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Het Vlaanderen van Thoen  [cached]
P.C.M. Hoppenbrouwers
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 1992,
Abstract: E. Thoen, Landbouwekonomie en bevolking in Vlaanderen gedurende de late middeleeuwen en het begin van de moderne tijden. Testregio: de kasselrijen van Oudenaarde en Aalst (einde 13de-eerste helft 16de eeuw)
Updating an upper bound of Erik Westzynthius  [PDF]
Gerhard R. Paseman
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: Inspired by a paper of Erik Westzynthius,we build on work of Harlan Stevens and Hans-Joachim Kanold. Let $k \gt 2$ be the number of distinct prime divisors of a positive integer $n$. In 1977, Stevens used Bonferroni inequalities to get an explicit upper bound on Jacobsthal's function $g(n)$, which is related to the size of largest interval of consecutive integers none of which are coprime to $n$. Letting $u(k)$ be the base $2$ $\log$ of this bound, Stevens showed $u(k)$ is $O((\log k)^2)$, improving upon Kanold's exponent $O(\sqrt{k})$. We use elementary methods similar to those of Stevens to get $u(k)$ is $O(\log k(\log\log k))$ in one form and $O(\sigma^{-1}(n)\log k)$ in another form. We also show how these bounds can be improved for small $k$.
Synergistic Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Aguaribay (Schinus molle L.)  [PDF]
Pedro M. de Mendon?a Rocha,Jesus M. Rodilla,David Díez,Heriberto Elder,Maria Silvia Guala,Lúcia A. Silva,Eunice Baltazar Pombo
Molecules , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/molecules171012023
Abstract: Schinus molle L. (aguaribay, aroeira-falsa, “molle”, family Anacardiaceae), a native of South America, produces an active antibacterial essential oil extracted from the leaves and fruits. This work reports a complete study of its chemical composition and determines the antibacterial activity of Schinus molle L. essential oil and its main components. The results showed that the crude extract essential oil has a potent antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, a strong/moderate effect on Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and moderate/weak one on Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853.
Chemical composition of Schinus molle L. wood and kraft pulping process
Mejía-Díaz, L. A.;Rutiaga-Qui?ones, J. G.;
Revista mexicana de ingeniería química , 2008,
Abstract: the determination of the chemical composition of the wood is fundamental in the proposition of its most appropriate uses, as in the case of suggesting the wood for the pulping process kraft. the purpose of this work consisted in determining the basic chemical composition of schinus molle l. wood and to carry out cooking kraft to evaluate the yield and the kappa number. the tree of s. molle belongs to the family anacardinaceae, which is broadly established in mexico. the chemical analysis included the determination of ph, ash content, solubility in organic solvents, quantity of lignin and holocellulose. to evaluate the pulp yield and kappa number, a factorial experimental design 2x2x2 was applied, having as factors and levels the following ones: temperature (160, 165 °c), charge of chemical reagents (16, 18%), cooking time (90, 100 min). finally, based on the results of this work the possible use of this wood for the kraft pulping process is proposed.
Chemical constituents and antioxidant activity of the Arctic mushroom Lycoperdon molle Pers
Purnima Singh,Ashutosh Singh,Lisette M. D'Souza,Utpal Roy
Polar Research , 2012, DOI: 10.3402/polar.v31i0.17329
Abstract: The biochemical adaptations of fungi to the harsh conditions of the Arctic may mean that these organisms have properties useful to people. Using samples of the puffball mushroom Lycoperdon molle Pers. (Basidiomycota, Fungi) collected at Ny- lesund, Svalbard, we examined the in vitro antioxidant potential of this species by investigating its free-radical scavenging (FRS) activity, inhibition of lipid peroxidation (ILP) and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC). The FRS activity of the samples in various organic solvents, including methanol, ethanol, acetone and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), were found to be in the range of 44.00–89.60%, while ILP activities ranged from 32.00 to 54.41%. The methanol extract showed the highest levels of FRS (89.60%) and ILP (54.41%) compared to standard antioxidants butylated hydroxyanisol and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). The TEAC value was also found to be higher compared to the standard water soluble vitamin E analogue Trolox (3.9 mM). Antimicrobial screening of Lycoperdon molle extracts was negative to the tested microorganisms. Using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), we determined that the samples contained compounds such as phosphoethanolamine, monomethyl arsenic acid, phosphatidyl glycerol, phosphoionositol, phosphoserine and lysophosphatidyl choline. We found that Lycoperdon molle showed strong antioxidant abilities compared to the standards, suggesting that this and perhaps other Arctic mushrooms could be valuable sources of natural antioxidants for the pharmaceutical industry. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the antioxidant activity in any Arctic mushroom.
In Vitro Anticholinesterase and Inhibitory Effects of the Aqueous Extract of Combretum molle (Combretaceae) Leaf on Rabbit Breathing
Y Dodehe, K Ernest, BA dit Philipp, T Antoine, B Calixte, M Souleymane, D Joseph, G-G Frédéri
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 2010,
Abstract: Purpose: In previous studies, the aqueous extract of Combretum molle was shown to inhibit disturbances of breathing induced by acetylcholine. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of this inhibition. Methods: The aqueous extract of Combretum molle and an anti-asthmatic, salbutamol (reference), were tested at varying concentrations for their inhibitory effects on breathing. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was extracted from rabbit duodenum and its activity determined by Ellman’s assay using acethylthiocholine iodide (ACTH) as substrate. The rate of hydrolysis of acetylcholinesterase was spectrophotometrically monitored at 412 nm. Results: The results indicate that in the presence of C. molle extract, a considerable reduction in the variation of breathing amplitudes occurred. Furthermore, the extract probably contains anti-AChE substances. C. molle exerted non-competitive inhibition of acetylcholinesterase with Michaelis-Menten constant (KM) of 192 μM and velocity at maximal concentration of substrate (Vmax) of 4444 μM/min. Conclusion: These results support the use of C. molle leaf in the Pharmacopoeia of Ivory Coast as an anti-asthmatic, in view of its inhibitory effect on breathing disturbances.
Methodism and empire: the nineteenth and twentieth centuries  [cached]
Joerg Rieger
Caminhando , 2009,
Abstract: Methodism and empire: the nineteenth and twentieth centuries This article investigates British and North American Methodism and their relations with their respective empires, and the ambivalence between adaptation and resistance. Empires are described as powerful manipulators of religion. However, they are not capable of totally assuming the power of religion. This "theological surplus" is a sign of hope.
Proceedings of the Twentieth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (2004)  [PDF]
Max Chickering,Joseph Halpern
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: This is the Proceedings of the Twentieth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, which was held in Banff, Canada, July 7 - 11 2004.
Investigation of the Nutritive Value and Mineral Elements of Combretum molle Leaves
F. Mtunzi,T. Singo,A. Pholosi,N. Mzinyane
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2012,
Abstract: The study was concern with determining the nutritive value and the concentrations of mineral elements of Combretum molle leaves. Leaves were analyzed for mineral elements by using standard analytical methods and AAS. The nutrients (ash, fibre, protein and moisture) content were obtained by different biochemical methods. The leaves were found to be high in Ca (210.01±13.32 ppm) concentration and low in Zn (0.74±0.01 ppm) and Cu (1.89±0.02 ppm) concentrations. The second highest element present was Mn at 66.36±8.21 ppm. Fe was found to be 14.14±2.11 ppm. Carbohydrates, proteins, fibre and moisture were present in significant amount, but low in fat content. The nutritive value of the leaves was found to be 296.49 cal/100 mg.
An Overview of Political Torture in the Twentieth Century
Ruxandra Cesereanu
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2006,
Abstract: The present essay focuses on political torture during the twentieth century. It takes a multidisciplinary approach, because it entails insights from history, politics, ideology, anthropology, psychology and literature. The aim of the present essay is to discuss the relation between "Classical" torture (in the past centuries) and "Modern" torture (in the twentieth century), analyzing the phenomena in a comparative perspective and paying attention to the hidden and unconscious motives behind historical facts. What I am interested in is the mechanism by which, in the twentieth century, torture has been reintroduced particularly for political prisoners - that means torture for ideas and conscience, torture as a technique of power and not merely as a technique of punishment. What torture destroys first is the dignity and privacy of the victim; only then does it destroy the victim's freedom and integrity. For this reason, every torture is an act of rape, even a symbolic one. I mean this in psychological terms, not as a demonstration of feminist vocabulary. Every touching of the victim's body is rape, emphasizing the "virility" of the torturer. First of all, the torturer wants to become a master of his victim's body, and only later, a master of the tortured person's mind. I include imagination in the concept of torture, imagination being one of the tools of the act of torturing. In torture, imagination becomes, in my demonstration, a never-ending weapon.
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