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The Collapse of the United States Banking System During the Great Depression, 1929 to 1933. New Archival Evidence
Gary Richardson
Australasian Accounting Business and Finance Journal , 2007,
Abstract: During the Great Depression, one third of all banks in the United States failed. Scholarsdispute reason for their demise. This essay analyzes new evidence on the sources of bankdistress. The data demonstrates that contagion via correspondent networks and bank runspropagated the initial banking panics in the fall of 1930. As the depression deepened and assetvalues declined, insolvency loomed as the principal threat to depository institutions. Thesepatterns corroborate some and question other conjectures concerning the causes andconsequences of the financial crisis during the Great Contraction.
Prevalence of Depression and Dementia among Adults with Developmental Disabilities in Manitoba, Canada  [PDF]
Shahin Shooshtari,Patricia Joan Martens,Charles A. Burchill,Natalia Dik,Saba Naghipur
International Journal of Family Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/319574
Abstract: Study Objective. To estimate and compare the prevalence of dementia and depression among adults with and without developmental disabilities (DDs). Methods. We linked data from several provincial administrative databases to identify persons with DDs. We matched cases with DD with persons without DD as to sex, age, and place of residence. We estimated the prevalence of dementia and depression and compared the two groups using the Generalized Estimating Equations (GEEs) technique. Results. The estimated prevalence of depression and dementia among younger adults (20–54) and older adults (50+) with DD was significantly higher than the estimated rates for the matched non-DD group (Depression: younger adults: RR = 2.96 (95% CI?2.59–3.39); older adults: RR = 2.65 (95% CI?1.84–3.81)), (Dementia: younger adults: RR = 4.01 (95% CI?2.72–5.92); older adults: RR = 4.80 (95% CI?2.48–9.31)). Conclusion. Significant disparities exist in mental health between persons with and without DDs. 1. Introduction Persons with developmental disabilities (DDs) are those who “have significantly greater difficulty than most people with intellectual and adaptive functioning and have had such difficulties from a very early age. Adaptive functioning means carrying out everyday activities such as communicating and interacting with others, managing money, doing household activities and attending to personal care” [1]. DD is often used by researchers as a broad term to include a range of neurological diagnoses. In this paper, we report the estimated prevalence of dementia and depression for adults with DDs, intellectual disability (ID), and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Although prior research shows that life expectancy for persons with DDs, and in particular for those with Down syndrome, has increased significantly over the last few decades [2], significant health disparities remain between persons with and without DDs (e.g., [3, 4]). Of great concern are disparities in mental health; a large proportion of persons with moderate to severe DDs (upwards of 30–60%) reportedly have mental disorders [5]. Extensive information exists on the mental health needs and the prevalence of specific mental illnesses among persons with DD from the United States and several European countries (e.g., [6–15]). However, the literature on the mental health needs of persons with DD in Canada remains very limited [16–25]. Most Canadian research has focused on hospitalizations for mental health or psychiatric disorders [16, 17, 19–21, 23–25] and has centered on the Canadian province of Ontario [19–21, 23–25].
Money and War Murray Rothbard’s A History of Money and Banking in the United States
Leonidas Zelmanovitz
Libertarian Papers , 2010,
Abstract: This paper is a presentation and an interpretation of Murray Rothbard’s views on the relation between the fiscal necessities brought by war and interventionism in Money and Banking as read from his book A History of Money and Banking in the United States.
The Image of the United States in the Israeli-Palestinian relationships from 1988 to 1992  [cached]
Emmanuelle Meson
Bulletin du Centre de Recherche Fran?ais de Jérusalem , 2007,
Abstract: USA’s image throughout the world usually symbolizes force, security, power of a great country but most of all the power of the dollar. America appears as the world’s leading economy far ahead of all others. She exerts an imperial economy and her military power is apparent on a world level. However, the United States also evoke, for some, vice, dirty money and decadence. Sometimes loved, sometimes decried, the United States still fascinated. During our research in Jerusalem for our doctorate i...
The Political Economy of World Heavyweight Boxing during the Great Depression  [PDF]
Vlad RO?CA
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to show how boxing managed to remain an affordable and consumable good for the USAmerican citizens in the times of the Great Depression of 1929-1933, when industrial production was closing. Moreover, while other economic activities faced problems, boxing continued to produce money. The research analyzes the economic market of professional heavyweight boxing, presenting some of the tools that helped promoters produce and sell the fight shows to the consumers – like price discrimination and cartel agreements, for example, and, thus, helped generating incomes and assured money circulation in the economy.
The effects of maternal depression and maternal selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor exposure on offspring  [PDF]
J. D. A. Olivier,U. H?gberg
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fncel.2013.00073
Abstract: It has been estimated that 20% of pregnant women suffer from depression and it is well-documented that maternal depression can have long-lasting effects on the child. Currently, common treatment for maternal depression has been the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications (SSRIs) which are used by 2–3% of pregnant women in the Nordic countries and by up to 10% of pregnant women in the United States. Antidepressants cross the placenta and are transferred to the fetus, thus, the question arises as to whether children of women taking antidepressants are at risk for altered neurodevelopmental outcomes and, if so, whether the risks are due to SSRI medication exposure or to the underlying maternal depression. This review considers the effects of maternal depression and SSRI exposure on offspring development in both clinical and preclinical populations. As it is impossible in humans to study the effects of SSRIs without taking into account the possible underlying effects of maternal depression (healthy pregnant women do not take SSRIs), animal models are of great value. For example, rodents can be used to determine the effects of maternal depression and/or perinatal SSRI exposure on offspring outcomes. Unraveling the joint (or separate) effects of maternal depression and SSRI exposure will provide more insights into the risks or benefits of SSRI exposure during gestation and will help women make informed decisions about using SSRIs during pregnancy.
Global Eradication of Money Laundering and Immunity for Legal Practitioners under the Nigerian Money Laundering Regulation: Lessons from the United Kingdom  [PDF]
Felix Emeakpore Eboibi, Inetimi Mac-Barango
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.104042
Abstract: Legal professionals are generally depicted as possible “gatekeepers” to money laundering as a result of the kind of services they render to clients by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Consequently, there is the global quest for anti-money laundering obligations to be imposed on legal professionals. However, recent legal development in Nigeria seems to have absolved legal practitioners from anti-money laundering regulations based on the Nigerian Court of Appeal judgment between the Central Bank of Nigeria v Registered Trustees of Nigerian Bar Association & Attorney General of the Federation. This paper critically examines how this development impinges on the fight against money laundering and its implication on legal professionals and the Nigerian polity. Comparatively, the United Kingdom is globally seen as one of the countries that have complied with the FATF Recommendations with specific reference to legal professionals. In this regard, the United Kingdom’s approach is suggested for adaptation by the Nigerian government and Nigerian Bar Association.
Forecasting Convective Downburst Potential Over The United States Great Plains  [PDF]
Kenneth Pryor
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: A favorable environment for downbursts associated with deep convective storm systems that occur over the central and eastern continental United States includes strong static instability with large amounts of convective available potential energy and the presence of a mid-tropospheric layer of dry air. However, previous research has identified that over the central United States, especially in the Great Plains region, an environment between that favorable for wet and dry microbursts may exist during the convective season, resulting in the generation of hybrid type microbursts. Hybrid microbursts have been found to originate from deep convective storms that generate heavy precipitation, with sub-cloud evaporation of precipitation a significant factor in downdraft acceleration. Accordingly, a new GOES sounder derived product, the GOES Hybrid Microburst Index, is under development and is designed to assess the potential for convective downbursts that develop in an intermediate environment between a wet type, associated with heavy precipitation, and a dry type associated with convection in which very little to no precipitation is observed at the surface.
Toman Cristina
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: This article aims to prove that the events surrounding the Great Depression of the late 1920s and early 1930s, marks a maturity point in American Accounting thought and practice. In order to achieve such objective we have undergone a qualitative research, using as method of research the content analysis of the books and articles regarding the American Accounting history and the Great Crash. We can conclude that there is evidence that the crisis had a profound effect on the subsequent evolution of the American Accounting practice.
The Effect of Money Supply on the Volatility of Korean Stock Market  [PDF]
Ki-Hong Choi, Seong-Min Yoon
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.65052
Abstract: We examined the potential relationships between changes in the money supplies of Korea and the United States and volatility of the Korean stock market using the GARCH, GJR-GARCH, and EGARCH models. We did not identify any such relationships, implying that changes in money supply do not influence the flow of information to the market. However, we found that the asymmetric effect of bad news on volatility was higher when contemporaneous changes in Korean and US money supply variables were included in the models. This indicates that changes in money supply did not affect Korean stock volatility directly. Finally, the results based on a variance model indicated that the money supply of the two countries had no effect on the Korean stock market. This formal study suggests that there is no significant forecasting power of past changes in money supply. Although stock returns and volatility are not directly affected by changes in the money supply, the influence of supply on macroeconomic activity should not be disregarded.
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