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情绪stroop效应与stroop效应的关系  [PDF]
刘亚,王振宏
心理科学 , 2011,
Abstract: 摘要本研究通过位置判断任务、图-词干扰任务和色-词干扰任务来测量stroop效应;通过表情面孔性别判断任务、情绪词汇判定任务和情绪图片颜色命名任务来测量情绪stroop效应;运用结构方程建模的方法对情绪stroop效应与stroop效应的关系进行了探讨。结果发现(1)stroop效应和情绪stroop效应是显著的。(2)情绪stroop效应与stroop效应是两种相互独立的现象。
Stroop-Like Interference in the Fruit Stroop Test in Typical Development  [PDF]
Hideyuki Okuzumi, Yoshifumi Ikeda, Nao Otsuka, Ryotaro Saito, Yuhei Oi, Shogo Hirata, Koichi Haishi, Mitsuru Kokubun
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.65062
Abstract: This study examined Stroop-like interference in the fruit Stroop test among 271 5 - 12-year-old children and young adults divided into five age groups: 64 5 - 6-year-olds, 65 7 - 8-year-olds, 60 9 - 10-year-olds, 46 11 - 12-year-olds, and 36 young adults (18 - 23-year-olds). Participants were ad-ministered a paper-and-pencil version of the fruit Stroop test, which includes the canonical color task, the superficial color task, and the fruit name task. In these tasks, participants were presented with line-drawings of fruits having strongly associated colors (e.g., yellow banana) and were asked to name the ink colors of the fruits, name the colors the fruit “should be”, or read the fruit name. The results indicated robust interference in the canonical color task of the fruit Stroop test, suggesting that this task is useful to assess individual differences of inhibitory control in typical development.
伊壁鸠鲁论神  [PDF]
包利民 ,曹欢荣
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2008,
Abstract: ?被人普遍认为是"无神论者"的伊壁鸠鲁主张神的存在,这究竟是不得已的妥协,还是真诚的认信?从两个认识论标准来看,他对神的存在的信念是真诚的.因为伊壁鸠鲁相信感觉-影像是可靠的,而我们灵魂中确实有关于神的清楚明白的"影像";而且,人类普遍拥有关于神的"前把握观念"--神是"一种不朽的和幸福的存在".但是,从神是完满的"前把握观念"出发得出的神"绝世独立"的结论,却让许多人相信伊壁鸠鲁是"无神论"者.因为大众关于神的本性的"前把握观念"首先是神为"万物第一因",所以他们无法接受"不动心"的神.一些哲学家为迎合大众,也认为如果说神没有愤怒和偏爱,那就是在否认神的存在.大众的神的政治神学意义在于强调神的威严和仁慈,甚至成为那样的权威,否则就把一切托付给神和权威.伊壁鸠鲁的神的政治神学意义则昭示我们应该成为自由而宁静的人,于是神就成为"不动心"的政治神学楷模.
A Controlled Approach to the Emotional Dilution of the Stroop Effect  [PDF]
Kathryn Fackrell, Mark Edmondson-Jones, Deborah A. Hall
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080141
Abstract: We re-examined a modified emotional Stroop task that included an additional colour-word alongside the emotional word, providing the response conflict of the traditional Stroop task. Negative emotionally salient (i.e. unpleasant’) words are claimed to capture attention, producing a smaller Stroop effect for negative words compared to neutral words; this phenomenon is called the emotional dilution of the Stroop effect. To address previous limitations, this study compared negative words with lexically matched neutral words in a powered sample of 45 participants. Results demonstrated an emotional Stroop effect (slower colour-naming responses for negative words) and a traditional Stroop effect but not an emotional dilution of the Stroop effect. This finding is at odds with claims that other processing resources are diminished through the failure to disengage attention from emotional information. No matter how attention towards emotional information builds up over time, our findings indicate that attentional resources are not fully captured by negative words.
Researches and Application of the Emotional Stroop Effect in Clinical Psychology  [cached]
Siyuan Chen
Modern Applied Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v2n1p64
Abstract: As far as we know, Stroop effect was discovered by a American Psychologist named John Riddley Stroop with a definition of interference between the color and the meaning of the same stimulus. It has been make good use in many fields, especially in clinical psychology. Emotional stroop effect which became the highlight during the past two decades. So its main researches and focus will be showed in details here, such as, social phobia, anxiety & anxiety disorders, alcohol dependence, heroin, gambling, and compulsive disorders. Besides, clinical evidences and academic explanations are also concluded. Then the future of this study would be discussed in the end.
科务公开督查工作的实践与反思  [PDF]
陈?,吴丹,谢娟
华西医学 , 2015, DOI: 10.7507/1002-0179.20150674
Abstract: 目的?开展医院科务公开督查工作,了解全院各科室科务公开工作进展情况,收集员工最在意的问题。方法?2013年11月-12月采用问卷调查为主,结合参与科室各种会议、访谈科室员工、查阅文档资料等其他方式开展督查。结果?科务公开度为(78.39±18.55)%。其中公开较好的科务为政策类科务(>85%),公开度得分较低(<75%)且员工反映较集中的科务为科研及学术任职类、财务收支及酬金分配类、人事安排和培养类科务。结论?科室足够重视、关注员工重视的问题、合理利用公开方式、有力监督和充分利用监督结果是提升科务公开度的有效举措。
嵌入式系统和小卫星星务管理系统
李兴华
红外 , 2001,
Abstract: 小卫星星务管理系统(简称星务系统)是卫星正常工作的核心系统.小卫星星务系统的研制是嵌入式系统在航天领域的应用.本文对嵌入式系统的发展情况及特点进行了综述,又对嵌入式系统开发的一般方法,包括实时操作系统(RTOS)作了介绍.然后介绍了已发射的小卫星星务计算机的一些信息,并针对小卫星的特殊性,提出了小卫星星务系统研制中需要考虑的因素.
Spontaneous Eyeblinks Are Correlated with Responses during the Stroop Task  [PDF]
Jihoon Oh, Mookyung Han, Bradley S. Peterson, Jaeseung Jeong
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034871
Abstract: The timing and frequency of spontaneous eyeblinking is thought to be influenced by ongoing internal cognitive or neurophysiological processes, but how precisely these processes influence the dynamics of eyeblinking is still unclear. This study aimed to better understand the functional role of eyeblinking during cognitive processes by investigating the temporal pattern of eyeblinks during the performance of attentional tasks. The timing of spontaneous eyeblinks was recorded from 28 healthy subjects during the performance of both visual and auditory versions of the Stroop task, and the temporal distributions of eyeblinks were estimated in relation to the timing of stimulus presentation and vocal response during the tasks. We found that the spontaneous eyeblink rate increased during Stroop task performance compared with the resting rate. Importantly, the subjects (17/28 during the visual Stroop, 20/28 during the auditory Stroop) were more likely to blink before a vocal response in both tasks (150–250 msec) and the remaining subjects were more likely to blink soon after the vocal response (200–300 msec), regardless of the stimulus type (congruent or incongruent) or task difficulty. These findings show that spontaneous eyeblinks are closely associated with responses during the performance of the Stroop task on a short time scale and suggest that spontaneous eyeblinks likely signal a shift in the internal cognitive or attentional state of the subjects.
Development of Subliminal Emotional STROOP Effect
阈下情绪STROOP效应发展特点

Jiang Zhongqing,Yang Lizhu,Liu Ying,
蒋重清
,杨丽珠,刘颖

心理学报 , 2007,
Abstract: Introduction Cognition is often affected by emotion. Since their respective neural mechanisms are independent to some extent and they mature unevenly, the relationship between cognition and emotion changes over the life course. The connection between cognition and emotion is an important issue in developmental psychology. The present study used subliminal emotional STROOP paradigm to explore the developmental character of this connection. Method One hundred and sixty three subjects were recruited, including 5, 6, 7 year-old children and adults. The task was to name the color of a square following an emotional picture presented subliminally (with positive, negative, and neutral facial expression). Response time and error rates were collected. The differences in participants' response time and error rates between the emotional and neutral condition were regarded as the emotional STROOP effects. The data was analyzed with repeated-measure two-factorial ANOVAs, in which emotional picture was used as a within subject factor and subject gender as between subject factor. Results With increasing age, the emotional STROOP effects decreased. The 5-year-olds spent significantly longer time to identify colors after they were exposed to crying facial expression pictures. The 6-and 7-year-old made more mistakes in identifying the colors when they were shown smiling facial expression pictures. However, the adults did not show any STROOP effect. Neither main effect of gender, nor interaction of emotional picture and gender was found. Conclusion The emotional STROOP effects were inversely related to age. This result suggests that people's emotion control ability and its neural mechanism are based on frontal lobe maturity. The STROOP effects caused by positive or negative emotion have different behavioral forms and psychological mechanisms. Positive emotion would cause the increase of participants' errors, while negative emotion would delay participants' response. Participants' focus on speed or accuracy moderated what kind of STROOP effect to appear.
福建神麯  [PDF]
裴季怀
中国中药杂志 , 1958,
Abstract: <正>种麯在医疗配方上是佔有相当地位捎谝┢饭πЧ汩?一年四季均可适用,特別在夏秋季节更为要葯;因此在历代著名医書上都有詳細記載与介紹。故相沿至今仍保持着中外馳名。神麯在全国各地区虽有生产,但原始产地却在福建。故有建神麯之称。福建也有三四处生产,唯以泉州市吳老范志神麯加工厂,創設于1741年,历史最久。由于配方制作方法都与众不同,故功效最佳,中外馳名。为了技术交流,确保人民身体健康,現把原配方及加工方法介紹如下:
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