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Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part V. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.  [PDF]
Pirali-Kheirabadi, Khodadad,Navidpour, Shahrokh,Fet, Victor,Kova?ík, Franti?ek
Euscorpius , 2009,
Abstract: Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the montane Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province of Iran. Of these, only Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903) was formerly reported for this province, while nine species are reported for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova ík, 1997, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Odontobuthus doriae (Thorell, 1876), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova ík, 2004, Hemi- scorpius lepturus Peters, 1861, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiyari Province.
Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part VI. Lorestan Province.  [PDF]
Navidpour, Shakhrokh,Nayebzadeh, Hassan H.,Soleglad, Michael E.,Fet, Victor
Euscorpius , 2010,
Abstract: Ten species of scorpions belonging to three families are reported from the Lorestan Province of Iran. Of these, five species are recorded from the province for the first time: Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova ík, 1997; Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889); Orthochirus iranus Kova ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903); and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). One new species is described, Hottentotta lorestanus sp. n.; it can be easily distinguished from the other four species of the genus known from Iran by its coloration; it is the only Iranian species which has the entire pedipalps yellow and the metasomal segments I to IV greenish gray. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.
Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part VII. Kerman Province.  [PDF]
Navidpour, S.,Ezatkhah, M.,Kova?ík, F.,Soleglad, M. E.
Euscorpius , 2011,
Abstract: Thirteen species of scorpions belonging to two families are reported from the Kerman Province of Iran. Of these, the species Compsobuthus kaftani Kova ík, 2003, Mesobuthus macmahoni (Pocock, 1900), Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987), Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 are recorded from the province for the first time. Kerman Province contains type localities of six species of scorpions, of which Kraepelinia palpator (Birula, 1903) and Orthochirus gruberi Kova ík et Fet, 2006 are valid. Prionurus crassicauda orientalis Birula, 1900 is a synonym of Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Buthus eupeus kirmanensis Birula, 1900 and Buthus pachysoma Birula, 1900 are probably synonyms of Mesobuthus eupeus persicus (Pocock, 1899), and Buthus gabrielis Werner, 1929, according to published information and occurrences near the type locality, probably is a synonym of Sassanidotus gracilis (Birula, 1900). These taxonomic problems are discussed below. Also, Buthus atrostriatus Pocock, 1897 is transferred to genus Compsobuthus. A key to all species of scorpions found in Kerman Province is presented.
Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part III. Ilam Province.
Navidpour, S.,Fet, V.,Kova?ík, F.,Soleglad, M.E.
Euscorpius , 2008,
Abstract: Seven species of scorpions belonging to three families have been previously recorded from the Ilam Province of Iran: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861. Collections made by a team organized by Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal seven other species recorded from the province for the first time: Apistobuthus susanae Louren o, 1998, Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828), Compsobuthus jakesi Kova ík, 2003, Odontobuthus bidentatus Louren o et Pézier, 2002, Orthochirus iranus Kova ík, 2004, Polisius persicus Fet, Capes et Sissom, 2001, and Vachoniolus iranus Navidpour, Kova ík, Soleglad et Fet, 2008. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.
Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part IV. Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province.
Navidpour, S.,Kova?ík, F.,Soleglad, M.E.,Fet, V.
Euscorpius , 2008,
Abstract: According to previous surveys, only Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova ík, 2004, and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1861 have been recorded from Kohgilouyeh & Boyer Ahmad Province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal eight other species belonging to two families recorded from the province for the first time: Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807); Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905); Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880); Hottentotta zagrosensis Kova ík, 1997; Odontobuthus bidentatus Louren o et Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus iranus Kova ík, 2004; Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903); and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.
Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part I. Khoozestan Province.
Navidpour, S.,Kova?ík, F.,Soleglad, M.E.,Fet, V.
Euscorpius , 2008,
Abstract: Collections made by a team of Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) include 17 of the 19 species known to inhabit Khoozestan Province, and form the basis of this paper. Among them are two new species (Hottentotta khoozestanus sp. n. and Vachoniolus iranus sp. n.), Compsobuthus jakesi Kova ík, 2003 previously known only from Iraq, and five species representing first records for the province: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828); Odontobuthus bidentatus Louren o & Pézier, 2002; Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon et Farzanpay, 1987); Orthochirus stockwelli (Louren o et Vachon, 1995) comb. n.; and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). In contrast, Orthochirus zagrosensis Kova ík, 2004, as described from Khoozestan, stands corrected to Kohkiloye & Boyer Ahmad, Esfahan, Fars, Kerman, and Yazd Provinces. Occurrences of Hottentotta schach (Birula, 1905) and Compsobuthus garyi Louren o et Vachon, 2001 could not be verified for Khoozestan, but are nevertheless included, and the uncertain taxonomic position of the latter is discussed. A large collection of Orthochirus iranus Kova ík, 2004 allowed the study of intraspecific variation and resulted in the observation that trichobothrium d2 on the dorsal surface of pedipalp femur may be fully developed, reduced, or absent. Since the presence or absence of trichobothrium d2 is the only character separating Orthochirus Karsch, 1892 from Paraorthochirus Louren o et Vachon, 1995, it follows that Paraorthochirus is a synonym of Orthochirus, syn. n. Also presented is a key to all species of scorpions found in the province.
Spiders and Scorpions (Arachnida: Araneae, Scorpiones) of the Nylsvley Nature Reserve, South Africa
Ansie S. Dippenaar-Schoeman,Annette van den Berg,Lorenzo Prendini
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v51i1.161
Abstract: Among other activities, the South African National Survey of Arachnida (SANSA) aims to survey the biodiversity of arachnids in protected areas of South Africa. The study presented here documents the diversity of spiders and scorpions collected from the Nylsvley Nature Reserve (NNR), South Africa over a 30-year period. The spider fauna of NNR contains 175 species (7.5% of the total recorded in South Africa), in 131 genera and 37 families. Thomisidae is the most diverse spider family in the reserve, with 33 species (18.9% of the total), followed by Salticidae, with 20 species (11.4%), and Araneidae, with 18 species (10.3%). The majority of species (125) are wandering spiders (71.4%), whereas 50 species (28.6%) build webs. Wandering grounddwelling spiders comprise 52 species, whereas 73 wandering species have been collected from the vegetation. A total of 158 species are new records for the reserve and Oxyopes tuberculatus Lessert, 1915 is newly recorded for South Africa. Six spider species may be new to science. The scorpion fauna of NNR comprises five species (5% of the total recorded in South Africa) in three genera and two families. Buthidae are more diverse in the reserve, with four species and two genera represented. The scorpion fauna of the reserve includes two fossorial and three epigeic species, representing five ecomorphotypes: semi-zpsammophilous, pelophilous, lithophilous, corticolous and lapidicolous. Five additional scorpion species may be recorded if the reserve is sampled more intensively using appropriate techniques. How to cite this article: Dippenaar-Schoeman A.S., Van den Berg A. & Prendini L., 2009, ‘Spiders and Scorpions (Arachnida: Araneae, Scorpiones) of the Nylsvley Nature Reserve, South Africa’, Koedoe 51(1), Art. #161, 9 pages. DOI:10.4102/koedoe.v51i1.161
Scorpiofauna of Kashan (Esfahan Province, Iran) (Arachnida: Scorpiones).  [PDF]
Vignoli, V.,Kova?ík, F.,Crucitti, P.
Euscorpius , 2003,
Abstract: This work contains the results of the zoological expedition of the Società Romana di Scienze Naturali to Kashan, in Iran. Four days of intensive field research provided interesting data on the community structure of scorpions of Kashan. Thirty-two scorpion specimens, all belonging to the family Buthidae, are listed and ecological notes are included. Iranobuthus krali Kova ík, 1997, Kraepelinia palpator (Birula, 1903) and Polisius persicus Fet, Capes & Sissom, 2001 were found for the first time in the examined localities. The species collected belong to different ecomorphotypes, characteristic for the particular geographic position of Kashan. We report presence of two species with a wide Middle Eastern distribution (Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905); Androctonus crassicauda(Olivier, 1807)), Asian distribution (Mesobuthus eupeus C. L. Koch, 1839) as well as presence of endemic Iranian and Central Asian taxa (Kraepelinia palpator (Birula, 1903); Polisius persicus Fet, Capes & Sissom, 2001; Compsobuthus kaftani Kova ík, 2003; Iranobuthus krali Kova ík, 1997; Mesobuthus vesiculatus (Pocock, 1899)).Thus, Kashan seems to be situated in the region where several types of geographic ranges overlap and could be regarded as a “hot spot” for scorpiofauna. Some biogeographical considerations, and a checklist of the scorpion species known for Kashan are given.
Comunidades de escorpiones (Arachnida: Scorpiones) del desierto costero transicional de Chile Communities of scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) of the transitional coastal desert of Chile
PABLO AGUSTO,CAMILO I MATTONI,JAIME PIZARRO-ARAYA,JORGE CEPEDA-PIZARRO
Revista chilena de historia natural , 2006,
Abstract: En Chile, el orden Scorpiones está representado por 35 especies, distribuidas en las familias Bothriuridae, Iuridae y Buthidae. La mayoría de ellas son elementos endémicos, adaptados a condiciones xéricas. Nosotros estudiamos la estructura taxonómica de la escorpiofauna asociada a las formaciones vegetacionales presentes en el desierto costero transicional de Chile (25-32o S). Las capturas se realizaron con trampas de intercepción y luz UV. La información de terreno se complementó con antecedentes se alados en la literatura y material de referencia. Identificamos la presencia de nueve especies en un total de 226 especímenes capturados, pertenecientes a las familias Bothriuridae y Iuridae. Los géneros más abundantes de Bothriuridae, representada por ocho especies, fueron Brachistosternus y Bothriurus, con el 55,4 % y el 11 % del total de especímenes capturados, respectivamente. En relación a Brachistosternus, Br. (Leptosternus) roigalsinai fue la especie más abundante, con el 38,9 % del total de los especímenes capturados. Caraboctonus keyserlingi (Iuridae) constituyó el 33,2 % del total. La mayor riqueza de especies de escorpiones, con seis y siete especies, fueron respectivamente, las formaciones vegetacionales del desierto costero de Huasco (27°52' S, 71°05' O; 29°24' S, 71°18' O) y del matorral estepario costero (29°24' S, 71°18' O; 30°34' S, 71°42' O). Los desiertos costero de Tal-Tal (23°52' S, 70°30' O; 27°51' S, 71°05' O) y costero de Huasco presentaron especies exclusivas. El análisis de correspondencia mostró que, para la escorpiofauna estudiada, el matorral estepario costero representaría una zona de transición distribucional. Finalmente, discutimos en función de preferencias de sustrato mostradas por algunas de las especies presentes, algunos aspectos relacionados a la ocupación del hábitat In Chile, the order Scorpiones has 35 species, included in the families Bothriuridae, Iuridae, and Buthidae. Most of them are endemic species, well adapted to xeric environments. We studied the taxonomic structure of the scorpiofauna with regards to the plant formations present in the transitional coastal desert of Chile (25-32o S). Captures of scorpions were conducted with pitfall traps and UV light. Data from de field were complemented from literature and reference material. We identified the presence of 9 species in a total of 226 specimens captured, in the families Bothriuridae and Iuridae. The most abundant genera of Bothriuridae, represented by eight species, were Brachistosternus and Bothriurus, with 55.4 % and 11 % respectively of total captured spe
The scorpions of Yunnan (China): updated identification key, new record, and distributions (Arachnida: Scorpiones)  [cached]
Zhiyong DI,Wenxin Li,Yawen He,Zhijian Cao
ZooKeys , 2011, DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.82.715
Abstract: This is an identification key to the Scorpiones species of Yunnan (China) with notes on the distribution and habitats of these species. E. kubani is one new record species to China. The number of known species of Scorpiones from Yunnan is raised to nine. The redescriptions of E. shidian and E. kubani are provided. Features and distribution of these species provided as additional information for identification.
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