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Progress in student achievement as an indicator of school effectiveness  [PDF]
Brankovi? Nata?a,Petrojevi? Aleksandra,Lazi? Jelena
Industrija , 2012,
Abstract: Achievement is usually seen as a major indicator of school performance and school effectiveness. Educational effectiveness associated with the quality of education. The study of teaching, teachers' influence and effectiveness of teaching methods and procedures aimed at innovating teaching. Monitoring of progress in student achievement are monitored transformational processes in schools, and is one of the tasks of school permanent commitment to introduce innovative ways of work and monitor progress in student achievement at all levels of education. This paper was presented analysis of student achievement progress in primary education, the introduction of innovative models of teaching. The choice in this paper was going to analyze the effects of activity that had an experimental program of work on individual classes of students and impact indicators of student achievement in the interpretation of research results.
Path sensitization
Path Sensitization

Zhao Zhuxing,Min Yinghua,Li Zhongcheng,
Zhao Zhuxing
,Min Yinghua,Li Zhongcheng

计算机科学技术学报 , 1997,
Abstract: For different delay models, the concept of sensitization can be very different.Thaditional concepts of sensitization cannot precisely describe circult behavior when the input vectors change very fast. Using Boolean process approach, this paper presents a new definition of sensitization for arbitrary input waveforms.By this new concept it is found that if the inputs of a combinational circult can change at any time, and each gate's delay varies witliln an interval (bounded gate delay model), then every path, which is not necessarily a single topological path, is sensitizable. fum the experimental results it can be seen that, all nonsensitizable paths for traditional concepts actually can propagate transitions along them for some input wavforms. However, specilied time between input transitions (STBIT) and nilnimum perndssible pulse width (E) are two major factors to make some paths non-sensitizable.
Age & Achievement  [cached]
James B. Grissom
Education Policy Analysis Archives , 2004,
Abstract: There is continuing controversy about the optimal or appropriate age at which children should start school. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between age and achievement. It is an attempt to evaluate the hypothesis that older students fare better academically than their younger classmates. Findings indicate that on average for students in elementary school there is positive linear relationship between age and achievement for age normal peers. Even though there is positive linear relationship, the difference in average test scores between the oldest and youngest students is not great and by the time students reach 10th grade the positive linear relationship has disappeared. For overage students there is on average a negative linear relationship between age and achievement at all grade levels. That is, the negative relationship between age and achievement remains constant over time. These results argue against modifying entrance age policies, delaying school entry, implementing transitional kindergarten or first grade programs or retaining students to improve educational achievement. Policies and practices that make students older than their classmates inversely affect their educational achievement.
Alleviating Rural Farmers Poverty through Effective Micro credit: Evaluation of UNDP Intervention in Delta State  [cached]
P. C. Ike,U. N. Uzokwe
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) introduced a micro credit scheme of N9milllion as one of the projects in the Integrated Community Development Programme (ICDP) in Delta state in 2000. UNDP appointed Lift Above Poverty Organization (LAPO) a Micro Finance Institution (MFI) in Nigeria which has developed a successful model of reaching credit to resource poor households that are generally bypassed by government financial institutions as consultants to implement the scheme in the state. This work sought to determine the return to the different economic activities funded with the loan by the beneficiaries, and ascertain the repayment/default rate of the credit programme. Analysis of data collected from 103 beneficiaries of the scheme spread across the three agricultural zones of the state suggests that the productivity of labour was higher than the estimated wage rate and the rate of return was higher than the interest charged on the loan. It is recommended that since the micro credit has been effective in improving the livelihood of the low income house-holds, the government should mobilize adequate donor support on behalf of the micro credit institutions.
The BOR in the Journal Citation Reports: an achievement by all of us!  [cached]
Sigmar de Mello Rode
Brazilian Oral Research , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/s1806-83242007000300001
School Size, Achievement, and Achievement Gaps  [cached]
Bradley J. McMillen
Education Policy Analysis Archives , 2004,
Abstract: In order to examine the relationship between school size and achievement, a study was conducted using longitudinal achievement data from North Carolina for three separate cohorts of public school students (one elementary, one middle and one high school). Results revealed several interactions between size and student characteristics, all of which indicated that the achievement gaps typically existing between certain subgroups (i.e., more versus less-advantaged, lower versus higher-achieving) were larger in larger schools. Results varied across the grade level cohorts and across subjects, but in general effects were more common in mathematics than in reading, and were more pronounced at the high school level. Study results are discussed in the context of educational equity and cost-effectiveness.
School Achievement and Descentralization Policy School Achievement and Descentralization Policy
Jorge Rodr?-guez
Revista de Análisis Económico (RAE) , 1988,
Abstract: School Achievement and Descentralization Policy School Achievement and Descentralization Policy
The SJR indicator: A new indicator of journals' scientific prestige  [PDF]
Borja Gonzalez-Pereira,Vicente Guerrero-Bote,Felix Moya-Anegon
Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract: This paper proposes an indicator of journals' scientific prestige, the SJR indicator, for ranking scholarly journals based on citation weighting schemes and eigenvector centrality to be used in complex and heterogeneous citation networks such Scopus. Its computation methodology is described and the results after implementing the indicator over Scopus 2007 dataset are compared to an ad-hoc Journal Impact Factor both generally and inside specific scientific areas. The results showed that SJR indicator and JIF distributions fitted well to a power law distribution and that both metrics were strongly correlated, although there were also major changes in rank. There was an observable general trend that might indicate that SJR indicator values decreased certain JIF values whose citedeness was greater than would correspond to their scientific influence.
Habituation, sensitization, and Pavlovian conditioning  [PDF]
Münire ?zlem ?evik
Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience , 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fnint.2014.00013
Abstract: In this brief review, I argue that the impact of a stimulus on behavioral control increase as the distance of the stimulus to the body decreases. Habituation, i.e., decrement in response intensity repetition of the triggering stimulus, is the default state for sensory processing, and the likelihood of habituation is higher for distal stimuli. Sensitization, i.e., increment in response intensity upon stimulus repetition, occurs in a state dependent manner for proximal stimuli that make direct contact with the body. In Pavlovian conditioning paradigms, the unconditioned stimulus (US) is always a more proximal stimulus than the conditioned stimulus (CS). The mechanisms of associative and non-associative learning are not independent. CS?US pairings lead to formation of associations if sensitizing modulation from a proximal US prevents the habituation for a distal anticipatory CS.
Locomotor sensitization to EtOH: contribution of β-Endorphin  [PDF]
Stephani Dempsey,Judith E. Grisel
Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience , 2012, DOI: 10.3389/fnmol.2012.00087
Abstract: Alcohol use disorders, like all drug addictions, involve a constellation of adaptive changes throughout the brain. Neural activity underlying changes in the rewarding properties of alcohol reflect changes in dopamine transmission in mesolimbic and nigrostriatal pathways and these effects are modulated by endogenous opioids such as β-Endorphin. In order to study the role of β-Endorphin in the development of locomotor sensitization to repeated EtOH exposure, we tested transgenic mice that vary in their capacity to synthesize this peptide as a result of constitutive modification of the Pomc gene. Our results indicate that mice deficient in β-Endorphin show attenuated locomotor activation following an acute injection of EtOH (2.0 g/kg) and, in contrast to wildtype mice, fail to demonstrate locomotor sensitization after 12 days of repeated EtOH injections. These data support the idea that β-Endorphin modulates the locomotor effects of EtOH and contributes to the neuroadaptive changes associated with chronic use.
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