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Screening for personality disorder with the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS): further evidence of concurrent validity
Morten Hesse, Paul Moran
BMC Psychiatry , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-10-10
Abstract: Convergent validity of the SAPAS with both categorical and dimensional representations of personality disorders was estimated.In this sample, the SAPAS correlated well with dimensional representations of cluster A and C personality disorders, even after controlling for ADHD symptoms, anxiety/depression symptoms and recent substance use. The SAPAS was also significantly associated with total number of PD criteria, although correlation with categorical measures of PD was weak.The SAPAS is an valid brief screen for PD as assessed dimensionally.Personality pathology is common among substance dependent patients [1]. Substance dependent patients display the full range of personality disorders, and these diverse disorders predict impairment in different areas of functioning [2]. A growing body of research suggests that a dual focus on both personality disorder and substance use disorder is superior to treatment that focuses only on the substance use disorder itself (e.g [3]).The Structured Assessment of Personality Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS) is an eight-item screening interview for personality disorder [4]. Its purpose is to produce a dimensional score that represents the likelihood that a person has a personality disorder in general, rather than to screen for particular types of personality disorders or patterns. It produces a score that ranges from 0 to 8. In the original study with psychiatric patients, a score of 3 or more was both sensitive and specific as a measure of the presence of a personality disorder according to the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV- Axis II [4]. It was designed to be so brief that it could be used in both routine clinical assessment when pressed for time, and potentially in community surveys.In a previous study of a Danish population, it was found that the SAPAS correlated with staff-ratings of externalizing behaviour and global assessment of functioning in a methadone maintenance clinic [6]. However, while the previous study assess
Typological and dimensional approach at comparing the Giessen Test (GT) with the NEO-Five-Factor-Inventory (NEO-FFI)
Roth, Marcus,K?rner, Annett,Herzberg, Philipp Yorck
GMS Psycho-Social-Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Objectives: This article reports comparisons of the Giessen Test (GT) with the NEO-Five-Factor-Inventory (NEO-FFI) based on a dimensional as well as on a typological approach.Method: Data were collected from 1673 subjects (aged between 18 and 96 years) constituting a representative sample of the German population.Results: The results indicate only moderate agreement (ranging from .25 to .61) between the subscales of the two personality inventories. The correspondence seems to be somewhat higher, when the typological approach was used instead of the dimensional approach.Conclusions: The typological approach is less dependent on the underlying questionnaires and provides a useful extension of the dimensional approach.
Osobowo kobiet chorych na tr dzik ró owaty na podstawie testu NEO-FFI
Barbara Zegarska,Pawe? Izdebski
Clinical Dermatology , 2007,
Abstract: Wprowadzenie: Tr dzik ró owaty jest przewlek zapaln dermatoz zlokalizowan w obr bie skóry twarzy, cz ciej wyst puje u kobiet ni u m czyzn i mo e by przyczyn du ego dyskomfortu pacjentów. Cel pracy: Zbadanie, czy zachorowanie na tr dzik ró owaty wp ywa na osobowo pacjentów. Materia i metody: Grupa badana liczy a 30 kobiet w wieku od 24 do 76 lat, rednia wieku wynosi a 44,6 roku. Do badań wykorzystano test NEO--FFI, w którym oznaczano poziomy cech osobowo ci: neurotyczno ci, ekstrawersji, otwarto ci na do wiadczenia, ugodowo ci i sumienno ci. Po sprawdzeniu normalno ci rozk adów wykorzystano test t-Studenta do oceny poziomu istotno ci ró nic. Wyniki badań: Na podstawie testu NEO-FFI u chorych stwierdzono podwy szon sumienno , ekstrawersj i otwarto na do wiadczenie. Jedynie otwarto na do wiadczenie i ekstrawersja ró nicowa y badan grup od osób zdrowych na poziomie istotno ci statystycznej. Wnioski: Przeprowadzone badania pozwoli y wykaza , e u pacjentów z tr dzikiem ró owatym zwi kszone poziomy otwarto ci na do wiadczenie, sumienno ci i ekstrawersji s skutkiem mechanizmów umo liwiaj cych przystosowanie si do choroby oraz wieku wyst pienia choroby.
Screening for personality disorder in incarcerated adolescent boys: preliminary validation of an adolescent version of the standardised assessment of personality – abbreviated scale (SAPAS-AV)
Mickey Kongerslev, Paul Moran, Sune Bo, Erik Simonsen
BMC Psychiatry , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-12-94
Abstract: We adapted a rapid screen for the identification of PD in adults (Standardised Assessment of Personality – Abbreviated Scale; SAPAS) for use with adolescents and then carried out a study of the reliability and validity of the adapted instrument in a sample of 80 adolescent boys in secure institutions. Participants were administered the screen and shortly after an established diagnostic interview for DSM-IV PDs. Nine days later the screen was readministered.A score of 3 or more on the screening interview correctly identified the presence of DSM-IV PD in 86% of participants, yielding a sensitivity and specificity of 0.87 and 0.86 respectively. Internal consistency was modest but comparable to the original instrument. 9-days test-retest reliability for the total score was excellent. Convergent validity correlations with the total number of PD criteria were large.This study provides preliminary evidence of the validity, reliability, and usefulness of the screen in secure institutions for adolescent male offenders. It can be used in juvenile offender institutions with limited resources, as a brief, acceptable, staff-administered routine screen to identify individuals in need of further assessment of PD or by researchers conducting epidemiological surveys.Converging research has demonstrated that there is a disproportionately high prevalence of mental disorders in young offender samples [1,2], when compared with community youth [3] or adult prison populations [4]. Current estimates suggest that up to 75% of incarcerated juvenile offenders meet criteria for one or more mental disorders [5]. Such research findings, combined with reports of a high prevalence of undiagnosed and untreated physical disorders [6,7], high rates of suicide and suicide attempts [8], and elevated mortality rates associated with early death due to unnatural causes [9], have led the American Academy for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry [5], as well as other experts [10-13] to call for the development a
Personality and Coping in College Students
Fran?oise V. Contreras-Torres,Juan Carlos Espinosa-Méndez,Gustavo A. Esguerra-Pérez
Universitas Psychologica , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to describe the personality traits and the copingstyles used by 99 college students, and observe if this variable are related.The NEO Five Factor Inventory [NEO-FFI], and the Coping StrategiesQuestionnaire [CAE] was used. The results confirm that Neuroticism isrelated with passive and emotion focused coping strategies (maladaptivecopings) whereas, Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness arerelated with rational and active focused coping. Openness to Experienceit was not associate with no one coping strategies. The findings provideevidence for the understanding of individual’s differences about how theyoung people cope the several environment requests.
Personality Goes a Long a Way: An Interhemispheric Connectivity Study  [PDF]
Sylco S. Hoppenbrouwers,Faranak Farzan,Mera S. Barr,Aristotle N. Voineskos,Dennis J.L.G. Schutter,Paul B. Fitzgerald,Zafiris J. Daskalakis
Frontiers in Psychiatry , 2010, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2010.00140
Abstract: Throughout the development of psychology the delineation of personality has played a central role. Together with the NEO-PI-R, a questionnaire derived from the Five Factor Model of Personality, and recent advances in research technology it is now possible to investigate the relationship between personality features and neurophysiological brain processes. The NEO-FFI, the short version of the NEO-PI-R, reliably measures five main personality traits: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. As behavior and some psychiatric disorders have been related to interhemispheric connectivity, the present study used the combination of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG) to measure frontal interhemispheric connectivity and its association with personality as indexed by the NEO-FFI. Results demonstrated that prefrontal interhemispheric connectivity between the left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex correlates with Agreeableness in healthy subjects. This is the first study to relate personality features to interhemispheric connectivity through TMS–EEG and suggests that Agreeableness relates to the effectiveness of prefrontal communication between hemispheres.
Perfectionism and personality
Beata ?itniaková Gurgová
GRANT journal , 2012,
Abstract: The article deals with a theoretical and empirical analysis of the relationship between perfectionistic cognitions and personality factors of the Big Five. The presented research was made on a sample of 144 students of the Faculty of Education. The following methods were used in the research: the PCI – Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory (Flett, Hewitt, Blankstein, Gray, 1998) consisting of 25 items designed to identify the frequency of perfectionistic cognitions and the personality inventory NEO-FFI (Ruisel, Halama, 2007) consisting of five well-known factors created by P. T. Costa and R. R. McCare: extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness. A correlation analysis of the variables confirmed statistically significant relationships between perfectionistic cognitions and neuroticism 0.467**, openness to experience 0.22** and agreeableness -0.251**.
Agreeable Smellers and Sensitive Neurotics – Correlations among Personality Traits and Sensory Thresholds  [PDF]
Ilona Croy,Maria Springborn,J?rn L?tsch,Amy N. B. Johnston,Thomas Hummel
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018701
Abstract: Correlations between personality traits and a wide range of sensory thresholds were examined. Participants (N = 124) completed a personality inventory (NEO-FFI) and underwent assessment of olfactory, trigeminal, tactile and gustatory detection thresholds, as well as examination of trigeminal and tactile pain thresholds. Significantly enhanced odor sensitivity in socially agreeable people, significantly enhanced trigeminal sensitivity in neurotic subjects, and a tendency for enhanced pain tolerance in highly conscientious participants was revealed. It is postulated that varied sensory processing may influence an individual's perception of the environment; particularly their perception of socially relevant or potentially dangerous stimuli and thus, varied with personality.
Personality as Relational Resource in Persuasion Settings  [cached]
Kevin H. C. Cheng
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n6p78
Abstract: The current study aims to show that, like speech acts, personality is also a social resource, the latter predisposes people to relate to each other in a preferential manner. Fifty-eight participants engaged in dyadic interactions in which they were required to defend their point of view. The translated version of the NEO-FFI was used to measure personality dimensions (McCrae, Costa & Yik, 1996), and the Verbal Response Mode (Stiles, 1992) was used for the coding of verbal behavior. The results show that people who have a high level of neuroticism handle their interpersonal relationships in a reflective manner by concealing their own opinions and focusing on the arguments of other people. The same people prefer to communicate by “mirroring” other people's utterances, irrespective of the role that was given to them in the study. The findings add to the body of knowledge on interpersonal dimensions and their relations with personality.
Attribution Theory, Personality Traits, and Gender Differences among EFL Learners  [cached]
Azar Hosseini Fatemi,Arezoo Asghari
International Journal of Education , 2012, DOI: 10.5296/ije.v4i2.1455
Abstract: This study was designed to determine whether there is any association between learners' personality traits and their sets of attributions in learning English as a foreign language, regarding their gender differences. To this aim, 216 lower intermediate English language learners, 111 male and 105 female, studying in Shokouh English language institutes in Mashhad took part in the study. They completed NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and Attribution questionnaire (ATFLL). The results of the correlational study in male and female groups indicated significant relationships between some of personality traits and sub-scales of attribution theory. The result of t-test showed that the difference between means was not significant in any of the attribution sub-constructs between male and female learners. Regarding personality factors, results showed that the difference between the means was significant only for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness.
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