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E-learning - an approach to teaching art history in the Internet age  [cached]
Kroepelien, Britt
Zeitenblicke , 2003,
Abstract: Der erste Universit tskurs in Norwegen, der komplett via Internet unterrichtet wird, wird in Kunstgeschichte angeboten. Dieses Projekt wurde im M rz 2000 mit einem Einführungskurs in die Kunstgeschichte gestartet. Aufgrund seiner modularen Struktur, visuell ansprechender Pr sentationen, fachbezogener Ans tze sowie M glichkeiten eines zweiseitigen Kommunikationsaustausches, kann das Interesse und der Einbezug der Studenten w hrend der zweij hrigen Dauer des Kurses aufrecht erhalten werden.
Internet Art and the Archive
Karin Wagner
Human IT: Tidskrift f?r Studier av IT ur ett Humanvetenskapligt Perspektiv , 2007,
Abstract: Internet art is ephemeral by nature and several initiatives have been taken to preserve it for the future. Apart from formal archives holding art of this kind, there are also artworks which exist outside these web based institutions. In what way can they be regarded as archived? In the article, criteria are suggested which can be used to judge whether an artwork is active or archived and these criteria are applied in the analysis of twelve different artworks. Different kinds of dating are important for how the status of a work is perceived by the visitor. The concepts of explicit and implicit archiving are used to characterize archiving of Internet art, where works can be "dead" and "alive" at the same time.
Revisiting Internet AS-level Topology Discovery  [PDF]
Xenofontas Dimitropoulos,Dmitri Krioukov,George Riley
Computer Science , 2005, DOI: 10.1007/b135479
Abstract: The development of veracious models of the Internet topology has received a lot of attention in the last few years. Many proposed models are based on topologies derived from RouteViews BGP table dumps (BTDs). However, BTDs do not capture all AS-links of the Internet topology and most importantly the number of the hidden AS-links is unknown, resulting in AS-graphs of questionable quality. As a first step to address this problem, we introduce a new AS-topology discovery methodology that results in more complete and accurate graphs. Moreover, we use data available from existing measurement facilities, circumventing the burden of additional measurement infrastructure. We deploy our methodology and construct an AS-topology that has at least 61.5% more AS-links than BTD-derived AS-topologies we examined. Finally, we analyze the temporal and topological properties of the augmented graph and pinpoint the differences from BTD-derived AS-topologies.
How Are Academic Age, Productivity and Collaboration Related to Citing Behavior of Researchers?  [PDF]
Sta?a Milojevi?
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049176
Abstract: References are an essential component of research articles and therefore of scientific communication. In this study we investigate referencing (citing) behavior in five diverse fields (astronomy, mathematics, robotics, ecology and economics) based on 213,756 core journal articles. At the macro level we find: (a) a steady increase in the number of references per article over the period studied (50 years), which in some fields is due to a higher rate of usage, while in others reflects longer articles and (b) an increase in all fields in the fraction of older, foundational references since the 1980s, with no obvious change in citing patterns associated with the introduction of the Internet. At the meso level we explore current (2006–2010) referencing behavior of different categories of authors (21,562 total) within each field, based on their academic age, productivity and collaborative practices. Contrary to some previous findings and expectations we find that senior researchers use references at the same rate as their junior colleagues, with similar rates of re-citation (use of same references in multiple papers). High Modified Price Index (MPI, which measures the speed of the research front more accurately than the traditional Price Index) of senior authors indicates that their research has the similar cutting-edge aspect as that of their younger colleagues. In all fields both the productive researchers and especially those who collaborate more use a significantly lower fraction of foundational references and have much higher MPI and lower re-citation rates, i.e., they are the ones pushing the research front regardless of researcher age. This paper introduces improved bibliometric methods to measure the speed of the research front, disambiguate lead authors in co-authored papers and decouple measures of productivity and collaboration.
Living the myth: Revisiting Okigbo’s art and commitment
D Izevbaye
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2011,
Abstract: This is a study of the nature and sources of the persona’s quest in Christopher Okigbo’s poetry. The protagonist in Okigbo’s writing explores the fluid borders between aesthetic and spiritual states, with language and social action as instruments of the self’s aspiration towards spiritual and aesthetic fulfillment. Although Okigbo’s narration is presented in the form of dramatic ritual, the distance or severance of the material from the poet’s own spiritual history is not total, for the historical content eventually intrudes into the writing and reestablishes the authentic autobiography of the poetic self. The historical context, the 1960s, is an age of transition. Okigbo’s characterisation of his persona as an actor in a state of personal transition reflects the poet’s sensitive immersion in the spirit of his times and establishes Okigbo the poet as perhaps its ideal representative. One of the issues raised in this study is that in spite of the protagonist’s recurrent return to the point of passage, there is a relentless drive towards death seen ambiguously as the ultimate goal and state of perfection as well as the perfect form of transition. The central question explored in this study is the roles of poetic diction, the tense politics of the 1960s and the poet’s own intense temperament in determining his peculiar choice of resolution to the dilemma at the centre of his poetry.
Revisiting the Age of Enlightenment from a Collective Decision Making Systems Perspective  [PDF]
Marko A. Rodriguez,Jennifer H. Watkins
Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract: The ideals of the eighteenth century's Age of Enlightenment are the foundation of modern democracies. The era was characterized by thinkers who promoted progressive social reforms that opposed the long-established aristocracies and monarchies of the time. Prominent examples of such reforms include the establishment of inalienable human rights, self-governing republics, and market capitalism. Twenty-first century democratic nations can benefit from revisiting the systems developed during the Enlightenment and reframing them within the techno-social context of the Information Age. This article explores the application of social algorithms that make use of Thomas Paine's (English: 1737--1809) representatives, Adam Smith's (Scottish: 1723--1790) self-interested actors, and Marquis de Condorcet's (French: 1743--1794) optimal decision making groups. It is posited that technology-enabled social algorithms can better realize the ideals articulated during the Enlightenment.
Internet-Based Remote Collaboration at the Neutron Residual Stress Facility at HFIR  [PDF]
M. C. Wright,C. R. Hubbard,R. Lenarduzzi,J. A. Rome
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: The Neutron Residual Stress Facility (NRSF) at ORNL's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) is being significantly upgraded in conjunction with the upgrade of the HFIR and associated neutron scattering facilities. We have rewritten the LabVIEW-based data acquisition and control software for the NRSF to provide much greater flexibility in operation of the new equipment and to allow remote control over the Internet. The user interface is dynamically adapted to the specifics of each instrument based on instrument configuration information contained in external configuration files. Internet-based remote control is available via three methods. First, a server at the instrument provides local control and accepts connections via an IP socket. Second, instrument status is available on the Web using LabVIEW's built-in web server that will transmit JPEG images of instrument front panels. Third, complete remote control of the data acquisition system is also available to the instrument scientist via Timbuktu Pro, a commercial remote control program. We also support remote scientific collaboration, not just remote instrument control. We have participated in the development of multiple Electronic Notebooks, implemented as a collection of web pages that are created and viewed through a web browser. Access to the notebooks is controlled via X.509 certificates. We operate a Certificate Authority and issue our own certificates. All access control and session management is performed on the server via Java servlets.
Negotiating Chinese Identity in the Internet Age  [cached]
Ritendra Tamang
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n11p8
Abstract: The advent of the internet has led to the globalization of cultural images of Chinese identity. Online Chinese immigrants’ associations, in conjunction with Chinese-language electronic media, offer various and often competing images of Chinese ethnic and cultural identities. The multiple representations of Chinese identity in the various media formats provide options for individuals to negotiate their identity and belonging in different contexts. This paper examines the roles that the internet plays in influencing ethnic identity among Chinese immigrants in the province of British Columbia, Canada. I argue that the array of images offered by online Chinese-language media websites and virtual communities create more options for individual Chinese immigrants to negotiate and redefine their ethnic and cultural identities in relation to other Chinese and non-Chinese immigrant groups.
Peer-review in the Internet age  [PDF]
Pawel Sobkowicz
Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract: The importance of peer-review in the scientific process can not be overestimated. Yet, due to increasing pressures of research and exponentially growing number of publications the task faced by the referees becomes ever more difficult. We discuss here a few possible improvements that would enable more efficient review of the scientific literature, using the growing Internet connectivity. In particular, a practical automated model for providing the referees with references to papers that might have strong relationship with the work under review, based on general network properties of citations is proposed.
The Application and Innovation of Crowdsourcing in the Internet Age  [PDF]
Gencheng Li
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.43025
Abstract: As new internet technology rapidly develops today, the global economy integration becomes closer, and business model also emerges endlessly. Crowdsourcing has been appeared. From wisdom crowdsourcing that improves the efficiency of the enterprise innovation to now the combination of crowdsourcing and various industries, the form of the crowdsourcing becomes more and more. Crowdsourcing greatly blurs the organizational boundaries of the enterprise, and enhances the consciousness of the individual, and promotes the effective use of social idle resources, making further improve the social welfare. The enterprise needs to use crowdsourcing to improve open innovation process, and network public use crowdsourcing to enrich their lives and works. Crowdsourcing will continue to optimize the efficiency of the enterprise service and the efficiency of the society.
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