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Development And Standardization Of Leadership Behavior Scale  [PDF]
S Srikanta Swamy
Golden Research Thoughts , 2012, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: This paper explains the procedure of developing and standardizing a leadership behavior scale constructed by the authors to measure the behavioral of the head of institution. After critical study related to institutional behavior of head, twenty four dimensions were selected for constructing the tool. The pilot study had 76 items, related to all the twenty four dimensions. The newly constructed scale which consists of 60 items had face validity, content validity, construct validity and reliability
Development and Significance of Paternalistic Leadership Behavior Scale  [cached]
King-Ching Hsieh,Yin-Che Chen
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n2p45
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore the implications of paternalistic leadership behavior, developing and testing a paternalistic leadership behavior scale as well as confirming construct dimensions and questions that provide a basis for later quantitative studies. Research subjects included 402 current elementary school principals in four cities and counties in Taoyuan, Hsinchu, and Miaoli of Taiwan. The primary instrument was a “paternalistic leadership behavior scale” that was created following a process of observation and interviews. The scale initially included 9 dimensions and 48 questions. Reliability analysis and testing of the seven dimensions and 30 questions in the “paternalistic leadership behavior scale “showed that the Cronbach’s ? coefficients of the sub-scales and total scale ranged from 0.716 to 0.915, indicating good reliability for exploratory research. In addition to discussing the implications of scale-related topics and corrections to the initial scale, this study also introduces relevant suggestions for future research.
Francis Ries,Santiago Romero Granados,Silvia Arribas Galarraga
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to develop a scale for assessing and predicting adolescents' physical activity behavior in Spain and Luxembourg using the Theory of Planned Behavior as a framework. The sample was comprised of 613 Spanish (boys = 309, girls = 304; M age =15.28, SD =1.127) and 752 Luxembourgish adolescents (boys = 343, girls = 409; M age = 14.92, SD = 1.198), selected from students of two secondary schools in both countries, with a similar socio-economic status. The initial 43-items were all scored on a 4-point response format using the structured alternative format and translated into Spanish, French and German. In order to ensure the accuracy of the translation, standardized parallel back-translation techniques were employed. Following two pilot tests and subsequent revisions, a second order exploratory factor analysis with oblimin direct rotation was used for factor extraction. Internal consistency and test-retest reliabilities were also tested. The 4-week test-retest correlations confirmed the items' time stability. The same five factors were obtained, explaining 63.76% and 63.64% of the total variance in both samples. Internal consistency for the five factors ranged from α = 0.759 to α = 0. 949 in the Spanish sample and from α = 0.735 to α = 0.952 in the Luxembourgish sample. For both samples, inter-factor correlations were all reported significant and positive, except for Factor 5 where they were significant but negative. The high internal consistency of the subscales, the reported item test-retest reliabilities and the identical factor structure confirm the adequacy of the elaborated questionnaire for assessing the TPB-based constructs when used with a population of adolescents in Spain and Luxembourg. The results give some indication that they may have value in measuring the hypothesized TPB constructs for PA behavior in a cross-cultural context
IAT on the Network Altruistic Behavior Tendency of College Students  [PDF]
Huiying Liu, Yanan Liu, Xueke Huang, Jiuyang Bai
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.57072

Objective: To investigate college students’ implicit attitude of network altruistic behavior tendency. Methods: Choose 50 students from a university in Zhengzhou City who take psychology as an optional course to be the tested and conduct the IAT test on their implicit attitudes towards network altruistic behavior tendency. And D value, reaction time mean and Logarithm of three ways of numerical implicit effect check IAT experiment within the significant. Results: A significant IAT effect was found in implicit attitudes towards network altruistic behavior tendency; a significant difference appears in the students who major in art or science; no difference was found in gender. Conclusion: IAT is an effective tool can be used to measure if college students have the implicit attitudes towards network altruistic behavior tendency.

Child Behavior Checklist—Mania Scale (CBCL-MS): Development and Evaluation of a Population-Based Screening Scale for Bipolar Disorder  [PDF]
Efstathios Papachristou, Johan Ormel, Albertine J. Oldehinkel, Marinos Kyriakopoulos, María Reinares, Abraham Reichenberg, Sophia Frangou
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069459
Abstract: Context Early identification of Bipolar Disorder (BD) remains poor despite the high levels of disability associated with the disorder. Objective We developed and evaluated a new DSM orientated scale for the identification of young people at risk for BD based on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and compared its performance against the CBCL-Pediatric Bipolar Disorder (CBCL-PBD) and the CBCL-Externalizing Scale, the two most widely used scales. Methods The new scale, CBCL-Mania Scale (CBCL-MS), comprises 19 CBCL items that directly correspond to operational criteria for mania. We tested the reliability, longitudinal stability and diagnostic accuracy of the CBCL-MS on data from the TRacking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), a prospective epidemiological cohort study of 2230 Dutch youths assessed with the CBCL at ages 11, 13 and 16. At age 19 lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were ascertained with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. We compared the predictive ability of the CBCL-MS against the CBCL-Externalising Scale and the CBCL-PBD in the TRAILS sample. Results The CBCL-MS had high internal consistency and satisfactory accuracy (area under the curve = 0.64) in this general population sample. Principal Component Analyses, followed by parallel analyses and confirmatory factor analyses, identified four factors corresponding to distractibility/disinhibition, psychosis, increased libido and disrupted sleep. This factor structure remained stable across all assessment ages. Logistic regression analyses showed that the CBCL-MS had significantly higher predictive ability than both the other scales. Conclusions Our data demonstrate that the CBCL-MS is a promising screening instrument for BD. The factor structure of the CBCL-MS showed remarkable temporal stability between late childhood and early adulthood suggesting that it maps on to meaningful developmental dimensions of liability to BD.
Research status and development tendency of medical psychology  [cached]
Li-yi ZHANG,Gao-feng YAO
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army , 2011,
Abstract: Objective The present study aims to review the research status and development tendency of military medical psychology in China and abroad and proposes the development of medical psychology research in the Chinese military.Methods A literature search method was adopted to find and review major literature on military medical psychology,from basic studies,discipline construction,professional teaching,to the service force in the last 10 years.Results The last 10 years witnessed much development in the medical psychological branches,such as physiological psychology,mental measurement,psychological counseling,and treatment.With these developments,military medical psychology achieved much with regard to the reserve of talented men,the mental measurement for officers and soldiers,mental intervention for military stress,and psychological rehabilitation after stress.Conclusion Thus,future studies on military medical psychology should focus on intensifying the training of medical psychology experts to promote the study on the etiology of military mental diseases and on the prevention and treatment of mental disorders caused by wars.
Research on Tendency and Behavior of the New Generation Employees Turnover  [PDF]
Ruifeng Yang
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies (JHRSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jhrss.2016.44031
Abstract: In recent years, a large number of new generation employees entered the enterprise and gradually became the mainstay of enterprises, but the turnover rate is high and it brought heavy pressure and burdens to employers. Therefore, considerable importance has been attached to the research on the behavior of the new generation employees by the academic researchers and business managers. Unfortunately, so far, there is little theoretical research on the behavior of the new generation employees from the perspective of talent environment. This paper makes a theoretical review of the environmental factors that affect the turnover behavior of new generation employees and then designs an effective intervention mechanism to reduce the turnover rate of new generation employees and provides the reference for the enterprise managers to make policies of keeping employees.
A scale development study to measure academic dishonesty tendency of university students  [cached]
Esra Emino?lu,Zekeriya Nartgün
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Extended SummaryINTRODUCTIONThe general aim of an education system is to raise individuals equipped with the qualifications required by the age in line with the predefined long, general and special goals. The outcomes of an education system are students' behaviors. When these behaviors are examined, it is observed that some of these behaviors are desired but insufficient while some are no desired (Baykul, 2000). One of the no desired behaviors is academic dishonesty which includes cheating and plagiarism. Cheating is defined in the Turkish Dictionary of Turkish Linguistic Society (1997) as “copy of an artistic work or a script” and “a prepared paper to be peeked during an examination in contravention of the rules” while the act of cheating is defined as “peeking a resource to answer the questions in contravention of the rules” generally in written tests. Plagiarism is defined in the Grand Turkish Dictionary (1998) as “appropriating a work partially or totally, theft of words and script, literal theft”. According to Kibler, Nuss, Paterson and Pavela (1988), academic dishonesty consists of behaviors such as cheating and plagiarism which include assistance received or given in an academic study without permission by students or borrowing another one's study by students (cited: Aluede, Omoregie and Osa-Edoh, 2006). Pavela (1978) defines plagiarism as “reproduction or adaptation of thoughts, words or statements of another author without reference as one's own original work” (cited: Aluede, Omoregie and Osa-Edoh, 2006) while Hawley (1984) defines as “a series ranging from citation without attention to translation word by word without reference” (cited by Larkham and Manns, 2002), and Harvey (1995) defines as “the act of lying, copying and theft by using the information, thoughts or words of another author without using quotation marks as one's own sentences”, and Isserman (2003) defines as “a kind of dishonesty, intellectual theft and breaking the intellectual values”, and Park (2003) defines as “literal theft and use of another's thoughts or scripts without reference (cited: Iyer and Eastman, 2006). When the research results are taken into account, why students display dishonesty behaviors becomes a significant question because academic dishonesty influences individuals' future behaviors and the level to reach the goals defined by educational institutions (Harding et.al., 2003). The reasons for academic dishonesty can be the perception of anything on internet as community goods by some students and not knowing what plagiarism or copyright means by new generat
Large-Scale Battery System Development and User-Specific Driving Behavior Analysis for Emerging Electric-Drive Vehicles  [PDF]
Jie Wu,Kun Li,Yifei Jiang,Qin Lv,Li Shang,Yihe Sun
Energies , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/en4050758
Abstract: Emerging green-energy transportation, such as hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in HEVs (PHEVs), has a great potential for reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse emissions. The lithium-ion battery system used in these vehicles, however, is bulky, expensive and unreliable, and has been the primary roadblock for transportation electrification. Meanwhile, few studies have considered user-specific driving behavior and its significant impact on (P)HEV fuel efficiency, battery system lifetime, and the environment. This paper presents a detailed investigation of battery system modeling and real-world user-specific driving behavior analysis for emerging electric-drive vehicles. The proposed model is fast to compute and accurate for analyzing battery system run-time and long-term cycle life with a focus on temperature dependent battery system capacity fading and variation. The proposed solution is validated against physical measurement using real-world user driving studies, and has been adopted to facilitate battery system design and optimization. Using the collected real-world hybrid vehicle and run-time driving data, we have also conducted detailed analytical studies of users’ specific driving patterns and their impacts on hybrid vehicle electric energy and fuel efficiency. This work provides a solid foundation for future energy control with emerging electric-drive applications.
Effective Factors on Behavior Tendency in the Acceptance of Electronic Banking Based on Planned Behavior Model (TPB)  [cached]
Shahram Gilaninia,Hamidreaza Alipour,Peyman Rahpeyma,Seyyed Javad Mousavian
International Journal of Business Administration , 2011, DOI: 10.5430/ijba.v2n4p54
Abstract: Now part in growing of the customers is emerging who are interested their banking systems by using the internet and without going to court to do. In this study, research is intended to understand what factors are influencing on the behavioral tendency to accept electronic banking. So three hypothesis was adjusted there is a relation between (1-Attitude to behavior, 2-subjective norm 3- Perceived behavioral control and behavioral tendency in the electronic banking). Statistical research community is all users of Internet banking services bank in Iran (Rasht).The sampling method is availability Non-probable. Data collected from questionnaires and as field. Hypothesis test measure by the correlation coefficient that all hypotheses were confirmed.
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