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Effects of municipal solid waste compost and chemical fertilizer on plant growth in different soils
城市固体废弃物堆肥与化肥对不同土壤植物生长的影响研究

LI Wan-Cai,ZHANG Li-Rong,MA Hai-Lin,
李万才
,张丽蓉,马海林

中国生态农业学报 , 2006,
Abstract: A pot experiment was conducted to compare the effects of municipal solid waste compost and chemical fertilizer on the growth of ryegrass(Lolium perenne L.) in different soils.The results show that the compost and chemical fertilizer significantly increase the dry matter production of ryegrass.The application of 50t/hm~2 of compost alone increases the dry matter yield by 39.53% and 109.38%,while that of chemical NPK alone,by 267.44% and 406.25% for Yangchun and Da'an soils,respectively.The combination of compost and chemical NPK(NPK C_(25) for Yangchun and NPK C_(50) for(Da'an)) shows the highest crop yields.The contents of soil organic carbon,available P,K,Fe,Mn,Zn,Cu,and pH are obviously increased after the treatment with compost.
Effect of municipal solid waste compost on yield and quality of eggplant  [cached]
Hadi Shabani,Gholam-Ali Peyvast,Jamal-Ali Olfati,Parvin Ramezani Kharrazi
Comunicata Scientiae , 2011,
Abstract: Organic agriculture aspires to return to more closed cycles of energy and materials, maximize reuse,employ rotation systems, use nutrients of organic origin and renewable energy sources, etc.Production of municipal solid waste compost, including organic waste is increasing while soils areprogressively losing organic matter due to intensive cultivation and climatic conditions. This makesthe recycling of organic waste as soil amendments a useful alternative to incineration, landfillor rubbish dumps. In this study that carry out in the summer of 2008, four levels of municipal solidwaste compost (50, 100, 150 and 200 t. ha-1) with control had applied. Through measured factors,marketable yield per m2, number of weed per plot, soil born disease reduction, number of leafper plant, lateral branch rate, plants height had significant effect in 0.05 levels. The best of yieldachieved of 50 t. ha-1 fertilizer level. Municipal solid waste compost also had significant effect on Caroot, fruit, leaf and root P and leaf Mg.
EFFECT OF ORDINARY COMPOST, COMPOST BY EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISMS AND VERMICOMPOST FROM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF VIGNA MUNGO (L.)  [PDF]
S. ANANTHAKRISHNASAMY,G. GUNASEKARAN,G. MANIMEGALA,P.SUNDARAMOORTHY
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: To utilize the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), it was composted – ordinarily, with help of Effective Microorganisms (EM) - (Lactobacillus casei, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and Epigeic earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae. Efficiency of ordinary compost, compost mad with EM and vermicompost were tested on the growth and yield of blackgram Vigna mungo (L.) in different doses of application. The result suggests that the vermicompost applied at the rate of 5t/ha was superior to any other treatment.
Compost and Wildflowers for the Management of Urban Derelict Soils  [PDF]
Roberto Pini,Francesca Bretzel,Enzo Sparvoli,Beatrice Pezzarossa,Manuele Scatena
Applied and Environmental Soil Science , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/832608
Abstract: The aim of this study was to verify whether the use of source-separated municipal waste compost could improve the physical quality of urban soils and create better conditions for their management when planted with herbaceous species. A sandy soil in traffic islands was tilled to a depth of 10?cm, and half of the surface was treated with compost (3?kg/m2). A mixture of 25 herbaceous annuals was then sown in the entire area. Organic carbon content and physical characteristics were determined at different times in the soil treated and not treated with compost. The vegetation was monitored in terms of its growth and flowering. The compost-treated soil showed an increase in organic carbon content. Total porosity increased with time in the compost-treated soil, due to a higher volume of transmission pores, which play a role in water movement. Soil aggregate stability also improved in the compost-treated soil. The duration of flowering of the individual species and the overall quantity of flowers were greater in the compost-treated soil. 1. Introduction Soil is one of the limiting factors for the successful cultivation of plants in towns and cities [1]. The poor quality of soils in urban areas is due to their chemical and biological properties but more often it is due to physical properties. Often urban soils are lacking in structure and humus, leading to asphyctic conditions, compaction, and erosion. These poor physical properties reduce the water available for plants and the penetrability of soils by the roots. Moreover, urban soils can be contaminated by several anthropogenic materials (bricks, concrete, and plastic), which can greatly reduce the volume available for plant roots. The use of source-separated municipal solid waste compost could provide a good solution for increasing the organic matter content in urban soils and for improving their physical properties. In Italy, the production of such compost is rapidly increasing due to the efforts of municipalities to achieve a better selection of organic solid waste and to improve composting processes. So using this compost in vast and heterogeneous sets of urban soils could also help to create a high-value market for locally produced compost, as pointed out by Cogger [2]. While compost effects on agricultural soils have been widely studied, less information is available on urban soils, though interest and research are increasing [3]. In particular one possible effective use of quality compost is in urban derelict soils. These kind of soils, found in roadsides, roundabouts, and filling soils, are generally
EVOLUTION OF THE MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE COMPOST PHYTOTOXICITY AND MATURATION FOR ECO-FRIENDLY ORGANIC FARMING SYSTEMS  [PDF]
S.P.GAUTAM,P.S. BUNDELA,A.K. PANDEY,M.K. AWASTHI
Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation , 2010,
Abstract: Inhibitions of seed germination and plant injuries have been reported following the application of fresh or partially composted wastes to soil. However, effective test determining compost biomaturity after storage is on a trial and error basis. An incubation experiment and a pot experiment were conducted to investigate the decomposition, transformation and optimal application rate of compost, which was prepared from municipal solids waste. The compost showed inhibition of seed germination using aqueous extract of the compost when compared with distilled water or mature compost for their effect on germination and root development of Zea maize L. The germination index (G.I.) and the ratio of optical densities at 465nm and 665nm (E4/E6) of dilute aqueous extract were used to show the time required for municipal solid waste compost reaching its biomaturity. The E4/E6 ratio increased with time and then decreased after 30 days of decomposition. This decrease was linked with biomaturity and stabilization stage of the fresh compost, as observed with a decrease in inhibition effect on seed germination. With reference to the period of maturity of the compost, MSW compost was incorporated in to pots with sandy soil at different ratio of application three different ratio 25:75, 50:50, 75:25 and 100% compost. The results showed significant effects on plant height and dry mater yield. The optimal ratio of application was 50:50.
Studies on integrated use of tannery wastewater, municipal solid waste and fly ash amended compost on vegetable growth
Nalawade P.M.,Kamble J.R.,Late A.M.,Solunke K.R.
International Journal of Agriculture Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The present study is an attempt carried out to explore the possibility of finding the solution to environmentalproblem by eco-friendly technique. Utilization of bacteria, earthworms and its compost for growing crops having muchmore importance in recent years, under concept of sustainable agriculture. In the present investigation tannery wastewater, municipal solid waste and cow dung is being used with the help of bacteria and earthworm for manure preparation.Three different methods are used i.e. pit composting, bacterial composting and vermicomposting for manure preparation,which for vermicomposting Eisenia foetida species and for bacterial composting Azatobactor sp. were used. Forpreparation of compost 2:2:1 proportion of cow dung, municipal solid waste and saw dust is used respectively, followed byspraying tannery waste water. During the present study waste material were analyzed for its chemical characteristicsbefore and after composting. The compost produced from these three different methods was mixed with fly ash generatedin coal based thermal power plant and used for selected vegetable plants i.e., Trigonella fenugrecum (Methi) and Pisumsativum (Watana) to study the growth rate. The polyphenol and chlorophyll content of selected vegetable plants werestudied with comprising the chemical characteristics of soil.
Effects of municipal waste compost and its compound fertilizers on the turf quality of ryegrass
城市垃圾堆肥及其复合肥对黑麦草草坪质量的影响

FAN Hairong,HUA Luo,CAI Dianxiong,WANG Xuejiang,ZHU Fengyun,YIN Xunxiao,ZHANG Zhenxian,GAO Juan,HUA Liping,
范海荣
,华珞,蔡典雄,王学江,朱风云,尹逊霄,张振贤,高娟,滑丽萍

生态学报 , 2005,
Abstract: More than a hundred million tons of municipal waste are generated every year in China.Compost is an effective approach to municipal waste disposal.Waste compost conceives such characters as follows:(1) it contains organic matters;(2) it contains a lot of nutrition elements such as nitrogen,phosphorus,potassium and so on;(3)it contains various concentrations of trace elements and synthetic organic compounds;(4) it contains heavy metal elements.How to improve waste compost quality is a hotspot of research.The...
Evaluation of Phytotoxicity for Compost from Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste and Paper & Pulp Mill Sludge  [cached]
Manjula Gopinathan,Meenambal Thirumurthy
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.59.1.922
Abstract: The compost obtained from composting organic fraction of Municipal solid waste, Paper & Pulp mill sludge and saw dust using different initial mix ratios (1:3, 1:6, 1:9) was used to evaluate phytotoxicity of green gram (Vigna radiata) using a seed germination method. The tests were repeated for the compost obtained from organic fraction of MSW and saw dust without the addition of sludge. The control germination test was carried out using deionised water. The results showed that composting generally reduced the phytotoxicity of the mixtures. A germination index was the highest in the mix ratio of 1:9 in the compost obtained from the addition of paper & pulp mill sludge and a germination index was the highest in the mix ratio of 1:6 in the compost obtained without the addition of sludge. The germination percentage, germination index and vigour index values were relatively higher in the compost obtained with the addition of paper & pulp mill sludge. The vigour index was found to be maximal in the mix ratio of 1:3 from the compost obtained with the addition of sludge. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.59.1.922
Characterisation of Municipal Solid Waste Compost (MSWC) from Selected Indian Cities—A Case Study for Its Sustainable Utilisation  [PDF]
Manju Rawat, AL. Ramanathan, T. Kuriakose
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.42019
Abstract:

Utilisation of Municipal Solid Waste is important to curb the ever rising demand of scarce land for its disposal. Changing life style patterns, particularly in urban areas, has led to increase in generation of MSW. Municipal solid waste from Indian cities estimated to have 40% - 60% organic matter, which could be recycled as compost. The most suitable way to recycle it with low investment is aerobic composting using windrow method. With the compliance of Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2000, many cities in India are making compost with organic portion of MSW. Before applying MSWC for agricultural uses, it is important to inventories heavy metals in compost to assess its toxicity. In the present study the compost samples were quantified for its toxicity from three highly populated cities of India, i.e., Delhi (Capital of India), Ahmedabad (Gujarat) and Bangalore (Karnataka). The MSWC samples were analysed for total heavy metals and in extractable fractions. Few samples were found with higher concentration of metals then the prescribed limits for its application as compost in Indian MSW rules, whereas, samples have not showed significant heavy metals concentration in extractable fractions. Therefore, studied MSW compost samples had demonstrated its suitability to use as green compost.

Runoff and Nutrient Losses from Constructed Soils Amended with Compost  [PDF]
N. E. Hansen,D. M. Vietor,C. L. Munster,R. H. White,T. L. Provin
Applied and Environmental Soil Science , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/542873
Abstract: Composted organic materials used to stabilize roadside embankments in Texas promote rapid revegetation of soils disturbed by construction activities. Yet, adding compost to soil may increase total and soluble plant nutrients available for loss in runoff water. Composted municipal biosolids and dairy manure products were applied to soils in Texas according to prescribed Texas Department of Transportation specifications for stabilizing roadside soils. The specifications included a method for incorporating compost into soils prior to seeding or applying a compost and woodchip mix over a disturbed soil and then seeding. Applying compost and woodchips over the soil surface limited sediment losses (14 to 32 fold decrease) compared to incorporating compost into the soil. Yet, the greatest total phosphorus and nitrogen losses in runoff water occurred from soils where the compost and woodchip mix was applied. The greatest losses of soluble phosphorus also occurred when the compost and woodchip mix was applied. In contrast, nitrate-nitrogen losses in runoff were similar when compost was incorporated in the soil or applied in the woodchip mix. Compost source affected the nutrient losses in runoff. While the composted municipal biosolids added greater nutrient loads to the soil, less nutrient loss in runoff occurred. 1. Introduction State Departments of Transportation (SDOT) are mandated to manage highway construction sites as potential nonpoint pollution sources. Soil particulate loads are often the greatest fraction of soil components in runoff from highway construction sites [1]. Soil erosion can occur when disturbed soils are unprotected from rainfall and flowing water. Silt fences, straw mulch, and material blankets are among several practices used to control erosion [2]. Additionally, composted biosolids and blends of biosolids with yard waste are among materials top-dressed or incorporated on constructed soil slopes to control erosion and enhance vegetation establishment [3–5]. Persyn et al. [5] reported 5 or 10?cm blankets of composted biosolids, yard waste, or industrial waste reduced runoff water and sediment compared to exposed subsoil or imported topsoil to high-way construction sites. In a complementary report, Glanville et al. [3] reported top-dressing composted materials decreased nutrient loss in runoff water during a simulated 30?min rain event compared to excavated soil alone. Specifications for the composition and application of composted materials to soil on construction sites vary among SDOTs [6]. Generally, application rates are depth- or
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