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An informatics model for guiding assembly of telemicrobiology workstations for malaria collaborative diagnostics using commodity products and open-source software
West Suhanic, Ian Crandall, Peter Pennefather
Malaria Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-164
Abstract: The model incorporates two general principles: 1) collaborative diagnostics, where free and open communication and networking applications are used to link distributed collaborators for reciprocal assistance in organizing and interpreting digital diagnostic data; and 2) commodity engineering, which leverages globally available consumer electronics and open-source informatics applications, to build generic open systems that measure needed information in ways substantially equivalent to more complex proprietary systems. Routine microscopic examination of Giemsa and fluorescently stained blood smears for diagnosing malaria is used as an example to validate the model.The model is used as a constraint-based guide for the design, assembly, and testing of a functioning, open, and commoditized telemicroscopy system that supports distributed acquisition, exploration, analysis, interpretation, and reporting of digital microscopy images of stained malarial blood smears while also supporting remote diagnostic tracking, quality assessment and diagnostic process development.The open telemicroscopy workstation design and use-process described here can address clinical microbiology infrastructure deficits in an economically sound and sustainable manner. It can boost capacity to deal with comprehensive measurement of disease and care outcomes in individuals and groups in a distributed and collaborative fashion. The workstation enables local control over the creation and use of diagnostic data, while allowing for remote collaborative support of diagnostic data interpretation and tracking. It can enable global pooling of malaria disease information and the development of open, participatory, and adaptable laboratory medicine practices. The informatic model highlights how the larger issue of access to generic commoditized measurement, information processing, and communication technology in both high- and low-income countries can enable diagnostic services that are much less expensive,
Guidelines Based Software Engineering for Developing Software Components  [PDF]
Muthu Ramachandran
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2012.51001
Abstract: Software guidelines have been with us in many forms within Software Engineering community such as knowledge, experiences, domain expertise, laws, software design principles, rules, design heuristics, hypothesis, experimental results, programming rules, best practices, observations, skills, algorithms have played major role in software development. This paper presents a new discipline known as Guidelines Based Software Engineering where the aim is to learn from well-known best practices and documenting newly developed and successful best practices as a knowledge based (could be part of the overall KM strategies) when developing software systems across the life cycle. Thereby it allows reuse of knowledge and experiences.
Ethical Leadership: Guiding Principles for Educators and Administrators
Mary P. Sullivan
Christian Perspectives in Education , 2009,
Abstract: Rooted in Biblical principles, this discussion of eight values associated with ethical leadership will provide educators and administrators with “food for thought” as they adopt their own personal code of ethics or guiding principles on which to base their leadership style.
GENERAL PRINCIPLES GUIDING THE INCRIMINATING ACTIVITY OF THE EUROPEAN LEGISLATURE
Lamya a Diana AL-KAWADRI
Lex et Scientia , 2011,
Abstract: As the title itself reveals, the purpose of this study is to identify the general principles guiding the incriminating activity incumbent upon the European legislature. Thus, this study started in the first part to analyze the principle of legality which is found not only at the basis of the law itself – lato sensu – and specific to each member state of the European Union (but not exclusively), and which represents the fundamental principle of the European law also. Also, we shall also present a few important characteristics of other principles such as, subsidiarity and proportionality, ultima ratio principle, principle of guilt. Moreover, in the second part of this study we tried to analyze some procedural aspects regarding the conferral of powers and the jurisdiction in criminal matters and the duty to cooperate in good faith as tools that the European legislature has used and is using in its standardization activity and, if we may say so, even in the development of a common legislation to all member states of the European Union, especially in criminal matters. Furthermore, in its’ third part, this study highlights the main changes brought by the Treaty of Lisbon regarding first and foremost the shared competence and also the new instruments used by the main Community actors.
Principles of Antifragile Software  [PDF]
Martin Monperrus
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to study and define the concept of "antifragile software". For this, I start from Taleb's statement that antifragile systems love errors, and discuss whether traditional software dependability fits into this class. The answer is somewhat negative, although adaptive fault tolerance is antifragile: the system learns something when an error happens, and always imrpoves. Automatic runtime bug fixing is changing the code in response to errors, fault injection in production means injecting errors in business critical software. I claim that both correspond to antifragility. Finally, I hypothesize that antifragile development processes are better at producing antifragile software systems.
Developing Software Simulations
Tom Hall,Cathy Hall,William Swart
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2007,
Abstract: Programs in education and business often require learners to develop and demonstrate competence in specified areas and then be able to effectively apply this knowledge. One method to aid in developing a skill set in these areas is through the use of software simulations. These simulations can be used for learner demonstrations of competencies in a specified course as well as a review of the basic skills at the beginning of subsequent courses. The first section of this paper discusses ToolBook, the software used to develop our software simulations. The second section discusses the process of developing software simulations. The third part discusses how we have used software simulations to assess student knowledge of research design by providing simulations that allow the student to practice using SPSS and Excel.
The Principles of Layering and Separation in the Telecommunication Software Design
电信软件设计中的分层、分离原则的研究

WANG Jiang-zhe,ZHOU Ying-xin,AI Bo,
王江哲
,周莹新,艾波

软件学报 , 1998,
Abstract: Some principles of layering and separation in the design of telecommunication software are introduced in this paper. By way of layering and separation, the complexity of telecommunication software can be reduced. Further more, the software architecture can be more clear, adaptive and easy to understand. They are a great help to the telecommunication software developers.
HASoC for Developing a Software System
Salah Eldin Abdelrahman,Mohammed Badawy
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: We present an object-oriented development of a software system. The development is based on the customization of the lifecycle of a novel developing method called HASoC (Hardware and Software Objects on Chip). The development is presented in order to evaluate HASoC and establish a complete A-to-Z object-oriented teaching example for developing software systems. The evaluation is performed through an object-oriented development process of a software system and is aimed to prove the HASoC practicability and reveal its limitations. The HASoC method was originally aimed for developing embedded systems that are targeted at system-on-a-chip (SoC) implementations.
Internal Displacement, the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, the Principles Normative Status, and the Need for their Effective Domestic Implementation in Colombia  [cached]
Robert K. Goldman
ACDI : Anuario Colombiano de Derecho Internacional , 2009,
Abstract: The paper briefl y examines the phenomenon of internal displacementworld-wide and the genesis of the United Nation’s mandate to dealwith this problem. It examines key conclusions of a UN sponsored studywhich found that existing international law contained signifi cant gaps and grey areas in terms of meeting the needs of internally displaced persons.It also examines the origins and the content of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and the normative status of thesePrinciples. It suggests that, while not binding as such on states, the Guiding Principles have nonetheless become the most authoritative expression of minimum international standards applicable to the internally displaced and that based on state practice many, if not all, of these principles may eventually become part of customaryinternational law. The paper also discusses the need for effective domestic implementation of the Guiding Principles, and examineshow governmental authorities, the Constitutional Court and civilsociety organizations in Colombia, as well as inter-governmental bodies, have responded to the crisis of internal displacement in the country. While noting the adequacy of Colombia’s legislative framework on internal displacement, the paper concludes that the State has not taken the measures required to prevent futuredisplacement or to effectively meet the protection and assistanceneeds of its displaced citizens.
Client Mobile Software Design Principles for Mobile Learning Systems  [cached]
Qing Tan,Kinshuk Kinshuk
International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM) , 2009, DOI: 10.3991/ijim.v3i1.753
Abstract: In a client-server mobile learning system, client mobile software must run on the mobile phone to acquire, package, and send student’s interaction data via the mobile communications network to the connected mobile application server. The server will receive and process the client data in order to offer appropriate content and learning activities. To develop the mobile learning systems there are a number of very important issues that must be addressed. Mobile phones have scarce computing resources. They consist of heterogeneous devices and use various mobile operating systems, they have limitations with their user/device interaction capabilities, high data communications cost, and must provide for device mobility and portability. In this paper we propose five principles for designing Client mobile learning software. A location-based adaptive mobile learning system is presented as a proof of concept to demonstrate the applicability of these design principles.
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