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Use of root in vehicular accident reconstruction  [PDF]
Bob Scurlock
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to introduce the reader to the ROOT data analysis software package, and demonstrate how it may be used to complement one's accident reconstruction analyses.
ROAD ACCIDENT VICTIMS PROFILE: SPECIAL REFERNCE TO KARNATAKA STATE  [PDF]
G. S. VENUMADHAVA,A.A.SOPPIMATH
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: A Motor Vehicle accident has many dimensions. Primarily it individual a vehicle, driver, the road, adherence to traffic rules and the situation. Focusing on the human element in a given event, the driver and the victim are found to be traumatically engaged, there are alcoholics drivers, aggressive drivers, neurotic drivers,psychologically and emotionally disturbed drivers and so on. Besides, the state of mind a driver is in at the time of a given accident is also reckoned to be an important factor. But victims, they may have in some cases an active role in precipitating an accident however; in many cases they play only passive roles. Modernization is growing fast and peoples are adopting modern life styles. In this modern society there are many types of crimes are happening as a murder, abuse, rape, cheating and kidnapping etc. In these crimes, road accidents also one of the harmful act. This act happening in the society and it is unfortunate thing, and it is in because of crazy driving style of drivers, or road vehicle condition.
ROAD ACCIDENT VICTIMS PROFILE: SPECIAL REFERNCE TO KARNATAKA STATE
G. S. VENUMADHAVA,A.A.SOPPIMATH
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: A Motor Vehicle accident has many dimensions. Primarily it individual a vehicle, driver, the road, adherence to traffic rules and the situation. Focusing on the human element in a given event, the driver and the victim are found to be traumatically engaged, there are alcoholics drivers, aggressive drivers, neurotic drivers,psychologically and emotionally disturbed drivers and so on. Besides, the state of mind a driver is in at the time of a given accident is also reckoned to be an important factor. But victims, they may have in some cases an active role in precipitating an accident however; in many cases they play only passive roles. Modernization is growing fast and peoples are adopting modern life styles. In this modern society there are many types of crimes are happening as a murder, abuse, rape, cheating and kidnapping etc. In these crimes, road accidents also one of the harmful act. This act happening in the society and it is unfortunate thing, and it is in because of crazy driving style of drivers, or road vehicle condition.
Mapping injuries in traffic accident victims: a literature review
Calil, Ana Maria;Sallum, Elias Aissar;Domingues, Cristiane de Alencar;Nogueira, Lilia de Souza;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692009000100019
Abstract: the objective of this study was to identify the body regions most affected in traffic accident victims and to map the trauma and severity of the lesions. a systematic literature review using key words related to traffic accidents, transportation accidents, wounds and injuries found a total of 248 articles. the electronic bases lilacs, medline, and paho were surveyed between the years 1990 and december 2006. this review emphasized a series of conclusive studies about the most frequent body regions involved and the major injuries occurring in these situations. it also indicated information gaps in the brazilian literature. we believe that these findings are valuable for pre-hospital and intra-hospital teams and point the way to new investigations.
The anatomic pattern of fractures and dislocations among accident victims in Owerri, Nigeria
IO Okoro, CO Ohadugha
Nigerian Journal of Surgical Research , 2006,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Some studies have described the pattern of limb fractures and dislocation in Nigeria. However, with recent increase in vehicle and motorbike transport, we aimed to describe the pattern to note any differences from previous reports. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients with accidental fractures and dislocations treated at the Federal Medical Centre Owerri between January 2000 and December 2003. RESULTS: A change in the major causative factors was observed as Road Traffic Accident (RTA) is now the major cause of injuries accounting for 72 percent of all cases. Fall from height was previously the major cause. In adults the tibia was the most frequently fractured bone accounting for 28.9 percent of all fractures while the femur was mostly involved in children accounting for 35 percent of all fractures. Again, different from previous reports lower limb fractures occurred in over 70 percent of cases while upper limb fractures accounted for only 20 percent. CONCLUSION: There is a major change in both the causative factors and pattern of fractures among accident victims in Nigeria.
Differences between children and adolescents who commit suicide and their peers: A psychological autopsy of suicide victims compared to accident victims and a community sample  [cached]
Freuchen Anne,Kjelsberg Ellen,Lundervold Astri J,Gr?holt Berit
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1753-2000-6-1
Abstract: Background The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge about the circumstances related to suicide among children and adolescents 15 years and younger. Methods We conducted a psychological autopsy, collecting information from parents, hospital records and police reports on persons below the age of 16 who had committed suicide in Norway during a 12-year period (1993-2004) (n = 41). Those who committed suicide were compared with children and adolescents who were killed in accidents during the same time period (n = 43) and with a community sample. Results: Among the suicides 25% met the criteria for a psychiatric diagnosis and 30% had depressive symptoms at the time of death. Furthermore, 60% of the parents of the suicide victims reported the child experienced some kind of stressful conflict prior to death, whereas only 12% of the parents of the accident victims reported such conflicts. Conclusion One in four suicide victims fulfilled the criteria for a psychiatric diagnosis. The level of sub-threshold depression and of stressful conflict experienced by youths who committed suicide did not appear to differ substantially from that of their peers, and therefore did not raise sufficient concern for referral to professional help.
The pre-hospital care to nursing after an accident with multiple victims: an integrative literature review
Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Kisna Yasmin Andrade Alves, Rodrigo Assis Neves Dantas, Daniele Vieira Dantas
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to analyze, through literature, the knowledge produced on the pre-hospital care of nursing after an Accident with Multiple Victims (AMV), emphasizing the role of nursing in the prehospital care (PHC) and the need for continuing education to improve assistance to victims. Methodology: an integrative review conducted in books, database and regulations of the Ministry of Health, using the keywords: incidents with mass casualties, emergency nursing, and continuing education in nursing. We selected 15 productions from 1999 to 2009. Results: publications prevailed in 2009 (20%). The productions were grouped into the following themes: peculiarities of care to AMV; role of nursing in the prehospital care and the importance of continuing education. Conclusion: this review provided appreciate the knowledge of pre-hospital care of nursing to AMV, recognizing its importance in contemporary society, where violence and accidents are more frequent, requiring those involved, counter effective, since they combine prevention to prepare constant.
To study the socio demographic profile of road traffic accident victims in district hospital, karimnagar  [PDF]
P V Srinivasa Kumar,K Srinivasan
International Journal of Research and Development of Health , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: Road traffic injuries are a major but neglected global public health problem, requiring concerted efforts for effective and sustainable prevention. Of all the systems that people have to deal with on a daily basis, road transport is the most complex and the most dangerous. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted to evaluate socio demographic characteristics, among the RTA victims admitted in district hospital, Karimnagar. Results: A total of 370 road traffic accident victims were interviewed by the end of study period. In this study, it was found that most of the RTA 192 (52.5%) cases were belonging to the age group of 21-30 years, followed by 96 (26.2%) in age group of 31-40 years and 42 (11.5%) in age group of 11-20 years.Conclusion: Guiding and implementing traffic related rules through counselling, health education, road shows etc., will have a great effect in controlling road traffic accidents. A small effort will have a big impact in the present scenario.
Disability and Related Factors among Road Traffic Accident Victims in Benin: Study from Five Public and Faith-Based Hospitals in Urban and Suburban Areas  [PDF]
Yolaine Glèlè-Ahanhanzo, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, No?l Moussiliou Para?so, Patrick Makoutodé, Chabi O. Alphonse Biaou, Eric Remacle, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Alain Levêque
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2018.84018
Abstract: Introduction: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major public health issue in developing countries, where roads tend to be built haphazardly and accidents take a heavy toll on victims—including leaving them disabled. This study seeks to identify those factors that cause RTA victims to become disabled as a result of their injuries. Methods: This retrospective community-based study looked at RTA victims treated in five public and faith-based hospitals in Benin. Disability was evaluated using the Washington Group on Disabilities Statistics questionnaire. The independent variables were related to the victim’s socio-demographic traits, the circumstances of the accident, and post-crash response mechanisms. The proportions were compared using the chi-squared test, with a threshold of 5%. Results: The prevalence of disability among road traffic accident victims is 9.59% (CI 95%: 6.86% - 13.20%). The occurrence of disability is associated with age (p = 0.002), occupational group (p = 0.0077), the mode of transport used to transfer the victim (p < 0.001) and the location of the injuries (p = 0.0035). The study also found that people fail to make sufficient use of post-crash response mechanisms. Conclusion: Public policy-makers should therefore focus on stepping up interventions to get more people using both protective equipment and post-crash response services.
A Novel Real-Time Video and Data Capture of Vehicular Accident in Intelligent Transportation Systems  [PDF]
Fekri M. Abduljalil
Computer Science , 2014, DOI: 10.5121/ijcnc.2014.6205
Abstract: In this paper, a novel real-time video and data capture of vehicle accident is proposed in Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). The proposed scheme solves the problem of huge storage needed for recording vehicle accident in the smart vehicle and in the remote ITS server. It works efficiently with small amount of storage size and guarantee saving accident video in secondary storage. It enables user to capture real-time video and data of running vehicle. It enables user to get vehicle accident video and data anytime anywhere. The scheme is implemented using testbed and its performance is evaluated. The results show that the proposed scheme guarantees record the vehicle accident in the ITS server. The proposed scheme has better results in comparison with full time video recording scheme.
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