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SANAL KüLTüR ORTAMINDA GüNCELLENEN NASREDD N HOCA FIKRALARI UPDATED NASREDDIN HODJA JOKES ON VIRTUAL CULTURAL  [PDF]
Ferhat ASLAN
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: In this article when folklore data was produced in a verbal culturalenvironment and then they how transferred to written culturalenvironment and finally they how were updated in virtual culturalenvironment. Jokes are one of the data of folklore. The Nasreddin Hodjais one of the main proto-type in this field. Here we will review theNasreddin Hodja’s most interesting jokes and try to show they how wereadjusted and updated according to the structure of industrialized societyand technology of computers.In our presentation we will compare the Nasreddin Hodja jokeswhich are alive in verbal and written culture many centuries in Turkey.This comparison will be about those jokes how updated and thoseupdates how adjusted and what parts are changed or protected on thosejokes. Our aim is that folklore can be renewable phenomenon andfolklore data adjust and restructure themselves according to the social cultural changes. Bu makalede; folklor verimlerinin s zlü kültür ortam ndaüretildikten sonra yaz l kültür ortam na ge i i ve sanal kültür ortam ndagüncellenebildi i konu edilecektir. Folklor verimlerinden biri olanf kralar n, Türk folklorunda türün en nemli tiplerinden biri olanNasreddin Hoca f kralar ndan en dikkat ekici rnekler ele al narak,sanal kültür ortam nda, endüstrile en toplum yap s na ve bilgisayarteknolojilerine nas l uyum sa lad a klanmaya al lacakt r.S zlü ve yaz l kültürde yüz y llard r varl n devam ettirenNasreddin Hoca f kralar n n modern Türkiye’de, sanal kültür ortam ndane gibi de i ikliklere u rad , bu f kralar n hangi unsurlar n n sabitkald , hangi unsurlar n n de i ti i kar la t rmal olarak saptanacakt r.B ylece folklorun yenilenebilirli i, folklor verimlerinin sosyokültürelyeniliklere uyarlanarak tekrar nas l olu turuldu u NasreddinHoca f kralar rne inde ortaya konmaya al lacakt r.
THE MANIFESTOS IN THE MODERN TURKISH LITERATURE AS A SOURCE YEN TüRK EDEB YATINDA KAYNAK OLARAK MAN FESTOLAR
?lim GüR,Sena Kü?üK
Turkish Studies , 2010,
Abstract: Manifestos, which synonymously refer to declaration, announcement and proclamation, are the texts that put forward the theory of the understanding under which the artits who adopt it put their signature. These are the expression of the common views and the beginning of the process of gaining acceptance. Besides having a unifying function, manifestos are the expression of a differentiation, the differentiation of its own line from the other formations. Manifestos, which came into being in the West as the texts which the movements systemized, flourished in our literature around the Journals of Literature. Turkish Literature, which is based on an established tradition and a rich accumulation, has produced many manifestos which have tended to make art closer to life, take it to the realm of the aesthetics, question on the basis of reality, make it functional and also Turkish Literature has also been a platform for many manifestal risings. This process is observed to have gained an acceleration recently. The course of literature, as well as can be traced through these texts that show the turning points, the functionality of the manifestos is put forward through criticism. For these reasons, the efficiencies of manifesto need to be evaluated. “Beyanname”, “bildirge”, “bildiri” terimleriyle de kar lanan “manifesto”lar, alt nda imzas bulunan sanat la r n benimsedikleri anlay n teorisini ortaya koyan me tinlerdir. Bunlar, ortak g rü lerin d avurumu ve kendini kabul ettirme sürecinin ba lang c d r. Manifestolar bir le tirici bir i lev g rmelerinin yan nda, bir farkl la man n, kendi izgisini di er olu umlardan ay rman n da ifadesi dir. Ak mlar n sistemle tirildi i metinler olarak 19. yüz y lda Bat ’da ortaya kan manifestolar, bizde daha ok edebiyat dergileri etraf nda geli mi tir. K klü bir gelene e ve zengin bir birikime dayanan Türk edebiyat ; sanat hayata yakla t rma, estetik daire sine ekme, ger eklik düzleminde sorgulama, i levsel k lma ba lam nda e itli y nelimler g steren pek ok manifesto üretmi tir. Edebiyat n seyri, d neme leri g steren bu metinler den takip edilebildi i gibi, manifestolar n i levselli i de ele tirilerle ortaya konur. Bütün bunlardan dolay , ma nifesto verimlerinin de erlendirilmesi gereklidir.
TOPLUMSAL L K LER ALANI OLARAK SANAL LEM üZER NE SCHUTZCU B R ZüMLEME (A SCHUTZIAN ANALYSIS ON INTERNET SOCIETY AS A REALM OF SOCIAL RELATIONS)
Nilgün Sofuo?lu KILI?
Dokuz Eylül üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: As the number of internet user increase, new structures of communication and relationship and a new social realm has begun to take place in daily lives of individuals. Patterns of relationships constructed in daily life change in this new course. In this article, this new social structure will be interpreted by concepts of Alfred Schutz’s sociology of everyday life and an analysis on forms of relationships created by area of internet, or in other words, internet society. In this study, interpretation methods of everyday life sociology will be used and will be aimed to explain the subject with qualitative analysis.
HUMOUR AND IRONY IN THE POEMS OF GAR P AND K NC YEN (THE SECOND NEW MOVEMENT) / GAR P ve K NC YEN S R NDE B R KAYNAK OLARAK HUMOUR ve RON
Dr. ?zlem FEDA?
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: This study is going to point out that, with an aestheticstructure based on objective truth, simplicity andunsophisticatedness in the history of Turkish poetry,Garip’s poetry (First New Movement), which since the endof the 1930’s aimed to reflect the societies middle classand lower class layers, has in matters of the aestheticstructure, the phraseology and the way of addressing thepublic, it’s source in the element of “humour”.Furthermore this study is going to deal with thesubject of acquirement of the element “irony” instead of“humour” through the “Second New Movement”, whichwas seen as the new poetical movement and the analysisof the utilisation of the elements “irony” and “humour”within the poetical languages used by both movements.
Virtual Reality: Is It Real Or Not? Sanal Ger eklik: Ger ek Mi, De il Mi?
S. Serap Kurbano?lu
Türk Kütüphanecili?i , 1996,
Abstract: In this paper virtual reality technology and how libraries might be affected by this technology are examined. Virtual reality sets out to address a problem. The problem is that of user-friendliness of computer systems. Needless to say, the current generation of computers still involves a barrier between human and machine. This is keyboard or mouse on the human side, and the screen on the computer side. If computers are really going to become a par t of everyone's normal day to day experiences, they must allow users to visualise information in a way familiar to them, not the way the computers forces them to. Virtual reality provides such a way. With the increasing amount s of information available in electronic form, it is clear that virtual reality technology will have a profound impact on libraries. Bu makalede sanal ger eklik teknolojisi ve kütüphanelerin sanal ger eklik teknolojisinden nas l etkilenebilecekleri konusuna de inilmektedir. Sanal ger eklik teknolojisi insan-makine etkile iminde günümüz bilgisayarlar nda hala var olan bilgisayar ekran , klavye veya fare gibi, insanlar n kendilerini do al ortamda hissetmelerini engelleyen unsurlar ortadan kald rmay hedeflemektedir. E er bilgisayarlar günün birinde günlük ya am n bir par as haline gelecekse kullan c lar n bilgiyi a ina olduklar bi imde g rmelerini sa lamak zorunda kalacaklard r. te sanal ger eklik teknolojisi bunu sa layacakt r. Günümüzde elektronik formda elde edilebilen bilginin giderek artmas sanal ger eklik teknolojisinin gelecekteki uygulama alanlar ndan birisinin de kütüphaneler olaca na ku ku b rakmamaktad r.
A LIVING EXAMPLE OF THE VERB YA A- IN OLD TURKISH: YEN ELE MEK ESK TüK EDEK YA A- F L N N YA ADI I B R RNEK: YEN ELE MEK
Dilek HERKMEN
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: The verb yen ele - which was collected from Anatolian dialects, takes place in present sources in different shapes. This word that underwent vowel changes is a derived form of ya a- verb which has been seen since old Turkish period. In this study, the analysis of verb yen ele - is indicated with it’s forms in historical texts. It was confirmed that, the verb yen ele - had been derived from an onomatopoeic word root ya . Also the other derivatives of that root were shown in this study. Halk a z ndan derlenen yen ele - fiili mevcut kaynaklarda farkl ekiller ile yer almaktad r. Ses de i ikli ine u rayan kelime Eski Türk eden beri ya ayan ya a- fiilinin türemi eklidir. Bu al mada yen ele - fiilinin tahlili, tarih metinlerdeki ekliyle birlikte belirtilmi tir. Yen ele - fiilinin ya yans ma k künden türedi i tespit edilmi ve bu k ke ait di er türevler g sterilmi tir.
Sa l kta Bir Geri deme Y ntemi Olarak Global Büt e ve Türkiye
?a?da? Erkan Akyürek
Sosyal Güvenlik Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: ülkelerin geli me yolunda verdi i mücadelede sa l kl bireyler ve bu sa l kl bireylerin olu turdu u sa l kl toplumlar anahtar rol oynamaktad r. Bu ba lamda büyük nemi olan sa l k hizmetleri sistemlerinin finansman , o sistemin i leyi i üzerinde son derece etkilidir. Bu al mada ncelikle sa l k hizmetlerinde geri deme sistemlerine genel olarak de inilmi tir. Bir geri deme sistemi, sa l k hizmeti sunucular na, ki ilere sunduklar sa l k hizmetlerinin bedelinin, deyici kurum ve kurulu a nas l geri denece ini belirleyen mekanizmad r. Bu mekanizmalar n i leyi ilkelerine, gü lü ve zay f y nlerine de inilmi tir. Ard ndan bu sistemlerden biri olan global büt e ele al nm t r. Sunulan hizmetlerin ücret ve kalitesini tayin eden genel bir harcama s n r eklinde tan mlanan global büt enin mant irdelenmi tir. al man n son k sm nda ise, global büt enin ülkemizdeki uygulama alanlar na, bu alanlar i erisindeki düzenlemelere ve uygulama süreci boyunca ya anan geli melere yer verilmi tir. In the struggle that countries give on the way of development, healthy individuals that form a healthy nation play a key role. Financing of health care services is very important in this context and very influental on operation of that system. In this study first health care reimbursement methods were touched upon in general. A reimbursement system is a mechanism determining how the costs of health care services provided to individuals by health care providers will be puchased by the payer organization. The working principles, strong and weak sides of these mechanisms are adressed. Second, one of these systems, the global budget is dealed. The logic of global budget defined as a general spending limit that determines the price and the quality of the services provided is examined. In the last part of the study, the implementation areas, the regulations in these areas and the experience throughout the execution process of global budget are discussed.
A NEW VIEW TO TURK -I BAS T TüRK - BAS T’E YEN B R BAKI  [PDF]
Ahmet MERMER
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: Türk -i Basit (meaning Simple Turkish; later it becomes a designation for “Simplification of Turkish” movement) is a term that Edirneli Nazm (Nazm of Edirne), a 16th century poet, used in the titles of his poems in his Divan. This denomination is only seen in this poet’s Divan. K prülü-zade Mehmed Fuad revealed this fact after he found Nazm ’s Divan in 1928. Fuat K prülü claims that Türk -i Basit is a movement, a tendency and a way of art. He regards Tatavlal Mahrem (Mahrem of Tatavla) and Edirneli Nazm as the first precursors of national literature movement. In this article after discussing the debates about acceptation or rejection of this issue, it is claimed that Türk -i Basit is not a movement but a reflection of Mahall le me (Localization). This argument is proved in the light of recent researches. Türk -i Bas t, K prülü-zade Mehmed Fuad’ n 1928 y l nda 16. yüzy l airlerinden Edirneli Nazm ’nin Divan n ortaya karmas yla, bugüne kadar sadece bu airin divan nda g rülen baz iirlerin ba l nda kullan lan bir adland rmad r. Fuat K prülü, Türk -i Basit’in bir ak m, bir hareket, bir sanat oldu unu dillendirmi tir. Tatavlal Mahrem ile Edirneli Nazm ’yi Milli edebiyat cereyan n n ilk mübe irleri olarak kabul etmi tir. Bu makalede, son zamanda yap lan al malar nda, bugüne kadar bu konudaki kabul ve ret noktas ndaki tart malar irdelenerek, Türk -i Basit’in bir ak m olmad ve Mahall le me’nin bir yans mas oldu u g rü ü ifade edilmi tir.
AHLAK-I MOHSINI AS A “S YASETNAME” B R S YASETN ME OLARAK AHL K-I MUHS N
Mehmet AV??N
Turkish Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Ahlak- Mohsini, which Abdurrahman Celebi being one of the most eminent scientists-poets of 17th century Kütahya literal circle translated from Iranian Hosein Vaiz Kasifi to submit to Prince Bayezid is Firaki’s most important and most-attributed work. Ahlak- Mohsini is made up of 40 chapters. It is a prose moral book depicting characteristics such as justice, heroism, generosity in each chapter. The work has various translations in Anatolian geography. The feature of Firaqi’s translation is that it is the first translation in Anatolia. In the work in which the teaching method with the help of stories is adopted there are stories with oriental origin, epics and the tales of prophets. Ahlak- Mohsini is generally perceived as a moral book in the tradition it is composed and in the studies done on later. On studying the boks of politics in our literature, its content is more like a siyasetname rather than being a moral book. In this article, it is stressed why it should be perceived as a siyasetname and the similarities it has got with other books of politics. XVI. yüzy l Kütahya’s ndaki edeb muhitin en nemli alim airlerinden olan Firak Abdurrahman elebi’nin ehzade Bayezid’e sunulmak üzere ranl Hüseyin Vaiz-i Ka if ’den tercüme etti i Ahlak- Muhsin ; Firak ’nin en nemli ve kaynaklarda ad en ok zikredilen eseridir. Ahlak- Muhsin k rk b lümden olu maktad r ve her b lümde adalet, kahramanl k, c mertlik gibi vas flar anlatan mensur bir ahlak kitab d r. Eserin Anadolu co rafyas nda bir ok tercümesi yap lm t r. Firak ’nin tercümesinin zelli i ise eserin Anadolu’daki ilk tercümesi olmas d r. Hikaye ile retim metodunun benimsendi i eserde Do u kaynakl hikayeler, menk beler ve peygamber k ssalar mevcuttur. Ahlak- Muhsin olu turuldu u gelenek i erisinde ve daha sonra üzerinde yap lan al malarda genel bir ahlak kitab olarak alg lanm t r. Edebiyat m zdaki mevcut siyasetnameler incelendi inde eserin muhtevas n n genel bir ahlak kitab ndan ziyade siyasetname türüne yak nl s z konusudur. Bu makalede Ahlak- Muhsin ’nin neden bir siyasetname olarak alg lanmas gerekti i ve bilinen siyasetnamelerle olan benzerlikleri üzerinde durulmaktad r.
THE NEW ERA OF TURKISH LITERATURE AND YOUNG TURKISH LITERATURE ASSOCIATION YEN TüRK EDEB YATININ DEV RLER VE GEN TüRK EDEB YATI B RL  [PDF]
Abdullah ACEHAN
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: This study wasseperated into two parts, for this is more appropriate. In the first part, there is generally knowledge about history of literature studies. In the second part, Assosiation of Youbg Turkish Literature is considered. There have been many classifications of Turkish Literature, which covers a wide range of time and geography. By this way, after the tags of literary history were given inthe first part of the study, views of some certain scientists - about what history of literature was - were arranged in an order. It is considered that Turkish Literature in Refreshing period comprises the period from 1839 the declaration of administartive reform till today. This is a period about one hundred and seventy years. In this period there were many classification studies. In this study, after evaluating those classifications, finally Assosiation of Young Turkish Literature is dwelled on. Bu al ma, daha uygun olur dü üncesiyle, iki b lüme ayr ld . lk b lümde genel olarak edebiyat tarihi al malar hakk nda bilgi verildi. kinci b lümde Gen Türk Edebiyat Birli i ele al nd . ok geni bir zaman dilimi ve co rafyay kapsayan Türk edebiyat n n imdiye kadar bir ok tasnifi yap lm t r. Buradan yola karak al man n ilk b lümünde edebiyat tarihlerinin künyeleri verildikten sonra edebiyat tarihinin ne oldu u hakk nda muhtelif ilim adamlar n n g rü leri s raland . Yenile me d nemi Türk edebiyat , 1839 Tanzimat Ferman ’n n ilan ndan bu güne kadar olan zaman dilimini kapsad dü ünülmektedir. Bu da yakla k olarak yüzyetmi y ll k bir zaman kapsayan bir d nemdir. Bu d nem i in de bir ok tasnif al mas yap lm t r. al mada, yap lan bu tasniflerin de erlendirilmesinden sonra son olarak Gen Türk Edebiyat Birli i üzerinde durulmu tur.
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