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THE PROCESS OF EUROPEANIZATION REVIEWED: THE IMPLICATION OF THE COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION  [PDF]
CAROLINA SMOCHINA,TATIANA CERNEI
Anale : Seria ?tiin?e Economice. Timi?oara , 2012,
Abstract: Currently when we speak about the European Union (EU) this is not only an economic or political integration any longer. EU founds its basis on the rule of law principle and its Court of Justice supervises that the law is observed during the implementation of all Treaty chapters. Furthermore, one of the European integration theories – Europeanization – that generally had a political, economic and even cultural connotation is more often used in the legal context evolving an approximation of laws at different levels either from International to European, European to national or even European to International. The present research paper aims at reviewing the Europeanization process from the law perspective while assessing the role the Court of Justice of the European Union plays on it.
Europeanization beyond Europe
Frank Schimmelfennig
Living Reviews in European Governance , 2009,
Abstract: This article reviews the literature on Europeanization beyond the group of EU member, “quasi-member” and applicant states. It uses the analysis of Europeanization in applicant states as a theoretical starting point to ask if, how and under which conditions we can expect domestic effects of European integration beyond Europe. Focusing on Europeanization effects in the areas of regionalism, democracy and human rights, and the literature on the European Neighborhood Policy in particular, the article collects findings on the strategies and instruments as well as the impact and effectiveness of the EU. The general conclusion to be drawn from the theoretical and empirical literature reviewed is one of low consistency and impact.
Europeanization beyond Europe
Frank Schimmelfennig
Living Reviews in European Governance , 2012,
Abstract: This article reviews the literature on Europeanization beyond the group of EU member, "quasi-member" and applicant states. It uses the analysis of Europeanization in applicant states as a theoretical starting point to ask if, how and under which conditions we can expect domestic effects of European integration beyond Europe. Focusing on Europeanization effects in the areas of regionalism, democracy and human rights, and the literature on the European Neighborhood Policy in particular, the article collects findings on the strategies and instruments as well as the impact and effectiveness of the EU. The general conclusion to be drawn from the theoretical and empirical literature reviewed is one of low consistency and impact.
Europeanization beyond Europe
Frank Schimmelfennig
Living Reviews in European Governance , 2007,
Abstract: This article reviews the literature on Europeanization beyond the group of EU member, “quasi-member” and applicant states. It uses the analysis of Europeanization in the applicant states for membership as a theoretical starting point to ask if, how and under which conditions we can expect domestic effects of European integration beyond Europe. Focusing on Europeanization effects in the areas of regionalism, democracy and human rights, the article collects findings on the strategies and instruments as well as the impact and effectiveness of the EU. The general conclusion to be drawn from the theoretical as well empirical literature is one of low consistency and impact.
Europeanization and political parties
Robert Ladrech
Living Reviews in European Governance , 2009,
Abstract: This Living Review makes the case for the study of Europeanization and political parties as related but distinct from the study of political parties and European integration. It then presents the Europeanization approach to parties, noting that some of the components in this approach developed to study policy and institutional change may not lend themselves so well to the study of national parties. This argument distinguishes between direct and indirect effects of European Union influence on parties. Next, it briefly discusses the application of party Europeanization research to post-communist parties. This is followed by a discussion of proposed normative consequences of party Europeanization. Finally, suggestions for further research focuses on the need for refining the analytic framework in order to better identify the causal mechanisms specific to party Europeanization.
A democratiza o dos Balc s o caso da Macedónia Balkan’s democratization: Macedonia as a case study  [cached]
Teresa Cierco Gomes
Rela??es Internacionais (R:I) , 2008,
Abstract: A regi o dos Balc s Ocidentais constitui uma parte inseparável da forma o do novo espa o europeu, caracterizada ainda por alguma instabilidade. A perspectiva de ades o à ue apresenta-se como um factor de motiva o e de orienta o para a transforma o sistémica e estrutural que os estados daquela regi o est o a empreender. Entendendo a europeiza o como o quadro conceptual que interliga os processos de transi o e de integra o, é possível analisar até que ponto os esfor os e iniciativas da UE têm contribuído para promover a pacifica o, a estabilidade e a democratiza o da regi o. Desta forma, pode contribuir-se para uma melhor compreens o do processo de europeiza o na Macedónia, analisando as suas implica es na actual situa o do país no que respeita ao processo de democratiza o, relacionamento interétnico e futura integra o na UE. The Western Balkans countries are an inseparable part of the ongoing formation of a new European space. Its integration into European structures, particularly the European Union, has proved to be a difficult process due to the problematic political, economic and social situation of these countries. As shown in the case of eu-candidate fyrom, it is possible to argue that eu membership aspiration has been a key factor for the systemic and structural transformation required for the stabilization and gradual democratization of the country. Understanding Europeanization as the conceptual framework that links transition and integration, it is possible to analyze to what extent the eu efforts and initiatives in the Western Balkans have been contributing to the area’s pacification and to fostering good governance in the region. This could contribute to a better understanding of the Europeanization process in Macedonia, addressing its results and effects in the democratization process and in the improvement of human rights standards.
The Europeanization of the Romanian Society and the Tendential Modernity  [PDF]
Constantin Schifirne?
Journal of Comparative Research in Anthropology and Sociology , 2011,
Abstract: The study examines the tendential modernity as an explanatory factor of the particularities of the Europeanization of the Romanian society. I start from the thesis that the evolution of the Europeanization process in Romania is closely associated with the process of accession to the European Union, finalized after the passing through a sinuous and difficult route. The analysis of the Europeanization of the Romanian society pursues the stages of its formation in the local context. Due to the fact thatRomaniawill still continue to be a society in transition, the most critical and relevant problem regards the dependency of the Romanian society on the strong societies inEurope. Under these circumstances, the question is, whetherRomaniawill represent a periphery ofEurope, or a national community with a European standard of development. Europeanization in its real sense does not mean “westernization”. Through the adherence to the European Union, Romanian society has the chance to put an end to the successive transitions known over its modern history, generators of tendential modernity. The Europeanization constitutes the fundamental purpose of the modernization processes of the Romanian society.
THE EUROPEANIZATION OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE  [PDF]
M?d?lina-?tefania D?rzu
CES Working Papers , 2011,
Abstract: The Central and Eastern Europe Countries (CEECs) have been shaped by the EU conditionality, meaning that these countries were obliged to develop their administrative capacities in completely convergence with the acquis communautaire in order to join the European Union. The 2004 and 2007 enlargement of the EU and the accession negotiations have brought a systemic transformation of the CEECs through what is known in the literature as Europeanization. It seems to be a strong connection between conditionality and Europeanization, the former giving way to the latter. Therefore the capacity and the willingness of candidate countries to transfer the acquis into the domestic legal context have had a significant influence in the way in which the Europeanization process has succeeded in inhabiting the governance system of the CEECs. Considering these, the purpose of this paper is to examine through which mechanisms it was realized the correspondence between EU conditionality and the process of central and eastern enlargement-led Europeanization which seems to have been internalized distinctively by the CEECs, where administrative resources to comply with European standards were lagging behind.
Whither Europeanization? Concept stretching and substantive change  [cached]
Claudio M. Radaelli
European Integration Online Papers , 2000,
Abstract: This paper discusses the concept of Europeanization in the light of recent research on the impact of the European Union politics and policy. Conceptual analysis is preliminary to empirical analysis. Accordingly, I examine the risk of concept stretching , discuss extension and intension of Europeanization, and propose a taxonomy to unpack the concept and organize empirical research. The explanation of Europeanization is based on mechanisms and variables that need further exploration, but some preliminary results are presented here. Further research should concentrate on the policy level (and its interaction with macro-structures) and seek cross-fertilization with theoretical policy analysis and international relations, thus avoiding the risk of intellectual segregation.
Whither Europeanization? Concept stretching and substantive change  [PDF]
Claudio M. Radealli
European Integration Online Papers , 2000,
Abstract: This paper discusses the concept of Europeanization in the light of recent research on the impact of the European Union politics and policy. Conceptual analysis is preliminary to empirical analysis. Accordingly, I examine the risk of concept stretching, discuss extension and intension of Europeanization, and propose a taxonomy to unpack the concept and organize empirical research. The explanation of Europeanization is based on mechanisms and variables that need further exploration, but some preliminary results are presented here. Further research should concentrate on the policy level (and its interaction with macro-structures) and seek cross-fertilization with theoretical policy analysis and international relations, thus avoiding the risk of intellectual segregation.
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