of ICT by SMEs in Malaysia. This study examines the relationship between ICT adoption and its five factors which are perceived benefits, perceived cost, ICT knowledge, external pressure and government support. The results of this study show that three factors examined are significantly important to the adoption of ICT where as perceived cost and external pressure are found to be insignificant in determining its adoption. This study provides a greater understanding of SME’s perception about ICT adoption in their service business. Those SMEs who are interested in promoting their business on online may find these results helpful in guiding their efforts.
The Information Technology (IT) Adoption Process and E- Readiness to Use within Yogyakarta Indonesian Small Medium Enterprises (SME)
Muafi, R. Hendri Gusaptono,M. Irhas Effendi,Novrido Charibaldi
International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research , 2012,
Abstract: To understand adoption process and its relevant factors influencing this research model will integrate model that uses T-O-E approach (technology, organization, and environment) by Tornatzky and Fleisher (1990) and orientation process approach by Soh and Markus (1995). Survey method is applied in this research. The population is the entire SME (small medium enterprises) in Yogyakarta City, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The sample quantity is 108 SME. The technique of sample drawing used is method of proportional area sampling. This research applies statistical technique of Partial Least Square (PLS). The conclusion of all the hypothesis proposed are; (1) there is positive influence of technology competence on IT usage, (2) there is positive influence of government policies on IT usage, (3) there is positive influence of government policies on technology competence, (4) there is positive influence of IT usage on IT value, and (5) there is positive influence of IT usage on E-readines to use.
Adoption Factors for e-Malls in the SME Sector in Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Adel A. Bahaddad,Rayed AlGhamdi,Salem Alkhalaf
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: The small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) sector represents one of the fundamental pillars in the trade field. It contributes significantly to raising the economies of countries by providing significant numbers of job opportunities, which are beneficial to directly supporting national economies. One of the most important obstacles facing this sector in the information technology era is the lack of online trading channels with consumers, which require more financial support than the their capabilities. Therefore, e-Malls might be one of the best low-cost solutions to overcome this obstacle. Also, they provide electronic platforms that include most SME requirements for sales via electronic channels as well as offer essential technical support. According to a report published in 2013 by the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA), the percentage of SMEs is equivalent to 90% of the total number of companies in Saudi Arabia, which is numbered at 848,500. The e-Mall is a modern idea in Saudi Arabia that requires the use of the Disunion Of Innovation (DOI) approach to diffuse e-Malls through determining companies requirements and difficulties. Therefore, this paper focuses on the factors that help SMEs to adopt e-Malls. A quantitative questionnaire was conducted on 108 companies in Saudi Arabia to find what obstacles and requirements they face to adopt an e-Mall and focus on the factors affecting the implementation of this system, which are divided into organizational, technical and cultural factors.
Low Innovation among Building Material Suppliers: The Natural Level of the Trade  [cached]
Jan Sundquist
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2012,
Abstract: Many studies concerning innovation have been carried out on building contractors, but very few have studied innovation among the suppliers of building materials. In Sweden the cost of building materials is approximately 40% of the total building costs. Some products also need more handeling than others, therefore not only cost but also productivity is affectedby the suppliers of building materials. This article focuses on innovation among building material suppliers which is found to be low. The suppliers are compared to other lines of business to show the level of their innovation processes. The article is based upon slightly over 800 companies of various sizes. Important findings are: A smaller proportion of the Building Material suppliers than of the Other Manufacturers offer new products, invest in R&D, machinery and marketing the introduction of products. The Building Material Suppliers have a greater proportion of their sales from older products and have older equipment than Other Manufacturers. The Building Material Suppliers have poorer production processes and they are not as good at finding new ides as the Other Manufacturers The study reveals barriers within the trade, where motivation seems to be of great importance.
E-commerce between a large firm and a SME supplier: a screening model  [PDF]
Alderete Maria Veronica
Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract: This paper derives a model of screening contracts in the presence of positive network effects when building an electronic commerce network (e-commerce) between a large firm and a small and medium sized enterprise (SME) supplier based on Compte (2008). Compte (2008) main insight is that when several potential candidates compete for the task, the principal will in general improve the performance of his firm by inducing the member candidates to assess their competence before signing the contract (through an appropriate choice of contracts). The large firm (principal) must choose between different SME suppliers (agents) to build a business to business e-commerce network. In the presence of positive network externalities, we show that social surplus increases.
The Role of Gender in the Perception of barriers to E-commerce Adoption in SMEs: An Australian Study  [cached]
Robert MacGregor,Lejla Vrazalic
Communications of the IBIMA , 2008,
Abstract: The association between e-commerce barriers and gender has not been explored in-depth, even though it has implications for the adoption of this technology. This paper aims to add insight into how male and female SME owners/managers perceive different e-commerce barriers. The findings of a survey of 207 SMEs in Australia are presented, and show that females perceive technical issues to be a more important barrier than organisational issues. By contrast, male SME owners/managers are more concerned with the suitability and fit of e-commerce in the organisation, implying the need for a different focus in e-commerce initiatives. Additional findings show a greater differentiation of barriers within male owned/managed SMEs, which suggests the need for more customised e-commerce adoption program in these organisations.
An Action Research Case Study of the Facilitators and Inhibitors of E-Commerce Adoption  [cached]
Orla Kirwan,Kieran Conboy
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v2n2p48
Abstract: This research has studied an established Irish retail business as it takes its first tentative steps into the e-commerce arena. Although the adoption of e-commerce is widely studied in the academic world, only a small percentage of these studies focus on the Small to Medium size Enterprise (SME) retail sector. SMEs account for 97% of Irish companies and employ up to 800,000 people (Chamber of Commerce Ireland, 2006). Whilst examining the SME’s adoption of e-commerce, the factors that affected the adoption process were specifically identified and understood. This was achieved by conducting an action research case study. Action research merges research and practice thus producing exceedingly relevant research findings. The case study commenced in August 2003 and concluded in August 2004. It consisted of three distinctive action research cycles. The researcher worked in the SME throughout the research process, and had been employed there for the previous 5 years. This chapter demonstrates how the research was undertaken, and also discusses the justification, benefits and limitations of using action research. The research concluded that the adoption of e-commerce within the SME sector tends to be slow and fragmented, the presence of a “web champion” is paramount to the success of the project and Internet adoption is faster with the recognition of a business need. It also supported the evidence that an SME is more likely to adopt e-commerce when the SME owner has a positive attitude to IT.
Growth Of Broadband And ICT Adoption By SMEs In Atlantic Canada
Gregory J. FLEET
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Since 2005, we have conducted three Atlantic Canada-wide surveys of SME businesses benchmarking levels of ICT adoption, change in adoption, as well as the role of marketing and export on ICT usage in helping to create growing and sustainable business opportunities. Despite Atlantic Canada’s low population base and distance to major population centres, SMEs in the region show strong levels of adoption of various ICT products and services. Broadband access, website adoption and online purchasing is now over 90%. Even newer socialnetworking services, such as web analytics, search engine optimization, and the use of Twitter are being adopted by as many of 44% of the SMEs. These adoption rates will be compared with our previous studies to document the historical growth within Atlantic Canada, as well as compare these baseline measures to other regions within Canada, as well as studies of comparable regions worldwide.
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