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Artificial Neural Network for Websites Classification with Phishing Characteristics  [PDF]
Ricardo Pinto Ferreira, Andréa Martiniano, Domingos Napolitano, Marcio Romero, Dacyr Dante De Oliveira Gatto, Edquel Bueno Prado Farias, Renato José Sassi
Social Networking (SN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/sn.2018.72008
Several threats are propagated by malicious websites largely classified as phishing. Its function is important information for users with the purpose of criminal practice. In summary, phishing is a technique used on the Internet by criminals for online fraud. The Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) are computational models inspired by the structure of the brain and aim to simu-late human behavior, such as learning, association, generalization and ab-straction when subjected to training. In this paper, an ANN Multilayer Per-ceptron (MLP) type was applied for websites classification with phishing cha-racteristics. The results obtained encourage the application of an ANN-MLP in the classification of websites with phishing characteristics.
Web Personalization of Indian e-Commerce Websites using Classification Methodologies
Agarwal Devendera,Tripathi S.P,Singh J.B.
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2010,
Abstract: The paper highlights the classification methodologies using Bayesian Rule for Indian e-commerce websites. It deals with generating cluster of users having fraudulent intentions. Secondly, it also focuses on Bayesian Ontology Requirement for efficient Possibilistic Outcomes.
Webometric analysis of Nigerian university websites  [cached]
Andrey A. Pechnikov,Anthony M. Nwohiri
Webology , 2012,
Abstract: This paper considers a web space built on a set of the university websites of Africa's most populous nation -- Nigeria. The investigation conducted reveals a weak connectivity in the set of official websites of Nigerian universities. However, the connectivity becomes stronger when all the university websites are taken into account. It increases significantly with the addition of the only found web communicator to the university websites -- National Universities Commission -- the sole body that approves the establishment of higher educational institutions in Nigeria and all academic programmes run by them.
A Classification Algorithm to Improve the Design of Websites  [PDF]
Hemant Kumar Singh, Brijendra Singh
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2012.57057
Abstract: In very short time today web has become an enormously important tool for communicating ideas, conducting business and entertainment. At the time of navigation, web users leave various records of their action. This vast amount of data can be a useful source of knowledge for predicting user behavior. A refined method is required to carry out this task. Web usages mining (WUM) is the tool designed to do this task. WUM system is used to extract the knowledge based on user behavior during the web navigation. The extracted knowledge can be used for predicting the users’ future request when user is browsing the web. In this paper we advanced the online recommender system by using a Longest Common Subsequence (LCS) classification algorithm to classify users’ navigation pattern. Classification using the proposed method can improve the accuracy of recommendation and also proposed an algorithm that uses LCS method to know the user behavior for improvement of design of a website.
Cultural Variability in Web Content: A Comparative Analysis of American and Turkish Websites  [cached]
Gaye Karacay-Aydin,Elif Akben-Selcuk,Asli Elif Aydin-Altinoklar
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v3n1p97
Abstract: The objective of this article is to investigate the extent of differentiation of web communication on cultural grounds. For this purpose, US based Fortune 500 companies’ domestic websites and their Turkish counterparts were culturally examined. Through a content analysis, the reflections of Hofstede’s (1980) and Hall’s (1976) cultural dimensions on the website content of the selected 88 websites were investigated. In general, significant differences were found in the depiction of cultural values on the websites examined. The results of this study provide implications for global companies in their attempts to culturally adapt their websites to local markets, in particular to Turkey.
Nigerian university websites: A webometric analysis  [cached]
Williams E. Nwagwu,Omoverere Agarin
Webology , 2008,
Abstract: Using the AltaVista search engine, data on web links was collected randomly from 1000 selected web pages of 30 Nigerian universities to study the pattern and frequency of outlinks and inlinks. The websites have a total of 44,567 links, representing an average of 45 links per page. Of these, 81.2 % were inlinks from Nigerian university websites to other websites, while 18.8% were outlinks from other websites to Nigerian university websites. The first-generation universities have a higher percentage of links by target web pages (52.6 %) than the others, which returned below 50% of the web pages as target pages. The web pages of Nigerian universities did not target other Nigerian university web pages. Also, the websites seem to link more with non-academic websites than with academic websites. The result shows that that there exists a general low-level of utilization of the Web for sharing and disseminating of information produced by Nigerian universities.
Hyperlink Analysis of E-commerce Websites for Business Intelligence: Exploring Websites of Top Retail Companies of Asia Pacific and USA
Kannan,Rathimala; Govindan,Marthandan;
Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-18762011000300008
Abstract: hyperlinks, which connect web pages on the world wide web, are rich sources of hidden information. e- commerce websites, which are created for different purposes from online sales to company promotion, would benefit if they receive more links from other websites as this would lead to increase the traffic to these websites. this paper analyses the structure of e-commerce websites using webometric approach to uncover any hidden information from the hyperlinks. the top 50 retail companies' e-commerce websites each from asia pacific and usa are chosen for this study. our results found a positive relationship between the external inlinks count pointing to a retail company e-commerce website and one of its business measures, sales. but no association has been found between hyperlink metrics and business measure like revenue. however this conclusion does not hold good for all categories of companies. comparing the web presence, us private retail companies are more visible on the web than the asia pacific retailers. furthermore this study has found that counts of links pointing to a retail websites are positively correlated with the website age. that is older websites in english language received more external inlinks. such a correlation does not exist for japan, china and korean language websites.
Measuring reproductive tourism through an analysis of Indian ART clinic Websites
Deonandan R, Loncar M, Rahman P, Omar S
International Journal of General Medicine , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S36426
Abstract: suring reproductive tourism through an analysis of Indian ART clinic Websites Original Research (1714) Total Article Views Authors: Deonandan R, Loncar M, Rahman P, Omar S Published Date September 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 763 - 773 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S36426 Received: 27 July 2012 Accepted: 23 August 2012 Published: 18 September 2012 Raywat Deonandan, Mirhad Loncar, Prinon Rahman, Sabrina Omar Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada Objectives: India is fast becoming the most prominent player in the global industry of reproductive tourism, in which infertile people cross international borders to seek assisted reproduction technologies. This study was conducted to better understand the extent and manner in which Indian clinics seek foreign clients. Methods: A systematic search of official Indian assisted reproduction technologies clinic Websites was undertaken, and instances noted where foreign clients were overtly targeted, and where maternal surrogacy was overtly offered. Results: A total of 159 clinics with Web addresses were identified, though only 78 had functioning Websites. All were published in English, with the majority clustered in the states of Maharashtra (14) and Gujarat (9). Of the 78 functioning Websites, 53 (68%) featured some mention of maternal surrogacy services, and 42 (54%) made overt overtures to foreign clients. Qualitative appeals to foreigners included instructions for international adoption, visa application, and the legal parental disposition of the surrogate. All Maharashtran clinic Websites that mentioned surrogacy also overtly featured reproductive tourism. Preimplantation diagnosis services were not offered disproportionately by clinics mentioning reproductive tourism. Conclusions: Based upon clinic online profiles, reproductive tourism comprises a substantial fraction of India’s assisted reproduction technologies clinics’ business focus, clustering around its most tourist-friendly locales, and surrogacy may be a strong motivator for international clientele.
Italian hospitals on the web: a cross-sectional analysis of official websites
Giovanni Maifredi, Grazia Orizio, Maura Bressanelli, Serena Domenighini, Cinzia Gasparotti, Eleonora Perini, Luigi Caimi, Peter J Schulz, Umberto Gelatti
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-10-17
Abstract: The cross-sectional analysis considered all the Italian hospitals with a working website between December 2008 and February 2009. The websites were coded using an ad hoc Codebook, comprising eighty-nine items divided into five sections: technical characteristics, hospital information and facilities, medical services, interactive on-line services and external activities. We calculated a website evaluation score, on the basis of the items satisfied, to compare private (PrHs) and public hospitals, the latter divided into ones with their own website (PubHs-1) and ones with a section on the website of their Local Health Authority (PubHs-2). Lastly, a descriptive analysis of each item was carried out.Out of the 1265 hospitals in Italy, we found that 419 of the 652 public hospitals (64.3%) and 344 of the 613 PrHs (56.1%) had a working website (p = 0.01). The mean website evaluation score was 41.9 for PubHs-1, 21.2 for PubHs-2 and 30.8 for PrHs (p < 0.001).Only 5 hospitals out of 763 (< 1%) provided specific clinical performance indicators, such as the nosocomial infection rate or the surgical mortality rates. Regarding interactive on-line services, although nearly 80% of both public and private hospitals enabled users to communicate on-line, less than 18% allowed the reservation of medical services, and only 8 websites (1%) provided a health-care forum.A high percentage of hospitals did not provide an official website and the majority of the websites found had several limitations. Very few hospitals provided information to increase the credibility of the hospital and user confidence in the institution. This study suggests that Italian hospital websites are more a source of information on admissions and services than a means of communication between user and hospital.Up-to-date statistics on Internet usage have revealed that Internet penetration rates among the population has reached 74.4% in North America and 48.8% in Europe, with impressive growth in recent years [1]. Bes
Exposing the Hidden Web: An Analysis of Third-Party HTTP Requests on 1 Million Websites  [PDF]
Timothy Libert
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: This article provides a quantitative analysis of privacy-compromising mechanisms on 1 million popular websites. Findings indicate that nearly 9 in 10 websites leak user data to parties of which the user is likely unaware; more than 6 in 10 websites spawn third- party cookies; and more than 8 in 10 websites load Javascript code from external parties onto users' computers. Sites that leak user data contact an average of nine external domains, indicating that users may be tracked by multiple entities in tandem. By tracing the unintended disclosure of personal browsing histories on the Web, it is revealed that a handful of U.S. companies receive the vast bulk of user data. Finally, roughly 1 in 5 websites are potentially vulnerable to known National Security Agency spying techniques at the time of analysis.
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