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Martyrs and Living Martyrs of the People’s War in Nepal  [cached]
Marie Lecomte-Tilouine
South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal , 2010,
Abstract: In Nepal, the Maoists' armed wing (PLA) developed as a collective of martyrs-to-be, whose example was disseminated as soon as they fell through tributes, poems and ceremonies. Its dynamic relied on self-sacrifice rather than any heroic prowess, and acquired a strong power of attraction in that it fundamentally asserts that anyone, whether illiterate, poor or of the lowest status, is of ‘priceless’ value, and can contribute to the project to change the order of things by putting their lives at stake. The People's War also brought about a wave of ‘Living Martyrs’, who survived the war and who are now busy recording their past experiences. They combine all the ingredients in terms of pathos and achievement to become historical figures and models for the future, while fallen immortals have already lost their individualities and play a collective and anonymous role.
Turkey’s New Foreign Policy Towards The Middle East And The Perceptions In Syria And Lebanon
Tayyar Ar?,Ferhat Pirin??i
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2010,
Abstract: The issues in the Middle East directly affect Turkey’s interests from security to economy. However, during the Cold War, Turkey did not involve directly and influentially to the Middle Eastern affairs. The political atmosphere arose after the Cold War, especially in the beginning 2000s, gave some opportunity and/or encouraged Turkish decision makers to pursue a new policy. Turkey as it develops and continues its relations with the West and the rest of the World, tried to set a new model of relations depend on mutual respect, recognition of territorial integrity and constructing trust building relations with the regional countries in every level. This article focuses on Turkish new foreign policy toward the Middle East and reflects the perceptions in Syria and Lebanon. From these perceptions, the article claims that Turkish new diplomatic initiatives would likely to continue and will be appreciated by all sides as long as the search for stability in the region prevails.
Mothers′ Perceptions & Ambitions About Their Daughters in Rural Area  [cached]
Lal Sunder
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 1997,
Abstract: Research question: What are the perceptions and ambitions of mothers about their daughters in relation to critical areas like literacy, age of marriage & child bearing, health risk due to early marriage etc. Objectives: To raise the level of awareness of mothers through ongoing programmes focused on women. Design: Before and after study in population. Participants: Mothers of girls aged 7-19 years. Study variables: Literacy, caste, communication, menstruation, food distribution in the family, age of marriage & childbirth, health risks, sources of information. Outcome variables: Raised level of awareness on critical areas as mentioned above. Statistical analysis: Simple proportions. Results: A little less than half (48%) of mothera€ s felt that their daughters could study as long as they desired. Though 73-82% of mothers knew the health risk of early marriage yet 67% of girls were married below the age of 18 years. Only 15% of mothers educated their daughters on the subject of menstruation. Female children were considered the last priority for nutritious food. The results of this study necessitate strengthening of women programmes for better awareness; favorable attitudes and sound practices.
The Relationship Between Turkey and USA After The Second World War (1945-1950)
Yavuz GüLER
Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty , 2004,
Abstract: In this article it was studied the relationship between Turkey and USA after the Second World War. To come into existence of the relationship in the conjuncture of the world after the Second World War and the public opinon of Turkey about thisrelationship investigated in this study.
Organizational Learning: Perceptions of Teachers’ in Turkey  [PDF]
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this research is to investigate primary school teacher’s organizational learning experiences and their thoughts about these experiences. In order to realize this aim, educational practices, supportive leadership, communication and education technology, information sharing and cooperation dimensions of organizational learning are analyzed in terms of teachers’ perceptions. When we evaluate research findings, teachers’ perceptions about organizational learning differ meaningfully according to the teacher’s age and their tenure of office. It can be asserted that we can develop schools’ organizational learning ability only if we create systems which make easy and support managers’, teachers’, students’, parents’ and other education workers’ learning course. The results of this study showed that teachers’ perceptions about organizational learning differ according to managers’ use of managerial power in change applications, teacher’s liability to the team work and whether technological advancements is followed or not. The findings of the research also sign the importance of collective learning and application in order to realize organizational learning. When we look at the research findings, it can be asserted that motivating individuals in schools to work and learn collaboratively and to follow technological advancements about education can be effective in transforming schools to learning organizations.
On the Gender Aspect of Conflict in Turkey: Mothers of Soldiers who died in the conflict in the East and Southeast of Turkey between 1993 and 2006  [cached]
Burcu ?entürk
Fe Dergi : Feminist Ele?tiri , 2009,
Abstract: This study is based on in-depth interviews with mothers whose sons were soldiers of the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and died in the armed conflict in the East and Southeast of Turkey between the years of 1993 and 2006. The narrative of the pain that these mothers suffer after the sudden death of their sons is discussed in relation to notions of nationalism and motherhood. How do these mothers perceive their pain and motherhood, and how are these politicized? How are these motherhoods represented and instrumentalized for militarist objectives? Moreover, how are mothers who challenge the gender roles deemed appropriate for them excluded both by their own community and by the state? In addressing these questions, it is shown that militarism, joined with nationalism, engages with Connell’s concepts such as hegemonic masculinity and emphasized femininity and reproduces rigid gender roles. It is argued that, in the context of armed conflict in Turkey, the motherhood of mothers of TAF soldiers can be understood through the concept of emphasized femininity, and the possibilities for breaking with this form of femininity are touched upon.
Fever in Children: Mothers’ Perceptions and their Home Management
Kazeem A. Oshikoya,Idowu O. Senbanjo
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: A wide range of childhood illnesses are accompanied by fever, many of which are treated at home prior to presentation to hospital. An assessment of mothers’ knowledge and ability to recognize fever in their child, as well as management instituted at home were the focus of this study.Methods: One hundred and forty four mothers whose children were less than 12 years old, had fever as one of the presenting complaints, and admitted to the children emergency room of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital between July and December, 2006, were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Information sourced were the demographics of the mothers/caregivers and the children, mothers’/caregivers’ knowledge of fever and its management. Mothers that did not give their consents were excluded.Findings: Most of the mothers (83.3%) perceived fever as the hotness of the whole body of the patient. Infection was the most likely cause of fever identified by 43.8% mothers. Malaria was presumptively diagnosed by the mothers in 54.2% children similar to the 53.5% cases of malaria diagnosed on admission. Ninety-six mothers (66.7%) managed the fever at home. Home treatment was majorly by reducing the clothing and exposing the child to air, tepid sponging, and use of paracetamol. Antimalarials (6.0%) and antibiotics (7.8%) group of drugs were rarely used.Conclusion: Home management of fever by mothers had remained symptomatic in Nigeria. In the era of artemesinin combined therapy as the choice of malaria treatment in Nigeria, trend towards not using antimalarial drugs as part of home management of fever in children was observed amongst the mothers.
Aspects of the epidemiology of intestinal parasitosis (IP) in children: Knowledge, practices and perceptions of mothers
AI Omoigberale, LU Airauhi
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
Abstract: Background: Intestinal parasitoses (IP) have been demonstrated to pose a major public health problem in the tropics. It is hypothesized that children are continually exposed to re- infection despite interventions. We conducted this hospital-based study to investigate knowledge, practices and perceptions among mothers of children seen at the hospital. Method: The study focused on knowledge, practices and perceptions of mothers concerning intestinal parasitoses in children. Questionnaires, which were interviewer administered, were used to generate qualitative data. Stool samples were collected from the study participants into labelled bottles for examination. Results: Majority of mothers belonging to the lower classes did not have access to good drinking water as demonstrated by 39%, 32% in classes III and II respectively while no mother in class V got water from reliable sources: The low level of knowledge about IP was demonstrated by the claim that it was inevitable with the following 68. 9% , 56.5%, 44.0% of mothers in social classes V, IV and III respectively. Infection rates increased with lowering social status. More males than females were infected but the difference was not significant (P> 0.05). Peak infection was among children aged between 3 + and 4 years. Conclusion: The low level of knowledge, practices and perceptions of mothers concerning IP is a major cause for worry. Urgent consideration should therefore be given in order to periodically treat infected children, enlighted mothers about mode of transmission of IP and also to improve sanitation in deprived areas so as to reduce the rate of transmission.
Greek mothers' perceptions of their cooperation with the obstetrician and the midwife in the delivery room
Sapountzi-Krepia D.,Lavdaniti M.,Raftopoulos V.,Psychogiou M.
International Journal of Caring Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Α Ι Μ : The objective of this study was to access the perceptions of mothers of newborns regarding their cooperationwith the midwife and the obstetrician in the delivery room.M A T E R I A L - M E T H O D : The sample consisted of 607 mothers living in Northern Greece. The KuopioInstrument for Mothers (KIM) was used for the data collection.R E S U L T S : All the participants gave birth in a hospital; 403 (66.4%) had vaginal delivery, while 204 (33.6%)gave birth by caesarean section. Women with a vaginal delivery had a better cooperation with the midwife and theobstetrician, in comparison to women who gave birth via caesarean section. The participant mothers had a morepositive experience from their cooperation with the obstetrician than with the midwife.C O N C L U S I O N S : The mothers’ preference for obstetrician’s care than for midwife’s care is probably due tothe commercialisation of gynaecology/obstetrics in Greece, the dramatic increase in the number of obstetriciansover the past decade, and the fact that deliveries carried out solely by midwives have almost disappeared in thecountry. Health policy makers should reinforce the current provision of maternity services and support midwivesto take a more central role during pregnancy, labour, and the postnatal period.
Dedovshchina and the Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers under Gorbachev  [cached]
Julie Elkner
Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies , 2004,
Abstract: This article provides an historical account of the Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers’ role in breaking the taboo on dedovshchina in the Soviet military in the late 1980s. I argue that soldiers’ mothers’ activism on this issue played a crucial role in opening up the military to public scrutiny and in influencing public perceptions of military service. The article also traces the military’s unsuccessful attempts to counteract the soldiers’ mothers’ exposure of barracks violence and to reinstate the old boundaries of acceptable public debates on military issues. It also examines the ways in which protesting soldiers’ mothers made use of public representations of maternal grief over peacetime deaths. This outpouring of grief is contrasted with the repression of maternal grief during the early years of the war in Afghanistan. I argue that the military’s failure to formulate an appropriate response to soldiers’ mothers’ grief was particularly damaging for the military’s public image under Gorbachev.
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